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The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine
Board On Behavioral Cognitive and Sensory Sciences
Board On Behavioral Cognitive and Sensory Sciences
Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education
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Learning From the Science of Cognition and Perception for Decision-Making: A Workshop

Workshop Speaker Bios

Edward Awh is a professor in the department of psychology and the Institute for Neuroscience at the University of Chicago. His research focuses on limited capacity systems for holding information active in the mind and for exerting voluntary control over which aspects of the environment are fully encoded. He uses a combination of behavioral, EEG and fMRI methods to investigate the nature of limits in online memory and attention, as well as the neural processes that support these cognitive faculties. He received a B.A. in psychology from Northwestern University and M.A. and Ph.D. in psychology from University of Michigan.

Remco Chang is an associate professor in the computer science department at Tufts University. Previously, he worked for Boeing, developing real-time flight tracking and visualization software. His current research interests include visual analytics, information visualization, human-computer-interaction, and databases. He is currently an associate editor for the ACM TiiS and the Human Computation journals, and the papers chair for the 2018 IEEE Visual Analytics conference. He received the NSF CAREER Award in 2015. He received his B.A. in computer science and economics from Johns Hopkins University, M.Sc. from Brown University, and Ph.D. in computer science from University of North Carolina, Charlotte.

David Dunning is a social psychologist focusing primarily on the psychology underlying human misbelief.  His most cited work shows that people hold flattering self-opinions that cannot be justified from objective evidence, work supported by the National Institute of Mental Health, the National Science Foundation, and the Templeton Foundation. He also conducted extensive work on trust behavior, social cognition, and motivated reasoning. He has served as president of both the Society of Experimental Social Psychology and the Society for the Science of Motivation.  He received his B.A. from Michigan State University and Ph.D. from Stanford University.

Thomas Fingar is a Shorenstein APARC Fellow in the Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies at Stanford University. He was the inaugural Oksenberg-Rohlen Distinguished Fellow in 2010-2015 and the Payne Distinguished Lecturer at Stanford in 2009.  Previously, he served as the first Deputy Director of National Intelligence for Analysis and, concurrently, as Chairman of the National Intelligence Council. He served as Assistant Secretary of the State Department’s Bureau of Intelligence and Research, Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary, Deputy Assistant Secretary for Analysis, Director of the Office of Analysis for East Asia and the Pacific, and Chief of the China Division. Before his government service, he held a number of positions at Stanford University, including senior research associate in the Center for International Security and Arms Control. His most recent books are Reducing Uncertainty:  Intelligence Analysis and National Security, The New Great Game: China and South and Central Asia in the Era of Reform, editor, and Uneasy Partnerships: China and Japan, the Koreas, and Russia in the Era of Reform, editor. He has an A.B. in government and history from Cornell University and a M.A. and Ph.D. in political science from Stanford University.   

Gary Klein is a senior scientist at MacroCognition LLC since 2009 and founder of the companies ShadowBox LLC and founder and previous owner of Klein Associates. He is known for describing cognitive models (such as the Recognition-Primed Decision (RPD) model, the Data/Frame model of sensemaking, the Management By Discovery model of planning in complex settings, and the Triple Path model of insight), developing analytic techniques (Cognitive Task Analysis, the PreMortem method of risk assessment, and the ShadowBox training approach), and helping to found Naturalistic Decision Making.  His popular books include Sources of Power: How people make decisions, and Seeing What Others Don’t: The remarkable ways we gain insights. Previously, he was an assistant professor at Oakland University in Rochester, Michigan then a research psychologist at Wright-Patterson AFB, OH. He received his Ph.D. from the University of Pittsburgh.

Barbara Mellers is the I. George Heyman University Professor of marketing and psychology at the University of Pennsylvania. She does research on judgment and decision making. For years, she explored models of when and why we violate principles of rationality. She has investigated perceptions of fairness, why emotions influence choices, and how seemingly unimportant variables, such as the context around a stimulus and the phrasing of a question, can shape judgments and choice. Currently, she investigates methods for improving the accuracy of human forecasts. By examining hundreds of questions and millions of forecasts, she and her colleagues have discovered how to make human forecasts surprisingly more accurate. The secret lies in using relatively simple behavioral and statistical interventions. She also studies nudges, choice environments, and behavioral interventions that result in better decisions.  She has a B.A. in psychology from the University of California, Berkeley and a M.A. and Ph.D. in psychology from the University of Illinois.   

William “Bruno” Millonig is the Acting Director of National Intelligence for Science and Technology in the Office of the Assistant Director for Acquisition, Technology & Facilities (AT&F/S&T) at the Office of the Director of National Intelligence (ODNI). Appointed in November 2017, Mr. Millonig is responsible for guiding the IC’s scientific and technological integration through effective strategies, policies, and programs that ultimately allow the IC to close intelligence gaps. Prior to this position, he over saw the Defense Intelligence Agency headquarters’ R&D, technical collection, and analytic responsibilities in support of our nation’s space and counterspace situational awareness. Mr. Millonig also served as the Chief, National Measurement and Signature Intelligence (MASINT) Office, and Chairman, National MASINT Committee where he was responsible for day-to-day implementation of the DIA Director’s Functional Manager responsibilities in accordance with ICD 113. A Command Pilot with more than 4,800 flight hours he served in both DESERT STORM and SOUTHERN WATCH and retired from the Air Force in 2009 as the Director of Strategic Planning for Homeland Defense & Counterterrorism issues. He is a Distinguished Flying Cross recipient, was Commander of the USAF’s training squadron of the year (2004), and the holder of numerous team and individual awards from D/CIA and D/NCTC. Mr. Millonig graduated from the U.S. Air Force Academy with a Bachelor of Engineering degree and earned Master’s Degrees in Aviation Operations & Management from Embry Riddle University and Strategic Studies from the U. S. Army War College.

Roger C. Mayer
is a professor of management, innovation & entrepreneurship at North Carolina State University. He previously served on the faculties of the University of Notre Dame, Purdue University, Baylor University, Singapore Management University, and The University of Akron, where he served four years as department chair. His research is focused on trust, employee decision making, attitudes and effectiveness. One line of work studies trust within a global context. He has been involved in interdisciplinary trust and decision making research projects through NCSU’s Laboratory for Analytic Sciences.  He received a Ph.D. in organizational behavior and human resource management from the Krannert Graduate School of Management at Purdue University.

Peter Pirolli is a senior researcher at the Institute for Human and Machine Cognition. His research combines cognitive science, artificial intelligence, and human-computer interaction, with applications to information foraging, sensemaking in intelligence analysis, and digital health. He is an elected fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the American Psychological Association, the Association for Psychological Science, the National Academy of Education, the ACM Computer-Human Interaction Academy, and the National Academy of Inventors. He received his Ph.D in cognitive psychology from Carnegie Mellon University.

Victoria Stodden is an associate professor in the school of information sciences at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, with affiliate appointments in the school of law, the department of computer science, the department of statistics, the Coordinated Science Laboratory, and the National Center for Supercomputing Applications. She is also a faculty affiliate of the Center for Informatics Research in Science and Scholarship (CIRSS) at the University of Illinois. She is a data scientist working on open data and its implications. Her group focuses on understanding the effect of big data and computation on scientific inference, for example studying adequacy and robustness in replicated results, designing and implementing validation systems, developing standards of openness for data and code sharing, and resolving legal and policy barriers to disseminating reproducible research. She completed her Ph.D. in statistics and a law degree at Stanford University.

Danielle Albers Szafir is an assistant professor and member of the founding faculty of the department of information science, an affiliate professor of computer science, and a fellow in the Institute of Cognitive Science at the University of Colorado Boulder. Her research sits at the intersection of information visualization, data science, and cognitive science, has been integrated into leading tools such as D3 and Tableau and has received best paper awards at IEEE VIS and IS&T Color and Imaging and a VGTC Best Dissertation Award Honorable Mention. She is a member of the Forbes 30 Under 30 Class of 2018 for Science. She received a B.S. in Computer Science at the University of Washington as a NASA Space Grant Scholar and a Ph.D. in Computer Sciences at the University of Wisconsin-Madison.

Adam Waytz is a psychologist and an associate professor of management and organizations in the Kellogg School of Management at Northwestern University. He uses methods from social psychology and cognitive neuroscience to study the causes and consequences of perceiving mental states in other entities and to investigate processes related to social influence, social connection, meaning-making, morality, and ethics. His research has addressed broad questions such as what factors drive altruism, why do people dehumanize others, and how people assign moral responsibility to groups (e.g., organizations) versus members of those groups. One line of work has examined the extent to which people establish trust with an autonomous (i.e., self-driving) automobile and how people assign blame if the automobile gets into an accident.  He is a member of the Young Leaders Board of Advisors for Cure Violence, a non-profit devoted to stopping the spread of violence in communities. He is also a member of the advisory board for Chicago-based data analytics start-up, Uptake Technologies and is a member of the Brain Trust for Chicago Ideas Week. He has a bachelor’s degree in psychology from Columbia University and a doctorate in social psychology from the University of Chicago.

Alyson Wilson is a professor in the department of statistics and principal investigator for the Laboratory for Analytic Sciences at North Carolina State University. She is a fellow of the American Statistical Association and the American Association for the Advancement of Science. Her research interests include statistical reliability, Bayesian methods, and the application of statistics to problems in defense and national security. She is the coordinator of NCSU's Data-Driven Science cluster and associate director of the NCSU Data Science Initiative. Prior to coming to NCSU, she worked at the IDA Science and Technology Policy Institute, Iowa State University, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Cowboy Programming Resources, and the National Institutes of Health. She received her Ph.D. in statistics from Duke University.

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