The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine
Board on Research Data and Information
Policy and Global Affairs
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Board on Research Data and Information
Policy and Global Affairs Division
The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
500 Fifth Street, NW
Washington, DC 20001

Phone: (202) 334-2616

Toward an Open Science Enterprise

Open Science Photo


  Project Information  

Project Scope
Meetings and Events

Project Scope

Wide access to scientific research results has proven to be an important tool for accelerating scientific progress. An ad hoc committee under the Board on Research Data and Information (BRDI) will conduct a study on the challenges of broadening access to the results of scientific research, described as “open science.” Open science is defined, for the purposes of this study, as public access (i.e., no charge for access beyond the cost of an internet connection) to scholarly articles resulting from research projects, the data that support the results contained in those articles, computer code, algorithms, and other digital products of publicly funded scientific research, so that the products of this research are findable, accessible, interoperable, and reusable (FAIR), with limited exceptions for privacy, proprietary business claims, and national security. This study focuses on how to move toward open science as the default for scientific research results and includes the following tasks:

1. Provide a cursory overview of the extent to which scientific and engineering disciplines currently practice open science;
2. Identify the barriers to and facilitators of open science, such as cultural norms, incentives, service provider business models, policies, available infrastructure, education/training, and formal and informal data management processes, and illustrate these barriers and facilitators in at least four scientific disciplines from the biological sciences, social sciences, physical sciences, and earth sciences;
3. Describe how policies and practices of participants in the research enterprise, such as funders, publishers, journal editors, research institutions, scientific societies, researchers, service providers, and the private sector, are affecting open science;
4. Recommend specific solutions in policy, infrastructure, incentives and requirements that would facilitate open science;
5. Identify existing implementations of these solutions occurring in individual disciplines that could be extended to other disciplines (e.g., preprints), and demonstrations of proofs-of-concept that need to be brought to scale (e.g., preregistration for basic and preclinical research);
6. For potential solutions with no existing demonstrations, identify practical implementation steps, policies, and appropriate stakeholder roles to develop solutions;
7. Provide specific policy and practice options for Federal science agencies to move toward open science as the default for the research they support.

The committee will produce a consensus report with findings and recommendations that address these issues, with the majority of the focus on solutions that move the research enterprise toward open science.

Meetings & Events

September 18, 2017
Symposium on Toward an Open Science Enterprise: Focus on Stakeholders 
National Academy of Sciences Building
2101 Constitution Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20418
Agenda and Presentations

July 20, 2017

Toward an Open Science Enterprise Meeting 1
Keck Center of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
500 Fifth St. NW
Washington, DC
Agenda and Presentations




  • Dr. Alexa McCray (Chair) (NAM)
    Harvard Medical School
  • Dr. Francine Berman
    Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
  • Prof. Michael Carroll
    American University Washington College of Law
  • Dr. Donna Ginther
    University of Kansas
  • Mr. Robert Miller
  • Dr. Peter Schiffer
    Yale University
  • Dr. Edward Seidel
    University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
  • Dr. Alex Szalay
    Johns Hopkins University
  • Dr. Lisa Tauxe
    University of California, San Diego
  • Dr. Heng Xu
    The Pennsylvania State University

    Biographies of committee members are provided on the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine's Current Projects System site.

    Study Co-Directors
  • George Strawn
    Director, Board on Research Data and Information


 This project is supported by the Laura and John Arnold Foundation