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The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine
Board on Science, Technology, and Economic Policy
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STEP Reports on Industry & Labor

SkillS Report Cover 100 x 150Building America's Skilled Technical Workforce (2017)
Skilled technical occupations—defined as occupations that require a high level of knowledge in a technical domain but do not require a bachelor’s degree for entry—are a key component of the U.S. economy. In response to globalization and advances in science and technology, American firms are demanding workers with greater proficiency in literacy and numeracy, as well as strong interpersonal, technical, and problem-solving skills. However, employer surveys and industry and government reports have raised concerns that the nation may not have an adequate supply of skilled technical workers to achieve its competitiveness and economic growth objectives.
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Immigratin Policy & the Search for Skilled TalentImmigration Policy and the Search for Skilled Talent: Summary of a Workshop (2015)
The market for high-skilled workers is becoming increasingly global, as are the markets for knowledge and ideas. While high-skilled immigrants in the United States represent a much smaller proportion of the workforce than they do in countries such as Australia, Canada, and the United Kingdom, these immigrants have an important role in spurring innovation and economic growth in all countries and filling shortages in the domestic labor supply [...]
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Research Impacts

Measuring the Impacts of Federal Investments in Research: A Workshop Summary (2011)
The enactment of the America COMPETES Act in 2006 (and its reauthorization in 2010), the increase in research expenditures under the 2009 American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA), and President Obama's general emphasis on the contribution of science and technology to economic growth have all heightened interest in the role of scientific and engineering research in creating [...]
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Growing Innovation Clusters for the 21st CenturyGrowing Innovation Clusters for American Prosperity: Summary of a Symposium (2011)
Responding to the challenges of fostering regional growth and employment in an increasingly competitive global economy, many U.S. states and regions have developed programs to attract and grow companies as well as attract the talent and resources necessary to develop innovation clusters. These state and regionally based initiatives [...]
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Intagible AssetsIntangible Assets: Measuring and Enhancing Their Contribution to Corporate Value and Economic Growth: Summary of a Workshop (2009)
Intangible assets--which include computer software, research and development (R&D), intellectual property, workforce training, and spending to raise the efficiency and brand identification of firms--comprise a subset of services, which, in turn, accounts for three-quarters of all economic activity. Increasingly, intangibles are a principal driver of the competitiveness of U.S.-based firms, economic growth, and opportunities for U.S. workers. Yet, despite these developments [...]
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 Innmovation in Global IndustriesInnovation in Global Industries: U.S. Firms Competing in a New World (Collected Studies) (2008)
The debate over offshoring of production, transfer of technological capabilities, and potential loss of U.S. competitiveness is a long-running one. Prevailing thinking is that the world is flat that is, innovative capacity is spreading uniformly; as new centers of manufacturing emerge, research and development and new product development follow. Innovation in Global Industries challenges this thinking [...]
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 US Industry in 2000U.S. Industry in 2000: Studies in Competitive Performance (1999)
Despite the many benefits of energy, most of which are reflected in energy market prices, the production, distribution, and use of energy causes negative effects. Many of these negative effects are not reflected in energy market prices. When market failures like this occur, there may be a case for government interventions in the form of regulations, taxes, fees, tradable permits [...]

Forthcoming Reports...
  • The Supply Chain for Middle-Skill Jobs: Education, Training, and Certification Pathways
  • Immigration Policy and the Search for Skilled Talent: Summary of a Workshop