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The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine
Board On Behavioral Cognitive and Sensory Sciences
Board On Behavioral Cognitive and Sensory Sciences
Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education
Measuring Human Capabilities: Performance Potential of Individuals and Collectives

An ad-hoc committee (see membership list below), with oversight from the Board on Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sensory Sciences, will inform U.S. Army policy, procedures, and future research through an exploration of recent and emerging science related to the measurement of individual capability and the combination of individual capabilities to create collective capacity to perform. The committee planned-workshop and final report will assist the military to make the next leap forward in assessment of individual potential and capability utilizing emerging theory and state of the art practice in measurement.

This study will be carried out in two phases: 1) Phase 1 will cast a wide net to capture a variety of ideas about measuring human capabilities from across research fields, and 2) Phase 2 will assess current research and recommend an agenda for future U.S. Army Research Institute (ARI) research in the most promising areas. Each phase has a separate and distinct statement of task to guide the committee’s work (please see the National Academies’ Current Projects site for both statements of task).


Project Duration: September 2012 – February 2015
Project Sponsor: U.S. Army Research Institute

Assessing_Individuals_Cover New Directions in Assessing Performance Potential of Individuals and Groups is the summary based on the discussions at the workshop held April 3-4, 2013.  It explores the answers to questions on making efficient and accurate assessments of large pools of job applicants, measuring individual performance potential, as well as creating group compositions to maximize collective capacity to perform. The report focuses on interdisciplinary approaches to individual and group testing in a wide range of assessment settings and conditions. It provides up-to-date information on measurement science in a number of areas as well as addressing ethical considerations.  ► Download the report


New Directions in Assessing Individuals and Groups

For more information on the public workshop, including video of the event,

please see the Workshop page here.

 In accordance with the Phase 1 statement of task, the goals of the public workshop were:

  • Facilitate interdisciplinary dialogue and the combination of individual capabilities to create collective capacity to perform.
  • Inform the design of a maximally effective selection and assignment system

Background Paper for Phase 1

Listing of this project in the National Academies Current Projects site

Past meeting details and agendas are available on the National Academies’ Current Projects site


Tentative Workshop Agenda

Participant Biographies

Select for Success: A Toolset for Enhancing Soldier Accessioning

CATBOOK -- Computerized Adaptive Testing From Inquiry to Operation

View Webcast Replay here 


NRC Staff Contact


Cherie Chauvin, Study Director, 202-334-2096


Preliminary Workplan

This study will be accomplished in two phases, spanning a total of 30 months during which the panel will meet a total of five times and produce two publications.  During Phase 1 (12 months), the panel will meet twice and will host a two-day public workshop to identify and discuss new and unique methods for measuring individual capabilities and predicting individual and collective performance.  The proceedings of the workshop will be summarized and published.  During Phase 2 (18 months), the panel will meet an additional three times to conduct additional data-gathering and analysis to answer the Phase 2 study charge.  The focus of Phase 2 will be the development of the study's findings, conclusions, and recommendations for the final report.


Committee Members


Georgia T. Chao, Michigan State University
Ann Doucette, The George Washington University
Randall W. Engle, Georgia Institute of Technology

Richard Genik, II, Wayne State University
Leaetta Hough, Dunnette Group, Ltd.

Patrick Kyllonen, Educational Testing Service

John McArdle, University of Southern California

Frederick L. Oswald, Rice University
Paul R. Sackett, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis
Stephen Stark, University of South Florida

William J. Strickland, HumRRO

For Committee biographies, see the Committee Membership page.


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