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The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine
Committee on Law and Justice
Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education
 Proactive Policing: Effects on Crime and Communities
 Proactive Policing

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Report Highlights

Highlights for Police Executives

Issue Brief on Proactive Policing and Racial Bias

Proactive Policing Highlights

Policing Police Officers Highlights

Policing Race Brief cover

This report from the Committee on Law and Justice finds evidence that a number of proactive policing practices are successful in reducing crime and disorder, at least in the short term, and that most of these strategies do not harm communities’ attitudes towards police. However, the effects of proactive policing on other important outcomes—such as on the legality of police behavior and on racially biased behavior—are unclear because of gaps in the research. Evidence on many proactive strategies is limited to near-term, localized impacts. Little is known about the strategies’ long-term effects on crime or other outcomes, and about whether and to what extent they will offer crime control benefits at a larger jurisdictional level—for example, across an entire precinct or city. Research is needed to understand those impacts as well.

Sponsors: Laura and John Arnold Foundation and the National Institute of Justice of the U.S. Department of Justice

Press Release


Report Release Webinar

The webinar briefing featured members of the study committee that authored the report who discussed the report’s conclusions and recommendations.

The term "proactive policing" refers to policing strategies that are explicitly intended to prevent or reduce crime, as opposed to reacting to crimes after they have occurred. Recently, there has been a growing interest in learning whether these proactive policing strategies are effective on crime prevention, but less attention has been paid to its implications for justice and community relations in the United States.

Project Resources


Committee Members

David Weisburd (Chair), George Mason University
Hassan Aden, The Aden Group
Anthony Braga, Northeastern University
Jim Bueermann, Police Foundation, Washington, DC
Philip J. Cook, Duke University
Phillip Goff, John Jay College of Criminal Justice
Rachel A. Harmon, University of Virginia Law School
Amelia Haviland, Heinz College, Carnegie Mellon University
Cynthia Lum, George Mason University
Charles Manski, Northwestern University
Stephen Mastrofski, George Mason University
Tracey Meares, Yale Law School
Daniel Nagin, Heinz College, Carnegie Mellon University
Emily Owens, University of California-Irvine
Steven Raphael, University of California-Berkeley
Jerry Ratcliffe, Temple University
Tom Tyler, Yale Law School


Malay Majmundar, Study Director
Emily Backes, Program Officer
Leticia Garcilazo Green, Senior Program Assistant


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