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The Board on International Scientific Organizations, through its network of US National Committees and its participation with other international scientific organizations and projects, has been involved in the creation of a variety of reports. Information on how to obtain these reports from the National Academies Press can be seen below.
Predictive Theoretical and Computational Approaches for Additive Manufacturing: Proceedings of a Workshop (2016)
Additive manufacturing (AM) methods have great potential for promoting transformative research in many fields across the vast spectrum of engineering and materials science. AM is one of the leading forms of advanced manufacturing which enables direct computer-aided design (CAD) to part production without part-specific tooling. In October 2015 the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine convened a workshop of experts from diverse communities to examine predictive theoretical and computational approaches for various AM technologies. While experimental workshops in AM have been held in the past, this workshop uniquely focused on theoretical and computational approaches and involved areas such as simulation-based engineering and science, integrated computational materials engineering, mechanics, materials science, manufacturing processes, and other specialized areas. This publication summarizes the presentations and discussions from the workshop. (Description from www.nap.edu)
Mathematics Curriculum, Teacher Professionalism, and Supporting Policies in Korea and the United States (2015)
On July 15-17, 2012 the United States National Commission on Mathematics Instruction and Seoul National University held a joint Korea-U.S. workshop on Mathematics Teaching and Curriculum. The workshop was organized to address questions and issues related to math teaching and curriculum that were generated by each country, including the following: What are the main concerns in the development of the curriculum? What issues have been discussed or debated among curriculum developers, teachers, teacher educators, and scholars regarding the curriculum? How have textbooks been developed for the curriculum? How are curricular tasks designed and what criteria are used? What is the role of learning trajectories in the development of curriculum? This report summarizes the presentations and discussions at the workshop. The full report may be purchased or downloaded from the National Academies Press.
Building Infrastructure for International Collaborative Research in the Social and Behavioral Sciences: Summary of a Workshop (2014)
In September 2013, the U.S. National Committee for Psychological Science convened a workshop to address ways of overcoming challenges to effective international collaborative research in the social and behavioral sciences and education. This workshop was a follow-up to the 2006 workshop on the benefits of and obstacles to international collaborations (see 2008 report below). Participants at the 2013 workshop discussed ways that universities and other organizations can address common challenges. These include strengthening infrastructure to support international collaboration, fostering relationships with potential collaborators, dealing with cross-cultural dissemination and authorship, developing strategies for anticipating and resolving conflicts, the advantages and challenges of new technologies, and building cultural competence. Judith Torney-Purta and Oscar Barbarin co-chaired the workshop. Two-page report-in-brief (PDF). The full report may be purchased or downloaded from the National Academies Press.
Optics and Photonics: Essential Technologies for our Nation (2013)
For several years, the U.S. Advisory Committee (USAC) on Optics has urged the National Research Council to update its 1998 report, Harnessing Light I, Optical Science and Engineering for the 21st Century. With the 2013 release of Harnessing Light II, Optics and Photonics: Essential Technologies for our Nation, that goal was achieved. The USAC was instrumental in the early stages of the effort; the committee wrote a white paper in 2007 that outlined the need for such an update and eventually served as the basis for the study. Two members of the USAC served on the authoring committee: Alan Willner served as co-chair, and Duncan Moore, past chair of the USAC and past president of the International Commission on Optics, served as a committee member. The sponsoring society members of the USAC, particularly SPIE and the Optical Society of America (OSA), played an important role in dissemination of the report. View the press release. The report PDF can be downloaded and print copies may be ordered at the National Academies Press website.
The Case for International Sharing of Scientific Data: A Focus on Developing Countries: Proceedings of a Symposium (2012)
BISO and the U.S. Committee on Data for Science and Technology (US CODATA), under the Board on Research Data and Information (BRDI), in consultation with the Committee on Freedom and Responsibility in the Conduct of Science (CFRS) of the International Council for Science (ICSU), organized a 2-day international symposium in Washington, DC on April 18-19, 2011. The main objective of the symposium was to gain better understanding of the data access and sharing situation in the developing world, with a focus on barriers, opportunities, and future actions. There are various hurdles to the access and sharing of scientific data collected by governments or by researchers using public funding. Such obstacles include scientific and technical; institutional and management; economic and financial; legal and policy; and normative and socio-cultural barriers. Some of these difficulties are possible to diminish or remove, whereas others seek to balance competing values that impose legitimate limitations on openness. The published proceedings can be purchased or downloaded for free at the NAP website.
Twenty-First Century Ecosystems: Managing the Living World Two Centuries After Darwin (2011)
Based on a 2009 symposium celebrating the two hundredth anniversary of the birth of Charles Darwin, the report summarizes the views expressed by symposium participants; however, it does not provide a session-by-session synopsis of the presentations at the symposium. Instead, the workshop organizing committee identified eight key themes that emerged from the lectures, which were addressed in different contexts by different speakers. The focus in the report is on general principles rather than specifics. These eight themes provide a sharp focus on a few concepts that enable scientists, environmental NGOs, and policy makers to engage more effectively around issues of central importance for biodiversity and ecosystem management. The report is available for free download at the NAP website.
The Teacher Development Continuum in the United States and China: Summary of a Workshop (2010)
This report summarizes an August 2009 workshop on the career ladder of mathematics teachers and the structures in place to support teachers of mathematics within the Chinese and U.S. educational systems. Organized by the U.S. National Committee for Mathematics Instruction (USNC/MI), the workshop originated from a collaborative meeting at the China Math Education Conference at the University of Pennsylvania in 2008. Visit the National Academies Press homepage and read or download this report for free. Watch the related video. Learn more about the workshop.
The 2nd International Forum on Biosecurity: Summary of an International Meeting, Budapest, Hungary, March 30 to April 2, 2008 (2009)
This report summarizes discussions from an international workshop that considered roles and responsibilities of the life sciences community in addressing dual-use biosecurity risks. The workshop was co-convened by the InterAcademy Panel on International Issues, International Union of Microbiological Societies, International Union of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, International Union of Biological Sciences, and the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, and is part of ongoing, collaborative efforts on this topic. Visit the National Academies Press homepage and read or download this report for free.
Frontiers in Soil Science Research: Report of a Workshop (2009)
Based on the 2005 U.S. National Committee for Soil Science (USNC/SS) Frontiers in Soil Science Research Workshop, the report centers on seven key questions addressing research fields for soil science disciplines, as well as the need for integration across soil science with other disciplines. Download the Report in Brief (58KB PDF). Visit the National Academies Press homepage and read or download this report for free.
International Collaborations in Behavioral and Social Sciences (2008)
Based on the outcomes of a workshop convened by the U.S. National Committee for Psychological Science (USNC/IUPsyS) and informed by a survey of social scientists who have led cross-national projects, this National Science Foundation-funded report addresses the multiple benefits of research extending across national boundaries and describes factors common among successful collaborations. Several dimensions of collaborative processes, such as research planning, methodological issues, organizational concerns, varied training approaches, and funding needs receive critical attention to this report. Visit the National Academies Press homepage and read or download this report for free.
This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant Number IIA-1332689. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.
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