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The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine
Board On Behavioral Cognitive and Sensory Sciences
Board On Behavioral Cognitive and Sensory Sciences
Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education
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Meeting One Presenters

Emma Barrett is a research fellow in psychology at Lancaster University and research to practice fellow for the Centre for Research and Evidence on Security Threats (CREST). Her role involves bridging the gap between academia and the security and intelligence community, by working with end users to understand their requirements and priorities, and with academics to help them shape and communicate their research in impactful ways. Her research interests include serious crime and terrorism, credibility assessment, and investigative decision making. She also researches a more positive side of extreme behaviour: How and why people survive and thrive in harsh and extreme environments, and how they achieve exceptional performance in activities such as polar or space exploration, caving, and mountaineering. She is a fellow of the Royal Geographical Society, and the co-author of Extreme: Why some people thrive at the limits, published in 2014 by Oxford University Press. Prior to joining CREST in 2015, she led a highly-regarded inter-departmental psychology and social science research unit in UK government. Their work involved applying behavioural, psychological, and social science research to a range of defence, law enforcement, and national security issues, with a strong commitment to the development of the best possible scientific evidence to underpin policy and practice in law enforcement and security agencies. In 2010, she was awarded the honour of the Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE) in recognition of her and the unit’s achievements. She is a chartered psychologist, with a Ph.D. in psychology from the University of Birmingham (UK), a masters in investigative psychology (with distinction), a conversion diploma in psychology (with distinction), and a bachelor of science honours degree in anthropology.

Roger D. Blandford was educated at Cambridge University and was on the Caltech faculty from 1976-2003. He is currently the Luke Blossom Professor in the School of Humanities and Sciences at Stanford University and a member of the physics department. He also is a professor at the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory. He served as founding director of the Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics and Cosmology (KIPAC) from 2003-2013. He also chaired Astro2010: the Astronomy and Astrophysics Decadal Survey. His research interests cover many aspects of particle astrophysics and cosmology.

Bear Braumoeller is associate professor and director of graduate studies in the department of political science at Ohio State University. He previously held faculty positions at Harvard University and the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, and in the summer of 2016 he was a Visiting Fellow at the Nobel Institute in Oslo, Norway. His substantive research includes a book-length systemic theory of international relations, The Great Powers and the International System (Cambridge University Press, 2013) as well as various works on international conflict and the history of American isolationism. He is currently involved in projects on evaluating the end-of-war thesis and on addressing the problem of endogeneity when estimating the causal impact of political institutions on state behavior. He received his Ph.D. in political science from the University of Michigan.

Rita Bush serves as the deputy chief of the Computer and Analytic Sciences Research Group at the National Security Agency (NSA). At NSA, she co-leads a team of scientists that conducts advanced research in computer science and related disciplines, and applies the results to support the NSA mission. She previously worked at the Office of the Director of National Intelligence (ODNI) in the Intelligence Advanced Research Projects Activity (IARPA), where she served as one of the founding program managers. While at IARPA, she launched several new research programs in support of intelligence analysis and tradecraft. Her last program, Sirius, developed serious games to train intelligence analysts to recognize and overcome cognitive bias. These games have been delivered to multiple agencies within the Intelligence Community (IC). Prior to her government service, she worked in the telecommunications industry. Her early technical work focused on human-computer technologies and usability engineering. Rita holds a BA in psychology from Eastern Kentucky University, and M.A. and Ph.D. degrees in experimental psychology from Kent State University.

Sarah Croco is an associate professor in the department of government and politics and a faculty associate at the Center for International Development and Conflict Management at the University of Maryland. Her research interests include: international conflict; the process by which citizens assign leaders responsibility for international wars; the value of policy consistency in elections; territorial disputes and civilian targeting. Her book, Peace at What Price?, was published in 2015 by Cambridge University Press. She has also won numerous teaching awards. Her work has appeared in The American Political Science Review, The American Journal of Political Science, The Journal of Politics, International Studies Quarterly, and World Politics, among others. She received her Ph.D. in political science from the University of Michigan.

Michael Desch is professor of political science and founding director of the Notre Dame International Security Center. He was the founding director of the Scowcroft Institute of International Affairs and the first holder of the Robert M. Gates Chair in Intelligence and National Security Decision-Making at the George Bush School of Government and Public Service at Texas A&M University from 2004 through 2008. Prior to that, he was professor and director of the Patterson School of Diplomacy and International Commerce at the University of Kentucky. He had spent two years as a John M. Olin Post-doctoral Fellow in national security at Harvard University's Olin Institute for Strategic Studies. He received his B.A. in political science from Marquette University and his M.A. in international relations and a Ph.D. in political science from the University of Chicago.

Charles R. Gaukel is the Counselor and Chief of Analysis and Production Staff at the National Intelligence Council (NIC). He began his assignment in January 2016. Prior to joining the NIC, He directed the Mission Performance Center in the CIA Directorate of Analysis, where he led a team providing business analytics, tradecraft quality evaluations, and specialized studies to senior Directorate, Agency, and IC leaders. From 2010-2012, he served at the National Geospatial Intelligence Agency (NGA) as vice chair of the National Geospatial Intelligence Committee, where he coordinated geospatial intelligence issues, policies, and programs across the US Government. He first came to the intelligence community as a graduate fellow with CIA in 1985. He has lead or served as an analyst on a variety of all-source analytic units on Balkan, Central European, and West European issues. He served as the first director of Political and Leadership Analysis training at the CIA’s Sherman Kent School for Intelligence Analysis. He served as a reserve intelligence office with the United States Navy, retiring in 2009 as a Commander. He has also served an editor/briefer on the President’s Daily Brief Staff. Among his awards, Mr. Gaukel has been recognized with the DCI Intelligence Commendation Award, multiple CIA exceptional performance and meritorious unit awards, the DCI Balkan Service Award, and the Joint Service Commendation Medal. He holds a B.S. in education and an M.A. in political science from Kent State University, and has completed additional graduate work in policy analysis and international relations at Virginia Tech and the Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS).

George A. Gerliczy is an analytic methodologist in the CIA’s Directorate of Analysis, a member of the Senior Analytic Service (SAS), and a member of the Senior Intelligence Service (SIS). He has experience drafting the full range of analytic products, including “current intelligence” pieces and longer-term assessments, as well as briefing senior agency officials and policymakers in the U.S. government. He is currently a member of an analytic unit charged with providing strategic insights on all issues and geographic regions, with a focus on examining the most complex topics using rigorous and novel methods. He has spent years working with academic and other nongovernment experts to integrate findings from social and behavioral science into intelligence products and processes. He also served as foreign service officer with the Department of State and, prior to his government service, as a senior associate at “Standard & Poor’s DRI.” He received a B.A. in mathematics and political science and an M.S. in public policy analysis from the University of Rochester, and an M.A. in security studies, with a concentration in international security, from Georgetown University.

Nancy Hayden is currently a member of the Strategic Futures and Policy Analysis Group at Sandia National Laboratories, leading efforts to assess the impacts of autonomy on future national security needs and opportunities. Throughout her career at Sandia National Laboratories, she has led multi-disciplinary teams to assess critical issues with far-reaching impact that include nuclear energy safety, nuclear waste management, nonproliferation, and counter terrorism. Through assignments to the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Nonproliferation, the Defense Threat Reduction Agency, and other federal government agencies, she has created collaborative partnerships with universities, non-governmental organizations, and international partners to effectively inform national security policy on issues of countering violent extremism, counter proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, and cyber-warfare deterrence. She has a B.S. in math from the University of Texas, Austin, M.S. in engineering from the University of California, Berkeley, and Ph.D. in international security and economics from the University of Maryland School of Public Policy. In her doctoral studies, she created novel ways to apply complexity science to study how international interventions affect resiliency in recurring civil conflicts. 

Sallie Keller is professor of statistics and director for the Social and Decision Analytics Laboratory of the Biocomplexity Institute at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. Dr. Keller served as the chair for the Decadal Summit Steering Committee. Her previous positions include Academic Vice-President and Provost at University of Waterloo, director of the IDA Science and Technology Policy Institute in Washington DC, William and Stephanie Sick Dean of Engineering at Rice University, head of the Statistical Sciences group at Los Alamos National Laboratory, professor of statistics at Kansas State University, and statistics program director at the National Science Foundation. Her areas of expertise are social and decision informatics, statistical underpinnings of data science, uncertainty quantification, and data access and confidentiality. She is a national associate of the National Academy of Sciences, fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, elected member of the International Statistics Institute, and member of the JASON advisory group. She is also a fellow and past president of the American Statistical Association. She holds a Ph.D. in statistics from the Iowa State University of Science and Technology.

Ian McCulloh is a chief scientist in the Asymmetric Operations Department of the John’s Hopkins University Applied Physics Lab. His current research is focused on strategic influence in online networks and data-driven influence operations and assessment. He is the author of Social Network Analysis with Applications (Wiley: 2013) and Networks Over Time (Oxford: forthcoming). He retired as a Lieutenant Colonel from the US Army after 20 years of service in special operations, counter-improvised explosive device (C-IED) forensics, and weapons of mass destruction (WMD) defense. He founded the West Point Network Science Center and created the Army’s Advanced Network Analysis and Targeting (ANAT) program. In his most recent military assignments as a strategist, he led interdisciplinary Ph.D. teams at Special Operations Command Central (SOCCENT) and Central Command (CENTCOM) to conduct social science research in 15 countries across the Middle East and Central Asia to include denied areas, which he used to inform data-driven strategy for countering extremism and irregular warfare, as well as empirically assess the effectiveness of military operations. He holds a B.S. in industrial engineering from the University of Washington, an M.S. in industrial engineering and an M.S. in applied statistics from the Florida State University, and a Ph.D. from Carnegie Mellon University’s School of Computer Science.

Leah Windsor is an instructor in the Institute for Intelligent Systems at the University of Memphis. She is the PI for a Minerva Initiative grant from the Department of Defense that examines political communication in authoritarian regimes and violent political groups. She uses computational linguistics to answer questions about regime survival, political crisis and conflict, propaganda and persuasion, bluffs and threats, and radicalization. This work treats individual political leaders as consequential in the international system, using their discourse to analyze patterns of behavior within politically opaque states and groups. She received her B.S. in linguistics from Georgetown University in 1998 and her Ph.D. in political science from The University of Mississippi in 2012.

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