Robert D. Crutchfield
Department of Sociology
University of Washington
ROBERT D. CRUTCHFIELD is a Professor in the Department of Sociology and Adjunct Professor of American Ethnic Studies, and Social Work. He has served two terms as department chair. His research is on labor markets and crime, and race, ethnicity and the criminal justice system. Dr. Crutchfield just finished a book on employment, labor markets, crime and delinquency that is being published by New York University Press. He is currently collaborating with colleagues at the Social Development Research group in the School of Social Work on a project studying racial differences in criminal justice experience and health outcomes resulting from early experiences, including early experiences with contact with the justice system. Dr. Crutchfield is also collaborating with colleagues at the University of Queensland in Brisbane Australia studying race, ethnicity, and immigration, and community efforts to control crime and to prepare for natural disasters and terrorism.
Dr. Crutchfield is a Fellow of the American Society of Criminology (ASC), and a University of Washington Distinguished Teaching Award winner. He was elected Vice-President of the ASC, Chair of the American Sociological Association's (ASA) Crime, Law, and Deviance Section, and to the Council of the ASA. He has served as a member on the National Academy of Sciences' Committee on Law and Justice, and several National Academies study panels including the Committee to Improve Research and Data on Firearms, the Committee on Assessing the Research Program of The National Institute of Justice, and the Committee on the Causes and Consequences of High Rates of Incarceration. He is currently on the Board of Directors of The Sentencing Project. Dr. Crutchfield has been on the Washington State Juvenile Sentencing Commission and the Board for the Washington State Council on Crime and Delinquency. He is a former juvenile probation officer and worked as a Parole Agent for the Pennsylvania Board of Probation and Parole. He received his B.A. in Sociology from Thiel College in Pennsylvania, and his M.A. and Ph.D. from Vanderbilt University.
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|CLAJ Vice Chair|
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| ||Sally S. Simpson|
Department of Criminology and Criminal Justice
University of Maryland
SALLY S. SIMPSON is director of C-BERC and professor of Criminology and Criminal Justice at the University of Maryland, College Park. She is principle investigator with Mark Cohen (Vanderbilt University) and Tom Loughran (Maryland) on a National Institute of Justice funded project to study the public willingness to pay for white-collar crime control. She is also examining the impact of Board of Director and Top Management Team Diversity on corporate misconduct with colleagues Debra Shapiro and Karen Beckman (Smith School of Business at UMD) and Gerald Martin (American University) on a grant funded by ADVANCE. Her research has appeared Criminology, Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, American Sociological Review, and Business Ethics Quarterly among others. Dr. Simpson is a Fellow of the American Society of Criminology and, in 2008, was named Distinguished Scholar by the Division on Women and Crime, American Society of Criminology. Simpson has served as President of the Association of Doctoral Programs in Criminology and Criminal Justice. She is former Chair of the Crime, Law, and Deviance Section of the American Sociological Association and past President of the White-Collar Crime Research Consortium. Recipient of the Herbert Bloch Award from the American Society of Criminology, in 2010 Simpson was named Woman of the Year by the President's Commission on Women's Issues at the University of Maryland. She holds a B.S. from Oregon State University, a M.A. from Washington State University, and a Ph.D. from the University of Massachusetts in sociology.
John Jay College of Criminal Justice
PREETI CHAUHAN is an associate professor in Psychology at John Jay College of Criminal Justice and the Graduate Center, City University of New York. She is also the Principal Investigator and Director of the Misdemeanor Justice Project (MJP). Dr. Chauhan has a broad interest in examining the role of macro-level factors including policies and neighborhoods that may create and sustain racial/ethnic disparities in antisocial behavior, arrests, and victimization. Her work on the MJP is aimed at informing criminal justice policy and evaluating several reform initiatives in New York City. She has over 40 peer-reviewed publications and scientific reports and has secured over $5.7 million in external funding. Dr. Chauhan has received numerous awards, including the Feliks Gross Endowment Award and the Donal E.J. McNarma Junior Faculty Award and was named a TriBeCa Disruptor Foundation Fellow. She has reviewed grants for the National Institute of Justice and the Bureau of Justice Assistance and currently serves on the editorial boards for Psychology, Public Policy, and the Law and Journal of Community Psychology. She received her B.A. in criminology and B.S. in psychology from the University of Florida and her M.A. and Ph.D. in clinical psychology from the University of Virginia. Before joining the faculty at John Jay College, she completed a pre-doctoral clinical internship at the New York Presbyterian Hospital, Weill Cornell Medical Center.
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Kimberlé W. Crenshaw
Professor of Law
School of Law
University of California, Los Angeles
KIMBERLÉ W. CRENSHAW is a professor of law at Columbia University and the University of California-Los Angeles. She is also director of the Center for Intersectionality and Social Policy Studies (CISPS) at Columbia Law School, which she founded in 2011. She is also co-founder of the African American Policy Forum. Crenshaw teaches Civil Rights and other courses in critical race studies and constitutional law. Her primary scholarly interests center on race and the law, and she was a founder and has been a leader in the intellectual movement called Critical Race Theory. In addition to race and the law, she has written in the areas of civil rights and black feminist legal theory. Crenshaw's publications include Critical Race Theory (edited by Crenshaw, et al., 1995) and Words that Wound: Critical Race Theory, Assaultive Speech and the First Amendment (with Matsuda, et al., 1993). Work on these topics has appeared in the Harvard Law Review, the National Black Law Journal, the Stanford Law Review, and the Southern California Law Review. In 2007, Professor Crenshaw was awarded the Fulbright Chair for Latin America in Brazil. In 2008, she joined the selective group of scholars awarded with an in-residence fellowship at the Center of Advanced Behavioral Studies at Stanford. In addition, she was twice named Professor of the Year at UCLA Law School and received the Lucy Terry Prince Unsung Heroine Award, presented by the Lawyers Committee on Civil Rights Under Law, for her path breaking work on black women and the law. She also received the ACLU Ira Glasser Racial Justice Fellowship in 2005-2007. Crenshaw received her J.D. from Harvard and her LL.M from the University of Wisconsin.
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| ||John J. Donohue, III|
C. Wendell and Edith M. Carlsmith Professor of Law
Stanford Law School
JOHN J. DONOHUE III is C. Wendell and Edith M. Carlsmith professor of law at Stanford University. He is well known for using empirical analysis to determine the impact of law and public policy in a wide range of areas, including examinations of the impact on crime of the death penalty, incarceration, guns, and the legalization of abortion. Other work by Dr. Donohue has explored the benefits from stronger efforts to fight racial discrimination in employment and in school funding, and examined the issues involved in the regulation of illegal substances. Before rejoining the Stanford Law School faculty in 2010, Dr. Donohue was the Leighton Homer Surbeck professor of law at Yale Law School. He recently co-authored Employment Discrimination: Law and Theory with George Rutherglen. Earlier in his career, he was a law professor at Northwestern University as well as a research fellow with the American Bar Association. Additionally, he clerked with Chief Justice T. Emmet Clarie, of the U.S. District Court of Hartford, Connecticut. He is a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and previously served as the empirical editor of the American Law and Economics Review and as president of the American Law and Economics Association and the Society for Empirical Legal Studies. He received his B.A. from Hamilton College, his J.D. from Harvard University, and his Ph.D. in economics from Yale University.
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Mark S. Johnson
Professor and Chair of the Department of Community and Family Medicine
MARK S. JOHNSON is professor and chair of the Department of Community and Family Medicine at Howard University. He has previously been the Dean of the College of Medicine at Howard University. Prior to moving to Washington DC, he was Chair of the Department of Family Medicine at NJMS. Dr. Johnson has been the President of the Association of Departments of Family Medicine. He was a member of the United States Preventive Services Task Force and the NJ Task Force for the Prevention of Obesity. He has been a reviewer for NIH, HRSA, PCORI and AHRQ. He is on the editorial board of the Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine. His research interests include obesity, health disparities, and family violence. He was a Robert Wood Johnson Clinical Scholar at UNC-Chapel Hill. He is a graduate of Coe College in Cedar Rapids, Iowa, where he earned a B.A. in Black Literature. He went to medical school at UMD (now Rutgers)-New Jersey Medical School (NJMS) where he earned an M.D. and completed his residency at the University of South Alabama Medical Center.
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|Mark A.R. Kleiman|
Professor of Public Policy
Marron Institute of Urban Management
New York University
MARK A.R. KLEIMAN is the chairman of BOTEC Analysis and a world-renowned expert in crime reduction, justice, and drug policy. In addition to his work with BOTEC, Dr. Kleiman is a Professor of Public Policy and Director of the Crime Reduction & Justice Initiative at New York University’s Marron Institute, a member of the Committee on Law and Justice of the United States National Research Council, and co-editor of the Journal of Drug Policy Analysis. For 19 years, he served as a Professor of Public Policy at UCLA’s Luskin School of Public Affairs. Previously, he taught at Harvard’s John F. Kennedy School of Government, served as a Visiting Professor at the University of Virginia Batten School, and was the first Thomas C. Schelling Professor at the University of Maryland. Dr. Kleiman was a legislative aide to Congressman Les Aspin (1974-1975) and a special assistant to Polaroid CEO Edwin Land (1975-1976). From 1977 to 1979, he was Deputy Director for Management and Director of Program Analysis for the Office of Management and Budget of the City of Boston. Between 1979 and 1983, Dr. Kleiman worked for the Office of Policy and Management Analysis in the Criminal Division of the U.S. Department of Justice. From 1982-1983, he was the director of the same office. Dr. Kleiman’s recent subject areas include methods for accommodating imperfect rational decision-making in policy, designing deterrent regimes that take advantage of positive-feedback effects, and the substitution of swiftness and predictability for severity in the criminal justice system. He is an active contributor to TV and print media, and blogs at The Reality-Based Community (www.samefacts.com). Dr. Kleiman received his B.A. in economics (honors), philosophy (honors) and political science (high honors) from Haverford College, and his M.P.P. and Ph.D. in public policy from John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University.
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James P. Lynch
Professor and Chair
Criminology and Criminal Justice Department
University of Maryland
JAMES P. LYNCH is professor and department chair of criminology and criminal justice at the University of Maryland. Dr. Lynch joined the department after serving as the director of the Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) in the United States Department of Justice. Previously he was a distinguished professor in the Department of Criminal Justice at John Jay College, City University of New York. He was a professor in the Department of Justice, Law and Society at American University from 1986 to 2005 and chair of the department from 2003 to 2005. Dr. Lynch's research focuses on victim surveys, victimization risk, the role of coercion in social control, and crime statistics. He has published four books and many articles. He was vice president of the American Society of Criminology (ASC) and served on the Committee on Law and Justice Statistics of the American Statistical Association. Dr. Lynch received his B.A. degree from Wesleyan University and his M.A. and Ph.D. in sociology from the University of Chicago.
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Associate Executive Director/Chief Operating Officer
University of Denver
KAREN MATHIS has served as associate executive director/chief operating officer of the Institute for the Advancement of the American Legal System (IAALS) at the University of Denver since 2013. In that role, she oversees IAALS’ budget, finances, human resources, marketing, communications, technology, events, research, general administration, and University relations. IAALS’ vision is an American legal system that works for all people by being accessible, fair, reliable, efficient, and accountable: a system that inspires trust, because a trusted and trustworthy legal system is essential to our democracy, our economy, and our freedom. Its mission is to forge innovative and practical solutions to problems within the American legal system. Before joining IAALS as its Associate Executive Director, she served on IAALS’ Board of Advisors since it opened its doors in 2006. The National Law Journal named her among the "50 Most Influential Women in America". Mathis was the third woman to serve as ABA president in 130 years. Her presidential initiatives were Youth at Risk, Second Season of Service, Direct Women Institute and Rule of Law. From 2000 to 2002, she was the second woman to chair of the ABA House of Delegates, the association's second-highest elected office. Mathis' extensive ABA involvement included leadership of numerous ABA entities. She chaired the General Practice, Solo and Small Firm Division; the Commission on Women in the Profession; and the Standing Committee on Membership. She served six years on the International Law Section Council and remains a liaison to the Youth at Risk Commission. She serves on the ABA Rule of Law Initiative board that oversees democracy and governance work in 50 nations, and she represents the ABA at the International Legal Assistance Consortium (ILAC) in Stockholm, Sweden. She has spoken on five continents about the future of the law, women’s place in the legal profession, and the rule of law. In 2011, she received the Margaret Brent Women Lawyers of Achievement Award, honoring outstanding women lawyers who have achieved professional excellence in their area of specialty and have actively paved the way to success for others. While on sabbatical from her law practice, Mathis served as the Executive Director of the Central European and Eurasian Legal Initiative (CEELI) Institute in Prague from 2008-2009. Mathis has long been an advocate for children and youth, serving on the Colorado Commission on Child Care and as a member of the Mile Hi Council of Girl Scouts. From 2009 to 2012, she served as the President and CEO of the nation's premier youth mentoring organization, Big Brothers Big Sisters of America, then headquartered in Philadelphia, PA. Mathis has served on the national board of Volunteers of America for six years and chairs its audit committee. She earned her law degree from the University of Colorado, School of Law and has received five honorary doctorate degrees. A member of the Colorado, Philadelphia and International Women's Forums, Mathis has been honored as an outstanding lawyer by the Denver and Colorado Bar Associations, the University of Colorado and the University of Albany, School of Law.
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|Anne Morrison Piehl|
Department of Economics
Program in Criminal Justice
Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey
ANNE MORRISON PIEHL is professor of economics and faculty affiliate of the Program in Criminal Justice at Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey and a research associate at the National Bureau of Economic Research. Her research on the economics of crime and criminal justice has been published widely, in the fields of economics, law, demography, public policy, and criminology, current work analyzes determinants of criminal sentencing outcomes, public financing issues in the funding of punishment, and the connections between immigration and crime, both historically and currently. Dr. Piehl has testified before the United States Sentencing Commission and the U.S. House of Representatives subcommittee on Immigration and served on the New Jersey Commission on Government Efficiency and Reform (GEAR) Corrections/Sentencing Task Force. She received her A.B. from Harvard University and her Ph.D. from Princeton University.
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|Daniel S. Nagin|
Teresa and H. John Heinz III Professor of Public Policy and Statistics
H.J. Heinz School of Public Policy
Carnegie Mellon University
DANIEL S. NAGIN is Teresa and H. John Heinz III University Professor of Public Policy and Statistics at the Heinz College, Carnegie Mellon University. His research focuses on the evolution of criminal and antisocial behaviors over the life course, the deterrent effect of criminal and non-criminal penalties on illegal behaviors, and the development of statistical methods for analyzing longitudinal data. He is an elected Fellow of the American Society of Criminology, American Association for the Advancement of Science, and American Academy of Political and Social Science and the recipient of the American Society of Criminology’s Edwin H Sutherland Award in 2006, the Stockholm Prize in Criminology in 2014, Carnegie Mellon University’s Alumni Distinguished Achievement Award in 2016 and the National Academy of Science Award for Scientific Reviewing in 2017. He also received his Ph.D. from the H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management, Carnegie Mellon University.
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Professor of Public Policy
Richard & Rhoda Goldman School of Public Policy
University of California, Berkeley
STEVEN RAPHAEL is a professor of public policy at UC Berkeley. His research focuses on the economics of low-wage labor markets, housing, and the economics of crime and corrections. His most recent research focuses on the social consequences of the large increases in U.S. incarceration rates. Dr. Raphael also works on immigration policy, research questions pertaining to various aspects of racial inequality, the economics of labor unions, social insurance policies, homelessness, and low-income housing. He is the author (with Michael Stoll) of Why Are so Many Americans in Prison? (published by the Russell Sage Foundation Press) and The New Scarlet Letter? Negotiating the U.S. Labor Market with a Criminal Record (published by the W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research). Dr. Raphael is also editor in chief of Industrial Relations and a research fellow at the University of Michigan National Poverty Center, the University of Chicago Crime Lab, IZA, Bonn Germany, and the Pubic Policy Institute of California. He holds a Ph.D. in economics from UC Berkeley.
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Laurie O. Robinson
Clarence J. Robinson Professor
Criminology, Law and Society
College of Humanities and Social Sciences
George Mason University
LAURIE ROBINSON is the Clarence J. Robinson Professor of Criminology, Law & Society at George Mason University. She has been involved in national criminal justice policy for more than three decades. Ms. Robinson was appointed by President Barack Obama in late 2014 to serve as co-chair of the White House Task Force on 21st Century Policing, and twice served (in the Obama and Clinton Administrations) as the Senate-confirmed, Presidentially-appointed Assistant Attorney General heading the U.S. Department of Justice’s Office of Justice Programs (OJP). She is the longest serving head of OJP, the Justice Department’s research, statistics and grants agency, in its 47-year history. Her second tenure saw a focus on science and evidence-based programming. Between her stints in government, she served as the founding director of the University of Pennsylvania’s Master of Science Program in Criminology and as a senior fellow in Penn’s Jerry Lee Center of Criminology. During her first DOJ tenure, Ms. Robinson spearheaded a substantial expansion of the federal government’s engagement with states and localities on community-based crime control and supported new innovations to address crime. Prior to joining the federal government, she was director of the American Bar Association’s Criminal Justice Section in Washington, D.C., for 14 years, and founded its Center on Juvenile Justice. Ms. Robinson received her B.A. in political science from Brown University.
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Computer Science, Electrical and Computer Engineering,
and Statistical Science
CYNTHIA RUDIN is an associate professor of computer science and electrical and computer engineering at Duke University, and directs the Prediction Analysis Lab. Her interests are in machine learning, data mining, applied statistics, and knowledge discovery (Big Data). Her application areas are in energy grid reliability, healthcare, and computational criminology. Previously, Dr. Rudin held positions at MIT, Columbia, and NYU. She is the recipient of the 2013 and 2016 INFORMS Innovative Applications in Analytics Awards, an NSF CAREER award, was named as one of the “Top 40 Under 40” by Poets and Quants in 2015, and was named by Businessinsider.com as one of the 12 most impressive professors at MIT in 2015. Her work has been featured in Businessweek, The Wall Street Journal, the New York Times, the Boston Globe, the Times of London, Fox News (Fox & Friends), the Toronto Star, WIRED Science, U.S. News and World Report, Slashdot, CIO magazine, Boston Public Radio, and on the cover of IEEE Computer. Dr. Rudin serves on committees for DARPA, the American Statistical Association, INFORMS, the National Institute of Justice, and the National Academy of Sciences. She is presently the chair of the INFORMS Data Mining Section, and will be chair-elect of the Statistical Learning and Data Science section of the American Statistical Association. She holds an undergraduate degree from the University at Buffalo where she received the College of Arts and Sciences Outstanding Senior Award in Sciences and Mathematics, and three separate outstanding senior awards from the departments of physics, music, and mathematics. She received a Ph.D. in applied and computational mathematics from Princeton University.
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|Susan B. Sorenson|
Professor of Social Policy and Practice
Director, Ph.D. Program in Social Welfare
University of Pennsylvania
SUSAN B. SORENSON is professor of social policy and practice, professor of health and societies, senior fellow in public health, director of the Evelyn Jacobs Ortner Center, and director of the Ph.D. program in social welfare at the University of Pennsylvania. She has a unique interdisciplinary background in epidemiology, sociology, and psychology. Dr. Sorenson has published widely (more than 100 publications) in the epidemiology and prevention of violence, including the areas of homicide, suicide, sexual assault, child abuse, battering, and firearms. A primary focus of her work is the social context in which violence occurs, specifically, the norms that shape whether and how violence is tolerated. Prior to her arrival at Penn in 2006, she spent more than 20 years at the UCLA School of Public Health. In addition to her academic work, Dr. Sorenson has served on the boards of directors and advisory boards of local community-based organizations, state government agencies, and university injury prevention centers. She co-founded the Violence Prevention Coalition of Greater Los Angeles, a broad coalition of agencies and individuals which continues to this day. Dr. Sorenson was a member of the National Academy of Science's Panel on Research on Violence Against Women, a consultant to President Clinton's National Advisory Council on Violence Against Women, a consultant to UNICEF's May 2000 report on Domestic Violence Against Women and Girls, a member of the advisory panel for the 2001 U.S. Surgeon General's Report on Youth Violence, and the author of a 2008 WHO report on health indicators of violence against children in low- and middle-income countries. Most recently, she was a member of the 2013 Institute of Medicine’s Committee on Priorities for a Public Health Research Agenda to Reduce the Threat of Firearm-related Violence. Dr. Sorenson received her B.S. in sociology and psychology from Iowa State University, her M.S. in psychology from the Illinois Institute of Technology, her Ph.D. in clinical psychology from the University of Cincinnati, and was a post-doctoral scholar in psychiatric epidemiology at the School of Public Health at UCLA.
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Northwestern University Medical School
LINDA A. TEPLIN is the Owen L. Coon Professor of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences at the Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, where she is also the Vice Chair of Research in the Department of Psychiatry, and Director of the Program in Health Disparities and Public Policy (formerly entitled “Psycho-Legal Studies Program”). She has done empirical studies on the criminalization of the mentally ill, epidemiologic characteristics of jail detainees and correlates of violence. Since receiving her Ph.D. from Northwestern University, she has focused on special populations seldom examined in prior studies. She conducted the first large scale epidemiologic studies of psychiatric disorders in incarcerated females and males, examining adults (1983-1995) and juveniles (1995-present). Other studies have addressed criminalization of the mentally ill, correlates of violence, patterns of crime victimization, health service utilization and HIV/AIDS risk behaviors. In addition to publishing papers in widely-disseminated professional journals, her work has been cited in reports of the Surgeon General, used in amicus briefs to the Supreme Court, presented in congressional hearings, and widely disseminated by federal agencies and advocacy groups. Her honors include the Young Scientist Award from the National Alliance for the Mentally Ill (1990), the MERIT Award from the National Institute of Mental Health (1995) and the American Psychological Association's award for "Distinguished Contributions to Research in Public Policy" (1992). Teplin is currently conducting the Northwestern Juvenile Project, the first large scale longitudinal study of health needs and outcomes of juvenile detainees. In this study, her team tracks and re-interviews 1829 youth who were initially arrested and detained between 1995 and 1998. Published papers have addressed a variety of topics: psychiatric disorders, substance abuse, health services, death rates, child maltreatment, trauma, suicidal ideation, functional impairment, and HIV/AIDS risk behaviors. Her research group is currently focusing on drug and alcohol abuse, comorbid psychiatric disorders and HIV/AIDS. Teplin received her Ph.D. from Northwestern University.
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Heather Ann Thompson
Professor of History
University of Michigan
HEATHER ANN THOMPSON is a historian at the University of Michigan, and is the Pulitzer Prize and Bancroft Prize-winning author of Blood in the Water: The Attica Prison Uprising of 1971 and its Legacy (Pantheon Books, 2016). Blood in the Water has won numerous awards and excellent reviews since its publication. She also wrote the book Whose Detroit: Politics, Labor, and Race in a Modern American City in 2001 which was republished in 2017 on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the Detroit Riot of 1967. Her commentary on that subject landed her on numerous local broadcasts, on a national news program, on CSPAN, and on two CNN documentaries. Thompson is also a public intellectual who writes extensively on the history of policing, mass incarceration and the current criminal justice system for The New York Times, Newsweek, Time, The Washington Post, Jacobin, The Atlantic, Salon, Dissent, NBC, New Labor Forum, The Daily Beast, and The Huffington Post, as well as for the top publications in her field. On the policy front Thompson served on a National Academy of Sciences panel that studied the causes and consequences of mass incarceration in the U.S. Thompson has served as well on the boards of several policy organizations including the Prison Policy Initiative, the Eastern State Penitentiary, a historic site, and on the advisory boards of Life of the Law and the Alliance of Families for Justice. In 2016, Thompson became President-elect of the Urban History Association and, in 2012 the Organization of American Historians named her a Distinguished Lecturer and, along with Rhonda Y. Williams (Case Western Reserve), she currently edits a manuscript series for UNC Press, Justice, Power, and Politics. She is also the sole editor of the series, American Social Movements of the Twentieth Century published by Routledge. She has a B.A. and M.A. in history from The University of Michigan, and a Ph.D. in American history from Princeton University.
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Bruce Western (NAS)
Professor of Sociology and Director
Department of Sociology
BRUCE WESTERN (NAS) is professor of sociology, the Daniel and Florence Guggenheim Professor of Criminal Justice Policy and Management and the director of the Malcolm Wiener Center for Social Policy at Harvard University. Before going to Harvard, Dr. Western was a member of the sociology department at Princeton University from 1993 to 2007. He has edited or authored several books including Between Class and Market: Postwar Unionization in the Capitalist Democracies (1997), Imprisoning America: The Social Effects of Mass Incarceration (edited with Mary Patillo and David Weiman, 2004), and The Great Recession (edited with David Grusky and Christopher Wimer, 2011). His 2006 book, Punishment and Inequality in America, examines the causes, scope, and consequences of the growth in incarceration rates in the United States from the 1970s to the 2000s. The book won the Albert J. Reiss Award for distinguished scholarly publication of the Crime, Law, and Deviance section of the American Sociological Association, and the Michael Hindelang Award from the American Society for Criminology. Dr. Western was a Jean Monnet Fellow at the European University Institute, a visiting fellow at the Russell Sage Foundation, a Guggenheim Fellow, and an elected member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and the National Academy of Sciences. He received his B.A. (Hons.) in government from the University of Queensland, Australia, and his Ph.D. in sociology from the University of California, Los Angeles.