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Committee on International Security and Arms Control
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September, 2017
Cooperative Threat Reduction Programs for the Next Ten Years and Beyond

The 2009 National Academy of Sciences (NAS) report Global Security Engagement: A New Model for Cooperative Threat Reduction concluded that expanding and updating U.S. Government Cooperative Threat Reduction (CTR) programs in both form and function would enhance U.S. national security and global stability. In 2017 the NAS Committee on International Security and Arms Control (CISAC) conducted a symposium to examine how CTR has evolved since that time and to consider new approaches for CTR programs and related WMD elimination efforts to increase their ability to enhance U.S. security. Speakers included: Amb. Laura Holgate, former U.S. Representative to the Vienna Office of the UN and IAEA, Amb. Jimmy Kolker, former Assist. Secretary for Global Affairs, Department of Health & Human Services, Amb. Ronald Lehman, former Director, Arms Control and Disarmament Agency, Andrew Natsios, former Administrator of the U.S. Agency for International Develop, William Tobey, former Deputy Administrator for Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation at NNSA, Andrew Weber, former Asst. Secretary of Defense for Nuclear, Chemical, and Biological Defense Programs and other key thinkers and practitioners from CTR programs as well as experts from outside of CTR implementing agencies who have experience addressing complex international security problems. The symposium was sponsored by the Project on Advanced Systems and Concepts for Countering Weapons of Mass Destruction (PASCC) in the Naval Postgraduate School and was open to the public. The symposium agenda is available here. Video of the event is available here. The 'Meeting in Brief' report is available on the National Academy Press website, here. A video of the co-chairs discussing CTR and the report is available here

November, 2014
Challenges of Emerging Infections and Global Health Safety

The Indo-U.S. Workshop on Challenges of Emerging Infections and Global Health Safety is designed to encourage scientists from India and the United States to examine global issues related to emerging infections and global health safety, to share experience and approaches, and to identify opportunities for cooperation to improve practice and research in these areas. In general, the workshop participants will address challenges posed by infectious diseases within India and the United States and across national borders. The participants will address both human and animal health because zoonotic infections such as avian flu and anthrax have shown that the borderlines between animal and human health are merging. Because of the evolving nature of infectious disease, in addition to the current status of human and animal health issues, surveillance in real time to detect emerging outbreaks and to predict emerging epidemics is critical.

February, 2014
India-United States Cooperation on Science and Technology for Countering Terrorism

India and the United States are the world's two largest democracies with distinguished scientific traditions and experts in a wide range of scientific-technical fields. Given these strengths and the ability to learn from one another, the U.S. National Academy of Sciences together with the National Institute for Advanced Studies in Bangalore, India, held a joint Indian-U.S. workshop to identify and examine potential areas for substantive scientific and technical cooperation that can support counterterrorism efforts through the Homeland Security Dialogue and through direct cooperation. India-United States Cooperation on Science and Technology for Countering Terrorism is the summary of that workshop. This report examines topics such as biological threats; protection of nuclear facilities; security (physical and cyber) for chemicals, chemical facilities and other critical infrastructure; and monitoring, surveillance, and emergency response. The report also identifies and examines promising areas for further Indian-U.S. cooperation.

October, 2012
India-United States Cooperation on Global Security

The U.S. government has made safeguarding of weapons-grade plutonium and highly enriched uranium an international policy priority, and convened The 2010 Nuclear Security Summit in Washington, D.C., on April 12 and 13, 2010. Forty six governments sent delegations to the summit and twenty nine of them made national commitments to support nuclear security. During the Summit, India announced its commitment to establish a Global Centre for Nuclear Energy Partnership. The Centre is to be open to international participation through academic0 exchanges, training, and research and development efforts.

India-United States Cooperation on Global Security is the summary of a workshop held by the U.S. National Academy of Sciences (NAS) together with its partner of more than 15 years, the National Institute for Advanced Studies (NIAS) in Bangalore, India. The workshop identified and examined potential areas for substantive scientific and technical cooperation between the two countries on issues related to nuclear material security. Technical experts from India and the United States focused on topics of nuclear material security and promising opportunities for India and the United States to learn from each other and cooperate. This report discusses nuclear materials management issues such as nuclear materials accounting, cyber security, physical security, and nuclear forensics.

June 22, 2012
Biosecurity Challenges of the Global Expansion of High Continment Biological Laboratories

The U.S. National Research Council report of the international workshop examines biosafety and biosecurity issues related to the design, construction, maintenance, and operation of high containment biological laboratories. To develop a sense of the current norms in the world, the workshop attendees described the history and current challenges they face in their individual laboratories. The report then details steps that were taken to improve safety and security, from running training programs to implementing a variety of personnel reliability measures including physical security, access controls, and monitoring pathogen inventories. The workshop report also identifies tensions in the field and details participants’ suggestions for possible areas for action. At the report release a panel of comittee members was led by Adel Mahmoud, committee chair.
March 30, 2012
The Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty Technical Issues for the United States
This highly anticipated report details the committee’s review and assessment of changes to technical issues that have occurred since the National Research Council’s previous report on this topic in 2002. The report addresses the ability of the United States to maintain the safety and reliability of the U.S. nuclear stockpile; the capability to detect, locate, and identify nuclear explosions; commitments necessary to sustain the U.S. stockpile and the U.S. and international monitoring systems; and potential technical advances countries could achieve through evasive testing will be discussed, among other issues. Visit the National Academies Press Website to view the pdf of the report. Listen to the Webcast of the release event
January 19, 2011
Reykjavik to New START: Science Diplomacy for Nuclear Security in the 21st Century
More information... 

July 14, 2005
60th Anniversary of Trinity: First Manmade Nuclear Explosion

April 18, 2005
Monitoring Nuclear Weapons and Nuclear-Explosive Materials: An Assessment of Methods and Capabilities
Study Release
In the United States and many other countries, policy-makers are working to minimize the proliferation of nuclear weapons, prevent terrorists from acquiring them, and reduce the risks posed by existing nuclear arsenals. A new report from the National Academy of Sciences outlines technical and collaborative approaches that could help leaders meet these goals.

August 11, 2004
Post-Cold War U.S. Nuclear Strategy: A Search for Technical and Policy Common Ground