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The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine
Office of Testing and Assessment
Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education
Innovative Tests

Measurement design and technology have been evolving. Advances in cognitive science have improved understanding of how students learn, and assessment experts have responded. Technological advances have expended the frontiers for computer based testing. And the Common Core standards are changing thinking about what students should be expected to know and be able to do. Our work has examined the most recent research on innovative approaches, what they offer, and the policy implications of the research.

Published Reports

Assessing 21st Century SkillsSummary of a Workshop  (BOTA)

The routine jobs of yesterday are being replaced by technology and/or shipped off-shore. In their place, job categories that require knowledge management, abstract reasoning, and personal services... Read more

State Assessment SystemsExploring Best Practices and Innovations: Summary of Two Workshops  (BOTA)

Educators and policy makers in the United States have relied on tests to measure educational progress for more than 150 years, and have used the results for many purposes. They have tried minimum... Read more

Common Standards for K-12 Education? Considering the Evidence: Summary of a Workshop Series  (CFE)

Standards-based accountability has become a central feature of the public education system in each state and is a theme of national discussions about how achievement for all students can be improved... Read more

Assessment in Support of Instruction and LearningBridging the Gap Between Large-Scale and Classroom Assessment: Workshop Report  (BOTA,MSEB)

Assessment in Support of Instruction and Learning is the summary of a National Research Council workshop convened to examine the gap between external and classroom assessment. This report discusses... Read more

Technology and AssessmentThinking Ahead: Proceedings from a Workshop  (BOTA)

The papers in this collection were commissioned by the Board on Testing and Assessment (BOTA) of the National Research Council (NRC) for a workshop held on November 14, 2001, with support from the... Read more

Knowing What Students KnowThe Science and Design of Educational Assessment  (BOTA)

Education is a hot topic. From the stage of presidential debates to tonight's dinner table, it is an issue that most Americans are deeply concerned about. While there are many strategies for... Read more

Embedding QuestionsThe Pursuit of a Common Measure in Uncommon Tests  (BOTA)

Policy makers are caught between two powerful forces in relation to testing in America's schools. One is increased interest on the part of educators, reinforced by federal requirements, in developing... Read more

Uncommon MeasuresEquivalence and Linkage Among Educational Tests  (BOTA)

The issues surrounding the comparability of various tests used to assess performance in schools received broad public attention during congressional debate over the Voluntary National Tests proposed... Read more

Testing, Teaching, and LearningA Guide for States and School Districts  (BOTA)

State education departments and school districts face an important challenge in implementing a new law that requires disadvantaged students to be held to the same standards as other students. The new... Read more


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