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Committee on Science, Technology, and Law
34th Meeting
October 10-11, 2017
Washington, DC 

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Committee on the Future of Voting:
Committee on Science, Technology, and Law
The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
Keck Center, Room 570
500 Fifth Street, NW
Washington, DC 20001
Tel: 202 334-1713
Fax: 202 334-2530

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COMMITTEE ON DUAL USE RESEARCH OF CONCERN: OPTIONS FOR FUTURE MANAGEMENT

Project Scope

The open publication of fundamental scientific research is consistent with general U.S. policy as elaborated in NSDD-189 (National Policy on the Transfer of Scientific, Technical, and Engineering Information) and followed by federal research agencies and scientific journals.  However, the 2012 controversy surrounding the publication of two scientific papers that demonstrated the capacity for mammalian transmissibility of a lethal H5N1 avian influenza strain highlighted research where access to research data raises significant biosafety and biosecurity concerns.  Several years later, it remains unclear as to whether there are practical mechanisms or approaches for managing such dual use research of concern (DURC) and, specifically, how to deal with situations where there is a pressing need, for public health reasons, to publish research findings while limiting, due to national security concerns, the dissemination of certain details that ordinarily would be published.  This is especially true in cases where an initial assessment of proposed research does not anticipate results that would warrant such consideration.

An ad hoc committee under the auspices of the Committee on Science, Technology, and Law will convene a workshop jointly with the Board on Health Sciences Policy's Standing Committee on Health Threats and Workforce Resilience to explore options for communicating the results of dual use research of concern while protecting certain information.  The workshop will review existing mechanisms for control of information sharing such as retraction, FOIA, classification, and export controls, as well as First Amendment issues and the applicability of free speech to a scientist's right to publish research results. Commissioned papers presented at the workshop will offer options for dissemination of dual use research results that might be adopted. 

Meetings & Events

This website contains unedited verbatim presentations made by meeting participants as well as individually authored papers. Neither are official reports of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. Opinions and statements included in these materials are solely those of the individual authors. They have not been verified as accurate, nor do they necessarily represent the views of other participants, the committee, or the National Academies.

2nd Meeting
January 4, 2017
Washington, DC 

Agenda

View Webcast

Presentations

*Joseph Kanabrocki, "Biosafety, Biosecurity and Dual-Use Research of Concern"
*David A. Relman and Michael Imperiale, "Options for Management of Potentially Dangerous Information Generated by Life Science Research"
*Sam Weiss Evans, "Constructing New Security Concerns in the Life Sciences"
*Duane Lindner, "Control of Sensitive Information in a National Security Context"
*Piers D. Millett, "Gaps in International Regulation of DURC"
*Kim Strosnider and Doron Hindin, "The Role of Export Controls in Regulating Dual Use Research of Concern"

Commissioned Papers

*Joseph Kanabrocki, "Biosafety and Biosecurity in the Realm of Dual-Use Research of Concern"
*Michael Imperiale and David A. Relman, "Options for Management of Potentially Dangerous Information Generated by Life Sciences Research"
*Sam Weiss Evans, "The Construction of New Security Concerns in the Life Sciences"
*Tim Stearns, "Moving Beyond Dual Use Research of Concern Regulation to an Integrated Responsible Research Environment"
*Duane Lindner and Winalee Carter, "Control of Sensitive Information: Policy, Procedure, and Practice in a National Security Context"
*Piers D. Millett, "Gaps in the International Governance of Dual-Use Research of Concern"
*Doron Hindin, Kim Strosnider, and Peter D. Trooboff, "The Role of Export Controls in Regulating Dual Use Research of Concern: Striking a Balance Between Freedom of Fundamental Research and National Security"

1st Meeting
July 11-12, 2016
New York, NY
 

Agenda

Presentations

*Gerald L. Epstein, "Current U.S. Policy on Publication of Dual Use Research of Concern"
*Elisa D. Harris, “The US Government Approach to Communication of Dual-Use Research of Concern:  Challenges and Options
*Phillip Campbell, “Issues in Dual-use Biology Publishing
*Michael Imperiale, “Committee on Dual Use Research of Concern: Options for Limited Communication
*David Relman, “Why There is a “gray area” and Why We Need New Approaches for Managing It
*Carrie Wolinetz, “Responsibly Communicating Dual Use Research of Concern: Lessons Learned from NSABB
*Teresa Hauguel, “NAID DURC Processes & Lessons Learned: A Program Perspective
*Ara Tahmassian, “Dual Use Research of Concern: Challenges in Management
*David L. Wynes, “Dual Use Research of Concern

  Project Information  

PROJECT SCOPE
MEETINGS AND EVENTS
REPORTS
MEMBERS
SPONSORS

PROJECT STAFF

Anne-Marie Mazza, Ph.D.
Senior Director, Committee on Science, Technology, and Law
Phone: 202-334-2469
E-mail:
amazza@nas.edu

Steven Kendall, Ph.D.
Program Officer, Committee on Science, Technology, and Law
Phone: 202-334-1713
E-mail: skendall@nas.edu

Karolina Konarzewska
Program Coordinator, Committee on Science, Technology, and Law
Phone: 202-334-2455
E-mail: kkonarzewska@nas.edu


Reports

The committee will issue a report that assesses the various options presented in the commissioned papers and discussed during the workshop.

Members

Co-chairs:

Richard A. Meserve (NAE)
Senior Of Counsel  
Covington & Burling LLP 

Harold E. Varmus (NAS/NAM)
Lewis Thomas University Professor  
Weill Cornell Medical College 

Members:

Arturo Casadevall (NAM)
Professor and Chair, W. Harry Feinstone Department of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology
The Johns Hopkins University School of Public Health

Denise Chrysler
Director, The Network for Public Health Law - Mid-States Region
University of Michigan School of Public Health

Anuj C. Desai
Professor of Law
University of Wisconsin

Michael Ettenberg (NAE)
Managing Partner
Dolce Technologies

David Fidler
James Louis Calamaras Professor of Law
Indiana University Maurer School of Law

Claire Fraser (NAM)
Director of the Institute for Genome Sciences and Professor of Medicine
University of Maryland School of Medicine

Michael Hopmeier
President
Unconventional Concepts, Inc.

James Le Duc
Professor, School of Medicine and Director, Galveston National Laboratory
University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston

W. Ian Lipkin
John Snow Professor of Epidemiology, Professor of Neurology and Pathology, and Director of the Center for Infection and Immunity
Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health

Stephen S. Morse
Professor of Epidemiology and Director, Infectious Disease Epidemiology Certificate Program
Columbia University Medical Center

Sponsors

This project is sponsored by the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, and the Burroughs Wellcome Fund.