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Forum on Synthetic Biology
3rd Meeting
September 18-19, 2014
Washington, DC

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Committee on Science, Technology, and Law
The National Academies'
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Washington, DC 20001
Tel: 202 334-1713
Fax: 202 334-2530


 


COMMITTEE ON SCIENTIFIC APPROACHES TO UNDERSTANDING AND MAXIMIZING THE VALIDITY AND RELIABILITY OF EYEWITNESS IDENTIFICATION IN LAW ENFORCEMENT AND THE COURTS, PHASE I: SOCIAL SCIENCES

Project Scope

In Phase I of a possible two-phase study, an ad hoc committee will 1) critically assess the existing body of scientific research as it relates to eyewitness identification; 2) identify any gaps in the existing body of literature and suggest, as appropriate, other research questions to be pursued that will further our understanding of eyewitness identification and that might offer additional insight into law enforcement and courtroom practice; 3) provide an assessment of what can be learned from research fields outside of eyewitness identification; 4) offer recommendations for best practices in the handling of eyewitness identifications by law enforcement; 5) offer recommendations for developing jury instructions; 6) offer advice regarding the scope of a Phase II consideration of neuroscience research as well as any other areas of research that might have a bearing on eyewitness identification; and 7) write a consensus report with appropriate findings and recommendations.

Meetings & Events

This website contains unedited verbatim presentations made by meeting participants and is not an official report of the National Academies. Opinions and statements included in this material are solely those of the individual authors. They have not been verified as accurate, nor do they necessarily represent the views of other participants, the committee, or the National Academies.

April 24-25, 2014
3rd Meeting
Washington, DC

Agenda

February 6-7, 2014
2nd Meeting
Washington, DC

Agenda

Presentations

*Steven E. Clark, "Cost and Benefits of Eyewitness Identification Reform"
*Elizabeth Loftus, "The Memory Factory"
*John Monahan, "Evaluating Eyewitness Research in Court: Moving from General to Specific Inference"
*Jonathon Phillips, "Benchmarking Human Ability to Recognize Faces and People"

December 2-3, 2013
1st Meeting
Washington, DC

Agenda

Presentations

*Rob Davis, "A National Survey of Eyewitness Identification Procedures in Law Enforcement Agencies"
*Kenneth Deffenbacher, "A Critical Mass of Knowledge: Heightened Stress and Retention Interval"
*Shari Seidman Diamond, "The 'Kettleful of Law': Implications for Eyewitness Testimony"
*Saul Kassin, "On the "General Acceptance" of Eyewitness Testimony Research: Surveying the Experts"
*Christian Meissner, "Cross-Racial Identification and the Influence of Person Description"
*Daniel L. Schacter, "The Science of Memory"
*Nancy Steblay, "Meta-Analyses of Estimator and Systems Variables"
*Gary Wells, "Overview of Estimator and System Variables in Eyewitness Identification"
*John Wixted, "Signal Detection Methodology"
*David V. Yokum, "Research on Jury Instructions: An Experimental Test of the Novel NIJ Instruction"

Reports

A consensus report will be issued at the end of the project.

membership

Co-Chairs:

Thomas D. Albright
Professor and Director, Vision Center Laboratory and Conrad T. Prebys Chair in Vision Research
Salk Institute for Biological Studies

Jed S. Rakoff
Senior Judge
United States District Court for the Southern District of New York

Members:

William G. Brooks III
Chief of Police
Norwood Police Department

Joe S. Cecil
Project Director
Division of Research
Federal Judicial Center

Winrich Freiwald
Assistant Professor
Laboratory of Neural Systems
Rockefeller University

Brandon L. Garrett
Roy L. and Rosamond Woodruff Morgan Professor of Law
University of Virginia Law School

Karen Kafadar
Rudy Professor of Statistics
College of Arts and Sciences
Indiana University, Bloomington

A.J. Kramer
Federal Public Defender for the District of Columbia

Scott McNamara
Oneida County (NY) District Attorney

Charles Alexander Morgan III
Associate Clinical Professor of Psychiatry
Yale University School of Medicine

Elizabeth A. Phelps
Silver Professor of Psychology and Neural Science
New York University

Daniel J. Simons
Professor
Department of Psychology
University of Illinois

Anthony D. Wagner
Professor of Psychology and Neuroscience and Co-Director, Center for Cognitive and Neurobiological Imaging
Stanford University
Director
Stanford Memory Laboratory

Joanne Yaffe
Professor of Social Work and Adjunct Professor of Psychiatry
University of Utah

  Project Information  

PROJECT SCOPE
MEETINGS AND EVENTS
REPORTS
MEMBERS
SPONSORS

PROJECT STAFF

Anne-Marie Mazza, Ph.D.
Director, Committee on Science, Technology, and Law
Phone: 202-334-2469
E-mail:
amazza@nas.edu

Arlene Lee, Ph.D.
Director, Committee on Law and Justice
Phone: 202-334-2642
E-mail: alee@nas.edu

Steven Kendall, Ph.D.
Program Officer, Committee on Science, Technology, and Law
Phone: 202-334-1713
E-mail: skendall@nas.edu

Karolina Konarzewska
Program Assistant, Committee on Science, Technology, and Law
Phone: 202-334-2455
E-mail: kkonarzewska@nas.edu


Sponsors

This project is sponsored by the Laura and John Arnold Foundation.