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The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine
Office of Testing and Assessment
Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education
Students with Disabilities and English Learners

Ensuring fairness and accuracy in the testing of students with disabilities and English learners is an ongoing challenge. Changes in test design and technology, as well as law and policy, have implications for these students that are not always obvious. Three reports explore the complex research and policy.

Published Reports

Allocating Federal Funds for State Programs for English Language Learners  (CNSTAT,BOTA)

As the United States continues to be a nation of immigrants and their children, the nation's school systems face increased enrollments of students whose primary language is not English. With the 2001... Read more

Keeping Score for AllThe Effects of Inclusion and Accommodation Policies on Large-Scale Educational Assessments  (BOTA)

U.S. public schools are responsible for educating large numbers of English language learners and students with disabilities. This book considers policies for including students with disabilities and... Read more

Educating One and AllStudents with Disabilities and Standards-Based Reform  (BOTA)

In the movement toward standards-based education, an important question stands out: How will this reform affect the 10% of school-aged children who have disabilities and thus qualify for special... Read more


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