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Space Studies Board
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Phone: (202) 334-3477
Fax: (202) 334-3701

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Board Members and Staff

The Board is composed of prominent scientists, engineers, industrialists, scholars, and policy experts in space research. A representative member of the SSB's standing committees also serve as members of the Board.

For information about past and upcoming meetings go to the Board's meetings page.

Current Members

David N. Spergel, Chair, Princeton University
Robert D. Braun, Vice Chair, Georgia Institute of Technology
Mark R. Abbott, Oregon State University
James G. Anderson, Harvard University
James P. Bagian, University of Michigan
Jeff M. Bingham, Consultant
Penelope J. Boston, New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology
Joseph Fuller Jr., Futron Corporation
Thomas R. Gavin,California Institute of Technology
Neil Gehrels, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
Sarah Gibson, National Center for Atmospheric Research
Roderick Heelis, University of Texas, Dallas
Wesley T. Huntress, Carnegie Institution of Washington
Anthony C. Janetos, Boston University
Dava J. Newman, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Saul Perlmutter, Lawrence Berkeley  National Laboratory
Louise M. Prockter, Johns Hopkins University
Marcia J. Rieke, University of Arizona
Mark H. Thiemens, University of California, San Diego
Meenakshi Wadhwa, Arizona State University
Clifford M. Will, Univesity of Florida
Thomas H. Zurbuchen, University of Michigan

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Former Space Studies Board Chairs

2008-2014 Charles F. Kennel, Chair, Scripps Institution of Oceanography at the University of California, San Diego
2003-2008 Lennard A. Fisk, University of Michigan
2000–2003 John H. McElroy, (deceased) University of Texas at Arlington
1994–2000 Claude R. Canizares, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
1988–1994 Louis J. Lanzerotti, New Jersey Institute of Technology
1982–1988 Thomas M. Donahue, (deceased) University of Michigan

A.G.W. Cameron, (deceased) Harvard College Observatory

1973–1976 Richard M. Goody, Harvard University
1970–1973 Charles H. Townes, (deceased) University of California at Berkeley
1962–1969 Harry H. Hess, (deceased) Princeton University

Lloyd V. Berkner, (deceased) Graduate Research Center, Dallas, Texas

Former Space Studies Board Vice Chairs 

2006-2010 A. Thomas Young, Vice Chair, Lockheed Martin Corporation (retired) 
2000–2006 George A. Paulikas, The Aerospace Corporation (retired)

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Executive Committee

The Space Studies Board's Executive Committee (XCOM) is a subset of the full Board, and acts on the Board's behalf between its regular meetings. The XCOM assists the chair with strategic planning, consults on Board and committee membership, and develops agendas for Board meetings. The XCOM usually meets, separate from the full Board, in late summer.


David N. Spergel, Chair, Princeton University
Robert Braun, Vice Chair, Georgia Institute of Technology
Mark Abbott,Oregon State University
Wesley T. Huntress, Carnegie Institution of Washington
Dava J. Newman, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Marcia J. Rieke, University of Arizona
Thomas Zurbuchen, University of Michigan

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Lester L. Lyles
The Lyles Group
(Chair, ASEB)
Jean Pierre Swings
Institute d'Astrophysique
(Chair, ESSC) thru October 2014
Athena Coustenis
National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS) of France
(Chair, ESSC) beginning November 2014

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Michael Moloney, Director for Space and Aeronautics
Carmela J. Chamberlain, Administrative Coordinator*
Arthur A. Charo, Senior Program Officer
Katie Daud, Research Associate
Sandra J. Graham, Senior Program Officer
Meg A. Knemeyer, Financial Officer
Celeste A. Naylor, Information Management Associate*
Tanja E. Pilzak, Manager, Program Operations*
Abigail Sheffer, Associate Program Officer
David H. Smith, Senior Program Officer
Anesia Wilks, Senior Program Assistant
Sandra Wilson, Senior Financial Assistant*
Dionna Williams, Program Associate

* Staff of another NRC Board who are shared with the SSB
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SSB Member Biographies

DAVID N. SPERGEL (NAS), Chair, is Charles A. Young Professor of Astronomy and chair of the Department of Astrophysical Sciences at Princeton University. He was the W.M. Keck Distinguished Visiting Professor of Astrophysics at the Institute for Advanced Study. Dr. Spergel has made major contributions to cosmology, astroparticle physics, galactic structure, and instrumentation. He led the theoretical analysis for the Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) and for the Atacama Cosmolgy Telescope, invented novel coronagraphs for planet detection, originated and explored the concept of self-interacting dark matter, and showed that the Milky Way is a barred galaxy. He was an Alfred P. Sloan Research Fellow and a Presidential Young Investigator and received the following awards: NSF Presidential Young Investigator Award, the Helen B. Warner Prize, the Bart Bok Prize, the AAS Second Century Lecturer, a MacArthur Fellowship, the Shaw Prize in Astrophysics, and shared the Gruber Prize as a member of the Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) science team. He is a member of the American Astronomical Society and the International Astronomical Union (IAU), and a fellow of the American Physical Society. He is currently co-chair of the WFIRST-AFTA science team. Dr. Spergel served on the National Science Foundation’s Advisory Committee for Astronomical Sciences, the Theory, Experimental and Laboratory Astrophysics Subcommittee, and the Scientific Advisory Board for the Hayden Planetarium. He is the editor of the Princeton Series in Astrophysics. He received an A.B. (astronomy summa cum laude, Phi Beta Kappa) from Princeton University; he was a Harvard Travelling Scholar at Oxford University; and he received an A.M. in astronomy and a Ph.D. in astronomy from Harvard University. His NRC service includes the following committees: Committee on Astronomy and Astrophysics (co-chair); Committee on the Assessment of a Plan for U.S. Participation in Euclid (chair); Committee to Review the Science Requirements for the Atacama Large Millimeter Array (ALMA); Astro2010 Panel on Cosmology and Fundamental Physics (chair); Committee on Physics of the Universe; Committee on Gravitational Physics; member of the Organizing Committee for the Eighth and Ninth Annual Symposiums on Frontiers of Science; and the Panel on Cooperation with the USSR in High Energy Astrophysics.
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ROBERT D. BRAUN (NAE) serves as the David and Andrew Lewis Professor of Space Technology in the Daniel Guggenheim School of Aerospace Engineering at the Georgia Institute of Technology. He leads an active research program focused on the design of advanced flight systems and technologies for planetary exploration. Dr. Braun has worked extensively in the areas of entry system design, planetary atmospheric flight, and space mission architecture development and has contributed to the design, development, test, and operation of several robotic space flight systems. In 2010 and 2011, he served as the first NASA chief technologist in more than a decade. In this capacity, he was the senior agency executive responsible for technology and innovation policy and programs. Earlier in his career, Dr. Braun served on the technical staff of the NASA Langley Research Center. He is a NAE member, an American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA) fellow and the principle author or co-author of over 275 technical publications in the fields of planetary exploration, atmospheric entry, multidisciplinary design optimization, and systems engineering. Dr. Braun has a B.S. in aerospace engineering from the Pennsylvania State University, an M.S. in astronautics from George Washington University, and a Ph.D. in aeronautics and astronautics from Stanford University. He previously served as co-chair of the NRC’s Committee on Review of the NASA Institute for Advanced Concepts and as a member of the Committee on the Planetary Science Decadal Survey: Mars Panel, the Committee on New Opportunities in Solar System Exploration, and the Committee on Human Spaceflight: Technical Panel.
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MARK R. ABBOTT is Dean and Professor at the College of Earth, Ocean, and Atmospheric Sciences at Oregon State University. He received his B.S. in Conservation of Natural Resources from the University of California, Berkeley, in 1974 and his Ph.D. in Ecology from the University of California, Davis, in 1978. He has been at OSU since 1988 and has been Dean of the College since 2001. He served on the National Science Board from 2006 until 2013. Dr. Abbott’s research focuses on the interaction of biological and physical processes in the upper ocean and relies on both remote sensing and field observations. Dr. Abbott is a pioneer in the use of satellite ocean color data to study coupled physical/biological processes. He has also advised the Office of Naval Research and the National Science Foundation on ocean information infrastructure. He is currently president of The Oceanography Society and chairs the Committee on Earth Science and Applications from Space for the NRC. 
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JAMES G. ANDERSON (NAS) is the Philip S. Weld Professor of Atmospheric Chemistry at Harvard University. His research interests include energy and environmental systems, atmospheric and climate modeling, and oceans and geophysics. His research group focuses on three domains in the physical sciences: (1) chemical reactivity viewed from the microscopic perspective of electron structure, molecular orbitals and reactivities of radical-radical and radical-molecule systems; (2) chemical catalysis sustained by free radical chain reactions that dictate the macroscopic rate of chemical transformation in Earth’s stratosphere and troposphere; and (3) mechanistic links between chemistry, radiation, and dynamics in the atmosphere that control climate. He joined the faculty of Harvard University in 1978 as the Robert P. Burden Professor of Atmospheric Chemistry; in 1982 he was appointed the Philip S. Weld Professor of Atmospheric Chemistry. Anderson served as Chairman of the Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology from July 1998 through June 2001. He was elected to the National Academy of Sciences, the American Philosophical Society and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and a frequent contributor to National Research Council Reports. He is a Fellow of the American Geophysical Union and the American Association for the Advancement of Sciences Arthur L. Day Prize and Lectureship; the E.O. Lawrence Award in Environmental Science and Technology; the American Chemical Society’s Gustavus John Esselen Award for Chemistry in the Public Interest; and the University of Washington’s Arts and Sciences Distinguished Alumnus Achievement Award. In addition, he received the United Nations Vienna Convention Award for Protection of the Ozone Layer in 2005; The United Nations Earth Day International Award; Harvard University’s Ledlie Prize for Most Valuable Contribution to Science by a Member of the Faculty; and the American Chemical Society’s National Award for Creative Advances in Environmental Science and Technology. He earned his B.S. in physics from the University of Washington and his Ph.D. in physics and Astrogeophysics from the University of Colorado. In addition to the Space Studies Board he has most recently served on the NRC’s Survey Steering Committee for Earth Science and Applications from Space: A Community Assessment and Strategy for the Future and the Committee on Global Change Research.
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JAMES P. BAGIAN (NAE/IOM) is the director of the Center for Healthcare Engineering and Patient Safety and is a professor in the College of Engineering and Medical School at the University of Michigan. Previously, he served as the first director of the Veterans Affairs National Center for Patient Safety (NCPS) and the first chief patient safety officer for the Department of Veterans Affairs from 1999 to 2010 where he developed numerous patient safety related tools and programs that have been adopted nationally and internationally. Dr. Bagian served as a NASA astronaut and is a veteran of two Space Shuttle missions including as the lead mission specialist for the first dedicated Life Sciences Spacelab mission. Currently his primary interest and expertise involves the development and implementation of multidisciplinary programs and projects that involve the integration of engineering, medical/life sciences, and human factor disciplines. Presently, he is applying the majority of his attention to the application of systems engineering approaches to the analysis of medical adverse events and the development and implementation of suitable corrective actions that will enhance patient safety primarily through preventive means. He received his B.S. in mechanical engineering from Drexel University and his M.D. from Jefferson Medical College at Thomas Jefferson University. Dr. Bagian is a member of both the National Academy of Engineering and the Institute of Medicine. Dr. Bagian has served on numerous NRC committees, including the Task Group on Research on the International Space Station, the Committee on Space Biology and Medicine , the Review of NASA Strategic Roadmaps: Space Station Panel, the Committee on NASA’s Bioastronautics Critical Path Roadmap, the Committee on Optimizing Graduate Medical Trainee (Resident) Hours and Work Schedules to Improve Patient Safety and the Microgravity Decadal Survey Panel.
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JEFF M. BINGHAM is a consultant. He is retired from the U.S. Senate where he served as chief of staff for Senator Jake Garn (R-UT), from December 1974 to August 1990 and throughout that service was heavily involved in the Senator's space-related activity, as Ranking Member and Chairman of the Senate VA-HUD-IA Subcommittee on Appropriations, which had responsibility for NASA appropriations. From September of 1990 to April 1991, Mr. Bingham was a NASA consultant and participant in the Synthesis Group, chaired by former astronaut General Tom Stafford, charged with developing alternative architectures for missions to the moon and mars under the Space Exploration Initiative. From May 1991 to July 1994, Mr. Bingham was a senior policy analyst for Science Applications International Corporation (SAIC), and supported the Johnson Space Center in strategic planning and exploration policy activities. In 1994, Mr. Bingham became the legislative coordinator for the International Space Station Program, serving in that role until September 1996. From April 1996 to April 1999, he managed the Space Station Information Center (aka "War Room") at NASA Headquarters. In December 2000, Mr. Bingham supported the Bush-Cheney NASA Transition Team, and in January 2001 was appointed by the White House Personnel Office as special assistant to NASA chief of staff Courtney A. Stadd. From May 2001 to May 2002, Mr. Bingham served as acting associate administrator, then as associate administrator for legislative affairs, at NASA Headquarters. In May 2002, he was appointed senior advisor/special assistant to the NASA administrator for policy and history. Mr. Bingham left NASA in April, 2004, and spent a year writing, speaking and consulting. In April, 2005, Mr. Bingham accepted the appointment as Staff director for the Subcommittee on Science and Space of the U.S. Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation, which had authorization and oversight jurisdiction for NASA and the National Science Foundation. With the reorganization of the 110th Congress, Mr. Bingham became the senior republican staff member and staff director of the reconstituted Subcommittee on Space, Aeronautics and Related Sciences. In the 111th Congress Mr. Bingham assumed the role of senior advisor on space and aeronautics, republican staff, of the full committee on commerce, science, and transportation, with additional lead responsibility for space programs in the jurisdiction of the subcommittee. During his tenure at the committee, Mr. Bingham had the lead republican staff responsibility for preparing the content and securing the passage and enactment of the 2005, 2008 and 2010 NASA Authorization Acts, which established the foundation and authority for NASA’s evolving—and current—programs. He has a B.S. in political science from the University of Utah.
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PENELOPE J. BOSTON is director of the Cave and Karst Studies Program and professor and chair of the Earth and Environmental Sciences Department at New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology, in Socorro, NM. She is also Associate Director of the National Cave and Karst Research Institute in Carlsbad, NM. Her research areas include geomicrobiology and astrobiology in extreme environments (some of the world’s most chemically and thermally extreme caves, hot and cold deserts, high latitudes and altitudes); human life support issues in space and planetary environments; and use of robotics to assist exploration and science in extreme Earth and extraterrestrial environments. Boston is recipient of the 2010 Lifetime Achievement in Science Award from the National Speleological Society, a NASA Institute for Advanced Concepts Fellow (since 2000), and a recent Distinguished Visiting Lecturer for Phi Beta Kappa (2013-2014). She served on the NRC COMPLEX and Mars Architecture Review Panels. She currently serves on the Planetary Protection Subcommittee of the NASA Advisory Council and the external advisory council of the NASA Innovative Advanced Concepts Program. Boston holds a Ph.D. from the University of Colorado, Boulder, completed on an Advanced Study Program Fellowship at the National Center for Atmospheric Research, followed by a National Research Council Post-doctoral Fellowship at NASA Langley Research Center.
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JOSEPH FULLER, JR. is the founder, president, and CEO of Futron Corporation, a leader in providing decision management solutions to aerospace, telecommunications, and other technology enterprises. Before founding Futron, Mr. Fuller spent 20 years at NASA as an aerospace systems engineer, project manager, and senior executive. He is experienced in the design, development, and operations of both human-piloted and robotic spacecraft. Today, through his company, he is actively engaged in wide-ranging government, commercial, and international aerospace initiatives. Mr. Fuller is a recipient of the NASA Exceptional Service Medal and a former member of the Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board of the NRC. He currently serves on NOAA’s Advisory Committee on Commercial Remote Sensing, NASA’s Project Management (APPEL) Mission Operations Working Group, and on the board of the Challenger Center for Science Education. He has a B.S. in physics from Texas Southern University and an M.B.A. from the University of Houston. He has served on a number of NRC activities including: Committee on Cost Growth in NASA Earth and Space Science Missions; Committee on NASA's Beyond Einstein Program: An Architecture for Implementation; and Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board.
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THOMAS R. GAVIN is special assistant to the director of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) at the California Institute of Technology. Prior to his current role, he was the interim director for solar system exploration at JPL. In addition, Mr. Gavin served as associate director for flight projects and mission success at JPL to provide oversight of flight projects and the mission success organization. Prior to that appointment he was director of the Space Science Flight Projects Directorate which included the development of Genesis, Stardust, Mars 2001 Odyssey, Mars Exploration Rovers, SPITZER and GALEX Projects. In June 1990 he was appointed Spacecraft System Manager for the Cassini Mission (currently in orbit of Saturn) and remained in that position until the successful launch of Cassini 1997. Mr. Gavin received NASA's Exceptional Service Medal in 1981 for his work on Voyager, NASA's Medal for Outstanding Leadership in 1991 for Galileo and in 1999 for Cassini. Mr. Gavin received the NASA Distinguished Service Medal in 2004 in recognition of outstanding and sustained engineering and management contributions to space exploration, and the American Astronautical Society 2005 Randolph Lovelace II Award for leading the management, design, and operations of all JPL and NASA robotic scientific spacecraft missions since from 2001 until retirement in 2009. He received NASA’s Outstanding Leadership Medal in 2007 for his leadership in the development of NPR 7120.5, a policy document that affects all of NASA’s space flight missions. In 2009 he received a second Distinguished Service Medal for his contributions to NASA. He holds a B.S. in chemistry from Villanova University. His previous NRC committee service is with the Space Studies Board.
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NEIL GEHRELS (NAS) is the chief of the Astroparticle Physics Laboratory, at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center, in Greenbelt, Md. He is also an adjunct professor of astronomy, at the University of Maryland and an adjunct professor of astronomy & astrophysics at Pennsylvania State University. He is a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and National Academy of Sciences. Gehrels is the Principal Investigator of the NASA Swift satellite observing gamma-ray burst and supernova explosions. He is a deputy project scientist for Fermi, project scientist for WFIRST and previous project scientist for the Compton Observatory (1991-2000). He has organized eight major conferences and been an editor on the proceedings books, has over 400 articles in science journals and popular science magazines, and given many invited talks. He has been on 13 working groups and committees in various positions. Committees, societies, etc. include Chair of the Astronomy Section of the NAS, past Chair of the American Astronomical Society (AAS) High Energy Astrophysics Division, past Chair of the American Physical Society Division of Astrophysics and past Chair of COSPAR Commission E. Numerous awards have been bestowed upon Dr. Gehrels including the COSPAR Massey award in 2012, SPIE Goddard award 2009, NAS Draper Medal in 2009, AAS Bruno Rossi Prize in 2007, Popular Science Magazine's "Best of What's New award" for Swift satellite research in 2006, and the NASA Exceptional Scientific Achievement Medal in 2005. Dr. Gehrels received his B.S. in Physics, and Music from the University of Arizona and his Ph.D. from the California Institute of Technology. He serves on the NRC’s U.S. National Committee for the International Astronomical Union.  
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SARAH GIBSON is a senior scientist at the High Altitude Observatory (HAO) of the National Center for Atmospheric Research in Boulder, Colorado. She is head of the Long-term Solar Variability (LSV) Section of HAO. Dr. Gibson’s positions prior to her arrival at HAO included a 1-year visit to Cambridge University as a NATO/NSF post-doctoral fellow, and nearly 4 years at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center—first as a National Research Council (NRC) associate and then as a research assistant professor at the Catholic University of America. Her research centers on solar drivers of the terrestrial environment, from short-term space weather drivers such as coronal mass ejections (with emphasis on precursor magnetic structure), to long-term solar cycle variation (with emphasis on the Sun-Earth system at solar minimum). She has led and coordinated international working groups on both of these subjects for the International Space Science Institute (ISSI) and International Astronomical Union (IAU). Dr. Gibson was the recipient of the AAS-SPD 2005 Karen Harvey Prize. She is currently a member of the Steering Committee of IAU Division E (Sun and Heliosphere), and in past years was a scientific editor for the Astrophysical Journal, and served on the Heliophysics Subcommittee of the NASA Advisory Council and the AURA Solar Observatory Council. Dr. Gibson obtained her Ph.D. in astrophysics from the University of Colorado, Boulder. She served on the NRC Committee for a Decadal Strategy for Solar and Space Physics (Heliophysics), the Committee on Solar and Space Physics, the Committee on Distributed Arrays of Small Instruments for Research and Monitoring in Solar-Terrestrial Physics: A Workshop, and the Astro2010 Panel on Radio, Millimeter, and Submillimeter from the Ground.
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RODERICK A. HEELIS holds the Distinguished Chair in Natural Sciences and Mathematics and is the director of the William B. Hanson Center for Space Sciences at the University of Texas at, Dallas. His research specialization covers planetary atmospheres, ionospheres, and magnetospheres, and the physical phenomena coupling these regions. Dr. Heelis is a Fellow of the American Geophysical Union and serves as principal investigator for grant and contract research sponsored by the Department of Defense, NASA and NSF. In addition to his research activities, Dr. Heelis has also served on a number of advisory committees and working groups including the NASA Space Science Advisory Committee and the NationalResearch Council Committee on Solar and Space Physics. Dr. Heelis graduatedfrom the University of Sheffield with a Ph.D. in applied and computational mathematics. Prior NRC experience includes the Committee on the Assessment of the Role of Solar and Space Physics in NASA's Space Exploration Initiative, the Committee on Heliophysics Performance Assessment and the Panel on Atmosphere-Ionosphere-Magnetosphere Interactions.
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WESLEY T. HUNTRESS, JR., is Director Emeritus of the Geophysical Laboratory of the Carnegie Institution of Washington having retired from this position in 2008. Dr. Huntress began his career at JPL as an NRC resident associate before joining JPL permanently in 1969 as a research scientist specializing in ion chemistry and astrochemistry. At JPL, Dr. Huntress and his research group gained international recognition for their pioneering studies of chemical evolution in interstellar clouds, comets, and planetary atmospheres. In addition, he served as a co-investigator for the Ion Mass Spectrometer experiment in the Giotto Halley’s Comet mission, as the Coma Interdisciplinary Scientist for the Comet Rendezvous Asteroid Flyby mission, and as JPL study scientist for the Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite and Cassini missions. In 1990 Dr. Huntress was appointed as director of NASA’s Solar System Exploration Division, and in 1993 he became the NASA Associate Administrator for Space Science before leaving for Carnegie in 1998. Dr. Huntress was president of the Planetary Society (2001-2006) and member of its board of directors until 2012. Dr. Huntress earned his B.S. in Chemistry at Brown University in 1964, and his Ph.D. in Chemical Physics at Stanford University in 1968. He is the recipient of a number of honors, including the NASA Distinguished Service and Exceptional Public Service Medals. His NRC experience includes membership on the Division Committee on Engineering and Physical Sciences, the Solar System Exploration Survey Steering Group, and a member of the steering committee for the last planetary science decadal before having to resign when he joined the NASA Advisory Council in 2009. Dr. Huntress served as Chair of the NASA Advisory Council Science Committee until 2013.
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ANTHONY C. JANETOS ANTHONY C. JANETOS is the director of the Frederick S. Pardee Center for the Study of the Longer Range Future and professor of Earth and Environment at Boston University. Previously, he served as director of the Joint global Change Research Institute at the University of Maryland, where for six years he oversaw an interdisciplinary team of natural scientists, engineers and social scientists committed to understanding the problems of global climate change and their potential solutions. Earlier, he was a senior research fellow at the h. John Heinz III Center for Science, Economics, and the Environment. In 1999, he joined the World Resources Institute as senior vice president and chief of program. Previously, he served as senior scientist for the Land Cove and Land Use Change Program in NASA’s Office of Earth Science and was program scientist for the Landsat 7 mission. He had many years of experience in managing scientific research programs on a variety of ecologic and environmental topics, including air pollution effects on forests, climate change impacts, land-use change, ecosystem modeling, and the global carbon cycle. He was a co-chair of the U.S. National Assessment of the Potential Consequences of climate Variability and Change and an author of Land-Use, Land-Use Change, and Forestry (an IPCC special report) and global Biodiversity Assessment. Dr. Janetos received his B.S. in biology from Harvard University and his M.S. and Ph.D. in biology from Princeton University. Prior NRC experience includes serving on the survey committee for the 2007 decadal survey on Earth science and applications from space, the Committee on Ecological Impacts of Climate Change, the Committee on Socioeconomic Scenarios for Climate Change Impact and Response Assessments and the Climate Research Committee. Dr. Janetos is currently a member of the Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate.
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DAVA J. NEWMAN is a professor in the Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics and Engineering Systems at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). She also serves as affiliate faculty in the Harvard-MIT Health Sciences and Technology Program; MacVicar Faculty Fellow and director of the Technology and Policy Program and the MIT Portugal Program at MIT. She specializes in investigating human performance across the spectrum of gravity. Dr. Newman has served as principal investigator on four spaceflight experiments, and she is an expert in the areas of extravehicular activity (EVA), human movement, physics-based modeling, human-robotic cooperation, and design. Currently she is working on advanced space suit design and biomedical devices, especially to enhance locomotion implementing wearable sensors. Her exoskeleton innovations are now being applied to “soft suits” to study and enhance locomotion on Earth for children with Cerebral Palsy. Dr. Newman’s finite element modeling work provided NASA the first three-dimensional representation of bone loss and loading applicable for long-duration missions. Her teaching focuses on engineering design, aerospace biomedicine, and leadership, all involving active learning, hands-on design, and information technology to enhance student learning. Dr. Newman has over 175 research publications, including an Engineering Design text and CDROM. She was named one of the Best Inventors of 2007 for her BioSuit™ system by Time Magazine, which has been exhibited at the MET, Boston’s Museum of Science, Paris’ Le Cité des Sciences et Industrie, London’s Victoria and Albert Museum, and the American Museum of Natural History. She serves on the NASA Advisory Council (NAC) Committee on Technology and Innovation. Dr. Newman received a B.S. in aerospace engineering from the University of Notre Dame, an M.S. in both aeronautics and astronautics and technology and policy, and a Ph.D. in aerospace biomedical engineering from MIT. Her prior NRC service includes membership for two terms on the Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board, the Steering Committee on the NASA Technology Roadmaps, the Decadal Survey on Biological and Physical Sciences in Space, the Committee on Engineering Challenges to the Long-Term Operation of the International Space Station, the Committee on Advanced Technology for Human Support in Space, and the Committee on Full System Testing and Evaluation of Personal Protection Equipment Ensembles in Simulated Chemical and Biological Warfare Environments. 
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SAUL PERLMUTTER (NAS) a senior scientist at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and a professor of physics at the University of California, Berkeley. Dr. Perlmutter heads the Supernova Cosmology Project at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and it was this team that found evidence of the accelerating expansion of the universe based on observing Type Ia supernova in the distant universe. His research findings have led to new understandings of the nature of the universe, including the dark matter and dark energy. For this work he was awarded the 2011 Nobel Prize in Physics, shared jointly with Riess and Schmidt. Dr. Perlmutter is also a lead investigator in the Supernova/Acceleration Probe project, which aims to build a satellite dedicated to finding and studying more supernovae in the distant universe. He is also a participant in the Berkeley Earth Surface Temperature project, which aims to increase our understanding of recent global warming through improved analyses of climate data. He is a member of the American Academy of Arts & Sciences, and was elected a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science in 2003. He is also a member of the National Academy of Sciences. He received his Ph.D. in physics at the University of California, Berkeley.
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LOUISE M. PROCKTER is a senior professional staff scientist in the Applied Physics Laboratory at Johns Hopkins University. Her research interests include examination and comparison of the processes of lithosphere formation on the Earth and Jupiter's large icy satellites. She was an Imaging Team Associate on the Galileo and NEAR missions, and is a Co-Investigator and served as Deputy Project Scientist on the MESSENGER mission to Mercury. She is currently part of the Project Science management team of the Europa Clipper mission. Dr. Prockter has served on numerous NRC committees, including COMPLEX and the most recent Planetary Decadal Survey satellites panel. She has also recently served on the NASA Planetary Science Subcommittee. She received her Ph.D. in Speleology from Brown University. She has served on the NRC’s Planetary Science Decadal Survey: Satellites Panel, the Committee on Planetary and Lunar Exploration, Panel on Solar System Exploration and the Review of NASA Strategic Roadmaps: Science Panel.
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MARCIA J. RIEKE is a Regent's Professor and astronomer in the Department of Astronomy at the University of Arizona. Her research interests include infrared observations of galactic nuclei and high redshift galaxies. She has served as the deputy principal investigator on the near infrared camera and multi-object spectrometer for the Hubble Space Telescope (NICMOS), and she is currently the principal investigator for the near-infrared camera (NIRCam) for the James Webb Space Telescope. Dr. Rieke has worked with the Spitzer Space Telescope as a co-investigator for the multiband imaging photometer, as outreach coordinator, and as a member of the Science Working Group. She was also involved with several infrared ground observatories, including the Multiple Mirror Telescope in Arizona. Dr. Rieke is a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. She has been on several NRC committees, most recently as a member of the last decadal survey on astronomy and astrophysics, where she served as the vice chair in charge of the program prioritization and cost and technical evaluation processes of the survey. She also served as a survey committee member for the 2002 survey and as vice chair of that survey’s Panel on Ultraviolet, Optical, and Infrared Astronomy from Space. She received her Ph.D. in physics from Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
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MARK H THIEMENS (NAS) is dean of physical sciences, Distinguished Professor of Chemistry, and Chancellor's Associates Chair in the department of chemistry and biochemistry at the University of California, San Diego. His research is centered on use of the mass independent fractionation process for stable isotopes to study the origin and evolution of the solar system, definition of the source and transformation of greenhouse gases in the troposphere, chemistry of the stratosphere and mesosphere, chemistry of the ancient Martian atmosphere, and the origin and evolution of oxygen-ozone and life in the Earth's Precambrian. He earned his Ph.D. in geophysics from Florida State University. His extensive NRC service includes membership on the Board on Energy and Environmental Systems, PNAS Editorial Board, and the Committee on the Review of Planetary Protection Requirements for Mars Sample-Return Missions.
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is director of the Center for Meteorite Studies and professor of geological sciences at the School of Earth and Space Exploration at Arizona State University. Her research interests focus on deciphering the origin and evolution of the solar system and planetary bodies through geochemical and isotopic investigations. She uses high-precision mass spectrometric techniques to study a wide range of solar system materials including meteorites of martian and asteroidal origin, Moon rocks (from the Apollo missions and lunar meteorites), and other samples returned by spacecraft missions. Dr. Wadhwa is a recipient of the Guggenheim Fellowship (2005) and the Nier Prize of the Meteoritical Society (2000), which is awarded for outstanding research by a young scientist. Asteroid 8356 has been named 8356 Wadhwa in recognition of her contributions to planetary science. She recently chaired NASA’s Curation and Analysis Planning Team for Extraterrestrial Materials. She has a Ph.D. in Earth and Planetary Sciences from Washington University. Dr. Wadhwa has served on several NRC committees, including the NRC Committee on the Origins and Evolution of Life, the Committee on an Astrobiology Strategy for the Exploration of Mars, and the Committee on the Review of Planetary Protection Requirements for Mars Sample-Return Missions.
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CLIFFORD M. WILL (NAS) is Distinguished Professor of Physics at the University of Florida. Previously he was the James S. McDonnell Professor in the Department of Physics and a member of the McDonnell Center for the Space Sciences at Washington University, St. Louis, where he also served for 10 years as chair of the Department of Physics. His research is on general relativity theory and its applications to astrophysics, gravitational radiation, black holes and experimental gravitation. He is an expert on tests of general relativity using laboratory experiments, space probes, and astrophysical observations. Dr. Will now has interests in gravitational-wave astronomy, with particular interest in laser interferometers on the ground (LIGO, Virgo) and in space (eLISA), and in strong-field tests of general relativity. He is a fellow of the American Physical Society and of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and is a member of the NAS. He has served as chair of the NASA Science Advisory Committee for Gravity Probe B, as chair of the Topical Group on Gravitation and of the Astrophysics Division of the American Physical Society, and as president of the International Society of General Relativity and Gravitation. He is Editor-in-Chief of the journal Classical and Quantum Gravity, published by the Institute of Physics (UK). He received his Ph.D. in physics from the California Institute of Technology. Dr. Will has served on many NRC study committees, including the Cosmology and Fundamental Physics Science Frontiers Panel of the Astro2010 Astronomy and Astrophysics decadal survey, the Task Group on Space Astrophysics and Astronomy, the Committee on Gravitational Physics, the Committee on Physics of the Universe (Quarks to the Cosmos), and the Beyond Einstein Program Assessment Committee.
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THOMAS H. ZURBUCHEN is a professor of space science and engineering in the Department of Atmospheric, Oceanic, and Space Sciences at the University of Michigan (UM). He is also the associate dean for entrepreneurship in the College of Engineering. At UM, Dr. Zurbuchen is leading the Solar and Heliospheric Research Group, which focuses on solar and space physics through novel experiments, data analysis, and theoretical methods. This group has been actively involved in ACE, WIND, Ulyssees, MESSENGER, and Solar Orbiter. Dr. Zurbuchens research interests include instruments that measure the composition of plasmas in the heliosphere, new particle detection technologies suitable for future space missions, theoretical concepts and experimental exploration methods of interaction between the heliosphere and local interstellar medium, and developing and analyzing space mission architectures for various exploration and commercial applications. Dr. Zurbuchen is a recipient of a Presidential Early Career for Scientists and Engineers Award. He earned his Ph.D. in physics from the University of Bern, Switzerland. He served on the NRC’s Panel on the Sun and Heliospheric Physics, the Plasma Science Committee, the Workshop Organizing Committee on Solar Systems Radiation Environment and NASA’s Vision for Space Exploration. Dr. Zurbuchen has also served as vice chair of the Committee on Solar and Space Physics.
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SSB Staff Biographies

MICHAEL H. MOLONEY is the Director for Space and Aeronautics at Space Studies Board and the Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board of the National Research Council of the U.S. National Academies. Since joining the ASEB/SSB Dr. Moloney has overseen the production of more than 40 reports, including four decadal surveys—in astronomy and astrophysics, planetary science, life and microgravity science, and solar and space physics—a prioritization of NASA space technology roadmaps, as well as reports on issues such as NASA’s Strategic Direction, orbital debris, the future of NASA’s astronaut corps, and NASA’s flight research program. The ASEB and SSB have recently completed a major review of the long-term goals, core capabilities, and direction of the U.S. human spaceflight program. Before joining the SSB and ASEB in 2010, Dr. Moloney was associate director of the BPA and study director for the decadal survey for astronomy and astrophysics (Astro2010). Since joining the NRC in 2001, Dr. Moloney has served as a study director at the National Materials Advisory Board, the Board on Physics and Astronomy (BPA), the Board on Manufacturing and Engineering Design, and the Center for Economic, Governance, and International Studies. Dr. Moloney has served as study director or senior staff for a series of reports on subject matters as varied as quantum physics, nanotechnology, cosmology, the operation of the nation’s helium reserve, new anti-counterfeiting technologies for currency, corrosion science, and nuclear fusion. In addition to his professional experience at the National Academies, Dr. Moloney has more than 7 years’ experience as a foreign-service officer for the Irish government—including serving at the Irish Embassy in Washington and the Irish Mission to the United Nations in New York. A physicist, Dr. Moloney did his Ph.D. work at Trinity College Dublin in Ireland. He received his undergraduate degree in experimental physics at University College Dublin, where he was awarded the Nevin Medal for Physics.
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CARMELA J. CHAMBERLAIN has worked for the National Academies since 1974. She started as a senior project assistant in the Institute for Laboratory Animals for Research, which is now a board in the Division on Earth and Life Sciences, where she worked for 2 years, then transferred to the Space Science Board, which is now the Space Studies Board (SSB). She is now an administrative coordinator with the SSB.
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ARTHUR A. CHARO has worked since 1995 as a senior program officer with the Space Studies Board. He is the staff officer for the SSB’s Committee on Earth Science and Applications from Space and Committee on Solar and Space Physics and has directed studies that have resulted in some 33 reports, notably the first NRC “decadal survey” in solar and space physics (2002) and Earth science and applications from space (2007). Recently, he served as the study director for the second NRC decadal survey in solar and space physics, a midterm assessment of the Earth science decadal survey, and an assessment of impediments to interagency collaboration on space and Earth science missions. Dr. Charo received his Ph.D. in experimental atomic and molecular physics in 1981 from Duke University and was a post-doctoral fellow in Chemical Physics at Harvard University from 1982-1985 where he worked on developing techniques to enable far-infrared laser spectroscopy of weakly bound complexes formed in a molecular beam. He then pursued his interests in national security and arms control as a Fellow at Harvard University’s Center for Science and International Affairs. From 1988 to 1995, he worked as a senior analyst and study director in the International Security and Space Program in the U.S. Congress’s Office of Technology Assessment. In addition to contributing to NRC reports, he is the author of research papers in the field of molecular spectroscopy; reports on arms control and space policy; and the monograph, Continental Air Defense: A Neglected Dimension of Strategic Defense (University Press of America, 1990). Dr. Charo is a recipient of a MacArthur Foundation Fellowship in International Security (1985-1987) and a Harvard-Sloan Foundation Fellowship (1987-1988). He was a 1988-1989 AAAS Congressional Science Fellow, sponsored by the American Institute of Physics.
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SANDRA J. GRAHAM joined the Space Studies Board as a senior program officer in 1994. A recipient of the National Academies Distinguished Service Award, Dr. Graham has directed a large number of major studies, many of them focused on space research in biological and physical sciences and technology. Her more recent work includes an assessment of servicing options for the Hubble Space Telescope, reviews of the NASA roadmaps for space sciences and the International Space Station, and a review of NASA’s Space Communications program while on loan to the Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board. She directs the activities of the Committee on Planetary and Lunar Exploration. Prior to receiving her Ph.D. in inorganic chemistry from Duke University in 1990, she carried out research focused primarily on topics in bioinorganic chemistry, such as the exchange mechanisms and reaction chemistry of biological metal complexes and their analogs. From 1990 to 1994 she held the position of senior scientist at the Bionetics Corporation, where she worked in the science branch of the Microgravity Science and Applications Division at NASA headquarters.
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MEG A. KNEMEYER is a financial officer for the Space Studies Board and the Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board. She previously worked with the NRC Executive Office, DEPS’ Naval Studies Board and Laboratory Assessments Board, the Office of Security, IOM, and the Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Resources. She holds a M.A.Ed. in Education and Human Development from The George Washington University and a B.S. in Rehabilitation and Special Education from the University of Arizona.
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CELESTE A. NAYLOR is the information management associate for the Space Studies Board.  She collaborates with the staff to ensure adherence to division and institutional requirements through all phases of the committee creation process. She also enjoys managing the boards website, exhibits and report distribution. She joined the NRC in 2002 as a senior project assistant. She has worked with the Committee on Assessment of Options to Extend the Life of the Hubble Space Telescope, the Committee on Astronomy and Astrophysics, the Committee on Microgravity Research and the Task Group on Research on the International Space Station. Ms. Naylor is a member of the Society of Government Meeting Professionals, Women in Aerospace and the American Women in Science. She has more than ten years of experience in event management. She has studied event management at George Washington University's School of Professional Studies and attended Trinity University in Washington, DC, where she studied communications.
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TANJA E. PILZAK is the manager of program operations for the Space Studies Board. She comes to the SSB from the Division on Earth and Life Studies where she was a research associate for five years in the Board on Earth Sciences and Resources and the Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources. Prior to becoming a research associate, Ms. Pilzak was a proposal specialist and a contract assistant in the Office of Contracts and Grants for three years as. She holds an M.S. in environmental management from the University of Maryland University College and a B.S. in natural resources management from the University of Maryland College Park.
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ABIGAIL A. SHEFFER joined the SSB in fall 2009 as a Christine Mirzayan Science and Technology Policy Graduate Fellow. She continued with the SSB to become a program officer. Dr. Sheffer earned her Ph.D. in planetary science from the University of Arizona and A.B. in geosciences from Princeton University. Since coming to the NRC, she has been study director on reports such as Landsat and Beyond – Sustaining and Enhancing the Nation’s Land Imaging Program and The Effects of Solar Variability on Earth’s Climate: A Workshop Report. Dr. Sheffer has been an assisting staff officer on several other reports, including Pathways to Exploration – Rationales and Approaches for a U.S. Program of Human Space Exploration and Solar and Space Physics: A Science for a Technological Society.

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DAVID H. SMITH joined the Space Studies Board in 1991. He is the senior staff officer and study director for a variety of NRC activities, including the Committee on the Origins and Evolution of Life, the Mars Astrobiology Task Group, the Mars Architecture Assessment Task Group, the Committee on the Limits of Organic Life in Planetary Systems, the Task Group on Organic Environments in the Solar System, the Nuclear Systems Committee, and the proposed Lunar Science Strategy Committee. He also organizes the SSB’s summer intern program and supervises most, if not all, of the interns. He received a B.Sc. in mathematical physics from the University of Liverpool in 1976 and a D.Phil. in theoretical astrophysics from Sussex University in 1981. Following a postdoctoral fellowship at Queen Mary College University of London (1980-1982), he held the position of associate editor and, later, technical editor of Sky and Telescope. Immediately prior to joining the staff of the SSB, Dr. Smith was a Knight Science Journalism Fellow at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (1990-1991).
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ANESIA WILKS is a senior program assistant. Anesia brings experience working in the National Academies confer-ence management office as well as other administrative posi-tions in the DC metropolitan area. She will be working on the Framework for Analyzing the Needs for Continuity of NASA Sustained Remote Sensing Observations from Space Commit-tee and the Committee on Solar and Space Physics. Anesia has a BA in psychology, Magna Cum Laude, from Trinity University in Washington, DC.
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DIONNA WILLIAMS is a program associate with the Space Studies Board, having previously worked for The National Academies’ Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education for five years. Ms. Williams has a long career in office administration, having worked as a supervisor in a number of capacities and fields. Ms. Williams attended the University of Colorado at Colorado Springs and majored in psychology.
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SANDRA WILSON is a financial assistant for the Space Studies Board. She came to the NRC in 2007 and previously, was a temporary assistant in the Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board, The National Materials Advisory Board and the Space Studies Board. During this time, she worked on the Independent Assessment of the Nation’s Wake Turbulence R&D Program, The Assessment of NASA’s Aeronautics Research Program, Assessing Corrosion Education and the Lunar Research and Technology Workshop. Mrs. Wilson previously served in a managerial capacity in the retail industry for two years. She is currently enrolled at Prince George’s Community College, majoring in Accounting.
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