Skip to Main Content
The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine
Computer Science and Telecommunications Board
Computer Science and Telecommunications Board
Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences
Current Projects
Completed Projects
Publications by Year
Publications by Topic
News & Events
Cyber Forum
CSTB's Mission
CSTB's Impact
Board Membership

Contact Us
500 Fifth Street NW
Washington, DC
Phone: (202) 334-2605
Fax: (202) 334-2318

Follow CSTB on
Facebook and Twitter


CSTB is a part of the
Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences.

Sign up for the DEPS newsletter.



A Framework for Understanding Electronic Voting


 Letter Report on Electronic Voting examines the current state of readiness for electronic voting in jurisdictions across the United States and gauges what progress has been made since the publication of CSTB's 2005 report, Asking the Right Questions About Electronic Voting. (2006)
 Asking the Right Questions about Electronic Voting articulates important questions and issues that election officials, policy makers, and informed citizens should ask concerning the use of computers and information technology (IT) in the electoral process. (2005)

Project Scope

A large number of American voters will be using electronic voting systems for the first time in the 2004 election. Many issues and concerns have been raised about their use. Recognizing this, the National Research Council (NRC) of the National Academies (which include the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine) has launched a project to develop a framework for understanding the technology, social, and operational issues relevant to decision-making about electronic voting. Specifically, this project is intended to inform policy makers, election officials, and the interested public about the questions they should be asking about electronic voting systems in order to be better and more informed consumers of such systems.

For purposes of this study, "electronic voting systems" are construed broadly to include any electronic device that plays (or that could play) an important role in any part of the voting system, from voter registration to ballot casting to the final certification of election results.


Committee Membership

Governor Richard L. Thornburgh, Co-Chair
Of Counsel
Kirkpatrick & Lockhart

Governor Richard Celeste, Co-Chair
Colorado College

R. Michael Alvarez
Professor of Political Science
Co-director, Caltech/MIT Voting Technology Project
California Institute of Technology

Thomas Sheridan
Ford Professor of Engineering and Applied Psychology
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Joseph A. Smialowski
Vice Chairman
Freddie Mac

Anthony Stevens
Assistant Secretary of State
New Hampshire - State House

Peter Weinberger
Google, Inc.


Herbert S. Lin, Senior Scientist (Study Director)
Brandye Williams, Staff Assistant

Related Publications from Other CSTB Projects

Information Technology Research, Innovation, and E-Government (CSTB, 2002)
Summary of a Workshop on Information Technology Research for Federal Statistics (CSTB, 2000)
Trust in Cyberspace (CSTB, 1999)
More Than Screen Deep: Toward Every-Citizen Interfaces to the Nation's Information Infrastructure (CSTB, 1997)
Computers at Risk: Safe Computing in the Information Age (CSTB, 1991)


The National Academies
National Science Foundation

This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. 0436133 .
Any opinions, findings and conclusions or recomendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation (NSF).