Skip to Main Content
The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine
Committee on Population
Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education
Recent Fertility Trends in Sub-Saharan Africa
Workshop Summary

Fertility Trends cover 
View, buy or download:



Workshop Highlights

Fertility Highlights

French Translation of the Report

Fertility Trends French Cover


 This report is the summary of a workshop held in June 2015 that explored the determinants and consequences of fertility trends in sub-Saharan Africa to better understand factors that may explain the pace of fertility decline in the region. The workshop was organized to explore fertility trends, their proximate determinants, the status and impact of family planning programs, and prospects for further reducing fertility.

Fertility rates in many sub-Saharan African countries are high: the total fertility rate (TFR) for the region is estimated to be 5.1 births per woman, and rates that had begun to decline in some countries in the region have stalled. By comparison, fertility rates in developing nations in Asia and Latin America declined more rapidly during the 1970s and are currently 2.5 and 2.2 births per woman, respectively. High rates of fertility in the sub-Saharan African countries contribute to continued rapid population growth: the United Nations projects that the region’s population will increase by 1.2 billion by 2050, the highest growth among the regions for which there are projections.

Fertility rates and population growth may influence economic development. Slower population growth may provide a window of opportunity for economic growth. However, to the extent that this relationship exists, for many sub-Saharan African nations, this window has not yet opened because fertility rates have not declined as rapidly there as elsewhere.

Sponsors: Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, David and Lucille Packard Foundation, and William and Flora Hewlett Foundation

Special Session: Dissemination of Results on Recent Fertility Trends in Sub-Saharan Africa Workshop

Institut Supérieur des Sciences de la Population (ISSP)
Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
July 22, 2016

Agenda (English/French)

Cheikh Mbacké - General presentation of the report (French)

Gervais Beninguisse, IFORD (Institut de Formation et de Recherche Demographiques)Discussion of the two first parts of the report (French)

Mouftaou Amadou Sanni, École Nationale Statistique, Planification et Démographie (ENSPD), Université de ParakouDiscussion of the two last parts of the report (French)



CPOP Home About CPOP CPOP Mission CPOP Members CPOP Staff News and Events Upcoming Events Newsletter Our Work Workshop on Forced Migration Research: From Theory to Practice in Promoting Migrant Well-Being Expert Meeting on Understanding the Effects of Intersectionality on Sexual and Gender Minorities Planning Meeting on Work, the Workplace, and Aging Rising Midlife Mortality Rates and Socioeconomic Disparities Understanding the Status and Well-Being of Sexual and Gender Diverse Populations Publications CPOP Reports Work With Us Our Study Process Study Process Brochure Getting to Know the Committee Process Overview for Sponsors Guide for Study Sponsors