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The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine
Members and Staff

Members and Staff  

Member Biographies



Frederick R. Chang (NAE) is the executive director of the Darwin Deason Institute for Cyber Security; the Bobby B. Lyle Centennial Distinguished Chair in Cyber Security; and professor in the Department of Computer Science and Engineering in the Lyle School of Engineering at Southern Methodist University (SMU). He is also a senior fellow in the John Goodwin Tower Center for Political Studies in SMU’s Dedman College. Additionally, Dr. Chang’s career spans service in the private sector and in government including as the former director of research at the National Security Agency (NSA). Dr. Chang received his B.A. from the University of California, San Diego and his M.A. and Ph.D. from the University of Oregon. He also completed the senior executive program at the Sloan School of Management at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He has served as a member of the Commission on Cybersecurity for the 44th Presidency and as a member of the Computer Science and Telecommunications Board of the National Academies. Dr. Chang is a member of the National Academy of Engineering (2016) and he was awarded the NSA Director's Distinguished Service Medal.

Robert C. Dynes (NAS) is a professor of physics at the University of California, San Diego (UCSD). He was the 18th president of the University of California, from 2003 to 2008. A first-generation college graduate and a distinguished physicist, Dr. Dynes served as the sixth chancellor of UCSD’s campus from 1996 to 2003. He came to UCSD in 1990 after a 22-year career at AT&T Bell Laboratories, where he served as department head of semiconductor and material physics research and director of chemical physics research. His numerous scientific honors include the 1990 Fritz London Award in Low Temperature Physics, his election to the National Academy of Sciences in 1989 and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1994. While serving as president of the University of California, Dr. Dynes was also a professor of physics at University of California, Berkeley. He directed a laboratory that focused on superconductivity and incorporated postdoctoral and graduate students, as well as undergraduates, in physics and materials science. As a professor of physics at UCSD, he founded an interdisciplinary laboratory where chemists, electrical engineers, and private industry researchers investigated the properties of metals, semiconductors and superconductors. He subsequently became chair of the Department of Physics and then senior vice chancellor for academic affairs. Since leaving the UC presidency in June 2008, Dr. Dynes has joined the boards of Argonne National Laboratory, the review panel for the Canadian Foundation for Innovation, the Helmholtz Foundation in Germany and the San Diego Foundation. He previously chaired a National Academy of Sciences study on advanced radiation detectors; the study’s report was given to the Department of Homeland Security in March 2009. Dr. Dynes has since rejoined UCSD as a professor in the UCSD Department of Physics. Active in the national scientific arena, he is a fellow of the American Physical Society, the Canadian Institute for Advanced Research and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. He has served on the executive committee of the U.S. Council on Competitiveness, the California Commission for Jobs and Economic Growth and the Governor’s Nurse Education Initiative Task Force. He is a fellow of the California Council on Science and Technology and a member of the Business-Higher Education Forum. A native of London, Ontario, Canada, and a naturalized United States citizen, Dr. Dynes holds a B.S. in mathematics and physics and an honorary doctor of laws degree from the University of Western Ontario and M.S. and Ph.D. in physics and an honorary doctor of science degree from McMaster University. He also holds an honorary doctorate from L’Université de Montréal.  




Joel Brenner is a senior research fellow at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, where his recent work concerns international conflict in the gray zone between war and peace and the protection of the electronic networks that control critical infrastruc­ture such as energy, finance, and telecommunications. Mr. Brenner is also a lawyer, writer, and teacher specializing in cybersecurity policy, intelligence law, and the regulation of sensitive cross-border transactions. As a lawyer, he has represented companies and individuals in a wide variety of matters including foreign acquisitions with national security implications, the law governing network operations, the liability of foreign governments, export controls, and internal corporate and government investigations. In 2009-2010, he was senior counsel at the National Security Agency (NSA), advising Agency leadership on the public-private effort to create better internet security. From 2006 until 2009, he was the head of U.S. counterintelligence under the Director of National Intelligence, responsible for integrating the counterintelli­gence activities of 17 departments and agencies with intelligence authori­ties, including the FBI and CIA and elements of the Departments of Defense, Energy, and Homeland Security. From 2002 – 2006, Mr. Brenner was NSA’s inspector general, responsible for that agency’s top-secret internal audits and investigations. He has also served as a prosecutor in the Department of Justice’s Anti­trust Division and has extensive trial and arbitration experience in private practice. Mr. Brenner is a director of Nokia of America Corporation. He holds a B.A. from the University of Wisconsin-Madison, a J.D. from the Harvard Law School, and a Ph.D. from the London School of Economics. He is a member of the American Bar Association’s standing committee on Law and National Secu­rity. He has written about intelligence oversight and presidential authority to suspend or prohibit foreign takeovers of U.S. firms, and is often quoted in the national media on cyber security and intelligence issues. He was awarded the Intelligence Community Achievement Medal in 2009. Mr. Brenner is the author of America The Vulnerable: Inside the New Threat Matrix of Digital Espionage, Crime and Warfare, now in paperback as Glass Houses: Privacy, Secrecy, and Cyber Insecurity in a Transparent World.


Robert A. Brodowski graduated from the Georgia Institute of Technology with a B.S. in Aerospace Engineering and from the Florida Institute of Technology with an MBA. Mr. Brodowski is currently the Portfolio Director, National Space Programs at the MITRE Corporation in McLean, VA. Mr. Brodowski previously held senior positions in the CIA, in NASA and in the aerospace industry. He was selected for membership on this board because of his Intelligence Community experience, his involvement and knowledge of large, complex technical systems, and his broad background in advanced technologies.


Robert Cardillo is the president of The Cardillo Group, LLC. Founded in May 2019, The Cardillo Group delivers strategic and operational consultation services dedicated to the growth and development of the intelligence profession in defense of the American way of life. Until February 2019, Mr. Cardillo was the sixth director of the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA). In that position, he led NGA under the authorities of the secretary of defense and the director of national intelligence to transform the agency’s future value proposition through innovative partnerships with the growing commercial geospatial industry. Prior to that assignment, Mr. Cardillo served as the first deputy director for intelligence integration, Office of the Director of National Intelligence, from 2010 to 2014. That senior position included managing, editing and delivering the President’s Daily Brief (over 1400 editions), being a member of the Deputies Committee on the National Security Council, overseeing the National Intelligence Council and the National Intelligence Managers. Mr. Cardillo served as the deputy director of the Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA) and the deputy director for analysis, DIA, from 2006 to 2010. In the summer of 2009, Mr. Cardillo served as the acting J2, a first for a civilian, in support of the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. Before he moved back to DIA, Mr. Cardillo led Analysis and Production as well as Source Operations & Management at NGA from 2002 to 2006. Mr. Cardillo earned a B.A. in government from Cornell University in 1983 and a M.A. in national security studies from Georgetown University in 1988. In 2019, he received an honorary doctorate of humane letters from Saint Louis University. Mr. Cardillo has been awarded the Presidential Rank of Distinguished Executive (twice), the Presidential Rank of Meritorious Executive, the Director of National Intelligence Distinguished Service Medal (twice), the Secretary of Defense Distinguished Service Medal (twice) and the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Joint Meritorious Civilian Service Award.


Tomás Díaz de la Rubia is the executive vice president for research and partnerships at Oklahoma State University. Prior to this, he was chief scientist and executive director of the Purdue University Discovery Park. Prior to joining Purdue, he was the innovation leader and a director in the energy and resources industry practice at Deloitte Consulting LLP. Prior to joining Deloitte in 2013, Dr. Díaz de la Rubia served as the chief research officer (CRO, 2008-2012) and deputy director for science and technology (DDST, 2010-2012) at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), where he was the top executive responsible for the science and technology foundations of the laboratory’s $1.5 billion program. Reporting to the laboratory director, his role was to translate the director’s executive vision and mission priorities into the research function of the laboratory. Dr. Díaz de la Rubia was the lead executive responsible for managing and expanding the laboratory’s academic partnerships, its scientific talent management and acquisition strategy, its research integrity and compliance office, and for expanding its industrial partnerships and licensing and royalty revenue streams. He also led the efforts to launch the Livermore Valley Open Campus, a center from which to deliver laboratory technologies to the private sector. Dr. Díaz de la Rubia participated in many high-priority basic science, energy, defense and other government technology programs and conducted business with the Department of Energy, Department of Defense, Department of Homeland Security, and the intelligence community. During his tenure as CRO and DDST, LLNL’s leading science and technology indicators all saw significant growth. LLNL garnered a record 22 R&D 100 awards; launched tens of millions of dollars of new programs with government organizations such as DOE Office of Science, DOD, DARPA, the intelligence community, NIH, and also with the private sector; increased its scientific publication, patents and licensing output by 20%; had a new element, Livermorium (element 116), discovered by LLNL and Russian scientists named in the periodic table by the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry; and more than doubled the number of post-doctoral research associates. From 2002 to 2009, Dr. Díaz de la Rubia was an associate director at LLNL and led the chemistry, materials science, life sciences, and energy and environmental sciences organizations. In this role, Dr. Díaz de la Rubia led a workforce of up to 900, including 500 scientists and engineers across a diverse set of technical disciplines, and was responsible for all aspects of the effective operation of the directorates. During this period, Dr. Diaz de la Rubia and his team launched many new basic and applied science initiatives and created multiple cross-disciplinary centers of scientific excellence focused on nanotechnology, advanced materials, systems biology, and computational science. He also led the laboratory’s $60 million basic materials science, chemistry and biology programs with the Department of Energy’s Office of Science. Dr. Díaz de la Rubia has published more than 150 peer-reviewed articles in the scientific and technical literature and has co-edited several books and conference proceedings. His work has been cited more than 5,800 times and his academic index is 43. He is an elected Fellow of the American Physical Society (2002) and of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (2007), and served as an elected member of the board of directors of the Materials Research Society between 2002 and 2005. He was the vice chair (chair elect) of the Division of Computational Physics of the American Physical Society in 2008. He holds both a B.S. degree (summa cum laude) and a Ph.D. in physics from The State University of New York, Albany.


Robert A. Fein is a psychologist at the McLean Hospital and Harvard Medical School and is a principal consultant with The Metis Group. He has spent the last thirty-five years working to understand and prevent targeted violence, such as assassination, workplace violence, stalking, school violence, and terrorist attacks. For more than 20 years, he worked with the United States Secret Service. He reviewed and consulted on several hundred protective intelligence cases concerning the assessment and management of persons who might present harm to the President and other national leaders. He co-directed two major Secret Service operational studies of targeted violence: one on assassination and the other on school attacks. Since September 11, 2001, he has worked with defense and intelligence agencies on projects concerning antiterrorism and counterintelligence. He received his Ph.D. in clinical psychology and public practice from Harvard.


Miriam E. John has served as an independent consultant in various consulting and board roles since her retirement as vice president of Sandia’s California Laboratory in Livermore, California. During her career at Sandia, she worked on a wide variety of programs, including nuclear weapons, chemical, and biological defense; missile defense; and solar energy. Dr. John also provided leadership for a number of the laboratory’s energy, national security, and homeland security programs. She is a member of Department of Defense’s Defense Science Board and vice chair of its Threat Reduction Advisory Committee. She was appointed a National Associate of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine and is the recipient of the Navy’s Superior Public Service Award in recognition of her leadership and studies for the Academies’ Naval Studies Board. Dr. John is a member of the board of advisors for MIT Lincoln Laboratory, the board of directors for Draper Laboratory, the board of directors for the National Institute for Hometown Security, the board of directors for the Missions Committee of the Los Alamos, the board of directors for Lawrence Livermore National Security LLCs, and the board of directors of Leidos, Inc., (formerly SAIC). She is a senior fellow and past chair of the California Council on Science and Technology. She is a member of the AAAS Committee on Science and Engineering Public Policy (COSEPP). Dr. John is a member of the Dean’s Advisory Board for the School of Science and Engineering and chairs the advisory board for the Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering at Tulane University, where she has been recognized as an outstanding alumna. Dr. John has co-authored dozens of reports and technical papers through her various affiliations covering topics associated with nuclear weapons and survivability, chemical and biological defense, cyber security and energy systems.


Anita K. Jones (NAE) is a professor emerita in the School of Engineering and Applied Science at the University of Virginia. She received her Ph.D. in computer science from Carnegie-Mellon University (CMU) in 1973. She left CMU as an associate professor when she cofounded Tartan Laboratories. She was vice president of Tartan from 1981-1987. In 1988, she joined University of Virginia as a professor and the chair of the Computer Science Department. From 1993-1997 she served at the U.S. Department of Defense where, as director of Defense Research and Engineering, she oversaw the department's science and technology program, research laboratories, and DARPA. She received the U.S. Air Force Meritorious Civilian Service Award, a Distinguished Public Service Award, and a tribute in the Congressional Record. She served as vice chair of the National Science Board, a member of the Defense Science Board, and cochair of the Virginia Research and Technology Advisory Commission. She serves as a member of the Charles Stark Draper Laboratory Corporation, and the National Research Council Advisory Council for Policy and Global Affairs. She is an ACM Fellow, an IEEE Fellow, the author of over 40 papers and 2 books.


Steven E. Koonin (NAS) joined New York University Stern School of Business as a professor of information, operations and management sciences in September 2012. He is also director of NYU's new Center for Urban Science and Progress (CUSP). The U.S. Senate confirmed Dr. Koonin in May 2009 as undersecretary for science at the U.S. Department of Energy, where he served in that position until November of 2011. Prior to joining the Obama administration, he was BP's chief scientist, where he was a strong advocate for research into renewable energies and alternate fuel sources. Dr. Koonin came to BP in 2004 after almost three decades as professor of theoretical physics at the California Institute of Technology, serving as the Institute's vice president and provost for the last nine years. He most recently held a position at the Science and Technology Policy Institute of the Institute for Defense Analyses in Washington, DC. Dr. Koonin is a fellow of several professional societies, including the American Physical Society, the American Association of the Advancement of Sciences, and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and a member of the Council on Foreign Relations and the U.S. National Academy of Sciences. Dr. Koonin received his B.S. in Physics from the California Institute of Technology in 1972 and his Ph.D. in Theoretical Physics from MIT in 1975.


Robert H. Latiff is the president of R. Latiff Associates and a private consultant, providing advice on advanced technology matters to corporate and government clients and to universities. He retired from the U.S. Air Force (USAF) as a major general in 2006. Dr. Latiff is an adjunct faculty member with the John J. Reilly Center for Science, Technology, and Values at the University of Notre Dame. He is also a research professor and adjunct faculty member at George Mason University, where his interests are primarily in technologies to support the U.S. intelligence community. Immediately after his retirement from the USAF, Dr. Latiff was chief technology officer for Science Applications International Corporation’s space and geospatial intelligence business. He has led and participated in numerous studies on such diverse topics as critical minerals, and intelligence and surveillance systems. Dr. Latiff is an active member of the Intelligence Committee of the Armed Forces Communications and Electronics Association (AFCEA). Dr. Latiff’s last active duty assignment was at the National Reconnaissance Office where he was the director of Advanced Systems and Technology and the deputy director for Systems Engineering. He has also served as the vice commander, USAF Electronic Systems Center and Commander of the NORAD Cheyenne Mountain Operations Center. While in the U.S. Army, Dr. Latiff served in both the infantry branch and the ordnance corps, where he commanded a U.S. Army tactical nuclear weapons unit. He received his commission from the Army ROTC program at the University of Notre Dame. He entered active service in the U.S. Army and later transferred to the USAF. He received his Ph.D. and his M.S. in materials science and his B.S. in physics from the University of Notre Dame and is a graduate of the National Security Fellows Program at Harvard’s JFK School of Government. Dr. Latiff is a recipient of the National Intelligence Distinguished Service Medal and the Air Force Distinguished Service Medal.


Richard H. Ledgett Jr. is a trustee at the Institute for Defense Analyses. Mr. Ledgett has four decades of intelligence, cyber security, and cyber operations experience, including 29 years with the National Security Agency (NSA). While at the NSA, Mr. Ledgett served as deputy director from January 2014, until his retirement in April 2017. As deputy director, he led a global entity with almost 200 operating locations around the world and he acted as the NSA’s chief operating officer, responsible for providing foreign intelligence and protecting the nation’s most important national security-related networks and information. Mr. Ledgett led NSA’s Media Leaks Task Force, responsible for the totality of the NSA’s efforts following the unauthorized disclosure of classified information in June 2013. Mr. Ledgett also led the NSA’s 24/7 Threat Operations Center (NTOC), responsible for identifying and countering cyber threats to our national security systems. Mr. Ledgett was the Intelligence Community’s (IC) first National Intelligence Manager for Cyber, serving as principal advisor to the Director of National Intelligence on all cyber matters. In this capacity, he was responsible for integrating cyber activities across 16 intelligence agencies and numerous international partners, and he developed the first National Intelligence Strategy for cyber. Mr. Ledgett was also the DNI’s Director for Collection, overseeing all of the U.S. IC’s collection programs. Previous positions at NSA included leading global collection and cryptanalytic operations, global language and analytic operations, and all NSA activities in the Pacific area. Mr. Ledgett was an instructor and course developer at the National Cryptologic School and an adjunct instructor at the National Intelligence University. Mr. Ledgett spent nearly 11 years in the U.S. Army as a cryptologist and between the Army and NSA he completed six field tours. Mr. Ledgett is a Senior Visiting Fellow at the MITRE Corporation, he serves as a director on the Board of M&T Bank, as a trustee on the Board of the Institute of Defense Analyses, and he is a member of several advisory boards.


Mark Lowenthal is the president and chief executive officer of the Intelligence & Security Academy, LLC, a national security education, training and consulting company. Dr. Lowenthal is an internationally recognized expert on intelligence. He is also on faculty at the Krieger School of Arts and Sciences at Johns Hopkins University in Washington, DC. From 2002-2005, Dr. Lowenthal served as the assistant director of Central Intelligence for Analysis and Production and as the vice chairman for evaluation on the National Intelligence Council. Prior to these duties, he served as counselor to the director of Central Intelligence. Dr. Lowenthal has written extensively on intelligence and national security issues, including six books and over 100 articles or studies. His most recent book, Intelligence: From Secrets to Policy (Sage/CQ Press, 6th ed., 2014) has become the standard college and graduate school textbook on the subject. Dr. Lowenthal received his B.A. from Brooklyn College and his Ph.D. in history from Harvard University and was awarded the National Intelligence Distinguished Service Medal, the intelligence community’s highest award. Dr. Lowenthal is a former staff director of the House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence.


Michael A. Marletta (NAS/NAM) is professor of chemistry, professor of molecular and cell biology, and the CH and Annie Li Chair in the Molecular Biology of Diseases at the University of California, Berkeley (UCB). He graduated from the Aquinas Institute in 1969. After an A.B. degree in biology and chemistry from SUNY Fredonia in 1973, he received a Ph.D. in 1978 from University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) with George L. Kenyon followed by a two year postdoctoral appointment at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) with Christopher Walsh. In 1980, Dr. Marletta joined the faculty at MIT as an assistant professor in the Department of Applied Biological Sciences and was promoted to associate professor in 1986. In 1987, he moved to the University of Michigan as associate professor of medicinal chemistry in the College of Pharmacy and in 1989 associate professor of biological chemistry in the Medical School. In 1991, he was promoted to professor and was appointed as the John G. Searle Professor of Medicinal Chemistry. In 1997, he became an investigator in the Howard Hughes Medical Institute. Dr. Marletta moved to UCB in 2001 where he assumed the positions of professor of chemistry, Department of Chemistry and professor of biochemistry and molecular biology, Department of Molecular and Cell Biology. He also held appointments as professor of cellular and molecular pharmacology at UCSF and faculty scientist at the Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. He was appointed the Aldo DeBenedictis Distinguished Professor of Chemistry in 2002. He served as chair of the Department of Chemistry at UCB from 2005-2010. In July 2011, he joined the faculty of the Scripps Research Institute and was named president-elect. He assumed the presidency in January 2012. The awards Dr. Marletta has received include the George H. Hitchings Award for Innovative Methods in Drug Discovery and Design (1991) sponsored by the Burroughs Wellcome Fund; Faculty Recognition Award from Michigan (1992); Outstanding Alumni Achievement Award from SUNY Fredonia (1993); MacArthur Fellowship awarded by the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation (1995); elected Senior Fellow in the Michigan Society of Fellows and elected to the SUNY Honor Role (1996); elected to the Institute of Medicine (1999); Distinguished Faculty Lectureship Award in Biomedical Research by the University of Michigan Medical School (2000); and Michigan Scientist of the Year (2000) by the Impression 5 Science Museum. In 2000, he was a lecture platform speaker at the Chautauqua Institution and selected for Distinguished Faculty Achievement Award at the University of Michigan. In 2001, he was elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and also as a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. He was elected to the National Academy of Sciences in 2006. He was elected a fellow of the Royal Society of Chemistry in 2009. He received the Harrison Howe Award in 2004 of the American Chemical Society, in 2007 the Repligen Award, Biological Chemistry Division of the American Chemical Society and the Kaiser Award from the Protein Society and the Esselen Award for Chemistry in the Public Interest, Northeastern Section of the American Chemical Society and the Murray Goodman Memorial Prize in 2009.He is a member of the American Chemical Society and the American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology. He currently serves on the editorial board of PNAS and eLife as well as a number of other journals. He is a consultant for a number of pharmaceutical companies and serves on the scientific advisory boards of several others including N30 Pharmaceuticals, Inc. He is a co-founder of Omniox, Inc. He is a member of the Fredonia College Foundation board of directors and is chair of the Science Advisory Council at Fredonia. He is also on the advisory board of a number of university departments and centers.


L. Roger Mason Jr. is the president of the Space, Intelligence, and Cyber Sector at Peraton. Dr. Mason, Jr. was recently the senior vice president for national security and intelligence and chief security officer at Noblis where he was responsible for the overall direction of Noblis’ national security missions including intelligence, defense, homeland security, and law enforcement. He returned to Noblis after five years of service in the intelligence community (IC) as the first assistant director of national intelligence for Systems and Resource Analyses (ADNI/SRA). In this capacity, Dr. Mason, Jr. served as the director of national intelligence’s principal intelligence officer and trusted advisor on all matters dealing with intelligence capabilities, resources, requirements, systems analysis, program evaluation and cost analysis. In recognition of his service, Dr. Mason, Jr. was awarded the National Intelligence Distinguished Service Medal—the IC’s highest award. In addition, he led SRA to four National Intelligence Meritorious Unit Commendations and received numerous intelligence agency awards. Prior to federal service, Dr. Mason, Jr. served in a number of senior executive positions in the national security sector including vice president at Noblis, director at the Institute for Defense Analyses, and general manager of the Advanced Systems Group at General Dynamics (formerly Veridian). Earlier in his career, he led a number of advanced programs combining technology development, system integration, and field operations for military and intelligence missions. He is a nationally recognized expert in intelligence capabilities, operations research, overhead reconnaissance, systems integration, and change leadership. Dr. Mason, Jr. has published over 35 papers in peer-reviewed journals and symposia and holds two U.S. patents dealing with advanced materials and collection devices. Dr. Mason, Jr. earned his doctorate and master’s degrees in engineering physics (nuclear) from the University of Virginia, a master’s degree in business administration from the Northwestern University (Kellogg School) and a bachelor’s degree in physics from The George Washington University. Additionally, he has been recognized with many professional awards including the Omicron Delta Kappa Leadership Honor Society, Alpha Nu Sigma Honor Society for nuclear science, and the University of Virginia Distinguished Student Award. Dr. Mason currently serves on the boards of directors for the following organization: U.S. Geospatial Intelligence Foundation, Intelligence and National Security Alliance, and DigitalGlobe, Inc.


Jason Matheny is founding director of the Center on Security and Emerging Technology (CSET) at Georgetown University. Previously he was Assistant Director of National Intelligence, and Director of IARPA, responsible for developing breakthrough technologies for the U.S. intelligence community. Before IARPA, he worked at Oxford University, the World Bank, the Applied Physics Laboratory, the Center for Biosecurity, and Princeton University, and was the co-founder of two biotechnology companies. He is a member of the National Security Commission on Artificial Intelligence, the National Academies’ Intelligence Community Studies Board, and the AAAS Committee on Science, Engineering and Public Policy; is a recipient of the Intelligence Community's Award for Individual Achievement in Science and Technology, the National Intelligence Superior Service Medal, and the Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers; and was named one of Foreign Policy’s “Top 50 Global Thinkers.” He serves on the boards of Noblis and the Nuclear Threat Initiative, and serves on technical working groups for the U.S. Department of Energy, the Center for a New American Security, and the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. He has served on various White House committees related to artificial intelligence, biosecurity, high-performance computing, and quantum information science. He co-led the National AI R&D Strategic Plan released by the White House in 2016 and was a member of the White House Select Committee on AI, created in 2018. He holds a Ph.D. in applied economics from Johns Hopkins University, an M.P.H. from Johns Hopkins University, an M.B.A. from Duke University and a B.A. from the University of Chicago.


Carmen L. Middleton is the former deputy executive director and deputy chief operating officer of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). Ms. Middleton is an accomplished senior executive responsible for the management of a Fortune 200-equivalent organization and a federal government executive with global management and change management skills as well as strategic planning skills and extensive leadership experience in the Open Source and Talent arenas such as diversity, inclusion, and equity. Speaking of which, Ms. Middleton is a female, Hispanic role model in the National Security environment who brings her own diverse and unique perspective to enterprise leadership. As the CIA’s #4 and the manager of the CIA’s day-to-day enterprise operations, Ms. Middleton’s operations include: Congressional Affairs, Public Affairs, Corporate Policy, General Counsel, Inspector General, Privacy and Civil Liberties, Corporate Strategy and Governance, Foreign Intelligence Relations, Covert Action Measures of Effectiveness, Director’s Executive Support Staff, Chief Financial Officer and Procurement Executive, Military Affairs, and Continuity Management Advisory Program. Ms. Middleton has performed a governance and oversight role as a voting member on all four of the CIA’s senior-most decision-making bodies. Ms. Middleton’s key accomplishments in managing the execution of the largest structural and business process change since the Agency’s inception in 1947 include: revamping the entire talent management and development system, creating multiple organizational changes to drive improved integration, strengthening corporate decision-making and strategic planning, providing broadening assignments for employees, integrating training and leadership institutions, and capitalizing on technical and cyber-related capabilities.


William C. Ostendorff joined the United States Naval Academy’s Political Science Department as the Class of 1960 Distinguished Visiting Professor in National Security in 2016. He teaches courses on nuclear weapons policy, the U.S. Congress and national security, grand strategy, and law and national security. Mr. Ostendorff has been confirmed by the U.S. Senate on three occasions to serve in senior administration posts in both Republican and Democratic administrations. He served as principal deputy administrator at the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) in the Bush administration (2007-2009) and as a commissioner at the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (2010-2016) in the Obama administration prior to joining the Naval Academy faculty. At the NRC, Mr. Ostendorff was a strong proponent of regulatory technical competence. He was considered by many on the NRC to be a key leader in the areas of post-Fukushima regulatory decision-making and in both physical and cybersecurity of commercial nuclear facilities. During his over six years as a commissioner, he testified before Congress on twenty-six occasions and gave over 180 speeches in the U.S. and abroad. At NNSA, Mr. Ostendorff served as central technical authority for nuclear safety and as chief operating officer of the agency. He played a significant leadership role in developing the future vision for the nation’s national security laboratories and in evaluating options for nuclear weapons complex modernization. From 2003 to 2007, he was a member of the staff of the House Armed Services Committee. There, he served as counsel and staff director for the Strategic Forces Subcommittee with oversight responsibilities for the Department of Energy's Atomic Energy Defense Activities as well as the Department of Defense's space, missile defense and intelligence programs. As a senior staff member, he chaired dozens of hearings at both the subcommittee and full committee level including highly visible hearings on the 9/11 Commission, the Weapons of Mass Destruction Commission, and other hearings associated with our strategic forces. Mr. Ostendorff was an officer in the United States Navy from 1976 until he retired in 2002 with the rank of captain. Entering the Rickover Nuclear Navy, he served on six submarines. During his naval career, he commanded a nuclear attack submarine, a nuclear attack submarine squadron, and served as director of the Division of Mathematics and Science at the United States Naval Academy. Mr. Ostendorff earned a bachelor’s degree in systems engineering from the United States Naval Academy and law degrees from the University of Texas and Georgetown University. He is a member of the State Bar of Texas. He currently serves on the advisory council for the Institute of Nuclear Power Operations and on a National Academy of Sciences’ Committee on Plutonium Disposition. He is the recipient of the 2018 Lifetime Achievement Award of the U.S. Nuclear Infrastructure Council.


David A. Relman (NAM) is the Thomas C. and Joan M. Merigan Professor in Medicine, and Microbiology & Immunology at Stanford University, and Chief of Infectious Diseases at the Veterans Affairs Palo Alto Health Care System. He is also Senior Fellow at the Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies (FSI), and served as science Co-Director at the Center for International Security and Cooperation (2013-2017), at Stanford. He is currently director of a new Biosecurity Initiative at FSI. Relman trained at MIT and then Harvard Medical School, followed by clinical training in internal medicine and infectious diseases at the Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston, and then a postdoctoral fellowship in microbiology at Stanford. Relman was an early pioneer in the modern study of the human indigenous microbiota (microbiome). Most recently, his work has focused on human microbial community assembly, and community stability and resilience. Principles of disturbance and landscape ecology are tested in clinical studies of the human microbiome. Previous work included the development of methods for pathogen discovery, and the identification of several historically important and novel microbial disease agents. One of his papers was selected as “one of the 50 most important publications of the past century” by the American Society for Microbiology. Among policy-relevant activities at the US National Academies of Science, Engineering and Medicine, Relman served as vice-chair of the National Research Council Committee that reviewed the science performed for the FBI 2001 Anthrax Letters investigation, chair of the Forum on Microbial Threats (2007-2017), a member of the Committee on Science, Technology & Law (2012-2015), and is currently a member of the Intelligence Community Studies Board (2016-). He was a founding member of the National Science Advisory Board on Biosecurity (2005-2014), a member of the Working Group on Biodefense for the President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (The White House) (2016), and served as President of the Infectious Diseases Society of America (2012-2013). He was awarded NIH Pioneer and Transformative Research Awards, and was elected to the National Academy of Medicine in 2011.


Elizabeth Rindskopf Parker retired as the executive director of the State Bar of California. She previously served as the dean of the McGeorge School of Law at the University of the Pacific from 2002 to 2012. She was general counsel with the University of Wisconsin system from 1999 to 2002. Before that, she was general counsel of the Central Intelligence Agency from 1990 to 1995. She was also the principal deputy legal advisor to the Department of State and general counsel for the National Security Agency. She received her J.D. from the University of Michigan. She is a lifetime counselor and former chair of the ABA Standing Committee on Law and National Security and holds membership in the American Bar Foundation and the Council on Foreign Relations. She has served on a number of committees at the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. Parker is also a two-term presidential appointee to the Public Interest Declassification Board. 


Samuel S. Visner is the director of the National Cybersecurity Federally Funded Research and Development Center (NCF), which MITRE manages in support of the NIST National Cybersecurity Center of Excellence (NCCoE). In this role, Visner oversees efforts to bring together experts from industry, government, and academia to demonstrate integrated cybersecurity solutions that are cost-effective, repeatable, and scalable. The FFRDC is the first of its kind dedicated to cybersecurity. Visner joined MITRE from an executive position at ICF International, which advises business and government entities on issues related to health, homeland security, defense, and energy. He also held leadership positions at CSC (Computer Sciences Corporation) and Science Applications International Corporation (SAIC). In addition, he served as chief of signals intelligence programs at the National Security Agency, where he was awarded the agency’s Exceptional Civilian Service Award in 2003. Visner has been a leader in public/private partnerships and collaborations, including the Intelligence and National Security Alliance, the Air Force Communications and Electronics Association, the Professional Services Council, and the National Academy of Science. Throughout his career, he has worked across multiple federal sponsors. He sits on the Army Science Board, and serves as an adjunct professor of cybersecurity at Georgetown University. Visner holds a bachelor’s degree in international politics from Georgetown University’s School of Foreign Service. He earned a master’s degree in telecommunications from George Washington University. 


David A. Whelan (NAE) is currently a professor of practice at University of California, San Diego in the Jacobs School of Engineering. He also serves as chairman of the board for AOSense Inc., a quantum sensing company and member of the Defense Science Board for the Office of Secretary of Defense. He retired from The Boeing Company in January of 2017, as the vice president of engineering of Boeing Defense, Space & Security (BDS). While at Boeing, Dr. Whelan had broad responsibility to create, seek out, and explore new technology and business growth vectors for the company. Boeing's technology and systems span a wide range of government missions ranging from space and airborne systems to ground systems to undersea systems. Innovative manned and unmanned systems have been developed to solve Boeing’s customer challenges. Leveraging his in-depth knowledge of science, technology, systems and future customer requirements he enabled Boeing to find new solutions to world’s most challenging problems. While at Boeing, Dr. Whelan served as a member of the board of directors for HRL Laboratories for eleven years, the legacy research and development laboratory of the former Hughes Aircraft Company, an LLC jointly owned by Boeing and GM. He also served on the Technology Advisory Committee of BP. Prior assignments while at Boeing include vice president of strategy and innovation; chief scientist of BDS; vice president of Boeing Corporate Business Development and Strategy; and vice president-general manager and deputy to the president of Boeing Research and Technology, the advanced research and development organization of Boeing. He began his career with Boeing as the vice president and chief technology officer for the Space and Communications Group (S&C). Dr. Whelan is a member of the National Academy of Engineering, a fellow of the American Physical Society, the AIAA and the IEEE. Dr. Whelan earned his B.A. (77’) from UCSD and his M.S. (78’) and Ph.D. (‘83) from UCLA. He has numerous publications on electromagnetic radiation, laser plasma phenomena and defense systems. He holds over 75 patents on navigation systems, radar systems, antenna, and low-observable technology. He is also the recipient of the Secretary of Defense Medals for Outstanding Public Service (1998) and Meritorious Civil Service (2001) and the Secretary of Air Force Medal for Meritorious Civilian Service (2008). Before joining Boeing, Dr. Whelan served as director of the Tactical Technology Office (SES-5) of the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA). During his early career, he worked at Hughes Electronics, the Department of Energy, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL); beginning his career at Northrop where he was one of the key designers of the B-2 Stealth Bomber and contributed to the YF-23 Advanced Tactical Fighter.  


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