PI: Frida Sidik, Institute for Marine Research and Observation, Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries
U.S. Partner: Ilka Feller, Smithsonian Institution
Project Dates: October 2012 - September 2014
Mesh net (litterbag) on mangrove trees to collect litterfall (Photo courtesy Frida Sidik).
Mangroves are key ecosystems that provide vital services to protect the coasts and fishery resources in Indonesia. Mangroves are the primary coastal barrier in which a range of processes occur that are important to adapting to sea level rise. Indonesia’s mangroves are threatened by sea level rise that could cause coastal wetland change and thus increased coastal flooding that will affect those living in coastal areas. Despite the importance of this ecosystem and the fact that Indonesia has the world's largest areas of mangroves, understanding of mangrove responses to sea level rise in this region is lacking.
This project aims to establish a greater understanding of wetland adaptation to sea level rise in Indonesia and to improve the capacity of Indonesian researchers in the monitoring of coastal systems. A mangrove monitoring station will be established to gather information on wetland stability, and the station could serve as a model for the creation of similar marine monitoring sites in other parts of Indonesia. The project also involves data collection and model development to increase knowledge of how mangrove wetlands will respond to sea level changes in Indonesia. The collaborative work of Indonesian-U.S. researchers will promote training and technical expertise development for Indonesian researchers, to be facilitated by the U.S. counterpart with the goal of strengthening Indonesian capacity regarding marine resource adaptation to climate change. Results of this study will be disseminated to the Indonesian scientific and academic communities, as well as to marine resource management officials, who may use the study to gain perspectives on broader implications of climate change and possible policy responses.
Summary of Recent Activities
In the third quarter of 2013, the team continued periodic field data collection. August 19-22, 2013, the team held a workshop on “Response of Mangrove Wetland to Sea Level Rise” at the Institute for Marine Research and Observation, Bali, for researchers from ten national institutions. The workshop aimed to enhance young researchers’ capacity to conduct mangrove wetland research and monitoring in the light of sea level rise and other climate change issues. The workshop, conducted as a short course combining classroom, laboratory work, and fieldwork, covered such topics as species identification, basic physiology and habitat characteristics, carbon analysis, surface elevation and accretion monitoring, and mangrove mapping. At the end of the workshop, participants implemented their skills and knowledge obtained from training by presenting their group project. In the coming months the team will continue periodic field data measurement and manuscript preparations.
Junior researcher Faisal Hamzah tests the muffle
furnace for soil analysis (Photo courtesy Frida Sidik).
Students and trainers set the nekton net in the mangroves
for their group project (Photo courtesy Frida Sidik).