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The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine
Board on Science Education
Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education

Commissioned Papers 

List alphabetically by project



Assessment of Informal and Afterschool Science Learning
Sue Allen and Rick Bonney
Evaluation Under Pressure: Balancing the Needs of the ISE Field with the Needs of Individual Projects
Kirsten Ellenbogen
Michael Feder and Carl Wieman

Alan Friedman

Observational Methods for Assessment of Informal Science Learning and Education

Drew Gitomer

Using the NRC Framework to Engage Students in Learning Science in Informal Environments

Joseph Krajcik
Anita Krishnamurthi and Leonie Rennie
Ann Renninger
Larry Suter
Diego Zapata-Rivera
Climate Change Education Roundtable
August 31-September 1, 2011 Workshop on K-14 Education
Bora Simmons
Climate Change Education in K-12: Teacher Preparation, Understanding, Needs and Concerns
Roberta Johnson
Susan M. Buhr
Tom Marcinkowski
October 20, 2010 Workshop on Goals and Audiences
Bill Solecki
Sherrie Forrest and Jeremy Flattau
Sociological Perspective Climate Change Education AudiencesAaron McCright
Susan Clayton
Elaine Andrews
Heidi Cullen
Matt Nisbet
 Climate Change Education for Faith Based Groups
Greg Hitzhusen
Kevin Coyle
Exploring the Intersection of Science Education and the Development of 21st Century Skills
Eric M. Anderman and Gale M. Sinatra
The BSCS 5e Instructional Model And 21st Century Skills
Rodger Bybee
Douglas Clark
Janet Kolodner
Joseph Krajcik
Towards a Framework for Assessing 21st Century Science Skills
Maria Araceli Ruiz-Primo
Christian Schunn
Mark Windschitl
Evidence on Promising Practices in Undergraduate Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) Education Workshop 1 June 30, 2008
Susan Singer
Jeffrey Froyd
Bruce Grant
Jose M. Mestre
Chemistry in Context: Goals, Evidence, and Gaps (A White Paper) Cathy Middlecamp
Jeanne L. Narum
Evidence on Promising Practices in Undergraduate Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) Education Workshop 2 October 13-14, 2008
David Gijbels
Case Pedagogy in Undergraduate STEM: Research We Have; Research We Need
Mary Lundeberg
Tom Foster
Julie Libarkin
Concept Inventories in Engineering EducationTeri Reed-Rhoads
Paula Heron
The Rensselaer Studio Model for Learning and Teaching: What Have We Learned?
Karen Cummings
Robert Beichner
Marcy Osgood
Less Talk, More Action: Active Learning in Introductory Geoscience Courses 
David McConnell
The Role of Undergraduate Research in Student Retention, Academic Engagement, and the Pursuit of Graduate Education 
Sandy Gregerman
Evaluation of the Center for Authentic Science Practice in Education (CASPiE) Model of Undergraduate ResearchDonald Wink and Gabriela Weaver
The Impact of Future Faculty Professional Development in Teaching on STEM Undergraduate Education: A Case Study about the Delta Program in Research, Teaching and Learning at the University of Wisconsin-MadisonDonald Gillian-Daniel
The Workshop for New Faculty in Physics and AstronomyKenneth Krane
Working with the Discipline – Developing a Supportive Environment for EducationCathy Manduca
Barriers and Promises in STEM ReformMelissa Dancy and Charles Henderson
Linking Evidence and Promising Practices in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) Undergraduate Education: A Status ReportJames Fairweather
Highly Successful Schools or Programs for K-12 STEM Education: A Workshop
Engineering [for] Effectiveness in Mathematics Education: Intervention at the Instructional Core in an Era of Common Core StandardsJere Confrey and Alan Maloney
Effective STEM Education Strategies for Diverse and Underserved LearnersOkhee Lee
Building on Learner Thinking: A Framework for Improving Learning and AssessmentJim Minstrell, Ruth Anderson, and Min Li
Mathematics Learning and Diverse StudentsNa’ilah Suad Nasir, Niral Shah, Jose Gutierrez, Nicole Louie, Kim Seashore, and Evra Baldinger,
Study of the Impact of Specialized Science High SchoolsRena Subtonik and Robert Tai
Stem Reform: Which Way to GoWilliam Schmidt
Delivering STEM Education through Career and Technical Education Schools and ProgramsJames Stone
Effective Stem Teacher Preparation, Induction, and Professional DevelopmentSuzanne Wilson
Inclusive STEM Schools: Early Promise in Texas and Unanswered QuestionsViki Young
High School Science Laboratories: Role and Vision
The School Science Laboratory: Considerations of Learning, Technology, and Scientific PracticePhilip Bell
Richard Duschl
Robin Millar

What Types of Knowledge do Teachers use to Engage Learners in "Doing Science"?

Mark Windschitl
 Learning Science: Computer Games, Simulations, and Education
Rethinking Science Learning Through Digital Games and Simulations: Genres, Examples, and EvidenceDouglas Clark, Brian Nelson, Pratim Sengupta, and Cynthia D’Angelo
Response Paper: Rethinking science learning, a needs assessmentDiane Ketelhut
Learning Context: Gaming, Simulations, and Science Learning in the ClassroomChristopher Dede
Response Paper: Gaming, Simulations, and Science Learning in the Classroom Katherine Culp
Games and Simulations in Informal Science EducationKurt Squire and Nathan Patterson
Response Paper: Sociocultural Contexts of Game-Based LearningMimi Ito
Assessment of Student Learning in Science Simulations and GamesEdys Quellmalz, Michael Timms, and Steve Schneider
Response Paper: Response to Assessment of Student Learning in Science Simulations and GamesJohn Behrens
Bringing Game-Based Learning To Scale: The Business Challenges Of Serious GamesMerrilea Mayo
Response Paper: Response to Merrilea Mayo’s paper Bringing Game Based Learning To Scale: The Business Challenges of Serious Games Alan Gershenfeld
Bringing Game Based Learning to Scale: a ResponseScot Osterweil
Learning Science in Informal Environments: A Review of the Research Past, Present and Future
How Might Native Science Inform “Informal Science Learning?”Bryan Brayboy and Angelina Castagno
Diverse Learning and Learner Diversity in “Informal” Science Learning EnvironmentsShirley Brice Heath
Assessing Learning in Informal Science ContextsMichael Brody, Art Bangert and Justin Dillon
Evaluation of Learning in Informal Learning EnvironmentsInstitute for Learning Innovation
Lifelong Learning and TechnologyCasey Lindberg, Edwin Carstensen, and Laura Carstensen
Interest and Motivation in Informal Science LearningK. Ann Renninger
Media-based Learning Science in Informal EnvironmentsSaul Rockman, Kristen Bass, Jennifer Borse
Informal Science Learning in Afterschool Settings: A Natural Fit?Sarah Schwartz and Gil Noam
NASA’s Elementary and Secondary Education Program
Summary and Critique of Selected Evaluations of NASA Educational ProgramsFrances Lawrenz
Alignment of the NASA Explorer School Model with Models for School Improvement and ReformSusan Mundry
A Review of the Literature and the INSPIRE Model STEM in Out-of-School TimeNational Institute on Out-of-School Time, Wellesley College
Organizing K-12 Science Education around Core Ideas
On Coherence and Core IdeasKaren Draney and Mark Wilson
Moving to the Next Generation for the Standards of Science: Building on Recent PracticesJoan Herman
Learning Progressions in Science: A Summary of the Report from the Center on Continuous Instructional Improvement (CCII)Aaron Rogat
A Science Discipline Based Perspective on Core IdeasTimothy and Stephanie Slater
How Does Cognitive Development Inform the Choice of Core Ideas in the Physical Sciences?Marianne Wiser and Carol Smith
Review of the NOAA Education Program
Review of NOAA Education Program Evaluation ReportsAnn Brackett
Logic Models of NOAA Education Programs and Implications for RestructuringBill Clune
Learner Diversity in Earth System ScienceRoger Levine, Raquel González, and Carmen Martínez-Sussmann
Children and Adults’ Understanding of Ocean and Climate SciencesLynn Tran
Science Learning, Kindergarten through Eighth Grade
Informal Science Learning Environments: A Review of Research to Inform K-8 SchoolingKirsten M. Ellenbogen and Reed Stevens
Sociocultural Approaches to Learning Science in Classrooms  Ellice Forman and Wendy Sink
Formative Assessment in K-8 Science Education: A Conceptual ReviewErin Marie Furtak
The Development of Scientific Reasoning Skills: What Psychologist Contribute to an Understanding of Elementary Science LearningCorinne Zimmerman
Status, Contributions, and Future Direction of Discipline-Based Education Research (DBER)
Promoting Evidence-Based Change In Undergraduate Science EducationAnn Austin
The Development Of Research In Chemical Education As A Field Of StudyGeorge M. Bodner
A Developmental History of Physics Education ResearchKaren Cummings
Education research in the biological sciences: A nine decade reviewRobert DeHaan
The Current Status and Future Direction of Biology Education ResearchMatrixClarissa Dirks
A Synthesis of Discipline-Based Education Research in PhysicsJennifer Docktor and Jose Mestre
The Role of Spatial Thinking in Undergraduate Science EducationMary Hegarty
Chronological and Ontological Development of Engineering Education as a Field of Scientific InquiryJack Lohmann and Jeffrey Froyd
Applying the Science of Learning to Undergraduate Science EducationRichard Mayer
Michael Piburn, Kaatje van der Hoeven Kraft, and Heather Pacheco
Epistemological Similarities and Differences Among the SciencesElliott Sober
Synthesis of the Research on Teaching and Learning in Engineering since the Implementation of ABET Engineering Criteria 2000Marilla Svinicki
Review and synthesis of research in Chemical Education from 2000-2010Marcy Towns and Adam Kraft
 Strengthening Science Education through a Teacher Learning Continuum
 A description and analysis of the United Kingdom’s system of professional development for science teachers Sir John Holman, University of York
How Do Japanese Teachers Improve their Instruction? Synergies of Lesson Study at the School, District and National Levels Catherine Lewis, Mills College
Science teachers' Profesional Development: An Australian Case Study John Loughran, Monash University
 A Descriptive Analysis of New York's Science Teacher Labor Market, 1999-2009 Luke Miller, University of Virginia
 The Market for New Science Teachers in Florida Tim Sass, Georgia State University
Successful Out-of-School STEM Learning: A Consensus Study
Formative Assessment for STEM Learning Ecosystems: Biographical approaches as a resource for research and practiceBrigid Barron
Citizen Science and Youth EducationRick Bonney, Tina B. Phillips, Jody Enck, Jennifer Shirk, and Nancy Trautmann
Evidence & Impact: Museum-Managed STEM Programs in Out-of-School SettingsBernadette Chi, Rena Dorph & Leah Reisman
Children Doing Science: Essential Idiosyncrasy and the Challenges of AssessmentDavid Hammer and Jennifer Radoff
Broadening Access to STEM Learning through Out-of-School Learning EnvironmentsLaura Huerta Migus
Making and Tinkering: A Review of the LiteratureShirin Vossoughi and Bronwyn Bevan
Teaching the Behavioral, Social and Economic Sciences in K-12: Possible Options and Next Steps: Planning Meeting
The Status of the Social, Behavioral and Economic Sciences in State Standards and Related Policy Guidance: A Review of the EvidenceDiane Massell, University of Michigan 
Carol Barnes, University of Michigan
 Economics in the K-12 Curriculum: Coursework, Content, and Research William Walstad, University of Nebraska-Lincoln
Michael Watts, Purdue University



These papers were commissioned for various projects conducted by the Board on Science Education. Opinions and statements included in the paper are solely those of the individual author, and are not necessarily adopted or endorsed or verified as accurate by the Board on Science Education or the National Academy of Sciences, including the National Academy of Engineering, Institute of Medicine, or National Research Council.


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