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The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine
Board On Behavioral Cognitive and Sensory Sciences
Board On Behavioral Cognitive and Sensory Sciences
Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education
The Context of Military Environments: Social and Organizational Factors

As the U.S. military continues to transform itself to accomplish its full spectrum of missions in the 21st century, an efficient and effective research program to inform U.S. military personnel policies and practices is essential. Highly effective leaders and teams must be adaptable and flexible, because they operate in varied, dynamic, and changing environments. Therefore, any program to improve leadership and performance must consider the social and organizational factors that present external influences on the behavior of individuals operating within the context of military environments. This study, performed by an ad-hoc committee with oversight from the Board on Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sensory Sciences, will identify and assess these factors and recommend an agenda for future U.S. Army Research Institute research in these areas.

Click here for the study’s full statement of task.

Past meeting details and agendas are available on the National Academies’ Current Projects site.

Click here for the Study Background Paper.


Project Sponsor: U.S. Army Research Institute
Project Start: September 2012
Report Release: September 2014

NRC Staff Contact

Cherie Chauvin, Study Director, 202-334-2096



CME coverLThis report presents recommendations to the U.S. Army Research Institute for a program of basic scientific research on the roles of social and organizational contextual factors, such as organizational institutions, culture, and norms, as determinants and moderators of the performance of individual soldiers and small units. 

More Information

Committee Members

Reid Hastie
, Chair, Chicago Booth Business School, University of Chicago

Catherine H. Tinsley,Vice-Chair, McDonough School of Business, Georgetown University

Burt. S. Barnow, Trachtenberg School of Public Policy and Public Administration, The George Washington University

Corinne Bendersky, Anderson School of Management, University of California at Los Angeles
Edward J. Coss
, U.S. Army Command and General Staff College

Leslie DeChurch, School of Psychology, Georgia Institute of Technology

Jonathan Gratch, Department of Computer Science, Psychology and Institute for Creative Technology, University of Southern California

Douglas H. Harris, Anacapa Sciences, Inc.

Lee D. Hoffer, Department of Anthropology, Case Western Reserve University

Alair MacLean, Department of Sociology, Washington State University, Vancouver

Charles F. Manski, NAS, Department of Economics and Institute for Policy Research, Northwestern University

William Schulze, Charles H. Dyson School of Applied Economics and Management, Cornell University


For committee biographies, see the Committee Membership page.

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