NATIONAL-ACADEMIES.ORG   Contact Us  |  Search:  
National Academy of Sciences
National Academy of Engineering
Institute of Medicine
National Research Council
Board on Science, Technology, and Economic Policy
Board on Science, Technology, and Economic Policy
Policy and Global Affairs
Home About Us Members and Staff
Quick Links


The Supply Chain for
Middle-Skill Jobs

June 24-25, 2015
Washington, DC

The Economics of

June 29, 2015
Washington, DC

Capitalizing on Science, Technology, and Innovation: An Assessment of the Small Business Innovation Research Program - Phase II
  Project Information  

Project Scope
Meetings and Events


Project Scope

In accordance with H.R. 5667, Sec. 108, enacted in Public Law 106-554, as amended by H.R. 1540, Sec. 5137, enacted in Public Law 112-81, the National Research Council is to review the Small Business Innovation Research and Small Business Technology Transfer (SBIR/STTR) programs at the Department of Defense, the National Institutes of Health, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, the Department of Energy, and the National Science Foundation. Building on the outcomes from the Phase I study, this second study is to examine both topics of general policy interest that emerged during the first-phase study and topics of specific interest to individual agencies.

Drawing on the methodology developed in the previous study, an ad hoc committee will issue a revised survey, revisit case studies, and develop additional cases, thereby providing a second snapshot to measure the program's progress against its legislative goals. The committee will prepare one report on the SBIR program at each of the five (5) agencies listed above, providing a second review of the operation of the program, analyzing new topics, and identifying accomplishments, emerging challenges, and possible policy solutions. The committee will prepare an additional report focused on the National Science Foundation Phase IIB Program and a third report focused on the STTR Program at all five agencies. The agency reports will include agency-specific and program-wide findings on the SBIR and STTR programs to submit to the contracting agencies and the Congress. 

Although each agency report will be tailored to the needs of that agency, all reports will, where appropriate:

1. Review institutional initiatives and structural elements contributing to programmatic success, including gap funding mechanisms such as applying Phase II-plus awards more broadly to address agency needs and operations and streamlining the application process. 
2. Explore methods to encourage the participation of minorities and women in SBIR and STTR. 
3. Identify best practice in university-industry partnering and synergies with the two programs. 
4. Document the role of complementary state and federal programs. 
5. Assess the efficacy of post-award commercialization programs. 
In addition, the committee will convene symposia to gather information on specific topics related to the SBIR/STTR programs overall or specific agency requests, with some of the workshops resulting in an individually-authored summary of the event. 


Committee Meeting
July 2014

Commercializing University Research:  The Role of SBIR and STTR
February 5, 2014
Washington, DC
Committee Meeting
February 4, 2014
Washington, DC
Committee Meeting
February 8, 2013
Washington, DC
Innovation, Diversity, and Success in the SBIR/STTR Programs
February 7, 2013
Washington, DC
Committee Meeting
November 8, 2012
Washington, DC
Committee Meeting
August 1, 2011
Woods Hole, Massachusetts
NASA's SBIR Community: Opportunities and Challenges
June 21, 2011
Washington, DC

Committee Meeting
January 27, 2011
Washington, DC
Early-Stage Capital for Innovation—SBIR: Beyond Phase II
January 27, 2011
Washington, DC
Early-stage Capital in the United States: Moving Research Across the Valley of Death and the Role of SBIR
April 16, 2010
Washington, DC   

Committee Meeting
April 15, 2010
Washington, DC

NASA Small Business Innovation Research Program Assessment: Second Phase Analysis
January 28, 2010
Washington, DC
Committee Meeting (Conference Call)
September 18, 2009




The Honorable Jacques S. Gansler - (Chair)
University of Maryland, College Park 

Jacques Gansler, former Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology and Logistics, is the first holder of the Roger C. Lipitz Chair in Public Policy and Private Enterprise. As the third ranking civilian at the Pentagon from 1997 to 2001, Dr. Gansler was responsible for all research and development, acquisition reform, logistics, advanced technology, environmental security, defense industry, and other programs. Before joining the Clinton Administration, Dr. Gansler held a variety of positions in government and the private sector, including Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense (Material Acquisition), Assistant Director of Defense Research and Engineering (Electronics), Vice President of ITT, and engineering and management positions with Singer and Raytheon Corporations. Throughout his career, Dr. Gansler has written, published and taught on subjects related to his work. He is the author of Defense Conversion: Transforming the Arsenal of Democracy, MIT Press, 1995; Affording Defense, MIT Press, 1989, and The Defense Industry, MIT Press, 1990. He has published numerous articles in Foreign Affairs, Harvard Business Review, International Security, Public Affairs, and other journals and newspapers and has frequently testified in Congressional hearings. 

Dr. Gansler is a member of the National Academy of Engineering.

Dr. David B. Audretsch
Indiana University 

David B. Audretsch is a Distinguished Professor and the Ameritech Chair of Economic Development and Director of the Institute for Development Strategies at Indiana University, the Director of the Max Planck Institute of Economics in Jena, Germany. He also serves as a Scholar-in-Residence at the Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation. In addition, he is an Honorary Professor at the Friedrich Schiller University of Jena, Research Professor at Durham University, an External Director of Research at the Kiel Institute for the World Economics, and is a Research Fellow of the Centre for Economic Policy Research (London). 

Dr. Audretsch's research has focused on the links between entrepreneurship, government policy, innovation, economic development and global competitiveness. Dr. Audretsch is ranked as the 21st most cited scholar in economics and business, 1996-2006. He has received support for his research from a broad spectrum of foundations and government agencies, including the Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation, the Advanced Technology Program (ATP) of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), the National Academy of Science, U.S. Department of Education, and the National Science Foundation. His research has been published in over one hundred scholarly articles in the leading academic journals. His books include Entrepreneurship and Economic Growth, with Oxford University Press in 2006 and The Entrepreneurial Society, also with Oxford University Press in 2007. He is co-founder and co-editor of Small Business Economics: An Entrepreneurship Journal. He was awarded the 2001 International Award for Entrepreneurship and Small Business Research by the Swedish Foundation for Small Business Research. In 2008 he received an honorary doctorate degree from the University of Augsburg.

Dr. Audretsch has consulted with the World Bank, National Academy of Sciences, U.S. State Department, United States Federal Trade Commission, General Accounting Office and International Trade Commission as well as the United Nations, Commission of the European Union, the European Parliament, the OECD, as well as numerous private corporations, state governments, and a number of European Governments. He is a member of the Advisory Board to a number of international research and policy institutes, including the Zentrum fuer Europaeisch Wirtschaftsforschung (ZEW, Centre for Economic Research), Mannheim, the Deutsches Institut fuer Wirtschaftsforschung (German Institute for Economic Analysis), the Basque Institute for Competitiveness, the Deutsche Telekom Foundation, and the Swedish Foundation for Research on Entrepreneurship and Small Business.

Dr. Gene Banucci
Advanced Technology Materials, Inc. 

Gene Banucci, Ph.D. a founder of ATMI, Dr. Banucci has served as Chairman of the Board and Director since 1986. Until January 1, 2005, Dr. Banucci also served as the Company's first Chief Executive Officer. Prior to 1986, Dr. Banucci was a director of American Cyanamid Company's Chemical Research Division, with responsibility for the research, development, and technical service activities of the Chemicals Group. Since 2003, Dr. Banucci has also serves on the board of directors of Zygo Corporation (Nasdaq:ZIGO), a publicly-traded company that designs, develops and manufactures optical components and instruments for optics-intensive industries. Since 2005, he has served on the Board of Clean Harbors (Nasdaq:CLHB), an environmental services company. He is also a director of several private companies including Cambrios Technologies and Neopad Technologies.

Mr. Michael G. Borrus
X/Seed Capital Management 

Michael Borrus is the founding general partner of X/Seed Capital, a seed-focused early stage venture fund focused on breakthrough innovation. Prior to founding X/Seed, he was an Executive in Residence (EIR) at Mohr Davidow Ventures (MDV) in Silicon Valley.

Michael left his faculty position at UC Berkeley in 1999 to do a financial services start-up for the 5 years prior to joining MDV. He was Managing Director of the start-up, The Petkevich Group (TPG), a merchant bank providing financial advisory services and investment capital to growth companies in life sciences and technology. He led the technology banking group at Petkevich & Partners, TPG’s broker-dealer subsidiary, executing a variety of financial transactions from M&A and capital raising to spinouts and bankruptcy reorganization. 

Before TPG, Michael was Adjunct Professor in UC Berkeley's College of Engineering, Co-founder and Co-Director of the Berkeley Roundtable on the International Economy (BRIE) at the University of California, Berkeley, and a partner in Industry and Trade Strategies, a business consultancy. Much of his academic and consulting work has focused on how business models need to adjust to successfully commercialize new technologies, to exploit new market opportunities or to adapt to new competitors. 

He is the author of three books and over 70 chapters, articles and monographs on a variety of topics including management of technology, high technology competition, international trade and investment, and financial strategies for technology companies. He is a frequent speaker before corporate and public audiences, and has appeared in numerous media outlets from CNN and NPR to Business Week and the New York Times. 

Industry Associations: Michael serves on the Advisory Committee to the U.S. Government’s Advanced Technology Program (ATP), several National Academy of Science/National Research Council Steering Committees, the Board of Trustees of the National Center for Women and Information Technology, and is a Director of Geniisis Agents (a privately held company). 

Education: Michael is an honors graduate of Harvard Law School, the University of California, Berkeley and Princeton University. He is a member of the California State Bar.

Dr. J. Michael Brick
Westat, Inc. 

Dr. Michael Brick is a senior statistician, a Westat Vice President, Director of Survey Methods, and
Associate Director of the Statistical Staff. With more than 30 years of experience, he has special
expertise in sample design and estimation for large surveys, the theory and practice of telephone
surveys, the techniques of Total Quality Management and survey quality control, nonresponse and
bias evaluation, and survey methodology. Dr. Brick has contributed to the statistical and substantive
aspects of numerous studies and to statistical methodology research in several areas, including
establishment, education, transportation, and product injury studies. Dr. Brick is a Fellow of the
American Statistical Association, an elected member of the International Statistical Institute, and a
research professor in the Joint Program in Survey Methodology at the University of Maryland.

He received a Ph.D. and M.A. in statistics from American University and a B.S. in mathematics from Dayton University. 

Dr. Gail H. Cassell
Harvard Medical School 

Gail Cassell is a Visiting Professor in the Department of Social Medicine, Harvard Medical School and Vice President of TB Drug Discovery for the Infectious Disease Research Institute in Seattle. Dr. Cassell has recently retired as Vice President, Scientific Affairs and Distinguished Lilly Research Scholar for Infectious Diseases, Eli Lilly and Company. While at Lilly, Cassell initiated and led the nonprofit Lilly TB Drug Discovery Initiative, and helped launch the Lilly Multidrug Resistant Tuberculosis (MDRTB) Partnership. The partnership yielded $135 million in corporate support, the largest philanthropic effort in Lilly’s 125-year history; it now involves over 20 partners, including WHO and CDC. Also at Lilly, as Vice President of Infectious Diseases Drug Discovery and Clinical Development, Cassell led the program that took a hepatitis C protease inhibitor from the discovery phase to clinical candidate, now in Phase II trials at Vertex. She served as Professor and Chair of the Department of Microbiology at the University of Alabama Schools of Medicine and Dentistry, where she obtained her PhD in Microbiology. currently Vice President for Scientific Affairs and Distinguished Lilly Research Scholar for Infectious Diseases at Eli Lilly and Company. She was previously the Charles H. McCauley Professor and Chairman of the Department of Microbiology at the University of Alabama Schools of Medicine and Dentistry at Birmingham, a department which ranked first in research funding from the National Institutes of Health since 1989 during her leadership. 

She has served as a member of the Director's Advisory Committee of the National Centers of Disease Control and Prevention. She is a past President of the American Society for Microbiology; a former member of the National Institutes of Health Director’s Advisory Committee, and a former member of the Advisory Council of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases of NIH. Dr. Cassell served eight years on the Bacteriology-Mycology 2 Study Section and as Chair for 3 years. She also was previously chair of the Board of Scientific Councilors of the Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control.

Dr. Cassell has been intimately involved in establishment of science policy and legislation related to biomedical research and public health. She is the chairman of the Public and Scientific Affairs Board of the American Society for Microbiology; a member of the Institute of Medicine of the National Academy of Sciences; has served as an advisor on infectious diseases and indirect costs of research to the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy, and has been an invited participant in numerous Congressional hearings and briefings related to infectious diseases, antimicrobial resistance, and biomedical research. She has served on several editorial boards of scientific journals and has authored over 250 articles and book chapters. Dr. Cassell has received several national and international awards and an honorary degree for her research in infectious diseases.

Dr. M. Christina Gabriel
University Energy Partnership 

Dr. Christina Gabriel is President of the University Energy Partnership, an energy technology research and innovation partnership among Carnegie Mellon University, The Pennsylvania State University, the University of Pittsburgh, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, and West Virginia University. She has extensive experience in research, research management, university-industry collaboration, and technology transfer.

Previously, she was Director for the Innovation Economy at The Heinz Endowments, with responsibility for the foundation’s efforts to capitalize on the research strengths of the region’s universities, medical centers, corporate and government laboratories to promote economic growth and opportunity in southwestern Pennsylvania. 

After receiving her doctorate in electrical engineering and computer science from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dr. Gabriel began her professional career in 1985 as principal investigator conducting experimental research at AT&T Bell Laboratories in New Jersey. Her work focused on lasers, optical fibers and thin-film waveguide devices for telecommunications, switching and computing applications. She holds three patents.

Dr. Gabriel joined the National Science Foundation in 1991 to direct industry-university collaborative centers programs and by 1997 was deputy head of the $350 million engineering directorate. During the 1994 legislative cycle she served a detail on Capitol Hill as one of three majority professional staff members for the $90 billion VA, HUD and Independent Agencies Subcommittee of the U. S. Senate Committee on Appropriations. From 1998 to 2006, she worked at Carnegie Mellon University in Pittsburgh, eventually becoming vice provost and chief technology officer. While in that position she also represented the region’s three major research universities on the leadership team of the corporate consortium that competed successfully in 2004 to manage the five-year R&D Services Support Contract for the U.S. Department of Energy’s National Energy Technology Laboratory.

Dr. Gabriel received both her master’s and doctoral degrees from MIT and her undergraduate degree in electrical engineering from the University of Pittsburgh. In 1990 she was a visiting professor at the University of Tokyo in Japan. She has served as a reviewer and steering committee member for the National Science Foundation and the National Academies, and is a member of the MIT Corporation Visiting Committee on Sponsored Research and the Penn State Research Foundation Board. Dr. Gabriel has served on several nonprofit boards in Pittsburgh and as an external technology adviser for the Pittsburgh Public Schools’ strategic planning process. She was a National Merit Scholar and an AT&T Bell Laboratories GRPW Fellow. Dr. Gabriel is married and has three children.

Dr. Charles E. Kolb, Jr.
Aerodyne Research, Inc. 

Dr. Charles Kolb is the President and Chief Executive Officer of Aerodyne Research, Inc., (ARI) a position he has held since 1994. Since 1970, ARI has provided research and development services requiring expertise in the physical and engineering sciences to commercial and government clients working to solve national and international environmental problems. These include a wide range of topics such as global and regional environmental quality and the development of clean and efficient energy and new propulsion technologies. 

Dr. Kolb has received numerous professional honors and has served in a broad range of professional and Academy related positions. He is currently Chair of the Advisory Council for the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering at Princeton University and has served as a committee member (2003-2009) and Chair (2006-2008) of the Committee on Environmental Improvement of Society. In addition to over 250 reports, non-refereed symposia papers, patents, book reviews, and policy papers, Dr. Kolb has published over 190 archival journal articles and book chapters. He has contributed to a variety of National Academey of Sciences studies and is currently serving on the National Research Council’s Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology. He is a Fellow of the American Physical Society, American Chemical Society, American Geophysical Union, Optical Soceity of American, and the American Association for the Advancement of Science. 

Dr. Kolb holds an S.B. in Chemistry (Chemical Physics option) from Massachusetts Institute of Technology, an M.S. in Physical Chemistry from Princeton University and a Ph.D. in Physical Chemistry from Princeton University. His research interests include: atmospheric, combustion and materials chemistry as well as physics and chemistry of aircraft and rocket exhaust plumes.

Dr. Virginia Lesser
Oregon State University 

Dr. Lesser is a Professor and Departmental Chair for Statistics at Oregon State University and Director of the Survey Research Center. She teaches sampling and other statistical methods courses. She received her doctorate in Biostatistics in 1992 from the University of North Carolina Chapel Hill. 

Her research was in survey sampling focusing on the determination of cost-efficient survey designs. She is responsible for determination of sample size to meet the precision desired in the study objectives. She also recommends the statistical analyses to meet the survey objectives. She supervises all funded projects and is responsible for the preparation of the final study report. Her current research interests are in nonsampling errors, primarily in researching methods to reduce and adjust for nonresponse errors.

Mr. Henry Linsert
Columbia Biosciences Corporation 

Henry Linsert is the CEO of Columbia Biosciences Corporation. 

Previously, he served as Chairman of the Board and CEO of Martek Biosciences Corporation, a company that develops and sells products from microalgae. Microalgae are microplants. The Company is engaged in the commercial development of microalgae into a portfolio of high value products and product candidates consisting of Nutritional Products, Advanced Detection Systems and Other Products, primarily Algal Genomics. Nutritional products include nutritional oils for infant formula, dietary supplementation and other products. Advanced Detection Systems products include fluorescent dyes from various algae for use in scientific applications for detection of certain biological processes.

From 1987 to 1988, he was primarily engaged as President of American Technology Investments Corp. ("ATI"), a consulting company specializing in the development and financing of early stage companies in the Mid-Atlantic area. He was President and Chief Executive Officer of Suburban Capital Corporation, a venture capital subsidiary of Sovran Financial Corporation (now part of Bank of America), from 1983 to 1987. Before 1983, Mr. Linsert was Vice President of Inverness Capital Corporation, a small business investment company, and Vice President of First Virginia Bank. He also served as a Captain in the U.S. Marine Corps and as an artillery officer in Vietnam.

Mr. Linsert received an M.A. in economics from George Washington University and a B.A. from Duke University. In 2006, he received the Ernst & Young Entrepreneur of the Year Life Sciences Award for Washington DC area and was a national runner up for the same category. In 2009, he was one of three inductees into the Space Technology Hall of Fame. 

Mr. W. Clark McFadden, II
Orrick, Herrington & Sutcliffe 

W. Clark McFadden II is Senior Counsel, International Trade and Compliance at Orrick. He represents corporate clients in international trade, encompassing work in litigation, regulation and legislation. He also specializes in international corporate transactions, especially the formation of joint ventures and consortia, and international investigations and enforcement proceedings.

Mr. McFadden has a broad background in foreign affairs and international trade, having experience with Congressional committees, the U.S. Department of Defense and the National Security Council.

In 1986, he was appointed General Counsel, President's Special Review Board ("Tower Commission"), to investigate the National Security Council system and the Iran-Contra Affair.

In 1979, Mr. McFadden served as Special Counsel to the Senate Foreign Relations Committee on the Strategic Arms Limitations Treaty (SALT II). Previously, from 1973-1976, he was General Counsel, Senate Armed Services Committee, and was responsible to the Committee for all legislative, investigatory and oversight activities.

Mr. McFadden is the secretary to the Board of Directors of the Semiconductor Industry Association, the Optoelectronics Industry Development Association and the Semiconductor Research Corporation. He is also a member of the Steering Committee for Government-Industry Partnerships for the Development of New Technologies of the National Research Council of the National Academy of Sciences.

Mr. McFadden received his J.D. from Harvard Law School, his M.B.A. from Harvard Business School, and his B.A. from Williams College. He is a member of the American Bar Association, the District of Columbia Bar Association, and the Massachusetts Bar Association.

Dr. Duncan T. Moore
University of Rochester 

Dr. Duncan Moore is the Rudolf and Hilda Kingslake Professor of Optical Engineering and Professor of Biomedical Engineering at the University of Rochester. He is also Special Assistant to the University President and Executive Director of the University, Industry and Government Partnership for Advanced Photonics. Previously, from 1995 until the end of 1997, he served as Dean of Engineering and Applied Sciences at the University. 

In 1996, Dr. Moore also served as President of the Optical Society of America (OSA), a professional organization of 12,000 members worldwide. From January 2001 to the present, he has served as Senior Science Advisor at OSA.

The U.S. Senate confirmed Dr. Moore in the fall of 1997 for the position of Associate Director for Technology in The White House Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP). In this position, which ended December 2000, he worked with Dr. Neal Lane, President Clinton's Science Advisor, to advise the President on U.S. technology policy, including the Next Generation Internet, Clean Car Initiative, elder tech, crime tech, and NASA. From January through May 2001, Dr. Moore served as Special Advisor to the Acting Director of OSTP.

The PhD degree in Optics was awarded to Dr. Moore in 1974 from the University of Rochester. He had previously earned a master's degree in Optics at Rochester and a bachelor's degree in Physics from the University of Maine. 

Dr. Moore has extensive experience in the academic, research, business, and governmental arenas of science and technology. He is an expert in gradient-index optics, computer-aided design, and the manufacture of optical systems. He has advised nearly 50 graduate thesis students. In addition, Dr. Moore began a one-year appointment as Science Advisor to Senator John D. Rockefeller IV of West Virginia in 1993. He also chaired the successful Hubble Independent Optical Review Panel organized in 1990 to determine the correct prescription of the Hubble Space Telescope. Dr. Moore is also the founder and former president of Gradient Lens Corporation of Rochester, NY, a company that manufactures the high-quality, low-cost Hawkeye boroscope. 

Dr. Moore was elected to the National Academy of Engineering in February 1998. He has been the recipient of the Science and Technology Award of the Greater Rochester Metro Chamber of Commerce (1992), Distinguished Inventor of the Year Award of the Rochester Intellectual Property Law Association (1993), Gradient-Index Award of the Japanese Applied Physics Society (1993), and an Honorary Doctor of Science degree from the University of Maine (1995). In 1999, he received the National Engineering Award of the American Association of Engineering Societies and also was recognized as the Engineer of the Year by the Rochester Engineering Society. Most recently, he was the recipient of the 2001 OSA Leadership Award. 

Dr. Donald Siegel
University at Albany 

Dr. Donald Siegel is Dean of the School of Business at the University at Albany, SUNY. He received his bachelor’s degree in economics from Columbia College and his master’s and doctoral degrees in business economics from the Columbia University Graduate School of Business. Dr. Siegel is editor of the Journal of Technology Transfer, an associate editor of Journal of Business Venturing, Journal of Productivity Analysis, and Academy of Management Learning & Education, and serves on the editorial boards of the Journal of Management Studies, Academy of Management Perspectives, Corporate Governance: An International Review, and Strategic Entrepreneurship Journal. He has published in such leading journals as American Economic Review, Economica, Economic Journal, The Review of Economics and Statistics, Journal of Law and Economics, Journal of Financial Economics, Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Research Policy, Academy of Management Review, Academy of Management Journal, Strategic Management Journal, Journal of Business Venturing, Journal of International Business Studies, Journal of Management Studies, and Journal of Management. His most recent books are Innovation, Entrepreneurship, and Technological Change and the Handbook of Corporate Social Responsibility, both published by Oxford University Press. 

In 2009, Dr. Siegel will be co-editing the Handbook of University Technology Transfer (University of Chicago Press). He has received grants or fellowships from the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, National Science Foundation, NBER, American Statistical Association, W. E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research, and the U.S. Department of Labor.

Dr. Jeffrey E. Sohl
University of New Hampshire 

Jeffrey E. Sohl is Director of the Center for Venture Research at the Whittemore School of Business and Economics at the University of New Hampshire. He received his Bachelor in Electrical Engineering from Villanova University and his MBA and Ph.D. in Management Science from the University of Maryland. Prior to joining the Whittemore School he was a consultant to the Department of Energy in the area of public policy analysis. His current research interests are in early-stage equity financing for high growth ventures. He currently serves on the Advisory Board of the New Hampshire Community Loan Fund, the eCoast Technology Roundtable and MerchantBanc, and the Editorial Board for Venture Capital, Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice and Frontiers of Entrepreneurship Research. He also serves on the New Hampshire Governor's Advisory Committee on Capital Formation and is on the Board of Directors for NetworkNH. He has presented his angel research in academic and practitioner forums in the United States, Europe and Asia, and in briefings for several government agencies and scholars from the United States, Europe, Scandinavia, Australia, Asia and Africa. He has appeared on CNBC, MSNBC, National Public Radio, NHPTV's NH Outlook, and has been quoted in Inc., Forbes, Fortune, the Wall Street Journal, Red Herring, Newsweek, Business Week, Newsweek-Japan, Financial Times, New York Times, Chicago Tribune, Los Angeles Times and the Financial Times-France. He has written many articles which have been published in academic and business journals, including Venture Capital: An International Journal of Entrepreneurial Finance, the Social Science Journal, the Journal of Forecasting, Frontiers of Entrepreneurship Research, Entrepreneurship and Regional Development, Entrepreneurship: Theory and Practice, Entrepreneurship 2000 and the Journal of Business Venturing.

Mr. Tyrone C. Taylor
Capitol Advisors on Technology, LLC 

Tyrone C. Taylor brings an exceptional combination of hands on experience in technology development and commercialization. He has held senior management positions in the federal government, worked extensively in the R&D community, and is currently active in a leading private sector firm. He is the director for Washington Relations at the West Virginia High Technology Consortium Foundation and is the founder and president of Capitol Advisors on Technology, a technology-consulting firm that serves the Washington, DC area. Capital Advisors represents industry, federal and non-profit clients and assists them in all aspects of technology commercialization. Mr. Taylor is well known within the federal research and development (R&D) associations and small business community as an authoritative source with hands on experience in launching new initiatives.

Reflecting his broad experience, he has been asked to serve on numerous technology advisory committees such as the National Science Foundation, National Defense Industrial Association, and the Minority Business Technology Transfer Consortium. Congressional science and technology committees have also called upon him to assess the impact of legislation affecting the technology commercialization community.

As an executive on loan, Mr. Taylor represented the entire Federal R&D community as the Washington, DC Representative for the Federal Laboratory Consortium for Technology Transfer, a Congressionally chartered organization. In this capacity, he provided leadership in developing legislation that governs the private and public sectors ability to collaborate in R&D activities, manage intellectual property and commercialize technologies. Recognized for his efforts by Congress, Mr. Taylor often addresses audiences throughout the U.S. and abroad on technology development, transfer and commercialization issues.

Prior to starting Capitol Advisors, Mr. Taylor served as the Senior Vice President for Marketing and Business Development for Unisphere, Inc., a technology assessment firm aimed at developing dual-use technologies for the defense and commercial marketplace. In this capacity, he aided in the expansion and growth of small businesses and their clients, helping to generate about 35 million in revenue and produce over $64 million in cost savings. Due to his broad technology background, he is able to interact effectively with all aspects of the technology commercialization community including inventors, attorneys, acquisition managers, test and engineering and marketing as examples. His technology management experience covers such areas as medical technologies, energy and environment, advanced materials, infrared imaging, and aerospace.

Before joining Unisphere, Mr. Taylor served in the Senior Executive Service in a variety of executive management positions at NASA. He brings extensive program/project experience having managed over $1 billion in contracts and grants for systems engineering, information systems, facilities management, and technical and administrative services as a member of the International Space Station program, which included Japan, Canada and the European Space Agency and the Space Science management team. 

Tyrone Taylor has a Masters in Business Administration from Southeastern University. He earned an A.B. in Business Administration from Wilmington College, and has served as Adjunct Professor for numerous technology transfer/commercialization courses. Other activities include serving on the board of Pediatric AIDS/HIV Care in Washington, DC and nurturing businesses in the assistive technology arena.

Dr. John P. Walsh
Georgia Institute of Technology 

John Walsh is a Professor of Public Policy at the Georgia Institute of Technology. John P. Walsh teaches and does research on science, technology and innovation, using a sociological perspective that focuses on organizations and work to explain how research organizations respond to changes in their policy environment. Recent work includes studies of university-industry linkages in the US and Japan, the effects of research tool patents on biomedical researchers and country and industry differences in the role of patents in firm strategy. His work has been published in Science, Research Policy, Social Studies of Science, and Management Science. His work has been funded by the National Science Foundation, the Japanese Society for the Promotion of Science, the Matsushita Foundation and the Japan Foundation, and he has done consulting for the National Academy of Sciences, the OECD, the European Commission and the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

He received a Ph.D. and M.A. in Sociology from Northwestern, and a B.A. in Sociology from the University of Cincinnati. 

Mr. Patrick H. Windham
Windham Consulting 

Mr. Patrick Windham is a California based consultant on science and technology policy. He operates his own firm, Windham Consulting. In addition, he is a principal in Technology Policy International (TPI), a five person consulting firm that analyzes U.S. technology policies and policy trends for international clients. Since 1999, he also served as a Lecturer in the Public Policy Program at Stanford University. From 1984 until 19 97, he served a Senior Professional Staff Member for the Subcommittee on Science, Technology, and Space of the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation, in the U.S. Senate. His work there focused primarily on policies to strengthen U.S. industrial competiveness. He worked in other U.S. Senate positions from 1976 to 1978 and from 1982 to 1984. Mr. Windham received an A.B. from Stanford University and a Master of Public Policy degree from University of California at Berkeley. 




Department of Defense, National Institutes of Health, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Department of Energy, and National Science Foundation