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Partnerships for enhanced engagement in research (PEER) SCIENCE
Cycle 2 (2012 Deadline)

Evaluating climate change impacts on the arid lands and water resources in Jordan

PI: Yaser Jararweh (Jordan University of Science and Technology)
U.S. Partner: G. Darrel Jenerette (University of California, Riverside)
Project Dates: August 2013 to July 2015

In Jordan, more than 75% of the land is arid or semi-arid, and it is estimated that only 7% of the country's land is arable. Jordan faces many environmental challenges, including limited natural freshwater resources, desertification, endangered species, and climate change, and these challenges are compounded by factors such as a rapidly expanding population, industrial pollution, depletion of natural resources, and recent unrest. The impacts of climate change are only likely to aggravate the situation further in the future. This project aims to design an intelligent system to monitor and track environmental changes in Jordan. The proposed system will evaluate the environment impact for various regions and classify them accordingly. The classification process aims at identifying environmentally threatened regions and resources and proposing immediate reverse actions to prevent possible environment declines for the other regions. The overreaching objective of this project is to enhance the capabilities and options for Jordanian official organizations and decision makers to help them better understand and respond to climate change.

The work these researchers will carry out entails developing foundations, principles, and metrics to assess vulnerability, impacts, problems, and variations to climate change in the arid and semi-arid lands of Jordan. Based on the assessment foundations, they hope that the project will build comprehensive and integrated assessment models for the impacts of climate change on arid lands, vegetation, animal and species diversity and distribution, water resources, hydrology, land topography, and pollution, as well as human adaptations to these changes. The study also aims to build an environmental monitoring infrastructure to collect environmental data from the targeted landscapes. These collected data will subsequently be used with various other data sources such as satellite imagery, sensor networks, pollution statistics, and historical data sets to build environmental assessment models. The study team will present their results and findings to Jordanian government officials and will conduct training workshops and outreach programs.

Summary of Recent Activities

 
In this most recent period, Dr. Jararweh attended the IEEE/ACS 11th International Conference on Computer Systems and Applications (AICCSA) in Qatar and presented a paper concerning the ongoing project. Another paper has been submitted and accepted for a different international conference in March. In addition to the conferences, data collection from the monitoring stations is going as planned and the team has been providing assistance to another research group to extend the usage of the team’s sensor nodes. The team is working with JUST to file a patent application and is confident of a good outcome.

Starting the new year, Dr. Jararweh’s team will begin allocating significant amounts of their time towards the second Jordan PEER workshop. The team will invite professors, students, SMEs, and NGOs to participate in the April 9th workshop in Amman. In addition to this workshop, the PI will visit US partner Dr. Jenerette in the spring to present the results achieved using the sensors network at the three locations selected during the last visit, finalize a journal paper, and discuss making the patent a main deliverable of the project.
 
 
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