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Cycle 8 (2019 Deadline)

Identifying conditions for successful landscape-scale conservation policy implementation in Vietnam

PI: Pham Thu Thuy (, Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR), in partnership with the Vietnam National University of Forestry
U.S. Partner: Darla Munroe, The Ohio State University
Project dates: January 2020 - August 2022

Project Overview:

Data collected by CIFOR’s Global Comparative Study on Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (GCS-REDD, 2008-2020), partly funded by USAID, provides an empirical foundation to study the connection between conservation stakeholder networks and the ecological and livelihoods impacts of landscape-scale forest conservation in Vietnam. While Vietnam’s Payment for Forest Environmental Services (PFES, 2008-present) and REDD+ (2012-present) policies were implemented, CIFOR collected data on national forest policy networks. In this PEER project, the PI and her team intend to collect socioeconomic and remote sensing data on land cover before and after PFES and REDD+ implementation for the entire country, using landscape ecology statistics to characterize forest change around and landscape connectivity between sites. They will use archival materials from government, NGO/CSO, and other organizations’ websites and annual reports, newspaper reports, and policy literature, alongside GSC-REDD’s national policy network data, to identify collaborative networks involved in PFES and REDD+ implementation in an sample of provinces. These additional data, combined with the large existing archive of qualitative data collected as part of the GCS-REDD study, will allow them to model connections between conservation stakeholders, testing the relationship between network structures, land-use changes, and ecological outcomes.

8-3 Fall Workshop 2020 Group
Participants of the November 2020 knowledge sharing workshops (photo courtesy of Dr.Pham).

This project’s findings should fill a critical gap by collecting and assessing evidence on the impacts of PFES and REDD+ on forest cover and structure and local livelihoods. The project will help build capacity for multiple stakeholders (government agencies, NGOs, research institutes, the private sector, and the media), bridging organizations to encourage participation, dialogue, and coordination across scales and sectors. The project’s cross-scale focus is particularly important given that REDD+ capacity building in Vietnam has focused on the national level, and collaboration beyond the state forest sector has been difficult due to scarce resources and limited capacity. This study will provide the Vietnamese Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development with scientific inputs that will enable the ministry to refine its PFES and REDD+ monitoring and evaluation framework. As 25 million people in Vietnam are forest dependents and more than 5 million are participating in the PFES scheme, this study can enhance local-level social capital while increasing the effectiveness of the scheme.  

Summary of Recent Activities:

8-3 Fall 2020 Workshop
The project team conducts a workshop with US partners (photo courtesy of Dr. Pham).
During the third quarter of 2021, Dr. Pham Thu Thuy and her colleagues held virtual meetings with their U.S. partners on a weekly basis to discuss data analysis, submission of scientific papers, and plans for an international conference on October 6. That conference was held successfully in a virtual format. Participants discussed lessons learned from past research efforts and exchanged information on the latest research on sustainable forest management and land use change in Vietnam. Other accomplishments during the quarter included the submission of a journal article on Vietnam's successful forest conservation. PEER team members also collaborated with staff from local universities, civil society, and other organizations to publish four occasional papers on the impact of Payment for Forest Environmental Services (PFES) in Vietnam. Finally, they completed and published a journal article on PFES in Dak Lak Province.

This PEER team has put a great emphasis on outreach and collaboration with various stakeholders. The researchers have informed the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD) about their research findings in both formal and informal meetings and shared their results with staff from the USAID Mission in Vietnam. They have also disseminated their findings to another USAID-funded project in Vietnam—Sustainable Forest Management (SFM). Representatives from DAI, the implementing partner working on that project, also participated in the PEER project workshop and in discussions on how the two efforts might leverage one another in the future. Meanwhile, Dr. Thuy and her colleagues have worked with several Vietnamese universities, including Vietnam Forestry University, Tay Nguyen University, and Hue Agroforestry University on conference organization and preparation of reports. In addition, they worked with local civil society organizations including Tay Nguyen Rural Development Center and Center for Rural Development to support their data analysis and publication of reports on PFES impacts.

A no-cost extension has been issued through August 2022 in hopes that Vietnamese quarantine restrictions will be reduced in the coming year so that the planned exchange visits in both directions can be carried out by the PI and her U.S. partners.


Pham, T.T.; Nguyen, T.D.; Dao, C.T.L.; Hoang, L.T.; Pham, L.H.; Nguyen, L.T.; Tran, B.K. Impacts of Payment for Forest Environmental Services in Cat Tien National Park. Forests 2021, 12, 921. https://

Dương NP, Phạm TT, Lê TTT, Nguyễn TDH, Đỗ TTÁ, Trần QT và Dương HM. 2021. Thực thi chính sách chi trả dịch vụ môi trường rừng tại Thừa Thiên Huế: Bài học từ huyện A Lưới. Báo cáo chuyên đề 227. Bogor, Indonesia: CIFOR. Available at: 

Dương NP, Phạm TT, Lê TTT, Nguyễn TDH, Đỗ TTÁ, Trần QT và Hồ ĐN. 2021. Tác động môi trường của chính sách chi trả dịch vụ môi trường rừng tại Huyện A Lưới – Tỉnh Thừa Thiên Huế. Báo cáo chuyên đề 226. Bogor, Indonesia: CIFOR. Available at:

Pham, T.T.; Le, T.T.T.; Tuyet, H.N.K.; Pham, V.T.; Tran, P.H.N.K.; Tran, T.D.; Tran, N.M.H.; Nguyen, T.T.A.; Nguyen, T.V.A. Impacts of Payment for Forest Ecosystem Services in Protecting Forests in Dak Lak Province, Vietnam. Forests 2021, 12, 1383.

Dương NP, Phạm TT, Lê TTT, Nguyễn TDH và Đỗ TTÁ. 2021. Tác động của chi trả dịch vụ môi trường rừng tại Thừa Thiên Huế đến đời sống kinh tế xã hội của cộng đồng: Bài học từ huyện A Lưới- tỉnh Thừa Thiên Huế. Báo cáo chuyên đề 225. Bogor, Indonesia: CIFOR. Available at:

Tuyết HNK, Phạm VT, Trần TD, Trần PHNK, Y JB, Nguyễn TP, Lưu MT, H’Uyên N, H’Loát K, Phạm TT và Hoàng TL. 2021. Tác động của chi trả dịch vụ môi trường rừng tại Đắk Lắk, Việt Nam. Báo cáo chuyên đề 228. Bogor, Indonesia: CIFOR.

Pham T.T.; Hamilton, M.; and Gallemore, C. 2021. Kết quả ban đầu của đánh giá tác động Chi trả Dịch vụ Môi trường Rừng (PFES) đối với mạng lưới rừng và quản trị, thu nhập hộ gia đình và thực trạng mất rừng ở Việt Nam. Infobrief 330. Bogor, Indonesia: CIFOR.

Pham T.T.; Hamilton, M.; and Gallemore, C. 2021. Preliminary results of assessments on the impacts of Payments for Forest Environmental Services (PFES) on forest networks and governance, household income and forest loss in Vietnam. Infobrief 325. Bogor, Indonesia: CIFOR.

Pham, T.T..; Đặng, L.H.; Tăng Thị, K.H.; Đặng, H.P.; Hoàng, T.L.; Phạm, T. Thuyền; Nguyễn Thị, K.N.; Nguyen Thi, V.A.; Nguyen Thi, T.A.; Phạm, T. Tuấn. 2021. Willingness to participate in Payment for Mangrove Environmental Services: Maritime sector and shipping industry stakeholder perspectives. Infobrief 334. Bogor, Indonesia: CIFOR.

Pham, T.T.; Đặng, L.H.; Tăng Thị, K.H.; Đặng, H.P.; Hoàng, T.L.; Phạm, T. Thuyền; Nguyễn Thị, K.N.; Nguyen Thi, V.A.; Nguyen Thi, T.A.; Phạm, T. Tuấn. 2021.Sự sẵn lòng tham gia vào Chi trả dịch vụ môi trường rừng ngập mặn Góc nhìn từ hãng tàu và các bên liên quan trong ngành vận tải biển. Infobrief 333. Bogor, Indonesia: CIFOR

Further information on events organized under the project is available at

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