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Research Associateship Programs
500 Fifth Street, NW (Keck 576)
Washington DC 20001

Tel: 202-334-2760
Fax: 202-334-2759
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RAP@nas.edu

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2014 November Review

Application period opens
September 1

Submission deadline is 
November 1

(5:00 PM ET)

Support document deadline is November
 15
(5:00 PM ET)

If a deadline falls on a weekend, it changes to the next business day.

 


RAP Home  >  Associate Information  >  Policies, Practices, and Procedures

POLICIES, PRACTICES, AND PROCEDURES

Contents

1 - Definitions

2 - Accepting an Award and Beginning Tenure

3 - Stipend

4 - Visas

5 - Insurance

6 - Taxes

7 - Travel

8 - Six-Month Progress Report and Final Report

9 - Renewing/Extending an Associateship Award

10 - Resignation and Early Departure

11 - Publications, Copyrights, and Patents


Introduction

As a Research Associateship awardee, you join the ranks of distinguished scholars who have been chosen to participate in the Research Associateship Programs of the National Research Council. Since the Programs began in 1954, the exceptional research of Associates has contributed greatly to the scientific efforts of federal laboratories and to the body of scientific knowledge as a whole.

The objectives of the Programs are (1) to provide postdoctoral and senior scientists and engineers of unusual promise and ability with opportunities for research on projects, largely of their own choice, which are compatible with the research interests of the sponsoring laboratories, and (2) to contribute thereby to the overall research efforts of the federal laboratories.

Research Associateship awards are administered by the Fellowships Office of the National Research Council, located in Washington, DC. The mailing address and contact information are as follows:

Associateship Programs
National Research Council
500 Fifth Street, NW
Washington, DC 20001

Telephone (202) 334-2760
FAX (202) 334-2759
www.nationalacademies.org/rap
rap@nas.edu

This Policies, Practices, and Procedures (PPP) document states the conditions of your award, your responsibilities as an Associate, and the procedures observed by the Research Associateship Programs.

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1  Definitions

1.1  Research Associate

1.1.1  As a National Research Council Research Associate, you are a scientist or engineer at the doctoral level, chosen by the National Research Council in a national competition. You have been offered an award to perform scholarly research on a problem of your own choice at a federal laboratory approved for participation in the Associateship Programs.

1.1.2  You enjoy the status and privileges of a guest investigator at the laboratory. You are not an employee of the National Research Council or the sponsoring laboratory and do not perform personal services for either organization.

1.2  Postdoctoral Research Associate

1.2.1 A Postdoctoral Research Associate has held the doctoral degree for less than five years at the time of application.

1.3  Senior Research Associate

1.3.1 A Senior Research Associate has held the doctoral degree for five or more years at the time of application or holds a permanent appointment in academia, government, or industry and has research experience that has resulted in significant contributions and recognition as an established investigator in his or her specialized field.

1.4  Laboratory and Center

1.4.1 For the purposes of the Associateship Programs, the term “laboratory” is used to refer to any agency or facility, or division of such an agency or facility, which is currently participating in the Programs. The terms “center” and “institute” are sometimes used instead of “laboratory.” In some cases, federal laboratories partner with non-federal centers. These centers may be located in universities or other non-federal research facilities. In all cases, these affiliated centers have been approved by the National Research Council for participation in the Research Associateship Programs.

1.5  Laboratory Program Representative

1.5.1 A Laboratory Program Representative is a professional staff member of a laboratory who is responsible for managing its Research Associateship Program. A Laboratory Program Representative assists you with all administrative aspects of your tenure.

1.6  Research Adviser

1.6.1  A Research Adviser is the scientist or engineer at a laboratory with whom you will work most closely. The National Research Council has approved each Research Adviser.

1.6.2  During tenure, your Research Adviser provides you with assistance in conducting your research program but does not act as a supervisor.

1.6.3  For a Postdoctoral Research Associate, a Research Adviser serves as the Associate’s mentor. All matters relating to your research program will fall under his or her purview.

1.6.4  For a Senior Research Associate, a Research Adviser usually functions in a more collegial relationship and assists as needed in securing space, equipment, or technical and clerical support.

1.7  Program Administrator

1.7.1  A Program Administrator is a National Research Council Associateship Programs staff member who is responsible for the proper conduct of programs at his or her assigned laboratories.

1.7.2  The Program Administrator assigned to your laboratory has signed your award letter. He or she is available to discuss all aspects of your program with you.

1.8  Program Coordinator

1.8.1  A Program Coordinator is an Associateship Programs staff member who is assigned to work with a Program Administrator to assist you and the laboratory staff in administering the Associateship Program. Your designated Coordinator will answer questions related to award acceptance, contingencies, renewal, early resignation, termination, travel, and changes in address or Adviser during your tenure.

1.9  Approval

1.9.1  Throughout this document, procedures are cited which require the approval of the Research Adviser, the Laboratory Program Representative, and/or the National Research Council Program Administrator. The use of the word “approval” means written approval, and any actions taken on the basis of verbal concurrence are not binding unless followed by appropriate written authorization.

1.10  Tenure

1.10.1  Tenure is considered the inclusive dates during which an Associate is in residence at a sponsoring federal laboratory, from the start date through the last date in residence at the laboratory.

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2  Accepting an Award and Beginning Tenure

2.1  Notification of an Award

Your official award letter states the primary conditions of your award, including information about your stipend and the period of your tenure at the sponsoring federal laboratory. Your award notification includes a link to a webpage with the following included:

(a) Award Response Form

(b) Start Date Form

(c) Health and Medical Insurance information

(d) Authorization Agreement for automatic deposit of stipend payments (as explained in section 3.6)

(e) Travel Guide, Travel Authorization Form, and Request for Movement of Household Goods Form and regulations and procedures governing the movement of these goods

(f) Taxability of Research Grants Information

(g) Policy on Supplemental Income

(h) Information for Foreign Associates who require a visa

These forms can be found on the RAP website on the New Associate Page

2.2  Award Response Form

2.2.1  Included with your award notification is a Response Form. Use this form to report your decision to accept or decline an award and the date on which you expect to begin tenure at the laboratory.

2.2.2  If you show an expected start date on the Response Form that is significantly different from that shown on your Application, the approval of the Laboratory Program Representative and the Research Adviser may be required before your tenure can officially begin. These approvals are necessary to ensure compliance with the laboratory’s scheduling of research and the availability of support facilities.

2.2.3  You may use the Response Form to request a stipend advance, if desired. A stipend advance must be requested at least 30 days prior to your proposed start date. The advance check will be mailed to the Laboratory Program Representative.

2.2.4  Return the completed Response Form to the Associateship Programs office no later than 14 days after you receive your award letter.

2.2.5  If you cannot accept an award immediately, please contact the National Research Council Program Administrator and your Research Adviser at the laboratory.

2.3  Change of Address

2.3.1  To maintain your eligibility for relocation reimbursement, you must obtain advanced, written approval for a change of address from the National Research Council Program Administrator if different from that shown on your application. Notify the National Research Council Program Administrator or Program Coordinator immediately, in writing, of any change in your address.

2.4  Beginning Tenure and/or Changing the Start Date

2.4.1  Your tenure should normally begin within six months after you accept an award unless special arrangements are made.

2.4.2  If you cannot begin tenure as originally scheduled, immediately notify the Program Administrator or Program Coordinator, and your Research Adviser at the laboratory.

2.5  Conditions for Beginning Tenure

In order to begin tenure, you must meet the following four requirements:

(a) Completion of the Doctoral Degree — If you are a Postdoctoral Research Associate, you must have earned a Ph.D., Sc.D., M.D., D.V.M., or academically equivalent research doctorate before beginning tenure. If you have not received the degree, the graduate dean, registrar, or recorder (not the department chairman or major professor) must certify in writing—directly to the Associateship Programs office—that you have met all requirements for the degree. If this certification is not in English, you must provide an official translation.

(b) Visa Requirement for Non-United States Citizens -- If you are not a United States citizen, you must provide evidence of an acceptable visa before you begin tenure. Further information on visas can be found in Section 4.

(c) Security or Visitation Clearance -- Certain laboratories require a security or visitation clearance. You should not attempt to begin tenure until the conditions for this clearance have been satisfied. Procedures for meeting this requirement should be discussed in advance with the Laboratory Program Representative.

(d) Insurance Coverage -- All Associates must show proof of health insurance or enroll in the Aetna Insurance program.

Until the above requirements are met, no advance stipend checks will be issued; no stipend payments will be made; no relocation and/or travel costs will be reimbursed; and no medical insurance coverage will be available.

2.6  Arriving at the Laboratory

2.6.1  The National Research Council Program Administrator or Program Coordinator, the Laboratory Program Representative, and the Research Adviser should be kept informed of your relocation travel plans and expected time of arrival at the laboratory.

2.7  Contacting the Laboratory Program Representative

2.7.1  Contact the Laboratory Program Representative when you arrive at the laboratory. He or she will assist you with logistical arrangements, the Start Date Form, and a stipend advance, if applicable.

2.8  Working with the Research Adviser

2.8.1  Maintain close contact with your Research Adviser. He or she will serve as a mentor and professional colleague. A Research Adviser will guide you in all aspects of your research activities and help you to acquire research support such as office space, a computer, equipment, etc.

2.9  Change of Research Adviser or Research Program

2.9.1  Approval by the Laboratory Program Representative and the Program Administrator is required to change your Research Adviser.

2.9.2  The Research Adviser, the Laboratory Program Representative, and the Program Administrator must approve a major change in an approved research program.

2.10  Status of a Research Associate

2.10.1  As a National Research Council Research Associate, you are a guest investigator in the federal laboratory, affiliated center, or institute. You are not an employee of the laboratory or of the National Research Council, and do not perform personal services for either organization.

2.10.2  In view of this special status, you are expected to devote your full effort to research, to publish in the open scientific literature, and to participate in all appropriate scientific meetings and technical activities of the sponsoring laboratory.

2.11  Residency and Full-Time Requirements

2.11.1  The National Research Council Research Associateship Programs require Associates to conduct research in residence at the sponsoring federal laboratory or affiliated center. Extended periods away from the laboratory or other designated research facility for field work or other off-site research activities must be approved by the Research Adviser and the Laboratory Program Representative (LPR).

2.11.2  An Associateship Award provides you with an opportunity to perform research without distracting diversions or other duties. While on tenure, you are required to devote 100% of your working time and intellectual effort to your approved research program.

2. 11.3  Because you are not an employee, you are not entitled to “leave.” However, attention to personal matters may warrant a short-term absence from a research project. In all such cases, you must make arrangements in advance with your Research Adviser.

2.11.4   Periods of extended time away from the laboratory due to illness, maternity, or other family reasons must be authorized in writing by your NRC Research Advisor and designated Lab Representative (LPR) in advance, and a determination will be made whether an unpaid break in tenure is appropriate. Associates who will be absent from the lab for an extended period of time, as described above, must notify the NRC Program Coordinator using a Leave of Absence form, signed by the Research Adviser and the LPR.

2.11.5   Failure to comply with the requirements in Sections 2.10 and 2.11 could result in termination of your award or a reduction in your stipend for unapproved absences from your assigned laboratory or other designated research facility.

2.12  Receiving Outside Compensation

2.12.1  You may not accept additional compensation for services from another appointment, including part-time teaching, research, consulting, or outside work. During your tenure, you may not hold fellowships or similar awards that provide any funds for personal (living) expenses.

2.12.2  Awards may be accepted if they meet the following criteria:

(a) An award or grant that is designated for support of research costs in the sponsoring laboratory or for professional travel.

(b) An award from a professional society that includes a monetary component, if the award was unsolicited (the organization selected the awardee and the awardee was nominated by others). The award must be from a recognized professional organization and must be an established award.

(c) A one-time monetary award from the federal sponsor given in accordance with agency awards policy (e.g., Special Act, Outstanding Performance).

2.12.3  If you are a university faculty member on sabbatical leave, you may receive sabbatical leave pay under the existing regulations of the university, but you may not participate in university grant or contract activities during your tenure as an Associate. Consult the Program Administrator with any questions.

2.12.4  If you hold J-1 status, you must request written authorization from the National Research Council Visa Officer before you undertake any outside consultation or give a talk for which you will be paid expenses. This requirement is based on federal J-1 regulations.

2.13  Conforming to Laboratory Policies

2.13.1  As a guest investigator, you are expected to conform to all established policies and procedures of the sponsoring laboratory as they pertain to professional guest investigators.

2.13.2  The Laboratory Program Representative and your Research Adviser will assist you with established guidelines for the safety and health of individuals working in the laboratory, including working hours for the conduct of research.

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3  Stipend

3.1 Stipend Amount

The amount of your annual stipend is shown in your award letter. Stipend checks are issued at the end of each month.

3.2  Start Date Form

3.2.1  The Start Date Form certifies the date your tenure begins. This form must be signed and dated by the Laboratory Program Representative on your first day of tenure, and received by the Associateship Programs office before stipend payments can begin.

3.2.2  The Start Date Form may not be signed and/or dated in advance of the actual start date.

3.3  Social Security Number (SSN)

3.3.1  Before any stipend payments are made, you must report a United States Social Security Number (SSN) to the Associateship Programs office. If you do not have an assigned SSN, you must apply for one. This can be done in the United States at a local office of the Social Security Administration.

3.3.2  When you apply for an SSN from the Social Security Office, request a receipt and mail it to the Associateship Programs office. This will permit the release of stipend payments. Please notify the Associateship Programs office, in writing, when the SSN number is assigned.

3.4  Stipend Advance

3.4.1  You may request in writing an advance on your stipend at least 30 days prior to your actual start date.

3.4.2  A stipend advance is an interest-free loan of a portion of a stipend payment. Use the Response Form to apply for an advance. The Laboratory Program Representative or your Research Adviser will release this advance to you on the day on which tenure officially begins, as shown on the Start Date Form.

3.4.3  If you are a United States citizen or resident alien, you may request an advance of up to one month of your gross stipend.

3.4.4  If you hold a J-1 exchange visitor visa, you may request an advance of up to one month of your net stipend (gross stipend less 14% monthly income tax withholding).

3.5  Repaying a Stipend Advance

3.5.1  Advance stipend payments are repaid by equal monthly deductions from your stipend until the total advance is repaid. Note: the repayment period may not be longer than one month less than the total period of tenure.

3.6  Receiving Stipend Payments

3.6.1  You may request that your monthly stipend payment be deposited electronically, mailed to your home, or mailed to the laboratory, center, or institute address shown on the Start Date Form. We recommend that you arrange to have your stipend payment deposited electronically in order to avoid delays.

3.6.2  For electronic funds transfer (EFT) deposits to a bank, please read the EFT Memorandum and complete the Authorization Agreement for Automatic Deposit included in your award package. Processing of an electronic funds transfer takes approximately two months.

3.6.3  If you choose to have your stipend check mailed, it is recommended that your home address be used.

3.6.4  Your final stipend payment will be made only after you have submitted your Final Report and settled all outstanding travel expense reports. Further information concerning the Final Report may be found in Section 8.2.

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4  Visas

The National Research Council Research Associateship Programs office sponsors J-1 exchange visitor visas, and accepts F-1, J-2, L-2 and immigrant (permanent resident) visas, as well as individuals in asylee and refugee status. Postdoctoral F-1 students must be authorized for optional practical training by their university and USCIS. No other visa classes may be held during tenure.

4.1  General Information

4.1.1  If you are not a United States citizen, you may begin tenure only when you have provided evidence to the Associateship Programs office that you are in valid immigrant or nonimmigrant status.

4.1.2  The Associateship Programs office can provide information regarding nonimmigrant visas. However, the National Research Council cannot apply for a visa or permanent residency on your behalf. All costs in connection with your passport or visa are your responsibility.

4.1.3  Resident aliens and nonresident aliens who move to a new home address must notify the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) within ten (10) days on Form AR-11 to maintain legal status. Under Student and Exchange Visitor Information System (SEVIS) regulations, F-1 and J-1 visa holders may satisfy this requirement by notifying their visa sponsor (the National Research Council Visa Officer) within 10 days.

4.2  J-1 Exchange Visitor Visa

Full information regarding J-1 visa requirements is available separately from the Associateship Programs Office. Following are general remarks.

4.2.1  A Research Associatesthip awardee may apply for a J-1 exchange visitor visa under the sponsorship of the National Research Council, as designated by the U.S. Department of State. To be eligible for a J-1 research scholar visa,

(a) you must not have been in any J status during 6 out of the past 12 months (exception: short term scholars) and

(b) you must not have held J-1 or J-2 research scholar or professor status within the last 24 months.

4.2.2  Upon written request, a DS-2019 form (Certificate of Eligibility for Exchange Visitor J-1 Status) will be issued by the National Research Council if all other outstanding contingencies have been met, including agency background checks and evidence of the doctorate.

4.2.3  If you reside outside the United States at the time of the award, you may apply for a J-1 visa at the nearest United States embassy or consulate.

4.2.4  If you reside in the United States on any other visa, you may apply to the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) for a change of nonimmigrant status. You may begin tenure at the laboratory only after written USCIS approval has been received. F-1 students authorized for optional practical training may begin tenure in F-1 status while their change of status is being processed by USCIS.

4.2.5  If you reside in the United States on a J-1 research scholar visa under other sponsorship, you must transfer to National Research Council sponsorship. Your research field must remain the same and you must obtain the agreement of your current J-1 sponsor. Once requested, the Associateship Programs office and your current sponsor complete the transfer process electronically through SEVIS. When the transfer is effective, the National Research Council will issue a new DS-2019 form to you.

4.2.6  If you reside in the United States on a J-1 student visa, you may hold tenure using postdoctoral academic training with the authorization of your university international office.

4.2.7  Under federal regulations, all J-1 exchange visitors are subject to certain requirements:

(a) strict legal limitations on the maximum period of stay in the United States: research scholars may stay up to 60 months; J-l short-term scholars may stay up to 6 months; and J-2 dependents’ stay is determined by their J-1 spouse sponsorship.

(b) the two-year home country physical presence requirement before changing to H, L, or permanent resident status because of

(1) the use of United States government funds for support of the National Research Council awards and/or

(2) the research skills needed in the country of nationality or last legal residence (the Skills List).

(c) continuous enrollment in health insurance coverage for themselves and their families throughout the period they are in J-1 status. The National Research Council provides this insurance. (See Section 5) J-2 family members may hold other health insurance, as long as it meets U.S. Department of State requirements for exchange visitors.

4.3  Immigrant Visa

4.3.1  If you are currently in the United States as a Permanent Resident (immigrant visa), and hold an alien registration number without restrictions on length of stay and employment, you may continue in that status.

4.3.2  If you have applied for and expect to receive an immigrant visa, you must provide the Associateship Programs office with evidence of authorization for employment before you may begin tenure.

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5  Insurance

For additional information on health and medical insurance, refer to the insurance booklet or check with the Associateship Programs office.

5.1  Health and Medical Insurance

5.1.1  A group health insurance program, which provides coverage for major medical expenses, is available to you. The cost of this program is shared by you and the sponsoring agency.

5.1.2  Insurance for dependents is also available under the same basic program. If the Associateship Programs office receives your insurance application within 30 days following the beginning of tenure, insurance coverage for dependents is provided without physical examination. Insurance applications received more than 30 days following the beginning of tenure are subject to review by the insurance company.

5.1.3  Report any changes in marital or dependent status to the National Research Council Program Administrator or Program Coordinator immediately. This will allow for appropriate changes in insurance coverage.

5.1.4  Health and medical coverage begins on the official Start Date of tenure and ends on the last day of the month in which tenure officially ends, as shown on the Start Date Form.

5.1.5  An Aetna group health insurance booklet, a concise summary of medical coverage and premium costs, and an enrollment form are included with the award letter. The enrollment form indicating your insurance decision should be returned to the Associateship Programs office on or before you first day at the host laboratory. Claim forms will be mailed to you with the letter that acknowledges receipt of your Start Date Form. Aetna will send you an insurance identification card within a month.

5.1.6  Insurance Requirement for Exchange Visitors -- The U.S. Department of State requires exchange visitors and their dependent families to carry health insurance while they are in the United States. The National Research Council provides this insurance during tenure. (See Section 4.2.7[c])

5.2  Extending Health Insurance Coverage

5.2.1  You may extend your health insurance coverage for one month beyond the end of tenure by sending the Associateship Programs office a letter authorizing the deduction of one month’s full premium, plus a 3% service charge, from your final stipend check.

5.2.2  If your final stipend check will not cover the premium amount, you may send a check for the appropriate amount, made payable to the National Academy of Sciences, to the Associateship Programs office. Since this premium changes periodically, call the Associateship Programs office for the current amount.

5.2.3  Because premiums are payable in advance to the insurance company and are due on the first day of each month, you must notify the Associateship Programs office of your intention to purchase the additional month’s insurance at least 60 days in advance.

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6  Taxes 

6.1 Tax Information for NRC Research Associates 

NRC Research Associates are not employees of the National Academy of Sciences (NAS), the NRC, or the laboratories to which they are assigned. They are guest investigators residing in host laboratories and conduct research on issues of their own choice. Accordingly, the NAS characterizes fellowship awards to postdoctoral researchers under the NRC Research Associateship Program as non-compensatory grants. We strongly suggest that you review your individual tax situation with your tax advisor or an IRS representative to determine the proper tax treatment for your spectific award and any obligation for payment of quarterly estimated taxes. Additional tax information is provided in your Award Packet.

6.2 Federal Tax Liability for U.S. Citizens and Permanent Residents

If you are a U.S. citizen or permanent resident, the NAS will send you a Statement of Stipends Paid Memorandum by mid-February of the following year. This memo includes an end-of-year summary of stipend payments, contributions to health insurance made on your behalf, and all relocation and professional travel expenses. The amount of the fellowship award that is subject to tax reporting will include stipends, the sponsor paid portion of health insurance, and all travel and relocation expenses, including airfare and moving expenses paid directly by the NAS. The NAS will not report fellowship award payments made to U.S. citizens and permanent residents for tax purposes on IRS form 1099-MISC, as this is not required for non-compensatory scholarship or fellowship payments.

 

6.3  Federal Tax Liability of Nonresident Aliens

6.3.1  If you are a nonresident alien in J-1 or F-1 status, the National Research Council (NRC) is required to withhold 14% from your monthly stipend and benefits and report this deduction to the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) at the end of each tax year. In addition to your stipend payment, the amount subject to reporting and income tax withholding includes payments made by the NRC on your behalf for health insurance premiums, relocation expenses, and travel in connection with your fellowship award.

6.3.2  Taxes will be withheld at the 14% level regardless of any country tax treaties that may be in effect. Actual tax liability is determined when you file a federal income tax return. In the event the tax liability is less than the amount withheld, you will receive a tax refund directly from the IRS.

6.3.3  As a nonresident alien, you should file Form 1040-NR no later than the 15th day of June following the close of the tax (calendar) year. For other filing options, you should consult a tax professional and/or the IRS.

6.4  State Tax Liability

6.4.1  You may be liable for state income taxes and should file the appropriate tax return in compliance with the laws of the state in which you reside. You should consult a local government tax authority at the beginning of tenure for further details concerning this liability.

6.5  Tax Reporting Forms

6.5.1  For United States citizens and permanent residents, the NRC will provide you with a Statement of Stipends Paid memo in late January. This memo includes an end-of-year summary of stipend payments, contributions to health insurance, and relocation and professional travel reimbursements.

6.5.2  For nonresident aliens, Form 1042-S (Foreign Person’s United States Source Income Subject to Withholding) will be mailed to you in mid-March.

6.6  Social Security

6.6.1  Since you are a guest investigator, and not an employee of the National Research Council or the sponsoring laboratory, the National Research Council does not withhold Social Security taxes from your stipend payments. You should study the pertinent publications on Social Security taxes to determine whether you have incurred any tax obligation.

6.6.2  Although Social Security taxes are not withheld from stipend payments, you are still required to have an assigned Social Security Number, as explained in section 3.3.

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7  Travel

Please refer to the Associateship Programs Travel Guide for information about travel associated with your award.

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8  Six-Month Progress Report and Final Report

8.1  Six-Month Progress Report

8.1.1 An interim report on the progress of your research is required six months following the start of your tenure. At the appropriate time, you will receive a Six-Month Progress Report Form, requesting a summary of your research program.

8.2  Final Report

8.2.2 Submission of a final report is a requirement of the National Research Council Associateship Programs. You should submit your report to the Associateship Programs office no later than 15 days before the date on which your tenure ends. A Certificate of Completion will be mailed when this report is received. Report forms may be found on the RAP website on the Associate Renewal and Report page.

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9  Renewing/Extending an Associateship Award

Research Associateship Awards are made for one or two years depending on the policy of the federal laboratory. Awards may be renewed for a second and possibly a third year, upon mutual agreement of the Laboratory Program Representative, Research Adviser and Associate, and pending the availability of funds. Renewals are generally for 12 months, but in special cases can be granted for shorter periods, less than 12 months but at least 6 months. In some cases an extension may be requested to bring research to a logical conclusion of up to 3 months.

9.1  At least two months before the end of your tenure, you and your Research Adviser will receive letters regarding the renewal of your Associateship Award.

9.2  Two forms are required to renew your award, both found on the RAP website on the Associate Renewal and Report page:

(a) Application for Renewal/Extension of Award (to be completed by the Associate and signed by the Research Adviser and Laboratory Program Representative.)

(b) Evaluation of Associate by Research Adviser (to be completed by the Research Adviser and signed by the Laboratory Program Representative.)

9.3  Both forms should be sent to the Laboratory Program Representative, who will sign and forward them to the Associateship Programs office.

9.4  Renewal of tenure is not intended to initiate new research but to complete your originally approved research program.

9.5  Renewal is neither automatic nor guaranteed. The period of the requested renewal should be discussed with your Research Adviser.

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10  Resignation and Early Departure

If you decide to resign your award before your tenure officially ends, you must inform your Research Adviser, the Laboratory Program Representative, and the National Research Council Associateship Programs office in writing at least 30 days in advance. J-1 visa holders must inform the National Research Council Visa Officer directly for the required SEVIS notification.

10.1  Procedure

10.1.1  Resignation notification from the Associate must be routed through the Research Adviser, the Laboratory Program Representative, and the National Research Council Program Administrator for concurrence.

10.1.2  If you resign early, the effective date of resignation will be the last day you were in residence at the laboratory.

10.1.3  Exchange Visitors -- The National Research Council is required to notify the U.S. Department of State through SEVIS when an exchange visitor leaves the program earlier than 30 days before the ending date on the current DS-2019 Form.

10.2  Restrictions

10.2.1  If early resignation results in tenure of less than six successive months, expenses previously reimbursed for initial relocation must be repaid.

10.2.2  All outstanding travel and stipend advances must be reconciled before the last day of tenure.

10.3  Final Report

See Section 8.2 for procedures regarding the Final Report.

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11  Publications, Copyrights, and Patents

Each sponsoring laboratory has specific policies regarding publications, copyright, and patents. The information provided here is general information, which is intended to provide an overview of intellectual property issues. This information may be superseded by laboratory policy. Therefore it is important that a new Associate discuss laboratory guidelines and procedures for publications, copyrights, and patents with his or her Research Adviser at the start of tenure.

11.1  Publications

11.1.1  The National Research Council and the sponsoring laboratory encourage you to publish all scientific results.

11.1.2  You must conform to the laboratory’s requirements for prior review and approval of all material, whether written or prepared for oral presentation.

11.1.3  All publications should include appropriate acknowledgment of the National Research Council and the laboratory as follows:

This research was performed while the author held a National Research Council Research Associateship Award at (laboratory Name).

11.1.4  Publication charges are not a part of your National Research Council award budget. Although the National Research Council does not pay publication charges, many of the sponsor laboratories will pay these charges. You should discuss your laboratory’s publication policy with your Research Adviser and your Laboratory Program Representative.

11.2  Copyrights

11.2.1  If you assert copyright in the written works that arise from your research activities, the federal government and others acting on the government’s behalf will be granted a license to reproduce the copyrighted work, distribute copies, prepare derivative works, perform publicly the copyrighted work, and display publicly the copyrighted work.

11.2.2  The Associate and the federal government will hold joint ownership.

11.2.3  In the case of copyright agreements for journal publications, you must conform to the laboratory’s procedures for review and approval.

11.3  Patents

11.3.1  You are required to report all inventions made as a consequence of research conducted during your tenure promptly to the director of the laboratory or its patent counsel and also to your Program Administrator at the National Research Council. The notice to the National Research Council must include the title of the invention, the assigned case number, if any, the name of any co-inventors, and the name of any patent counsel at the sponsoring laboratory.

11.3.2  Neither the National Academies nor the National Research Council will exercise any rights to inventions made during your tenure.

11.3.3  Your rights to retain title in any invention made during your tenure may depend on the provisions of the applicable contract or grant awarded by each sponsoring agency to the National Research Council and/or the policies and procedures of that agency. The National Research Council will not take a position on the relative intellectual property ownership rights between an Associate and the sponsoring agency.

11.3.4  In cases where an invention is made jointly with a government employee, the sponsoring agency may ask you to assign ownership rights to the agency. In some cases, in consideration for your assignment of rights, you may be offered a share of any royalties that may result from use or licensing of the invention.

11.3.5  For each invention to which an Associate retains title, the federal Government will be granted, at a minimum, a nonexclusive, nontransferable, irrevocable, worldwide license to practice, or to have practiced for or on behalf of the United States.

11.3.6  This information will be superseded by any requirements for individual sponsoring agencies and will also be subject to applicable federal laws. It is important that you discuss the laboratory’s patent policies and procedures with the appropriate laboratory personnel before you begin research.

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