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Planetary Science Decadal Survey

PSD Banner

 

View the Report: Vision and Voyages for Planetary Science in the Decade 2013-2022
View the Response: NASA Response to Planetary Science Decadal Survey Report (Updated August 4, 2011)

Planetary Science Decadal Survey Report Release - March 7, 2011. Dr. Steve Squyres, Chair of the Space Studies Board's Planetary Science Decadal Survey, presented the Decadal Survey's findings and recommendations at the 42nd Lunar and Planetary Science Conference in Houston, Texas.

View Steve Sqyures'presentation video:  

Download Dr. Squyres' presentation:

Steve Squyres LPSC 2011 Presentation Cover

Order the report at the NAP website.

 Project Information

PSD Steering Committee Group Photo

Planetary Science Decadal Steering Committee meeting at the National Academies' Beckman Center in Irvine, CA

 

Project Summary

The Space Studies Board has established a decadal survey committee to develop a comprehensive science and mission strategy for planetary science that updates and extends the Board's 2003 solar system exploration decadal survey, "New Frontiers in the Solar System: An Integrated Exploration Strategy." The new decadal survey will broadly canvas the planetary science community to determine the current state of knowledge and then identify the most important scientific questions expected to face the community during the interval 2013-2022. The scope of the survey and report shall encompass the inner planets (Mercury, Venus, and Mars), the Earth's Moon, giant planets (Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune), the moons of the major planets, dwarf planets and small bodies, primitive bodies including comets and Kuiper Belt objects, and astrobiology. The principal components of the report shall include:

  1. An overview of planetary science--what it is, why it is a compelling undertaking, and the relationship between space- and ground-based planetary science research;
  2. A broad survey of the current state of knowledge of the solar system;
  3. An inventory of the top-level scientific questions that should guide flight programs and supporting research programs;
  4. Recommendations on the optimum balance among small, medium, and large missions and supporting activities, informed by the Board's study on this topic ("mission-enabling activities") currently in progress;
  5. An assessment of NSF-supported infrastructure;
  6. A discussion of strategic technology development needs and opportunities;
  7. A prioritized list of major flight investigations in the New Frontiers and larger classes recommended for initiation over the decade 2013-2022;
  8. Recommendations for supporting research required to maximize the science return from the flight investigations; and,
  9. A discussion of the opportunities for conducting science investigations involving humans in situ and the relative value of human-tended investigations to those performed solely robotically.

The new decadal survey, like its predecessor, will be conducted by a steering committee supported by topical panels.

Here is the full statement of task in PDF.

White Papers

The deadline for white paper submissions for the Decadal Survey has passed. You may view all white paper submissions here.

Past Meetings

Planetary Science Subcommittee, Washington, DC, July 10, 2009
Presentation by Steve Squyres 
 

Primitive Bodies Panel Meeting 2, Irvine, CA. October 28-30, 2009
Agenda | Notes | View Presentations
 

Steering Group Meeting 1, Washington, DC. July 6-8, 2009
View the agenda | View Presentations | View Webcasts | Group Picture
 

Mars Panel Meeting 2, Pasadena, CA. November 4-6, 2009
Agenda | Notes | View Presentations |  View Webcasts
 

Satellites Panel Meeting 1, Washington, DC. August 24-26, 2009
Agenda  | Notes | View Presentations | View Webcasts
 

Steering Group Meeting 2, Irvine, CA. November 16-18, 2009
Agenda | NotesView Presentations
 

Giant Planets Panel Meeting 1, Washington, DC. August 24-26, 2009
Agenda | Notes | View Presentations
 

Steering Group Meeting 3, Irvine, CA. February 22-24, 2010
Agenda | Notes |  View Presentations | View Webcasts

Inner Planets Panel Meeting 1, Washington, DC. August 26-28, 2009
Agenda | Notes | View Presentations | View Webcasts
 

Satellite Panel Meeting 3, Boulder, CO April 12-14, 2010
Agenda
 

Primitive Bodies Panel Meeting 1, Washington, DC. September 9-11, 2009
Agenda | Notes | View Presentations
 

Mars Panel Meeting 3, Boulder, CO April 14-16, 2010
Agenda
 

Mars Panel Meeting 1, Tempe, AZ. September 9-11, 2009
Agenda | Notes | View Presentations | View Webcasts
 

Inner Planets Panel Meeting 3, Boulder , CO April 21-23, 2010
Agenda
 

Satellites Panel Meeting 2, Irvine, CA. September 21-23, 2009
Agenda | Notes | View Presentations | View Webcasts
 

Primitive Bodies Panel Meeting 3, Knoxville, TN April 26-28, 2010
Agenda
 

Inner Planets Meeting 2, Irvine, CA. October 26-28, 2009
Agenda | Notes | View Presentations | View Webcasts
 

Giant Planets Panel Meeting 3, Boston, MA. May 5-7, 2010
Agenda
 
Giant Planets Panel Meeting 2, Irvine, CA. October 26-28, 2009
Agenda | Notes | View Presentations
 

Steering Group Meeting 4, Washington, DC. July 13-15, 2010                    
Agenda
 

 

Steering Group Meeting 5, Washington, DC.  August 3-4, 2010
Agenda

 

Past Outreach Events

Astrobiology Science Conference, Houston, TX April 26-29, 2010
          --View the Presentation given by Decadal Chair Steve Squyres

Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, Houston, TX, March 1-5, 2010
          --View the Presentation given by Decadal Chair Steve Squyres

Meeting of the American Geophysical Union:
Representatives from all five panels of the Decadal Study made presentations to the American Geophysical Union's (AGU) December 14-18, 2009 meeting in San Francisco, California.  Below are three of the five presentations:

  • View the Presentation on the Panel on Primitive Bodies given by Joe Veverva (Cornell)
  • View the Presentation on the Panel on Inner Planets given by Ellen Stofan (Proxemy Research)
  • View the Presentation on the Panel on Satellites given by John Spencer (Southwest Research Institute) 
  • View the Presentation on the Panel on Mars given by Philip Christensen (Arizona State University) 
  • View the Presentation on the Panel on Giant Planets give by Mark Marley (NASA Ames Research Center)

Curation and Analysis Planning Team for Extraterrestrial Materials (CAPTEM), Houston, Texas. October 6, 2009


Division for Planetary Sciences of the American Astronomical Society, Fajardo, Puerto Rico. October 4-9, 2009

European Planetary Science Congress, Potsdam, Germany. September 13-18, 2009


Mars Exploration Program Analysis Group, Providence, RI. July 29-30, 2009

NLSI Lunar Science Forum, Moffett Field, CA. July 21-23, 2009

Outer Planets Assessment Group, Columbia, MD July 14-15, 2009

Planetary Science Subcommittee, Washington, DC. July 9-10, 2009

Space Studies Board Meeting, Washington, D.C. May 14, 2009

European Space Science Committee, Garching-Bei-Munchen, Germany. May 7, 2009

Curation and Analysis Planning Team for Extraterrestrial Materials (CAPTEM), Houston, Texas, March 29, 2009

Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, Houston, Texas. March 25, 2009

Royal Astronomical Society, London, England. March 13, 2009

Outer Planets Analysis Group, Bethesda, Maryland. March 9, 2009

Mars Exploration Program Analysis Group, Arlington, Virginia. March 3, 2009

Venus Exploration Analysis Group, Houston, Texas. February 25, 2009

American Geophysical Union, San Francisco, California. December 12, 2008

Division for Planetary Sciences of the American Astronomical Society, Ithaca, New York, Sunday. October 12, 2008


Panel Information

There are five panels as described below. The links to our Current Projects System include committee membership, project scope, and meeting agendas.

  • Giant Planets (Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, including rings and magnetic fields, but not their satellites)
  • Inner Planets (Mercury, Venus, and the Moon)
  • Mars (Not Phobos and Deimos)
  • Primitive Bodies (Asteroids, comets, Phobos, Deimos, Pluto/Charon and other Kuiper belt objects, meteorites, and interplanetary dust)
  • Satellites (Galilean satellites, Titan, and the other satellites of the giant planets)
     

Steering Committee Members

Steven Squyres, Chair
Cornell University
Jane Luu
Massachusetts Institute of
Technology Lincoln Laboratory
 
Larry Soderblom, Vice Chair
U.S. Geological Survey
Stephen Mackwell
Lunar and Planetary Institute
 
Wendy M. Calvin
University of Nevada, Reno
Ralph L. McNutt, Jr.
Johns Hopkins University Applied
Physics Laboratory
 
Dale Cruikshank
NASA Ames Research Center
Harry Y. McSween, Jr.
University of Tennessee,
Knoxville
 
Pascale Ehrenfreund
George Washington University
George A. Paulikas
The Aerospace Corporation
[Retired]
 
G. Scott Hubbard
Stanford University
Amy Simon-Miller
NASA Goddard Space Flight
Center
 
Margaret G. Kivelson
University of California, Los Angeles
David Stevenson
California Institute of Technology
 
B. Gentry Lee
NASA’s Jet Propulsion
Laboratory
A. Thomas Young
Lockheed Martin Corporation
[retired]


Staff

David H. Smith
Study Director
Rodney Howard
Senior Program Assistant
 
Dwayne Day
Program Officer
 
Dionna Williams
Program Associate
 
Abigail Sheffer
Associate Program Officer

Lewis Groswald
Research Associate

Letters from Steve Squyres, Chair of the Planetary Science Decadal Survey

 Webcasts

July 6:

Ed Weiler
, NASA HQ, on the Planetary Science Budget

Jim Green and Doug McCuistion
, both from NASA HQ, on the HQ Perspective on the Decadal Survey Charge, NASA’s Planetary Science Program Status, and the Mars Exploration Status

Nigel Sharp
, NSF, on the NSF Perspective on the Planetary Sciences Decadal Survey

Gregg Vane
, JPL, on Establishing A Shared Language To Articulate Maturity Of a Space-Science Mission Concept and Cost Uncertainty in the Early Formulation Phase

General Discussion

 
July 7:

Opening Discussion


Amy Kaminski, OMB, and Damon Wells, OSTP on OMB and OSTP Perspectives

Richard Obermann and Ed Feddeman, both from the House Science and technology Committee, and Jeff Bingham, Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation on Congressional Perspectives

Richard T. Roca and John C. Sommerer, both from APL, on Potential APL Tech Support to the Decadal Survey

Gregg Vane, JPL, on Potential JPL Technical Support to the Decadal Survey
 
 
 
Satellites Panel, Meeting 1, August 24-26, 2009:
 
  • Alfred McEwen, University of Arizona, “2002 Decadal Survey Large Satellites Panel Progress to 2007 mid-term review and 2009 retrospective to new Satellites panel”
  • James Green, NASA Headquarters, “Charge to the Decadal Survey”
  • Nigel Sharp, National Science Foundation, “NSF Perspective, Planetary Sciences Decadal Survey”
  • William B. McKinnon, Washington University, “Recommended Exploration Strategy for the Outer Planets 2013-2022: Goals and Priorities”
  • Robert Pappalardo, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Satellite Science from the Jupiter Europa Orbiter: An Element of the Europa Jupiter System Mission”
  • Alfred McEwen, University of Arizona, “Io Volcano Observer (IVO)”
  • Mark Hofstadter, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, “Ice Giants Science: The Case for a Uranus Orbiter”
  • Steve Squyres, Chairman, 2009-2011 Planetary Science Decadal Survey, "Planetary Science Decadal Survey 2009-2011”
  • Linda Spilker, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, “Cassini Equinox and Solstice Missions: Titan, Enceladus, Icy Moons”
  • Jonathon Lunine, University of Arizona, “Titan Saturn System Mission”
  • Ellen Stofan, Proxemy Research, “Titan Mare Explorer (TiME): The First Exploration of an Extra-Terrestrial Sea”
  • Curt Niebur and R. Brad Perry, NASA Headquarters and NASA Langley Research Center (respectively), “Independent Review of the Outer Planet Flagship Mission Studies”
  • Candice Hansen, et al., Jet Propulsion Laboratory, “Neptune Mission Concept: A Voyage Through the Outer Solar System"
  • Paul Ostdiek, Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory Space Dept., “Summary of Capabilities in Spacecraft and Mission Design”
  • Michael Amato, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, “NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Support for the Planetary Decadal Activities”
  • Kim Reh, Robert Moeller, Chet Borden, and Keith Warfield, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, “JPL Technical Support to the Planetary Science Decadal Survey”
      
Inner Planets Panel Meeting 1, August 26-28, 2009: 
  • James Green, NASA Headquarters, “Charge to the Decadal Survey”
  • Nigel Sharp, National Science Foundation, “NSF Perspective, Planetary Sciences Decadal Survey”
  • George Tahu, Barbara Cohen and Brian Morse, NASA Headquarters, “International Lunar Network (ILN) Anchor Nodes”
  • Sean C. Solomon, Dept. of Terrestrial Magnetism, Carnegie Institution of Washington, “Mercury after MESSENGER”, & “Strategic Issues for Inner Planet Exploration”
  • Mark Bullock, Southwest Research Institute, “A Flagship Mission to Venus: Report of the Venus Science and Technology Definition Team”

View the following presentations:

  • Sue Smrekar, et al., Jet Propulsion Laboratory, “Venus Science Goals, Objectives, and Investigations, and New Frontiers Mission Concepts”
  • James W. Head, Brown University, “Open Questions for Mercury, Venus and the Moon: A Comparative Planetology Perspective”
  • Kim Reh, Robert Moeller, Chet Borden, and Keith Warfield, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, “JPL Technical Support to the Planetary Science Decadal Survey”
  • Michael Amato, et al., NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, “NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Support for the Planetary Decadal Activities”
  • Eric Finnegan, Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory Space Dept., “Summary of Capabilities in Spacecraft and Mission Design”

View the following presentations:

  • Meenakshi Wadhwa, Arizona State University, “Importance of Sample Return to Studies of the Inner Planets”


 
Mars Panel Meeting 1, September 9-11, 2009:


View the following presentations:

  • Jack Mustard, Brown University, “2003 Decadal Survey Lessons Learned”, & “Mars: Current State of Knowledge and Why Mars Remains a Compelling Objective”
  • Richard Zurek, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, “Past Accomplishments/Future Architecture Studies”
  • Michael D. Smith, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, “MEPAG’s Trace-gas Orbiter SAG”

View the following presentations:

  • Scott McLennan, State University of New York at Stony Brook (on behalf of the MEPAG Mid-Range Rover Science Analysis Group (MRR-SAG)), “Proposed 2018 Mars Astrobiology Explorer-Cacher (MAX-C) Mission”
  • Meenakshi Wadhwa, Arizona State University (on behalf of the Curation and Analysis Planning Team for Extraterrestrial Materials (CAPTEM)), “Importance of Sample Return to Understanding Mars” (Part 1)

View the following presentations:

  • Meenakshi Wadhwa, Arizona State University (on behalf of the Curation and Analysis Planning Team for Extraterrestrial Materials (CAPTEM)), “Importance of Sample Return to Understanding Mars” (Part 2)
  • Jorge Vago, European Space Agency, “ExoMars: ESA’s Mission to Search for Life – Status Report”

View the following presentation:

  • Committee Discussion & Questioning

 

Satellites Panel Meeting 2, September 21-23, 2009:
  • Ralph McNutt, Applied Physics Laboratory, “Overview of NRC Study on Radioisotope Power Systems”
  • Cassie Conley, NASA Headquarters, “Protecting Icy Moons: Implementing Planetary Protection for Outer Planet Satellites”

View the following presentations:

  • Peter Tsou and Donald Brownlee, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, “LIFE (Life Investigation For Enceladus): A Feasible Plume Sample Return Concept”
  • Nathan Strange, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, “Mission Architecture Options for Enceladus Exploration”

View the following presentations:

  • John Spencer, Southwest Research Institute, “2007 Enceladus Flagship Study”
  • Kim Reh, John Elliot and Jeffrey Hall, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, “Reducing Challenges Posed by Titan Missions”

View the following presentations:

  • Barry Geldzahler, NASA Headquarters, “Future DSN (Deep Space Network) Capabilities”
  • Elizabeth Turtle, Planetary Science Institute, “Uranian Satellite Science”

View the following presentations:

  • Jean-Pierre Lebreton, European Space Agency, “EJSM Jupiter Ganymede Orbiter (JGO): Mission Overview, Model (Payload) Planning, Study Schedule”
  • Andre Vargas, CNES, “CNES’ Titan Montgolfiere Studies”

View the following presentations:

  • Karla Clark and Rob Lock, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, “Jupiter Europa Orbiter Status and Plans”



Inner Planets Panel Meeting 2, October 26-28, 2009:


View the following presentations:

  • Mark Robinson, Arizona State University, "LRO Results and Implications for Lunar Science Priorities"
  • Jeffery Hall, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, "Venus Flagship Study: Synopsis of Technology Status and Needs"

View the following presentations:

  • Krishan Khurana, University of California-Los Angeles, "ARTEMIS Lunar Exploration Mission Update"
  • Timothy Swindle, University of Arizona, "In-situ Geoghronology General Overview" & "In-situ Noble Gas-based Dating on Terrestrial Planet Surfaces"
  • F. Scott Anderson, Southwest Research Institute, "Progress on In-situ Dating for Mars, the Moon, Mercury, Venus and Earth"

View the following presentations:

  • Clive Neal, University of Notre Dame, "Lunar Science in the Next Decadal Survey: A LEAG Perspective"



Mars Panel Meeting 2, November 4-6, 2009

View the following presentations:

  • Doug Stetson, Jim Bell, and Lou Friedman, The Planetary Society, "Mars Exploration 2016-2032: Rationale and Principles for a Strategic Program"
  • Timothy Titus, U.S. Geological Survey, "Mars Polar Orbiter Science"
  • Bruce Jakosky, University of Colorado, "Are There Signs of Life on Mars? A Scientific Rationale for a Mars Sample-Return Campaign as the Next Step in Solar System Exploration"
  • Fuk Li, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, "Mars Sample Return Implementation Discussion"

View the following presentations:

  • Rob Lillis, University of California-Berkeley, "Mars' Ancient Dynamo and Crustal Remanent Magnetism"
  • Robert Grimm, Southwest Research Institute, "Electromagnetic Sounding"
  • Bruce Banerdt, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, "Mars Geophysical Network Mission"
  • Scot Rafkin, Southwest Research Institute, "The Value of Landed Meteorology Investigations on Mars: The Next Advance for Climate Science
  • E.R. Kursinski, University of Arizona, "Dual Satellite Chemistry and Climate Mission Concept From the Mars Astrobiology & Climate Observatory (MACO)"
  • Michael Hecht, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, "The Microstructure of the Martian Surface"
  • Pamela Conrad, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, "Geochronology and Mars Exploration"

View the following presentations:

  • Ray Arvidson and Chris Salvo, Washington University in St. Louis and Jet Propulsion Laboratory (respectively), "MAX-C and Trade Space Options Designed to Focus Mission for Coasting
  • General Committee Discussion
 
Steering Committee Meeting 3, February 22-24, 2009
 
Warren Frick, Orbital Sciences Corp., "Medium Lift Launch Vehicle Solution"

Thomas Spilker & Michelle Munk, Jet Propulsion Laboratory and NASA-Langley Research Center (respectively), "Aerocapture Technology"

John Brophy & Eric Pencil, Jet Propulsion Laboratory and NASA-Glenn Research Center (respectively), "Solar Electric Propulsion for Outer Planet and Primitive Body Missions"

Julian Nott, Nott Technology LLC, on Planetary Balloons

James Green, NASA Headquaters, "NASA's Planetary Science Program Status"

View the following presentations:

  • Doug McCuistion, NASA Headquarters, "Mars Exploration Program Status"
  • Philip Christensen, Arizona State University, "Scientific Overview of Mars Sample Return"
  • Fuk Li, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, "Architecture Overiew of Mars Sample Return"

View the following presentations:

  • Samad Hayati, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, "Technical/Technoogical Challenges for Multi-element Mars Sample Return Campaign"
  • Fuk Li, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, "Cost Assessment for Multi-element Mars Sample Return Campaign"
  • Chris Webster, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, "Status of Planetary Science Instrument Technologies"

Lennard Fisk, University of Michigan, "An Enabling Foundation for NASA's Earth and Space Science Missions"


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