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The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine
Board on Human System Integration
Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education
Human Centered Design
As technology expands to dominate our use of time at work, at home, in schools and hospitals, in the global economy, and in military applications, the need for human centered design expands even more urgently. The BOHSI reports below document in myriad contexts that considering user needs, capabilities, and limitations from the design phase results in superior equipment, as well as systems, that better serve the people who use them.


Related Reports
Designers Guide Cover Consumer Health Information Technology in the Home: A Guide for Human Factors Design Considerations

This booklet provides guidance and human factors design considerations that will help designers and developers create consumer health IT applications that are useful resources to achieve better health. ? Read more
Home Health Care Cover Health Care Comes Home: The Human Factors

This report concludes that human factors can help improve health care in the home in four primary areas: health care technologies, caregivers in the home, residential environments for health care, and research and development. Improvement in these areas holds the promise of providing healthy living, comfort, and effective treatment to care recipients while lessening the burden on caregivers. ? Read more
Sociocultural Data Cover Sociocultural Data to Accomplish Department of Defense Missions: Toward a Unified Social Framework: Workshop Summary

In 2009 the Office of Naval Research requested that the Board on Human-Systems Integration hold a workshop that would examine three of the critical issues associated with the military's use of sociocultural data for behavioral modeling: the types of data needed to provide the complete picture of the cultural terrain of a given region; the frameworks and databases in use by the military in analyses of sociocultural behavior; and the methods and tools that can be used to aggregate sociocultural data from disparate sources into a meaningful whole. ? Read more
HSI A New Look Cover Human-Systems Integration in the System Development Process: A New Look

In April 1991 BusinessWeek ran a cover story entitled, I Can't Work This ?#!!@ Thing, about the difficulties many people have with consumer products, such as cell phones and VCRs. More than 15 years later, the situation is much the same--but at a very different level of scale.

The report's recommendations are intended not only to be relevant to the project’s military sponsors, but also to other government departments and the private sector, including the process control, manufacturing, and service industries. ? Read more

Other Reports of Interest

The Role of Human Factors in Home Health CareWorkshop Summary  (BOHSI)

The rapid growth of home health care has raised many unsolved issues and will have consequences that are far too broad for any one group to analyze in their entirety. Yet a major influence on the... Read more

Interfaces for Ground and Air Military RobotsWorkshop Summary  (BOHSI)

In the early years of robotics and automated vehicles, the fight was against nature and not against a manifestly intelligent opponent. In military environments, however, where prediction and... Read more

The Future of Air Traffic ControlHuman Operators and Automation  (BOHSI)

Automation in air traffic control may increase efficiency, but it also raises questions about adequate human control over automated systems. Following on the panel's first volume on air traffic... Read more

The Case For Human Factors in Industry and GovernmentReport of a Workshop  (BOHSI)

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Flight to the FutureHuman Factors in Air Traffic Control  (BOHSI)

Despite the strong safety record of the national airspace system, serious disruptions occasionally occur, often as a result of outdated or failed equipment. Under these circumstances, safety relies on... Read more

Tactical Display for SoldiersHuman Factors Considerations  (BOHSI)

This book examines the human factors issues associated with the development, testing, and implementation of helmet-mounted display technology in the 21st Century Land Warrior System.Because the... Read more

Safe, Comfortable, Attractive, and Easy to UseImproving the Usability of Home Medical Devices  (BOHSI)

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Emerging Needs and Opportunities for Human Factors Research  (BOHSI)

This book identifies areas that represent new needs and opportunities for human factors research in the coming decades. It is forward-looking, problem oriented, and selectively focused on national or... Read more

Human Factors in the Design of Tactical Display Systems for the Individual Soldier  (BOHSI)

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Human Factors Research Needs for an Aging Population  (BOHSI)

This book describes the demographic, sociological, and ecological background of the aging society, identifies human factors problems associated with aging, summarizes currently relevant information,... Read more

Human Factors Research and Nuclear Safety  (BOHSI)

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Ergonomic Models of Anthropometry, Human Biomechanics and Operator-Equipment InterfacesProceedings of a Workshop  (BOHSI)

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Human Factors in Automated and Robotic Space SystemsProceedings of a Symposium  (BOHSI)

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Mental Models in Human-Computer InteractionResearch Issues About What the User of Software Knows  (BOHSI)

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Methods for Designing Software to Fit Human Needs and CapabilitiesProceedings of the Workshop on Software Human Factors  (BOHSI)

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