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Board on Research Data and Information
Policy and Global Affairs Division
The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
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Anita de Waard is Disruptive Technologies Director at Elsevier Labs. She has a degree in experimental low-temperature physics from Leiden university, and worked at the Kapitza Institute in Moscow, before joining Elsevier as a physics publisher in 1988. Since 1997 she has worked on bridging the gap between science publishing and computational and information technologies, collaborating with different academic groups in Europe and the US. Her past work includes the application of Semantic Web technologies to scientific communication in the DOPE project, and the development of an Entity Identification database in the EU-funded OKKAM project. She developed and led the Elsevier Grand Challenge for Life Sciences and the ISMB 2010 Killer App Award, which both rewarded researchers for ideas pertaining to novel forms of science publishing. In 2006 and 2009, she was awarded the Reed-Elsevier award for Excellence in Innovation. Other projects include co-leading the W3C HCLS group on Scientific Discourse Structure, and co-organising a series of workshops with the goal of enunciating the key possibilities and main impediments to change scientific communications, including ‘Beyond the PDF’ in January 2011. From January 2006 onwards, de Waard has been working part-time as a researcher at the University of Utrecht, funded by a Casimir project grant by the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research. Her research focuses on discourse analysis of biological text, with an emphasis on finding key rhetorical components, offering possible applications in the fields of hypothesis detection and automated copy editing tools.
Key publications include:
de Waard, A. (2010). The Future of the Journal? Integrating research data with scientific discourse, LOGOS: The Journal of the World Book Community, Volume 21, Numbers 1-2, 2010 , pp. 7-11(5) and Nature Precedings, hdl:10101/npre.2010.4742.1,
de Waard, A. (2010). From Proteins to Fairytales: Directions in Semantic Publishing. IEEE Intelligent Systems 25(2): 83-88 (2010)
de Waard, A. and Pander Maat, H. (2009), Categorizing Epistemic Segment Types in Biology Research Articles. Workshop on Linguistic and Psycholinguistic Approaches to Text Structuring (LPTS 2009), September 21-23 2009. – to be published as a chapter in Linguistic and Psycholinguistic Approaches to Text Structuring, Laure Sarda, Shirley Carter Thomas & Benjamin Fagard (eds), John Benjamins, (planned for 2010).
de Waard, A., Simon Buckingham Shum, Annamaria Carusi, Jack Park, Matthias Samwald and Ágnes Sándor. (2009c). Hypotheses, Evidence and Relationships: The HypER Approach for Representing Scientific Knowledge Claims, Proceedings of the Workshop on Semantic Web Applications in Scientific Discourse (SWASD 2009), co-located with the 8th International Semantic Web Conference (ISWC-2009).
de Waard, A. and Kircz, J.G. (2008). Modeling scientific discourse - shifting perspectives and persistent issues, ELPUB2008. Open Scholarship: Authority, Community, and Sustainability in the Age of Web 2.0 – Proc. of the 12th Int. Conference on Electronic Publishing, June 2008, Eds. L. Chan and S. Mornati, pp. 234-245
de Waard, A. (2008), A Pragmatic Structure for the Research Article, in: Proceedings ICPW'07: 2nd International Conference on the Pragmatic Web, 22-23 Oct. 2007, Tilburg: NL. (Eds.) Buckingham Shum, S., Lind, M. and Weigand, H. Published in: ACM Digital Library & Open University ePrint 9275.
de Waard, A. and Tel, G., (2006). The ABCDE Format: Enabling Semantic Conference Proceedings, In: Proceedings of the First Workshop on Semantic Wikis, European Semantic Web Conference (ESWC 2006), Budva, Montenegro, 2006.
de Waard, A.; Breure, L.; Kircz, J.G.; Oostendorp, H. van (2006). Modeling Rhetoric in Scientific Publications. Current Res. in Inf. Sci. and Techn. pp. 352-356, 2006.
Stuckenschmidt, H., F. van Harmelen, A. de Waard, T. Scerri, R. Bhogal, J. van Buel, I. Crowlesmith, Ch. Fluit, A. Kampman, J. Broekstra and E. van Mulligen, (2004). Exploring Large Document Repositories with RDF Technology: The DOPE Project, IEEE Intelligent Systems, 2004 (19) 3, pp 34-40