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The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine
Committee on Population
Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education
Mortality and Health
Featured Reports
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U.S. Health in International Perspective: Shorter Lives, Poorer Health


American’s life expectancy and health have improved over the past century but these gains have lagged behind those in other high-income countries even though the United States spends far more per person on health care than any other nation.









Measuring the Risks and Causes of Premature DeathSummary of Workshops  (CPOP,HCS)

Measuring the Risks and Causes of Premature Death is the summary of two workshops conducted by The Committee on Population of the National Research Council at the National Academies to address the... Read more

The Continuing Epidemiological Transition in Sub-Saharan AfricaA Workshop Summary  (CPOP)

Among the poorest and least developed regions in the world, sub-Saharan Africa has long faced a heavy burden of disease, with malaria, tuberculosis, and, more recently, HIV being among the most... Read more

Explaining Divergent Levels of Longevity in High-Income Countries  (CPOP)

During the last 25 years, life expectancy at age 50 in the United States has been rising, but at a slower pace than in many other high-income countries, such as Japan and Australia. This difference is... Read more

International Differences in Mortality at Older AgesDimensions and Sources  (CPOP)

In 1950 men and women in the United States had a combined life expectancy of 68.9 years, the 12th highest life expectancy at birth in the world. Today, life expectancy is up to 79.2 years, yet the... Read more

Child Health in Complex Emergencies  (CPOP)

Addressing the health needs of children in complex emergencies is critical to the success of relief efforts and requires coordinated and effective interventions. However, little systematic work has... Read more

Critical Perspectives on Racial and Ethnic Differences in Health in Late Life  (CPOP)

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Understanding Racial and Ethnic Differences in Health in Late LifeA Research Agenda  (CPOP)

As the population of older Americans grows, it is becoming more racially and ethnically diverse. Differences in health by racial and ethnic status could be increasingly consequential for health... Read more

Cities TransformedDemographic Change and Its Implications in the Developing World  (CPOP)

Virtually all of the growth in the world’s population for the foreseeable future will take place in the cities and towns of the developing world. Over the next twenty years, most developing... Read more

Emerging Issues in Hispanic HealthSummary of a Workshop  (CPOP,CSES)

Hispanics are defined as people of Spanish-speaking origin from Latin America, the Caribbean, or Europe. Hispanics vary in terms of socioeconomic status, race, religion and/or more. A common... Read more

Forced Migration and Mortality  (CPOP)

Understanding Mortality Patterns in Complex Humanitarian Emergencies Charles B. Keely, Holly E. Reed, and Ronald J. Waldman Appendix: Five Illustrations of Uncertainty: Mortality in... Read more

The Consequences of Maternal Morbidity and Maternal MortalityReport of a Workshop  (CBASSE)

COMMITTEE ON POPULATION - 1998 JANE MENKEN (Chair), Institute of Behavioral Sciences, University of Colorado, Boulder CAROLINE H. BLEDSOE, Department of Anthropology, Northwestern... Read more

From Death to BirthMortality Decline and Reproductive Change  (CBASSE)

The last 35 years or so have witnessed a dramatic shift in the demography of many developing countries. Before 1960, there were substantial improvements in life expectancy, but fertility declines were... Read more

Premature Death in the New Independent States  (CBASSE)

In recent years there have been alarming reports of rapid decreases in life expectancy in the New Independent States (former members of the Soviet Union). To help assess priorities for health policy,... Read more

Racial and Ethnic Differences in the Health of Older Americans  (CBASSE)

Older Americans, even the oldest, can now expect to live years longer than those who reached the same ages even a few decades ago. Although survival has improved for all racial and ethnic groups,... Read more

Preventing and Mitigating AIDS in Sub-Saharan AfricaResearch and Data Priorities for the Social and Behavioral Sciences  (CBASSE)

The AIDS epidemic in Sub-Saharan Africa continues to affect all facets of life throughout the subcontinent. Deaths related to AIDS have driven down the life expectancy rate of residents in Zambia,... Read more

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