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The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine
Board on Science Education
Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education
Barriers and Opportunities in Completing 2- and 4-Year STEM Degrees

Commissioned Papers

Attracting and Retaining Students to complete Two- and Four-Year Undergraduate Degrees in STEM: The Role of Undergraduate Mathematics Education by David M. Bressoud

Examining STEM Pathways among Students Who Begin College at Four-Year Institutions by Kevin Eagan, Sylvia Hurtado, Tanya Figueroa, and Bryce Hughes

Ingredients for Improving the Culture of STEM Degree Attainment with Co-Curriculary Supports for Underrepresented Minority Students by Mica Estrada

For-Profit Pathways into STEM by Kevin Kinser

Our Own Worth Enemies: Regulations and Policies Affecting the Transfer of Credit between Two- and Four-Year Institutions by Ken O'Donnell

Crossing the Boundaries: STEM Students in Four-Year and Community Colleges by Hal Salzman and Michelle Van Noy

Hidden STEM Producers: Community Colleges' Multiple Contributions to STEM Education and Workforce Development by Michelle Van Noy and Matthew Zeidenberg

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