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U.S. Advisory Committee to ICO

The National Academy of Sciences is the U.S. adhering body of the International Commission for Optics (ICO) and it maintains its relationship with the commission through the U.S. Advisory Committee (USAC)/ICO. ICO is an Affiliated Commission of the International Union of Pure and Applied Physics (IUPAP) and part of the International Science Council (ISC) that contributes to the progress and diffusion of knowledge in the field of optics.
 

WHAT'S NEW 

International Commission on Illumination Meeting in Washington, DC
Hosting important international scientific meetings in the U.S. continues to be important for scientific and collaborative purposes. If you are interested in light and lighting, plan to attend the International Commission on Illumination's (CIE) quadrennial meeting in Washington D.C. from June 144-22. See https://bit.ly/2Y7d1ek for more information.
 
2017 ICO GA Photo - Kathie Bailey

2019 ICTP Winter College on Optics
The 2019 Winter College on Optics focused on the applications of optics and photonics in food science.  An explanation of this relationship is found on the Winter College website: “Improving food, from production to processing, is one of the most important and successful contributions of modern optical and photonic innovations. Optical sensing and spectroscopy discoveries have provided huge advances in all areas, from identifying nutritional components, to uncovering contamination by adulterants and pathogens.  Tailored light and light-based technologies also are used to better grow plants, purify water, kill pathogens, hatch eggs, and sort sperm and oocytes for herd control. The keen interest in photonics for food and agriculture is global and rapidly growing – a future with smart optics and photonics will succeed in feeding the world’s people sustainably.” 
 
The Winter College was held at the International Centre for Theoretical Physics in Trieste, Italy, on February 11-22, 2019, following a preparatory school February 4-8. The USAC-ICO sponsored a professional development workshop at the Winter College.   
 
This event was sponsored by the ICO, SPIE, the Optical Society (OSA), the European Optical Society (EOS), Società Italiana di Ottica e Fotonica (SIOF), and the International Society on Optics Within Life Sciences (OWLS). 

International Day of Light Continues to Build on Legacy of International Year of Light 2015
Due to the great success of the International Year of Light (IYL) in 2015, UNESCO approved an International Day of Light (IDL) to be celebrated every year on May 16.  The purpose of IDL is to “provide an annual focal point for the continued appreciation of the central role that light plays in the lives of the citizens of the world in areas of science, culture, education, sustainable development, and in fields as diverse as medicine, communications and energy.”  Members of the USAC-ICO have been very active in the IDL initiative. See http://www.cudos.org.au/news/2016-11-03_Light.shtml for more information. 

The final report on IYL 2015, released in October 2016, highlights the many successes of the year, including 13,168 events in 147 countries. A companion UNESCO report, 
Inspired by the Light: Reflections from the International Year of Light 2015, was published by SPIE. 

Light Our Future: The National Photonics Initiative
The U.S. Advisory Committee for Optics, through its participating societies, continues to support the 
National Photonics Initiative, which grew out of the NRC report, Harnessing Light II, Optics and Photonics: Essential Technologies for our Nation, released in 2013. The committee was instrumental in the early stages of the report, writing a white paper which outlined the need to update the original Harnessing Light report (1998). The white paper eventually served as the basis for the study.
 
Harnessing Light II provides a current assessment of optics, photonics, and optical engineering in the United States, prioritizes research grand-challenge questions to fill technological gaps, and recommends actions to support global leadership in photonics-driven industry. The report, conducted by the NRC Board on Manufacturing and Engineering Design, recommended that the federal government develop a "National Photonics Initiative" to bring together academia, industry, and government to steer federal research and development funding and activities.
 
Following one of the report's key recommendations, SPIE and four other photonics and optics societies launched the National Photonics Initiative (NPI), a collaborative alliance among industry, academia and government. The NPI effort is being led by founding sponsors SPIE, the international society for optics and photonics, and The Optical Society (OSA), and sponsored by three additional societies -- the American Physical Society (APS), the IEEE Photonics Society, and the Laser Institute of America (LIA). As noted on the NPI website, the goals of the Initiative are to: • raise awareness of photonics and the impact of photonics in our everyday lives • increase cooperation and coordination among US industry, government and academia to advance photonics-driven fields • drive US funding and investment in areas of photonics critical to maintaining US economic competitiveness and national security.

ICO-24 Held in Japan in August 2017
The 24th Congress and General Assembly of the ICO was held August 21-25, 2017 in Tokyo, Japan. The U.S. Delegation consisted of John Greivenkamp (chair), Irina Novikova, and Joe Niemela. Duncan T. Moore, a U.S. delegate, limited his participation in the General Assembly to his role as ICO Past President and Chair of the ICO Nominating Committee. SPIE, OSA, and IEEE Photonics Society, all three of which are society members of ICO, also had delegates at the meeting.
 
A highlight of the meeting was the Opening Ceremony that was attended by Their Majesties the Emperor and Empress of Japan as well as other dignitaries. 
 
Two major topics of great concern to the U.S. delegation and the USAC/ICO were the ICO Strategic Plan and a proposal to elevate the ICO to union status within the International Council for Science (ICSU). The USAC-ICO had offered a number of comments and suggestions for improvement to the draft strategic plan during a meeting with some of the ICO officers in January 2017. The U.S. delegation, SPIE, and OSA did not think the strategic plan incorporated enough of the proposed changes; nevertheless, the plan was approved. See ICO Strategic Plan, 2017-2023: http://e-ico.org/sites/default/files/pdfs/ICOStrategicPlan_April4_2017.pdf
 
The USAC/ICO and the U.S. delegates to the ICO General Assembly also had numerous discussions regarding the ICO elevation plan. While they believe that a union for optics and photonics could be useful, they strongly disagreed with the elevation plan as written. This opposition was shared by IUPAP, ICO’s parent union, and as a result, the elevation plan was not presented to the ICO General Assembly for a vote or approval. 
 
Reports from ICO members, international societies, and the ICO Bureau were received and discussed. In addition, ICO co-sponsorship and endorsement of various international conferences and schools were reviewed. Further information on all of these are all contained in Towards ICO-24: http://e-ico.org/sites/default/files/pdfs/Towards%20ICO24.pdf

Joe Niemela (U.S.) was elected as ICO Treasurer. ICO Vice Presidents will include Kent Choquette (IEEE Photonics Society), John Howell (OSA), and Carmina Londono (SPIE).

ICO-25 will be held in Dresden, Germany from August 31--September 4, 2020.

In Memoriam: James (Jim) Harrington and Bobbie Lively
BISO was saddened to learn about the passing of Jim Harrington on June 20, 2018. Jim was a valued and valuable member of the USAC/ICO and the ICO. He served one term as chair of the USAC/ICO and three terms as ICO treasurer. A special memorial tribute has been posted on the SPIE website at http://spie.org/newsroom/0620-jamesharrington_obit?SSO=1. Jim made numerous contributions to the international optics and photonics community, and he will be greatly missed.

The USAC-ICO also mourns the loss of Bobbie Lively on May 17, 2018. For many years, Bobbie was the SPIE staff representative on the committee where she provided invaluable insights, knowledge, and guidance. Her love for her profession and her quiet, diplomatic style made her an incredible asset to both the national and international optics and photonics community.

 
 
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Kathie Bailey, Director
Pam Gamble, Administrative Associate





This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant Number 1708170. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.

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