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The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine
Committee on Law and Justice
Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education


CLAJ Members

CLAJ Chair Robert Crutchfield extends a warm welcome to 5 new members who joined the committee on January 1 of this year.

Shawn D. Bushway, Rockefeller College of Public Affairs and Policy, State University of New York at Albany

Cynthia Lum, Center for Evidence-Based Crime Policy, George Mason University

John M. MacDonald, Department of Criminology, University of Pennsyvania

Hon. Theodore A. McKee, Judge, U.S. Court of Appeals, Third Circuit

Paul H. Robinson, Law School, University of Pennsylvania
CLAJ Chair
Member Robert Crutchfield

Robert D. Crutchfield

Professor Emeritus
Department of Sociology

University of Washington

ROBERT D. CRUTCHFIELD is professor emeritus in the Department of Sociology at the University of Washington. He has served two terms as department chair. His research is on labor markets and crime, and race, ethnicity and the criminal justice system. Crutchfield authored Get A Job: Labor Markets, Economic Opportunity and Crime, published by New York University Press. With colleagues in the Social Development Research Group in the UW School of Social Work, he has studied racial patterns in early police contracts and differential consequences of those early experiences. Crutchfield is collaborating with colleagues at the University of Queensland in Brisbane Australia where he is an Honorary Professor in the School of Social Sciences, studying race, ethnicity, immigration, and community efforts to control crime and prepare for natural disasters and terrorism. Crutchfield is a fellow of the American Society of Criminology (ASC), and a University of Washington Distinguished Teaching Award winner. He was elected vice-president of the ASC, chair of the American Sociological Association’s (ASA) Crime, Law, and Deviance Section, and to the Council of the ASA. He served on the National Academy of Sciences, Committee on Law and Justice (CLAJ) for six years, and on several National Academies study panels including the Committee to Improve Research and Data on Firearms, the Committee on Assessing the Research Program of the National Institute of Justice, and the Committee on the Causes and Consequences of High Rates of Incarceration. Crutchfield is a National Associate of the National Research Council of the National Academy of Sciences and now chairs CLAJ. He has been on the Board of Directors of The Sentencing Project, the Washington State Juvenile Sentencing Commission and the Board for the Washington State Council on Crime and Delinquency. From 2015 to 2018 he served on the Executive Committee of the U.S. Justice Department Office of Justice Program’s Science Advisory Board. Crutchfield is a former juvenile probation officer and worked as a Parole Agent for the Pennsylvania Board of Probation and Parole. He received his B.A. in sociology from Thiel College in Pennsylvania, and his M.A. and Ph.D. from Vanderbilt University.

CLAJ Vice Chair
Member Sally Simpson Sally S. Simpson
Department of Criminology and Criminal Justice
University of Maryland

SALLY S. SIMPSON is director of C-BERC and professor of Criminology and Criminal Justice at the University of Maryland, College Park. She is principle investigator with Mark Cohen (Vanderbilt University) and Tom Loughran (Maryland) on a National Institute of Justice funded project to study the public willingness to pay for white-collar crime control. She is also examining the impact of Board of Director and Top Management Team Diversity on corporate misconduct with colleagues Debra Shapiro and Karen Beckman (Smith School of Business at UMD) and Gerald Martin (American University) on a grant funded by ADVANCE. Her research has appeared Criminology, Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, American Sociological Review, and Business Ethics Quarterly among others. Dr. Simpson is a Fellow of the American Society of Criminology and, in 2008, was named Distinguished Scholar by the Division on Women and Crime, American Society of Criminology. Simpson has served as President of the Association of Doctoral Programs in Criminology and Criminal Justice. She is former Chair of the Crime, Law, and Deviance Section of the American Sociological Association and past President of the White-Collar Crime Research Consortium. Recipient of the Herbert Bloch Award from the American Society of Criminology, in 2010 Simpson was named Woman of the Year by the President's Commission on Women's Issues at the University of Maryland. She holds a B.S. from Oregon State University, a M.A. from Washington State University, and a Ph.D. from the University of Massachusetts in sociology.
CLAJ Members
Shawn BushwayShawn D. Bushway
Rockefeller College of Public Affairs and Policy
State University of New York at Albany

SHAWN D. BUSHWAY is a professor in the Rockefeller College of Public Affairs and Policy at the State University of New York at Albany (SUNY). His research is primarily in the areas of desistance theory, labor markets and crime, and sentencing. Together with Ray Paternoster, he developed an identify theory of desistance that emphasizes the importance of agency and identity transitions that begin in response to the “feared self.” This theoretical work complemented empirical work documenting that people do in fact desist. This latter work was cited heavily in revised guidance for employers on the use of criminal records in the hiring process from the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. He recently completed the first-ever evaluation of an employment background check, and showed for the first time that negative background checks lead directly to increased involvement in the criminal justice system. Professor Bushway’s work in the field of sentencing is distinguished by the careful modeling of institutional features which characterize the sentencing process. Together with colleagues, he has showed how racial disparity can be embedded into sentencing guidelines themselves, tested whether prescriptive guidelines displace discretion from judges to prosecutors, and provided the first empirical test of the “shadow of the trial” plea model. Professor Bushway is afellow of the American Society of Criminology (ASC), a State University of New York Chancellor's Award for Excellence in Scholarship winner and a Distinguished Scholar for the American Society of Criminology’s Division on Corrections and Sentencing. He has served on the Executive Board of ASC as an Executive Counselor, and served for 9 years as a founding member of the New York State Permanent Commission on Sentencing Reform. He received his B.S. in Mathematics from the University of Notre Dame and his Ph.D. in Public Policy Analysis and Political Economy from the Heinz School of Public Policy and Management at Carnegie Mellon University.
Preeti ChauhanPreeti Chauhan
Associate Professor
John Jay College of Criminal Justice

PREETI CHAUHAN is an associate professor in Psychology at John Jay College of Criminal Justice and the Graduate Center, City University of New York. She is also the Principal Investigator and Director of the Misdemeanor Justice Project (MJP). Dr. Chauhan has a broad interest in examining the role of macro-level factors including policies and neighborhoods that may create and sustain racial/ethnic disparities in antisocial behavior, arrests, and victimization. Her work on the MJP is aimed at informing criminal justice policy and evaluating several reform initiatives in New York City. She has over 40 peer-reviewed publications and scientific reports and has secured over $5.7 million in external funding. Dr. Chauhan has received numerous awards, including the Feliks Gross Endowment Award and the Donal E.J. McNarma Junior Faculty Award and was named a TriBeCa Disruptor Foundation Fellow. She has reviewed grants for the National Institute of Justice and the Bureau of Justice Assistance and currently serves on the editorial boards for Psychology, Public Policy, and the Law and Journal of Community Psychology. She received her B.A. in criminology and B.S. in psychology from the University of Florida and her M.A. and Ph.D. in clinical psychology from the University of Virginia. Before joining the faculty at John Jay College, she completed a pre-doctoral clinical internship at the New York Presbyterian Hospital, Weill Cornell Medical Center.
 Kimberle Crenshaw
Kimberlé W. Crenshaw
Professor of Law
School of Law
University of California, Los Angeles
KIMBERLÉ W. CRENSHAW is a professor of law at Columbia University and the University of California-Los Angeles. She is also director of the Center for Intersectionality and Social Policy Studies (CISPS) at Columbia Law School, which she founded in 2011. She is also co-founder of the African American Policy Forum. Crenshaw teaches Civil Rights and other courses in critical race studies and constitutional law. Her primary scholarly interests center on race and the law, and she was a founder and has been a leader in the intellectual movement called Critical Race Theory. In addition to race and the law, she has written in the areas of civil rights and black feminist legal theory. Crenshaw's publications include Critical Race Theory (edited by Crenshaw, et al., 1995) and Words that Wound: Critical Race Theory, Assaultive Speech and the First Amendment (with Matsuda, et al., 1993). Work on these topics has appeared in the Harvard Law Review, the National Black Law Journal, the Stanford Law Review, and the Southern California Law Review. In 2007, Professor Crenshaw was awarded the Fulbright Chair for Latin America in Brazil. In 2008, she joined the selective group of scholars awarded with an in-residence fellowship at the Center of Advanced Behavioral Studies at Stanford. In addition, she was twice named Professor of the Year at UCLA Law School and received the Lucy Terry Prince Unsung Heroine Award, presented by the Lawyers Committee on Civil Rights Under Law, for her path breaking work on black women and the law. She also received the ACLU Ira Glasser Racial Justice Fellowship in 2005-2007. Crenshaw received her J.D. from Harvard and her LL.M from the University of Wisconsin.
Mark S Johnson

Mark S. Johnson

Professor and Chair of the Department of Community and Family Medicine
Howard University

MARK S. JOHNSON is professor and chair of the Department of Community and Family Medicine at Howard University. He has previously been the Dean of the College of Medicine at Howard University. Prior to moving to Washington DC, he was Chair of the Department of Family Medicine at NJMS. Dr. Johnson has been the President of the Association of Departments of Family Medicine. He was a member of the United States Preventive Services Task Force and the NJ Task Force for the Prevention of Obesity. He has been a reviewer for NIH, HRSA, PCORI and AHRQ. He is on the editorial board of the Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine. His research interests include obesity, health disparities, and family violence. He was a Robert Wood Johnson Clinical Scholar at UNC-Chapel Hill. He is a graduate of Coe College in Cedar Rapids, Iowa, where he earned a B.A. in Black Literature. He went to medical school at UMD (now Rutgers)-New Jersey Medical School (NJMS) where he earned an M.D. and completed his residency at the University of South Alabama Medical Center.

Cynthia LumCynthia Lum
Center for Evidence-Based Crime Policy
George Mason University

CYNTHIA LUM is a professor of criminology, law and society and director the Center for Evidence-Based Crime Policy at George Mason University. She researches primarily in the area of policing, technology, evidence-based crime policy, crime prevention, and translational criminology. Her works in this area include evaluating the impacts of patrol and detective activities, interventions, and technologies; understanding the translation and receptivity of research in policing; and measuring police proactivity. With Christopher Koper, Ph.D., she has developed the Evidence-Based Policing Matrix (with Cody Telep) and the Matrix Demonstration Projects, translation tools designed to help police practitioners incorporate research into their strategic and tactical portfolios. Professor Lum has served on the National Academies’ Committee on Proactive Policing and Standing Committee on Traffic Law Enforcement. She is a member of the Research Advisory Committee of the International Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP), the International Advisory Committee of the Scottish Institute for Police Research (SIPR), and John Jay College of Criminal Justice's National Misdemeanor Justice Project. She is the founding editor of Translational Criminology Magazine and the Springer Series on Translational Criminology, and served as the first North American Editor for the Oxford Journal Policing: A Journal of Policy and Practice. Professor Lum is a Fulbright Specialist in policing and criminology and is the co-director of the International Summer School for Policing Scholarship, developed with colleagues at the Scottish Institute for Policing Research and Arizona State University. She is a former Baltimore City police officer. She received a B.A. in economics and political science from the University of California Los Angeles, a M.Sc. in criminology from the London School of Economics, and a Ph.D. in criminology and criminal justice from the University of Maryland.
Member James Lynch
James P. Lynch
Professor and Chair
Criminology and Criminal Justice Department
University of Maryland
JAMES P. LYNCH is professor and department chair of criminology and criminal justice at the University of Maryland. Dr. Lynch joined the department after serving as the director of the Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) in the United States Department of Justice. Previously he was a distinguished professor in the Department of Criminal Justice at John Jay College, City University of New York. He was a professor in the Department of Justice, Law and Society at American University from 1986 to 2005 and chair of the department from 2003 to 2005. Dr. Lynch's research focuses on victim surveys, victimization risk, the role of coercion in social control, and crime statistics. He has published four books and many articles. He was vice president of the American Society of Criminology (ASC) and served on the Committee on Law and Justice Statistics of the American Statistical Association. Dr. Lynch received his B.A. degree from Wesleyan University and his M.A. and Ph.D. in sociology from the University of Chicago.
MacDonaldJohn M. MacDonald
Department of Criminology
University of Pennsylvania

JOHN M. MACDONALD is a professor of criminology and sociology, Department of Criminology, at the University of Pennsylvania. Professor MacDonald works on a variety of topics in criminology including the study of crime and violence; race and ethnic disparities in criminal justice; and the effect of public policy responses on crime. In 2012, he was awarded the David N. Kershaw Prize from the Association for Public Policy Analysis and Management for Contributions to Public Policy by Age 40. In 2017 he was elected fellow of the Academy of Experimental Criminology. His research has been published in leading scientific journals across different disciplines including the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, American Journal of Epidemiology, American Journal of Public Health, Criminology, the Economic Journal, Journal of American Statistical Association, and the Journal of Royal Statistical Society. His research has been funded by the National Institutes of Health (NIH), the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), and National Institute of Justice (NIJ). A current focus of his work is on examining how policies and programs to change the land use of places can reduce crime and violence in neighborhoods. His current CDC and NIH funded research involves a randomized community trial of the effect of vacant lot remediation and stabilization on violence and injury outcomes and a randomized trial of abandoned housing remediation on substance abuse and violence. He is also active in studying racial disparities in criminal justice processing, and ways to reduce these disparities through policy and program reforms. He received a B.A. in political science, as well as a M.A. and Ph.D. in criminology from the University of Maryland.
Karen Mathis

Karen Mathis

Past President
American Bar Association

KAREN MATHIS recently served as associate executive director/chief operating officer of the Institute for the Advancement of the American Legal System (IAALS) at the University of Denver since 2013. In that role, she oversees IAALS’ budget, finances, human resources, marketing, communications, technology, events, research, general administration, and University relations. IAALS’ vision is an American legal system that works for all people by being accessible, fair, reliable, efficient, and accountable: a system that inspires trust, because a trusted and trustworthy legal system is essential to our democracy, our economy, and our freedom. Its mission is to forge innovative and practical solutions to problems within the American legal system. Before joining IAALS as its Associate Executive Director, she served on IAALS’ Board of Advisors since it opened its doors in 2006. The National Law Journal named her among the "50 Most Influential Women in America". Mathis was the third woman to serve as ABA president in 130 years. Her presidential initiatives were Youth at Risk, Second Season of Service, Direct Women Institute and Rule of Law. From 2000 to 2002, she was the second woman to chair of the ABA House of Delegates, the association's second-highest elected office. Mathis' extensive ABA involvement included leadership of numerous ABA entities. She chaired the General Practice, Solo and Small Firm Division; the Commission on Women in the Profession; and the Standing Committee on Membership. She served six years on the International Law Section Council and remains a liaison to the Youth at Risk Commission. She serves on the ABA Rule of Law Initiative board that oversees democracy and governance work in 50 nations, and she represents the ABA at the International Legal Assistance Consortium (ILAC) in Stockholm, Sweden. She has spoken on five continents about the future of the law, women’s place in the legal profession, and the rule of law. In 2011, she received the Margaret Brent Women Lawyers of Achievement Award, honoring outstanding women lawyers who have achieved professional excellence in their area of specialty and have actively paved the way to success for others. While on sabbatical from her law practice, Mathis served as the Executive Director of the Central European and Eurasian Legal Initiative (CEELI) Institute in Prague from 2008-2009. Mathis has long been an advocate for children and youth, serving on the Colorado Commission on Child Care and as a member of the Mile Hi Council of Girl Scouts. From 2009 to 2012, she served as the President and CEO of the nation's premier youth mentoring organization, Big Brothers Big Sisters of America, then headquartered in Philadelphia, PA. Mathis has served on the national board of Volunteers of America for six years and chairs its audit committee. She earned her law degree from the University of Colorado, School of Law and has received five honorary doctorate degrees. A member of the Colorado, Philadelphia and International Women's Forums, Mathis has been honored as an outstanding lawyer by the Denver and Colorado Bar Associations, the University of Colorado and the University of Albany, School of Law.

Judge McKeeThe Honorable Theodore A. McKee
U.S. Court of Appeals, Third Circuit

JUDGE THEODORE A. MCKEE was sworn in as a judge of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit on June 20, 1994. He became Chief Judge of the Third Circuit Court of Appeals in May, 2010, and served in that capacity until September, 2016. He is the fourth African American to serve on the Third Circuit bench. He graduated magna cum laude from Syracuse College of Law in 1975 and began his legal career at a large law firm in Philadelphia. He left the firm in 1977 to become an Assistant U.S. Attorney for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania. This was the beginning of a career in public service. His service on the U.S. Court of Appeals includes serving as a member of the Third Circuit Task Force on Equal Treatment in the Courts and co-chairing the Commission on Racial and Ethnic Bias of the Task Force. He also serves as the co-chair of the Third Circuit Task Force on Eyewitness Identification; a task force he appointed while Chief Judge of the court to improve the accuracy of eyewitness identification testimony in an effort to address problems of erroneous convictions resulting from such testimony. McKee also frequently serves on panels discussing subliminal bias in the judiciary and he often lectures on that topic. McKee is active in the community and has served on the board of directors of several nonprofit organizations. He has been a trustee of Temple University, an advisor to the American Law Institute's Committee on Revising the Model Penal Code, and a member of the ABA Commission on Effective Criminal Sanctions. He has also served on the Council of the Criminal Justice Section of the ABA. McKee is currently a member of the board of the VERA Institute of Justice and serves on VERA’s Research Advisory Board. He has been a member of VERA's Stop and Frisk Task Force Review Group, and was an original member of the advisory board of City Year of Greater Philadelphia. In addition to serving on Syracuse University's Board of Trustees, McKee is a member of the College of Law Advisory. He received a J.D. from Syracuse College of Law.
Member Steven RaphaelSteven Raphael
Professor of Public Policy
Richard & Rhoda Goldman School of Public Policy
University of California, Berkeley

STEVEN RAPHAEL is a professor of public policy at UC Berkeley. His research focuses on the economics of low-wage labor markets, housing, and the economics of crime and corrections. His most recent research focuses on the social consequences of the large increases in U.S. incarceration rates. Dr. Raphael also works on immigration policy, research questions pertaining to various aspects of racial inequality, the economics of labor unions, social insurance policies, homelessness, and low-income housing. He is the author (with Michael Stoll) of Why Are so Many Americans in Prison? (published by the Russell Sage Foundation Press) and The New Scarlet Letter? Negotiating the U.S. Labor Market with a Criminal Record (published by the W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research). Dr. Raphael is also editor in chief of Industrial Relations and a research fellow at the University of Michigan National Poverty Center, the University of Chicago Crime Lab, IZA, Bonn Germany, and the Pubic Policy Institute of California. He holds a Ph.D. in economics from UC Berkeley.
Member Laurie Robinson
Laurie O. Robinson
Clarence J. Robinson Professor
Criminology, Law and Society
College of Humanities and Social Sciences
George Mason University
LAURIE ROBINSON is the Clarence J. Robinson Professor of Criminology, Law & Society at George Mason University. She has been involved in national criminal justice policy for more than three decades. Ms. Robinson was appointed by President Barack Obama in late 2014 to serve as co-chair of the White House Task Force on 21st Century Policing, and twice served (in the Obama and Clinton Administrations) as the Senate-confirmed, Presidentially-appointed Assistant Attorney General heading the U.S. Department of Justice’s Office of Justice Programs (OJP). She is the longest serving head of OJP, the Justice Department’s research, statistics and grants agency, in its 47-year history. Her second tenure saw a focus on science and evidence-based programming. Between her stints in government, she served as the founding director of the University of Pennsylvania’s Master of Science Program in Criminology and as a senior fellow in Penn’s Jerry Lee Center of Criminology. During her first DOJ tenure, Ms. Robinson spearheaded a substantial expansion of the federal government’s engagement with states and localities on community-based crime control and supported new innovations to address crime. Prior to joining the federal government, she was director of the American Bar Association’s Criminal Justice Section in Washington, D.C., for 14 years, and founded its Center on Juvenile Justice. Ms. Robinson received her B.A. in political science from Brown University.
Paul RobinsonPaul H. Robinson
Colin S. Diver Professor of Law
Law School
University of Pennsylvania

PAUL H. ROBINSON is the Colin S. Diver Professor of Law at the University of Pennslyvania Law School. He is one of the world’s leading criminal law scholars. Robinson has published 17 books and articles in virtually all of the top law reviews, lectured in more than 100 cities in 34 states and 27 countries, and had his writings appear in 13 languages. He is a former federal prosecutor and was counsel for the U.S. Senate Subcommittee on Criminal Laws and Procedure when the U.S. Sentencing Commission promulgated the current federal sentencing guidelines. He is the author or editor of 17 books, including the standard lawyer’s reference on criminal law defenses, three Oxford monographs on criminal law theory, a highly regarded criminal law treatise, and an innovative case studies course book. He is the lead editor of Criminal Law Conversations (Oxford), a debate involving more than 100 scholars from around the world, and the author of Intuitions of Justice and the Utility of Desert (Oxford, also in Chinese); Distributive Principles of Criminal Law (Oxford, also in Spanish and Chinese); and Structure and Function in Criminal Law (Oxford, also in Chinese). Robinson recently completed three criminal code reform projects in the United States and the first modern Islamic penal code under the auspices of the U.N. Development Program. He also writes for general audiences, including popular books such as Would You Convict? (NYU), Law Without Justice (Oxford), Pirates, Prisoners, and Lepers: Lessons from Life Outside the Law (Potomac, also in Chinese), Shadow Vigilantes (Prometheus), Crimes That Changed Our World: Tragedy, Outrage & Reform (Rowman & Littlefield), and Mapping American Criminal Law (Praeger). He received a B.S. from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, a J.D. from the University of California at Los Angeles, a LL.M. from Harvard University, and a Diploma in Legal Studies, Cambridge University Law Faculty, England.
Member Cynthia Rudin

Cynthia Rudin
Associate Professor
Computer Science, Electrical and Computer Engineering,
   and Statistical Science

Duke University


CYNTHIA RUDIN is an associate professor of computer science and electrical and computer engineering at Duke University, and directs the Prediction Analysis Lab. Her interests are in machine learning, data mining, applied statistics, and knowledge discovery (Big Data). Her application areas are in energy grid reliability, healthcare, and computational criminology. Previously, Dr. Rudin held positions at MIT, Columbia, and NYU. She is the recipient of the 2013 and 2016 INFORMS Innovative Applications in Analytics Awards, an NSF CAREER award, was named as one of the “Top 40 Under 40” by Poets and Quants in 2015, and was named by as one of the 12 most impressive professors at MIT in 2015. Her work has been featured in Businessweek, The Wall Street Journal, the New York Times, the Boston Globe, the Times of London, Fox News (Fox & Friends), the Toronto Star, WIRED Science, U.S. News and World Report, Slashdot, CIO magazine, Boston Public Radio, and on the cover of IEEE Computer. Dr. Rudin serves on committees for DARPA, the American Statistical Association, INFORMS, the National Institute of Justice, and the National Academy of Sciences. She is presently the chair of the INFORMS Data Mining Section, and will be chair-elect of the Statistical Learning and Data Science section of the American Statistical Association. She holds an undergraduate degree from the University at Buffalo where she received the College of Arts and Sciences Outstanding Senior Award in Sciences and Mathematics, and three separate outstanding senior awards from the departments of physics, music, and mathematics. She received a Ph.D. in applied and computational mathematics from Princeton University.

Member Susan SorensonSusan B. Sorenson
Professor of Social Policy and Practice
Director, Ph.D. Program in Social Welfare
University of Pennsylvania

SUSAN B. SORENSON is professor of social policy and practice, professor of health and societies, senior fellow in public health, director of the Evelyn Jacobs Ortner Center, and director of the Ph.D. program in social welfare at the University of Pennsylvania. She has a unique interdisciplinary background in epidemiology, sociology, and psychology. Dr. Sorenson has published widely (more than 100 publications) in the epidemiology and prevention of violence, including the areas of homicide, suicide, sexual assault, child abuse, battering, and firearms. A primary focus of her work is the social context in which violence occurs, specifically, the norms that shape whether and how violence is tolerated. Prior to her arrival at Penn in 2006, she spent more than 20 years at the UCLA School of Public Health. In addition to her academic work, Dr. Sorenson has served on the boards of directors and advisory boards of local community-based organizations, state government agencies, and university injury prevention centers. She co-founded the Violence Prevention Coalition of Greater Los Angeles, a broad coalition of agencies and individuals which continues to this day. Dr. Sorenson was a member of the National Academy of Science's Panel on Research on Violence Against Women, a consultant to President Clinton's National Advisory Council on Violence Against Women, a consultant to UNICEF's May 2000 report on Domestic Violence Against Women and Girls, a member of the advisory panel for the 2001 U.S. Surgeon General's Report on Youth Violence, and the author of a 2008 WHO report on health indicators of violence against children in low- and middle-income countries. Most recently, she was a member of the 2013 Institute of Medicine’s Committee on Priorities for a Public Health Research Agenda to Reduce the Threat of Firearm-related Violence. Dr. Sorenson received her B.S. in sociology and psychology from Iowa State University, her M.S. in psychology from the Illinois Institute of Technology, her Ph.D. in clinical psychology from the University of Cincinnati, and was a post-doctoral scholar in psychiatric epidemiology at the School of Public Health at UCLA.
Linda Teplin
Linda Teplin
Northwestern University Medical School
LINDA A. TEPLIN is the Owen L. Coon Professor of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences at the Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, where she is also the Vice Chair of Research in the Department of Psychiatry, and Director of the Program in Health Disparities and Public Policy (formerly entitled “Psycho-Legal Studies Program”). She has done empirical studies on the criminalization of the mentally ill, epidemiologic characteristics of jail detainees and correlates of violence. Since receiving her Ph.D. from Northwestern University, she has focused on special populations seldom examined in prior studies. She conducted the first large scale epidemiologic studies of psychiatric disorders in incarcerated females and males, examining adults (1983-1995) and juveniles (1995-present). Other studies have addressed criminalization of the mentally ill, correlates of violence, patterns of crime victimization, health service utilization and HIV/AIDS risk behaviors. In addition to publishing papers in widely-disseminated professional journals, her work has been cited in reports of the Surgeon General, used in amicus briefs to the Supreme Court, presented in congressional hearings, and widely disseminated by federal agencies and advocacy groups. Her honors include the Young Scientist Award from the National Alliance for the Mentally Ill (1990), the MERIT Award from the National Institute of Mental Health (1995) and the American Psychological Association's award for "Distinguished Contributions to Research in Public Policy" (1992). Teplin is currently conducting the Northwestern Juvenile Project, the first large scale longitudinal study of health needs and outcomes of juvenile detainees. In this study, her team tracks and re-interviews 1829 youth who were initially arrested and detained between 1995 and 1998. Published papers have addressed a variety of topics: psychiatric disorders, substance abuse, health services, death rates, child maltreatment, trauma, suicidal ideation, functional impairment, and HIV/AIDS risk behaviors. Her research group is currently focusing on drug and alcohol abuse, comorbid psychiatric disorders and HIV/AIDS. Teplin received her Ph.D. from Northwestern University.
Heather Ann Thompson

Heather Ann Thompson
Professor of History
University of Michigan


HEATHER ANN THOMPSON is a historian at the University of Michigan, and is the Pulitzer Prize and Bancroft Prize-winning author of Blood in the Water: The Attica Prison Uprising of 1971 and its Legacy (Pantheon Books, 2016). Blood in the Water has won numerous awards and excellent reviews since its publication. She also wrote the book Whose Detroit: Politics, Labor, and Race in a Modern American City in 2001 which was republished in 2017 on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the Detroit Riot of 1967. Her commentary on that subject landed her on numerous local broadcasts, on a national news program, on CSPAN, and on two CNN documentaries. Thompson is also a public intellectual who writes extensively on the history of policing, mass incarceration and the current criminal justice system for The New York Times, Newsweek, Time, The Washington Post, Jacobin, The Atlantic, Salon, Dissent, NBC, New Labor Forum, The Daily Beast, and The Huffington Post, as well as for the top publications in her field. On the policy front Thompson served on a National Academy of Sciences panel that studied the causes and consequences of mass incarceration in the U.S. Thompson has served as well on the boards of several policy organizations including the Prison Policy Initiative, the Eastern State Penitentiary, a historic site, and on the advisory boards of Life of the Law and the Alliance of Families for Justice. In 2016, Thompson became President-elect of the Urban History Association and, in 2012 the Organization of American Historians named her a Distinguished Lecturer and, along with Rhonda Y. Williams (Case Western Reserve), she currently edits a manuscript series for UNC Press, Justice, Power, and Politics. She is also the sole editor of the series, American Social Movements of the Twentieth Century published by Routledge. She has a B.A. and M.A. in history from The University of Michigan, and a Ph.D. in American history from Princeton University.

Member Bruce Western

Bruce Western (NAS)
Professor of  Sociology and Director
Department of Sociology
Harvard University

BRUCE WESTERN (NAS) is professor of sociology and co-director of the Justice Lab at Columbia University. Western's research examines trends in American economic inequality and the growth of the US penal population. These topics are joined by an interest in the shifting landscape of American poverty over the last 40 years. He is the author of Punishment and Inequality in America (2007) and served as Vice-Chair of a consensus panel of the National Academy of Sciences on the causes and consequences of high rates of incarceration in the United States. His new book is called Homeward: Life in the Year After Prison (2018). Western is a Guggenheim Fellow, a Radcliffe Fellow, and an elected member of the American Academy of Arts and Science and the National Academies of Science. He received his B.A. in government from the University of Queensland, Australia, and his Ph.D. in sociology from the University of California, Los Angeles.


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