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STEP Reports on Innovation Policy


fed investments recent pubsReturns to Federal Investments in the Innovation System: Proceedings of a Workshop–in Brief (2017)

On December 15, 2016, the Innovation Policy Forum held a workshop designed to gather leading researchers to explore the returns to federal investments in the innovation system, which include economic growth, job creation, as well as improved health and quality of life. The workshop was structured into panels investigating social returns to federal investments in basic research, federal support to private-sector innovation, public investments in human capital and supporting infrastructure such as digital infrastructure, and the relationship between innovation, inequality, and social mobility. This publication briefly summarizes the presentations and discussions from the workshop.
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SBIR at NASASBIR at NASA (2016)

The Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program is one of the largest examples of U.S. public-private partnerships, and was established in 1982 to encourage small businesses to develop new processes and products and to provide quality research in support of the U.S. government’s many missions. The U.S. Congress tasked the National Research Council with undertaking a comprehensive study of how the SBIR program has stimulated technological innovation [...]
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STTR: An Assessment of the Small Business Technology Transfer Program STTR: An Assessment of the Small Business Technology Transfer Program (2016)

Today’s knowledge economy is driven in large part by the nation’s capacity to innovate. One of the defining features of the U.S. economy is a high level of entrepreneurial activity. Entrepreneurs in the United States see opportunities and are willing and able to assume risk to bring new welfare-enhancing, wealth-generating technologies to the market. Yet, although discoveries in areas such as genomics, bioinformatics, and nanotechnology present new opportunities [...]
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 SBIR at NSFSBIR at the National Science Foundation (2015)

Today’s knowledge economy is driven in large part by the nation’s capacity to innovate. One of the defining features of the U.S. economy is a high level of entrepreneurial activity. Entrepreneurs in the United States see opportunities and are willing and able to assume risk to bring new welfare-enhancing, wealth-generating technologies to the market. Yet, although discoveries in areas such as genomics, bioinformatics, and nanotechnology present new opportunities [...]
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 SBIR at NIH SBIR/STTR at the National Institutes of Health (2015)

The Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) and Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) programs provide federal research and development funding to small businesses. In 2008, the National Research Council completed a comprehensive assessment of the SBIR and STTR programs. The first-round study found that the programs were "sound in concept and effective in practice." Building on the outcomes from the Phase I study [...]
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 Innovation, Diversity and the SBIR/STTR Programs

Innovation, Diversity, and the SBIR/STTR Programs: Summary of a Workshop (2015)

This report is the summary of a workshop convened in February 2013 that focused on the participation of women, minorities, and both older and younger scientists, engineers, and entrepreneurs in the SBIR and STTR programs, with the goal of reviewing current efforts to expand the pool of SBIR/STTR-funded researchers and of identifying mechanisms for improving participation rates [...]
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SBIR at DoDSmall Business Innovation Program (SBIR) at the Department of Defense (2014)

SBIR at the Department of Defense considers ways that the Department of Defense SBIR program could work better in addressing the congressional objectives for the SBIR program to stimulate technological innovation, use small businesses to meet federal research and development (R & D) needs, foster and encourage the participation of socially and economically disadvantaged [...]
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New York's Nanotechnology ModelNew York's Nanotechnology Model: Building the Innovation Economy (2013)

This report is the summary of a 2013 symposium convened by the National Research Council's STEP Board  and members of the Nano Consortium that drew state officials and staff, business leaders, and leading national figures in early-stage finance, technology, engineering, education, and state and federal policies to review challenges, plans, and opportunities for innovation-led growth in [...]
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Best Practice State & Regional Innovation Initiatives

Best Practices in State and Regional Innovation Initiatives: Competing in the 21st Century (2013)

Most of the policy discussion about stimulating innovation has focused on the federal level. This study focuses on the significant activity at the state level, with the goal of improving the public's understanding of key policy strategies and exemplary practices. Based on a series [...]
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Building the Illinois Innovation Economy

Building the Illinois Innovation Economy: Summary of a Symposium (2013)

Responding to the challenges of fostering regional growth and employment in an increasingly competitive global economy, many U.S. states and regions have developed programs to attract and grow companies as well as attract the talent and resources necessary to develop innovation clusters [...]

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Building the Ohio Innovation Economy

Building the Ohio Innovation Economy: Summary of a Symposium (2013)

Since 1991, the National Research Council, under the auspices of the Board on Science, Technology, and Economic Policy, has undertaken a program of activities to improve policymakers' understandings of the interconnections of science, technology, and economic policy and their importance for the American economy and its international competitive position [...]
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Building the Arkansas Innovation Economy

Building the Arkansas Innovation Economy: Summary of a Symposium (2012)

A committee under the auspices of the Board on Science, Technology, and Economic Policy (STEP), is conducting a study of selected state and regional programs in order to identify best practices with regard to their goals, structures, instruments, modes of operation [...]
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Meeting Global Challenges: U.S.-German Innovation PolicyMeeting Global Challenges: U.S.-German Innovation Policy - Summary of a Symposium (2012)

While nations have always competed for territory, mineral riches, water, and other physical assets, they compete most vigorously today for technology-based innovations and the value that flows from them. Much of this value is based on creating scientific knowledge and transforming [...]
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Rising to the Challenge

Rising to the Challenge: U.S. Innovation Policy for the Global Economy (2012)

America's position as the source of much of the world's innovation has been the foundation of its economic vitality and military power in the post-war. No longer is U.S. pre-eminence assured as a place to turn laboratory discoveries into [...]
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 Building Hawaii's Innovation EconomyBuilding Hawaii's Innovation Economy - Summary of a Symposium (2012)

Responding to the challenges of fostering regional growth and employment in an increasingly competitive global economy, many U.S. states and regions have developed programs to attract and grow companies as well as attract the talent and resources necessary to develop innovation [...]
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 Growing Innovation Clusters for the 21st CenturyGrowing Innovation Clusters for American Prosperity: Summary of a Symposium (2011)

Responding to the challenges of fostering regional growth and employment in an increasingly competitive global economy, many U.S. states and regions have developed programs to attract and grow companies as well as attract the talent and resources necessary to develop innovation clusters. These state and regionally based initiatives [...]
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Building 21st CenturyBuilding the 21st Century: U.S.-China Cooperation on Science, Technology, and Innovations (2011)

The global economy is characterized by increasing locational competition to attract the resources necessary to develop leading-edge technologies as drivers of regional and national growth. One means of facilitating such growth and improving national competitiveness is to improve the operation of the national innovation system. This involves national [...]
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Dragon and the ElephantThe Dragon and the Elephant: Understanding the Development of Innovation Capacity in China and India (2010)

The return of the once-dormant economies of China and India to dynamism and growth is one of the most remarkable stories in recent history. The two countries are home to nearly 40 percent of the world's population, but until recently neither had played an influential role in the
contemporary global economy [...]
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Innmovation in Global IndustriesInnovation in Global Industries: U.S. Firms Competing in a New World (Collected Studies) (2008)

The debate over offshoring of production, transfer of technological capabilities, and potential loss of U.S. competitiveness is a long-running one. Prevailing thinking is that the world is flat that is, innovative capacity is spreading uniformly; as new centers of manufacturing emerge, research and development and new product development follow. Innovation in Global Industries challenges this thinking [...]
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 Innovation Inducement Prizes Innovation Inducement Prizes at the National Science Foundation (2007)
An Assessment of the SBIR Program (2007)An Assessment of the SBIR Program

The SBIR program allocates 2.5 percent of 11 federal agencies' extramural R&D budgets to fund R&D projects by small businesses, providing approximately $2 billion annually in competitive awards. At the request of Congress the National Academies conducted a comprehensive study of how the SBIR program has stimulated technological innovation...
[read more]
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 An Assessment of the SBIR Program at the Department of Defense An Assessment of the SBIR Program at the Department of Defense

The SBIR program allocates 2.5 percent of 11 federal agencies' extramural R&D budgets to fund R&D projects by small businesses, providing approximately $2 billion annually in competitive awards. At the request of Congress the National Academies conducted a comprehensive study of how the SBIR program has stimulated technological innovation...[read more]
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 An Assessment of the SBIR Program at the National Institutes of Health (2007) An Assessment of the SBIR Program at the National Institutes of Health

The SBIR program allocates 2.5 percent of 11 federal agencies' extramural R&D budgets to fund R&D projects by small businesses, providing approximately $2 billion annually in competitive awards. At the request of Congress the National Academies conducted a comprehensive study of how the SBIR program has stimulated technological innovation...[read more]
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 An Assessment of the SBIR Program at the National Aeronautics and Space Admini An Assessment of the SBIR Program at the National Aeronautics and Space Administration

The Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program is one of the largest examples of U.S. public-private partnerships. Founded in 1982, SBIR was designed to encourage small business to develop new processes and products and to provide quality research in support of the many missions of the U.S. government, including health, energy, the environment...[read more]
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 An Assessment of the SBIR Program at the National Science Foundation (2007)  An Assessment of the SBIR Program at the National Science Foundation

The Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program is one of the largest examples of U.S. public-private partnerships. Founded in 1982, SBIR was designed to encourage small business to develop new processes and products and to provide quality research in support of the many missions of the U.S. government, including health, energy, the environment . . . [read more]
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 An Assessment of the SBIR Program at the Department of Energy (2007) An Assessment of the SBIR Program at the Department of Energy

The Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program is one of the largest examples of U.S. public-private partnerships. Founded in 1982, SBIR was designed to encourage small business to develop new processes and products and to provide quality research in support of the many missions of the U.S. government, including health, energy, the environment, and national defense...[read more]
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 Venture Funding and the NIH SBIR Program  Venture Funding and the NIH SBIR Program (2009)

The Small Business Administration issued a policy directive in 2002, the effect of which has been to exclude innovative small firms in which venture capital firms have a controlling interest from the SBIR program. This book seeks to illuminate the consequences of the SBA ruling excluding majority-owned venture capital firms from participation in SBIR projects [...]
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 Revisiting the Dept. of Defense SBIR Fast Track InitiativeRevisiting the Department of Defense Fast Track Initiative (2009)

In October 1995, the Department of Defense launched a Fast Track initiative to attract new firms and encourage commercialization of Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) funded technologies throughout the department. The goal of the Fast Track initiative is to help close the funding gap that can occur between Phase I and II of the SBIR [...]
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 SBIR: Program Diversity and Assessment ChallengesSBIR Program Diversity and Assessment Challenges: Report of a Symposium (2004)

In response to a Congressional mandate, the National Research Council conducted a review of the Small Business Innovation Research Program (SBIR) at the five federal agencies with SBIR programs with budgets in excess of $100 million (DOD, NIH, NASA, DOE, and NSF). The project was designed to answer questions of program operation and effectiveness [...]
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 SBIR and the Phase III Challenge of Commercialization (2007) SBIR and Phase III Challenge of Commercialization: Report of a Symposium
 An Assessment of the SBIR Program Project MethodologyAn Assessment of the SBIR Program: Project Methodology (2004)
In response to a Congressional mandate, the National Research Council conducted a review of the SBIR program at the five federal agencies with SBIR programs with budgets in excess of $100 million (DOD, NIH, NASA, DOE, and NSF). The project was designed to answer questions of program operation [...]
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Forthcoming Reports:

  • SBIR at the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
  • SBIR/STTR at the Department of Energy



All STEP reports are available as free PDF downloads at www.nap.edu. If you would like a hard copy, please email step@nas.edu. 

 


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