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Partnerships for enhanced engagement in research (PEER) SCIENCE
Cycle 3 (2014 Deadline)

Integrated local emergency response policy improvement and capacity building for advance-early warning system in the face of near-field tsunami risk

PI:  Harkunti Pertiwi Rahayu (, Institut Teknologi Bandung
U.S. Partner: Louise K. Comfort, University of Pittsburgh
Project Dates: September 2014 to October 2018

Critical Countdown: Using Local Data to improve Tsunami Warnings

This research project will focus on utilization and integration of a logic model and new public management and network to improve the near-shore tsunami early warning system and enhance local emergency response policy. The use of the logic model and new public management in this research project will provide tools for assessing and mapping the cognitive behavior of people during tsunami evacuations, which will help improve tsunami emergency response policy. While utilization of network theory in this research will provide real-time assessment, further research is needed regarding the performance of an early warning system and its subsequent emergency response to a disaster. Such real-time monitoring can be used to improve the performance of evacuation, as well as provide support to disaster victims. The research team will investigate how multiple parties and organizations with a disaster response-related mandate are able to coordinate and cooperate with each other effectively. Utilization of Social Network Analysis (SNA) in this research project will advance the scientific understanding of emergency response operations and evacuation.

The results of this research project are expected to influence and enhance emergency response policy in the study area and can be useful for development of the disaster management sector in Indonesia. The outcomes of this research project are expected to improve the capacity of government officials, non-governmental organizations, and local communities to prepare for and respond to disasters, especially in terms of emergency operation and response, through a combination of technocratic and participatory approaches. Findings and lessons learned from this research can also be transmitted to both the U.S. and global context and can also serve as a model on how to develop an integrated early disaster warning and emergency response.

Summary of Recent Activities
3-103 PIT IABI 4 photo
Harkunti P. Rahayu (center) presented results of PEER research at the May 2017 4th Annual Meeting of Indonesian Association of Disaster Experts - Indonesia (photo courtesy of Dr. Rahayu).

During April through June 2018, Dr. Harkunti and her group continued working to document lessons learned and process development associated with their project. A particular focus is improvement of the Tsunami Early Warning System and Emergency Response Standard Operating Procedures (SOP) in Padang City in a user-friendly format (video documentation and technical guidelines), with the costs being supported by a PEER Evidence to Action supplement awarded in May 2017. Both the video documentation and technical guidelines will describe the stages the ITB-PEER Team went through while conducting their research in Padang City, from coordination with local government and related stakeholders, interviews and questionnaires, software-based data analysis, and involvement of local officials and community members in improving the SOP through several focus group discussions and SOP testing during the IOWave’16 exercise. Both the video and the guidelines will be entitled “From Science to Policy and Action: Improvement of the Tsunami Early Warning System and Emergency Response SOP, Experience from Padang City.” The video is currently in the final editing process, with narration and subtitles being added. It should be finished and posted on YouTube in October 2018, as well as being officially submitted to the Indonesian National Board for Disaster Management (BNPB). The five-chapter technical guidelines will cover the stages of turning science into practice in tsunami early warning policy improvement, how science answers the challenges of local governments, and how to engage with local government and other stakeholders in implementing the research. After being delivered this fall to BNPB, the guidelines will be disseminated to the Local Disaster Management Offices in tsunami-prone areas. In addition to the video and guidelines, the PI and her team are also writing several papers on their project for international journals, including a special issue in the International Journal of Disaster Resilience in the Built Environment (IJDRBE).

Link to news article on the PEER team's field work in West Sumatra in August 2015
 (in Bahasa Indonesia)

Link to news article about the team's participation in IOWave'16 and preparatory activities in September 2016 (in English) 

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