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The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine
Board On Behavioral Cognitive and Sensory Sciences
Board On Behavioral Cognitive and Sensory Sciences
Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education
 How People Learn II: Learners, Contexts, and Cultures
 HPL2 coverReleased in October 2018, this publication from the Board on Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sensory Sciences and the Board on Science Education summarizes research on the science and nature of learning. The report identifies new findings related to neurological processes involved in learning, individual and cultural variability related to learning, and educational technologies. In addition to expanding scientific understanding of the mechanisms of learning and how the brain adapts throughout the lifespan, there have been important discoveries about influences on learning, particularly sociocultural factors and the structure of learning environments. Finally, the report offers specific research objectives in two broad areas to serve as a guide for researchers and funding entities to spur investigations in to levels of analyses, methods, and theoretical frameworks across diverse disciplines to contribute to the study of how people learn.

Sponsors: Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, American Educational Research Association, Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, Institute of Education Sciences of the U.S. Department of Education, Teagle Foundation, William and Flora Hewlett Foundation, and the National Academy of Sciences’ Kellogg Fund and President’s Circle Fund.

Read the summary  Download the full report

Read the highlights 
|  Read the press release  |  Poster from ICPS 2019 Paris conference

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Committee Information

Committee Biographies

Cora Marrett (Chair), University of Wisconsin-
Patricia J. Bauer, Emory University
Cynthia Beall (NAS), Case Western Reserve
Margaret E. Beier, Rice University
David B. Daniel, James Madison University
Robert L. Goldstone, Indiana University
Arthur C. Graesser, University of Memphis
Ruth Kanfer, Georgia Institute of Technology
Jeffrey D. Karpicke, Purdue University
Barbara M. Means, SRI International
Douglas L. Medin (NAS), Northwestern
Linda Nathan, Center for Artistry and
Annemarie Sullivan Palincsar, University of
Daniel L. Schwartz, Stanford University
Zewelanji N. Serpell, Viriginia Commonwealth
Mary Helen Immordino-Yang, University of
     Southern California

Staff Information


Sujeeta Bhatt, Study Director
Tina Winters, Associate Program Officer
Barbara Wanchisen, Director, BBCSS
Heidi Schweingruber, Director, BOSE




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