The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine
Sustainability across the Academies
Sustainability across the Academies
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Ongoing Activities: Sustainability across the Academies


Sustainability - the IssueNatural Systems
People & Their CommunitiesInstitutions & Indicators
Life Support Systems: Atmosphere, Water & FoodSustainability, Research & Development
Economy & Industry

Sustainable Energy

Sustainability - The Issue  

The Roundtable on Science and Technology for Sustainability
Established in 2002, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine’s Roundtable on Science and Technology for Sustainability provides a high-level forum for sharing views, information, and analyses related to harnessing science and technology for sustainability. Members of the Roundtable include leading experts from research institutions as well as senior decision-makers from government and industry who deal with issues of sustainable development, and who are in a position to mobilize new strategies and resources for sustainability. (Science and Technology for Sustainability Program). 

Housing, Health, and Homelessness: Evaluating the Evidence
A committee, under the auspices of the Science and Technology for Sustainability (STS) Program and the Board on Population and Public Health Practice, evaluated interventions and policy options for addressing urban homelessness, particularly permanent supportive housing programs. Specifically, the study addressed the fundamental question, to what extent have permanent supportive housing programs improved health outcomes and affected health care costs in people experiencing homelessness? To address this question, the committee took into consideration any variation in outcomes for different subsets of homeless populations, including people experiencing chronic homelessness and people identified as high-utilizers of health care services, as well as the variation in outcomes related to different housing configurations and approaches to services delivery and financing associated with permanent supportive housing. (Science and Technology for Sustainability Program).

Sustainability across the National Academies: Senior Level Coordinating Group
Since January 2018, senior leaders from across the National Academies have been discussing our approach to sustainability as a whole of institutions set of activities and identify ways for the National Academies to leverage its broad expertise and contacts to increase connection to the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) by sharing best practices, barriers and opportunities. (Science and Technology for Sustainability Program).

Working Groups on SDG and Local Scale Sustainability
An expert working group met in February 2018 to examine how the National Academies can harness its links to the U.S. science, engineering and medical communities to support activities at a global scale related to the SDG. Future meetings for the Working Group will take place in late 2018. (Science and Technology for Sustainability Program).

Building the Foundations of Sustainability across the National Academies
A monthly e-newsletter Sustainability across the National Academies: Linking Knowledge to Action provides updated highlighting activities related to sustainability throughout the National Academies in the context of the SDG. (Science and Technology for Sustainability Program).

People and Their Communities
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Improving Quality of Health Care Globally
In light of the call in the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) for achieving Universal Health Coverage (UHC), the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine will study particular prospects for improving health care quality globally while expanding access to preventive and therapeutic services, with a focus in low-resource areas. (Board on Global Health; Board on Health Care Services).

Effective Mentoring in STEMM
The National Academies will conduct a study of STEMM (science, technology, engineering, mathematics, and medical) mentoring programs and practices at the undergraduate and graduate levels. The study will have a particular focus on identifying evidence (or lack thereof) regarding successful programs for mentoring of individuals traditionally marginalized in STEMM fields, including women, individuals from racial/ethnic groups historically underrepresented in STEMM, and first-generation college students. (Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education; Board on Higher Education and Workforce; Board on Science Education)

Emerging Science for Environmental Health Decisions
Scientific discoveries, new tools, and improved approaches have rapidly expanded the field of environmental health—the study of environmental influences on human health and disease. Evaluating the utility and importance of findings derived from these new tools and new approaches in guiding public health decisions can be a daunting challenge. At the request of the National Institute for Environmental Health Sciences, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine formed the Standing Committee on Use of Emerging Science for Environmental Health Decisions to facilitate communication among government, industry, environmental groups, and the academic community about scientific advances that may be used in the identification, quantification, and control of environmental impacts on human health. (Board on Life SciencesBoard on Environmental Studies and Toxicology).

Environmental Health Matters Initiative
National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine will work across disciplines and sectors in developing lasting solutions to improve health today and for generations to come.
Building upon the National Academies’ legacy of work in environmental health and leveraging the ability to convene top experts, the Academies will bring together corporate, government, and university leaders, along with other engaged stakeholders in this field to explore the latest science, identify promising options and solutions, and create innovative pathways toward improving environmental health.

Measuring Community Resilience
The National Academies will conduct a study on effective ways to measure the resilience of a community to natural hazards and other disruptions. The committee will identify knowledge gaps, research directions, and approaches that could be useful to a range of communities, including the Gulf Research Program’s efforts to support the development of healthy and resilient coastal communities. (Office of Special Projects).

The Value of Social, Behavioral and Economic Sciences to National Priorities
The National Academies will appoint an ad-hoc committee of approximately 8 members to focus on the following: Should the federal government fund research in the social, behavioral, and economic (SBE) sciences at the National Science Foundation. (Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education).

Urban Flooding in the United States
The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine will organize a series of regional workshops or case studies to explore the issue of urban flooding in 3 to 8 metropolitan areas in order to gain an initial understanding of its extent and causes in the chosen locations. (Office of Special Projects; Water Science and Technology Board). 

Life Support Systems: Atmosphere, Water, and Food
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America's Climate Choices
In response to a request from Congress, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine have launched America's Climate Choices, a suite of studies designed to inform and guide responses to climate change across the nation. Experts representing various levels of government, the private sector, nongovernmental organizations, and research and academic institutions have been selected to serve on four panels and an overarching committee.  (Board on Atmospheric Sciences & Climate).

Future Water Resource Needs for the Nation: Water Science and Research at the U.S. Geological Survey
The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) plays an essential role in meeting the nation's water resource needs through its well-established observational network and renowned water science and research activities. The National Academies would provide guidance to the USGS Water Mission Area (WMA) as it works to address the most compelling national water resource and science needs during the next several decades. (Board on Earth Science & Resources; Water Science and Technology Board).

Improving Data Collection and Reporting about Agriculture with Increasingly Complex Farm Business Structures
The National Academies will review, assess, and make recommendations for U.S. Department of Agriculture's National Agricultural Statistics Service and the Economic Research Service on effective methods for collecting data and reporting information about American agriculture given the changes and increased complexity in farm business structure. The panel will take into consideration the effect any changes in concepts and data collection practices could have on the number of farms and the reliability of sector finance and performance indicators. (Committee on National Statistics). 

Management of Legionella in Water Systems
The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine will undertake a project on the management of Legionella in water systems. Legionella is a bacterium found in drinking water distribution systems, premise plumbing, hot tubs, hot water heaters, cooling towers, fountains, and other building water systems. At high enough concentrations and when inhaled, Legionella can cause legionellosis, which includes Legionnaires’ disease and Pontiac fever. The Academies will review the state of science with respect to Legionella contamination of water systems and issue a report. (Division on Earth and Life Studies; Health and Medicine Division)

Nutrient Requirements of Dairy Cattle, 8th edition

The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine will prepare a report that reviews the scientific literature on the nutrition of dairy cattle and updates the nutrient requirements contained in the 2001 NRC publication Nutrient Requirements of Dairy Cattle.  The report will contain a comprehensive analysis of recent research on the feeding and nutrition ; of dairy cattle, including research on the amounts of amino acids, lipids, fiber, carbohydrates, minerals, vitamins, and water needed by preweanling, growing, reproducing, and lactating dairy cattle. (Board on Atmospheric Sciences & Climate; Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources).

Review of the Dietary Reference Intakes for Sodium and Potassium
The National Academies will undertake a study to assess current relevant data and update, as appropriate, the DRIs for sodium and potassium intake. The review will include consideration of indicators of deficiency, inadequacy, and toxicities, as well as relevant chronic disease endpoints. The study will incorporate the AHRQ systematic evidence review of sodium and potassium on chronic disease endpoints, as appropriate, and the HMD report on guiding principles for inclusion of chronic disease endpoints along with the DRI organizing framework. Indicators for adequacy and excess will be selected based on the strength and quality of the evidence and the demonstrated public health significance, taking into consideration sources of uncertainty in the evidence. Estimates of dietary intake of sodium and potassium will be compatible with optimal health throughout the lifespan and may decrease risk of chronic disease where data indicate they play a role. (Health and Medicine Division)

Review of the National Science Foundation's Division of Atmospheric and Geospace Sciences (AGS) Draft Science Goals and Objectives

An ad hoc National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine committee will review the draft Division of Atmospheric and Geospace Sciences (AGS) draft science goals and objectives in a two-part process (Phase 1 and 2). Phase 1 will consist of planning and hosting a public workshop to engage the atmospheric sciences community and others as appropriate to provide feedback on the draft. The workshop will be designed to seek specific input on the draft by asking invited workshop speakers and other participants to share their views in the context of the questions above. A recap of workshop will be produced by the Academies staff. In Phase 2, the committee will write a letter report reviewing the AGS draft goals and objectives by addressing the questions above from its own standpoint. (Board on Atmospheric Sciences & ClimateSpace Studies Board).

Review of the New York City Department of Environmental Protection Operations Support Tool for Water Supply
The National Academies will review the New York City Department of Environmental Protection’s Operations Support Tool (OST), which is a combined water quantity and quality model, to help predict future water level and quantity conditions in the City’s reservoir system. The committee will review the City’s use of OST for water supply operations, including managing elevated turbidity, and will consider potential ways in which the City can more effectively use OST. (Water Science and Technology Board).

Science Breakthroughs 2030: A Strategy for Food and Agricultural Research
The National Academies will conduct a study to lead the development of an innovative strategy for the future of food and agriculture research. The goal will be to develop a compelling scientific strategy for food and agricultural research for the next decade and beyond that would stimulate transformational change in the food and agricultural system by catalyzing new research directions and partnerships, attracting new research talent, stimulating entrepreneurial activities, increasing funding opportunities, and ultimately opening new paths to a safe, healthful, and sustainable supply of food and fiber. (Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources; Board on Atmospheric Sciences & Climate; Board on Environmental Change and Society; Food and Nutrition Board; Water Science and Technology Board; Board on Life Sciences).

The Potential for Biotechnology to Address Forest Health
The National Academies will examine the potential use of biotechnology to mitigate threats to forest tree health, identify the ecological, ethical, and social implications of deploying biotechnology in forests, and develop a research agenda to address knowledge gaps about its application. The study will focus on trees and consider the use of biotechnology to prevent the extirpation of a single tree species by an insect or disease that could have negative consequences for forest health. (Division on Earth and Life Studies)

Economy and Industry 
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Anthropogenic Methane Emissions in the United States: Improving Measurement, Monitoring, Reporting, and Development of Inventories
The National Academies will examine approaches to measuring, monitoring, reporting, and developing inventories of anthropogenic emissions of methane to the atmosphere. The geographic scope of this study is limited to the U.S., although much of the committee’s report could be relevant internationally. (Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources; Board on Atmospheric Sciences & Climate; Board on Energy & Environmental Systems DPES; Board on Earth Sciences & Resources; Board on Environmental Studies & Technology). 

A Review of the Citrus Greening Research and Development Efforts Supported by the Citrus Research and Development Foundation: Fighting a Ravaging Disease
The National Academies will conduct an assessment of citrus greening research efforts supported by the Citrus Research and Development Foundation from 2010-2016 to identify ways to retool citrus greening research to accelerate the development of durable tools and strategies that could help abate the damage caused by citrus greening and prevent the total collapse of the citrus industry. (Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources).

Evaluation of the Use of Chemical Dispersants in Oil Spill Response
The National Academies will assess the effects and efficacy of dispersants as an oil spill response tool through review and evaluation of domestic and international research reports and results, including both laboratory and field studies. The study will evaluate trade-offs associated with dispersant use, in part through use or review of net environmental benefit analyses, conducted for past oil spills. The evaluation will include comparison of chemically dispersed oil with the fate and effects of untreated oil. (Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology; Board on Environmental Studies & Toxicology; Ocean Studies Board).

Frontiers of Materials Research: A Decadal Survey
The National Academies shall prepare a report that will articulate the status and promising future directions of materials research (MR) in the United States in the context of similar efforts world-wide. (Board on Physics & Astronomy).

Improving the Next-Generation EPA Multi-Sector General Permit for Industrial Stormwater Discharges
The National Academies will conduct a study that will provide input to the EPA as it revises its Multi-Sector General Permit (MSGP) for industrial stormwater. Three permit programs under the Clean Water Act are used to regulate discharge of stormwater to receiving waters – one for municipalities, one for industrial facilities, and one for construction sites. Of these, industrial stormwater is particularly challenging to control because of the wide range of industrial sectors that must be accounted for, each of which produces a unique suite of contaminants in stormwater. The industrial stormwater permit program includes a small number of individual facility permits as well as general permits that are issued to groups of industries at the state and federal level. The current Multi-Sector General Permit (MSGP) for industrial stormwater covers over 4,000 facilities nationwide and is used as a framework for dozens of similar state program. (Division on Earth and Life Studies)

Long-term Coastal Zone Dynamics: Interactions and Feedbacks between Natural and Human Processes and their implication for the U.S. Coastline

The National Academies will conduct a study to determine research needed to improve understanding of the interactions and feedbacks between long-term (decadal to millennial scale) natural coastal dynamics and energy-related infrastructure development along the U.S. Gulf of Mexico coastline. The work will be informed by case studies from the other U.S. regions, including the mid-Atlantic, California, and/or Alaska. (Board on Environmental Change and Society; Board on Earth Sciences & Resources; Ocean Studies Board; Transportation Research Board).

Occupational Exposure to Respirable Coal-Mine Dust
The National Academies will assess monitoring and sampling approaches for informing underground coal mine operators’ decision-making regarding the control of respirable coal mine dust and mine worker exposure. The committee will identify important research gaps regarding monitoring and sampling protocols for controlling miners’ exposure to coal mine dust. (Board on Earth Sciences & Resources; Board on Environmental Studies & Toxicology; Board on Health Sciences Policy). 

Review of Federal Highway Administration Infrastructure R&D - Expert Task Group on Bridges
The National Academies will advise the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) Infrastructure R&D Program regarding priorities in terms of the technical tools and products that state departments of transportation need to maintain and improve the performance of their pavements, bridges, and other structures. FHWA's program includes gathering data on long-term infrastructure performance; structural design; material testing, evaluation, specification and mixture design, and optimization for both traditional and innovative materials; performance evaluation and prediction; construction; life-cycle cost analysis; environmental and sustainability aspects and implications; preservation of bridges, tunnels, culverts, geotechnical elements; aerodynamic and hydraulic engineering guidance; design and mitigation for extreme events (e.g., seismic, blast, and scour); advanced materials and structural systems; tools for the assessment and condition monitoring of highway structures; and data-driven performance management and preservation tools. The FHWA and its contractors are designing tools and predictive models for highway infrastructure owners to use to maintain and improve their assets; the committee’s role will be to comment on such products as appropriate. The committee will meet annually to interact with FHWA and other stakeholders and issue an annual assessment in the form of a letter report. (Transportation Research Board)

Review of the Small Business Innovation Research and Small Business Technology Transfer Programs at the Department of Energy
The National Academies will conduct a study of the economic and non-economic benefits of the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) and Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) programs at the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). Drawing on published research plus existing data. The Academies will produce a consensus report with findings and recommendations. (Board on Science, Technology, and Economic Policy)

Sources of Lead Contamination at or near Superfund Sites
The National Academies will examine the extent to which various sources contribute to environmental lead concentrations in areas at or near Superfund sites that are situated within or adjacent to lead-mining areas. The committee will consider whether sources, such as naturally occurring lead, lead-based paint, and the consumer use of products that contain lead, are significant contributors to environmental contamination problems identified through the Superfund site assessment process. (Board on Environmental Studies & Toxicology). 

Study on Propane Gas Pipeline Facilities
The National Academies will examine the safety of pipeline facilities that transport or store only petroleum gas, or mixtures of petroleum gas and air, for service to 100 or fewer customers. An expert committee will examine (a) federal, state and local regulatory requirements applicable to these pipeline facilities; (b) techniques and best practices relating their safe design, installation, operation and maintenance; and (c) the costs and benefits, including safety benefits, associated with the regulatory requirements and use of the techniques and best practices. (Transportation Research Board).

Natural Systems
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Developing a Research Agenda for Utilization of Gaseous Carbon Waste Streams
The National Academies will conduct a comprehensive assessment of future research and development needs for carbon utilization. In particular, it will focus on the research and development needed for commercialization of technologies that can transform carbon waste streams into products such as chemicals, fuels, polymers, and/or aggregates at a reasonable cost and a net lifecycle reduction of greenhouse (GHG) emissions to the atmosphere. (Division on Earth and Life Studies, Division on Engineering and Physical Science)

Gulf Research Program

Over its 30-year duration, the Gulf Research Program will work to enhance oil system safety and the protection of human health and the environment in the Gulf of Mexico and other U.S. outer continental shelf areas by seeking to improve understanding of the region’s interconnecting human, environmental, and energy systems and fostering application of these insights to benefit Gulf communities, ecosystems, and the Nation.

Interventions to Increase the Resilience of Coral Reefs
The National Academies will assemble a committee to review the science and assess potential risks and benefits of ecological and genetic interventions that have potential to enhance the recovery and persistence of coral reefs threatened by rapidly deteriorating environmental conditions that are warmer, less favorable for calcification, have impaired water quality, and pose continuing disease threats. Given these environmental conditions, the committee will consider near- future scenarios (5-20 years) and more severely degraded environmental scenarios as part of an overall risk assessment in an ecosystem context. The coral intervention strategies will be assessed with regard to the goal of increasing the long-term persistence and resilience of tropical coral reefs and their ecological functions. (Division on Earth and Life Studies)

Polar Icebreaker Cost Assessment
The National Academies shall describe current and emerging requirements for the Coast Guard's polar icebreaking capabilities, taking into account the rapidly changing ice cover in the Arctic environment, national security considerations, and expanding commercial activities in the Arctic and Antarctic, including marine transportation, energy development, fishing, and tourism. (Board on Atmospheric Sciences & Climate; Ocean Studies Board; Studies and Special Programs Division). 

Review of the Edwards Aquifer Habitat Conservation Program
An ad hoc committee will conduct a study and issue three reports that review the many different scientific initiatives underway to support the Edwards Aquifer Habitat Conservation Plan (EAHCP). The committee will focus on the adequacy of the body of scientific information to reliably inform assessments of the EAHCP biological goals and objectives; ensuring that best-available science is utilized. The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine review will be conducted from 2013-2018. The committee issued its first report in 2014, its second report in 2016, and will issue its third and final report in 2018. (Water Science and Technology Board).

Institutions and Indicators (back to top)

Developing a Research Agenda for Carbon Dioxide Removal and Reliable Sequestration
The National Academies will conduct a study to identify the most urgent unanswered scientific and technical questions needed to a) assess the benefits, risks, and sustainable scale potential for carbon dioxide removal and sequestration approaches; and b) increase the commercial viability of carbon dioxide removal and sequestration. A committee will assess the costs and benefits of such a research and development program to the extent possible in the timeframe of the study. (Board on Atmospheric Sciences & Climate; Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources; Board on Earth Sciences & Resources; Ocean Studies Board; Board on Energy & Environmental Systems DEPS; Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology).

Methods for Integrating Multiple Data Sources to Improve Crop Estimates
The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine will review, assess, and make recommendations on methods for integrating multiple data sources to improve county-level crop estimates produced by the National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS). The goal is to provide more precise estimates with appropriate measures of uncertainty for current county-level estimates of acreage, yield, and cash rents for major crops. Multiple sources of data are potentially available for county-level crop estimates, including NASS surveys, data from other agencies, and automated field-level information collected by farm equipment dealers. (Committee on National Statistics).

Sustainability Research and Development 
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Climate Communications Initiative
The National Academies have established a new Climate Communications Initiative (CCI) to coordinate efforts across the institution to facilitate rapid and effective communication of evidence-based insights to an attentive public and critical decision makers. CCI will leverage consensus reports and ongoing activities across the depth and breadth of scientific disciplines housed at the National Academies to offer a suite of authoritative and objective materials and engagement opportunities.

Grand Challenges for Engineering

In a fourteen-month project, the NAE will convene a select, international committee to evaluate ideas on the greatest challenges and opportunities for engineering. The committee will draw upon many sources of engineering expertise (including the NAE membership and foreign associates, the NAE's international Frontiers of Engineering program, and engineering societies worldwide) as well as ideas from the broader public. (National Academy of Engineering). 

Grand Challenges in Environmental Engineering and Science for the 21st Century
To help guide the next generation of environmental engineers and scientists, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine has appointed a committee of experts to conduct a study on Grand Challenges and Opportunities in Environmental Engineering and Science for the 21st Century. The committee invites the scientific community and the public to submit ideas about ambitious but achievable goals that harness science, technology, and innovation from environmental engineering and science to solve important national or global problems. Submit your ideas here

Sustainable Energy
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America's Energy Future
There is a growing sense of national urgency about the role of energy in long-term U.S. economic vitality, national security, and climate change. The U.S. has the resources to combat this energy challenge; the dilemma is to identify which solutions will be right for our country, and how to address the massive technological and social changes to come. To fill this information gap, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine launched the America’s Energy Future study in 2007. This four-year project will explore energy technologies, providing authoritative estimates and analysis of the current and future supply of and demand for energy; new and existing technologies to meet those demands; their associated impacts; and their projected costs.  (Division on Earth and Life Studies; Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences; National Academy of Engineering; Transportation Research Board).

Connector Reliability for Offshore Oil and Natural Gas Operations
The National Academies will conduct a public workshop and follow-on consensus study to address reliability issues associated with the connectors and other fastener systems used in critical safety components and equipment for offshore oil and natural gas operations (“Connectors”). (National Materials and Manufacturing Board). 

Disposal of Surplus Plutonium in the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant
The National Academies will evaluate the general viability of the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) conceptual plans for disposing of surplus plutonium in the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) to support U.S. commitments under the Plutonium Management and Disposition Agreement, identify gaps, and recommend actions that could be taken by DOE and others to address those gaps. (Division on Earth and Life Studies)

Energy Resource Potential on DOE Lands

A National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine-appointed committee will review a study conducted by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) for the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Legacy Management of the potential development of energy resources on lands managed by DOE. This study may include assessments of oil, gas, coal, solar, wind, geothermal, biomass, uranium, and other resources, and is likely to include consideration of market barriers, practical constraints, economics, and access to markets in estimating the potential for energy supply. (Board on Energy & Environmental Systems).

Future Directions for the U.S. Geological Survey's Energy Resources Program
The National Academies will conduct a study to consider the overall mission and direction for the research and assessments conducted by the USGS Energy Resource Program (ERP) as the program works to best support meeting the nation's future energy needs. (Board on Earth Sciences & Resources).

Independent Assessment of Science and Technology for the Department of Energy’s Defense Environmental Cleanup Program
The National Academies will conduct an independent assessment of technology development efforts within the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Environmental Management (DOE-EM). The study will produce a consensus report that contains findings and recommendations. The report will not contain policy recommendations that involve non-technical value judgments. (Division on Earth and Life Studies)

Real-Time Monitoring of Offshore Oil and Gas Operations
The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine will conduct a study to advise the Bureau of Safety and Environmental Enforcement (BSEE), U.S. Department of the Interior, on the use of real-time monitoring systems (RTM) by industry and government to reduce the safety and environmental risks of offshore oil and gas operations. The final report shall address the critical operations and specific parameters that should be monitored to manage and mitigate environmental and safety risks (e.g., to reduce the risk of well kicks, blowouts, and other sources of casualties). (Studies and Special Programs Division).

Review of the 21st Century Truck Partnership, Phase 3  
The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine will conduct a third review of the 21st Century Truck Partnership. During this Phase 3 review, a committee of experts will review the high-level technical goals, targets, and timetables for research and development (R&D) efforts, which address such areas as heavy vehicle systems; hybrid electric propulsion; advanced internal combustion engines (ICEs); and materials technologies. The committee will also review and evaluate progress and program directions since the inception of the Partnership towards meeting the Partnership's technical goals, and examine on-going research activities and their relevance to meeting the goals of the Partnership. (Board on Energy & Environmental Systems).

Other Activities
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Christine Mirzayan Science and Technology Policy Fellowship Program
The Christine Mirzayan Science & Technology Policy Graduate Fellowship Program within the Policy and Global Affairs Division of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine is designed to engage its Fellows in the analytical process that informs U.S. science and technology policy.  Fellows develop basic skills essential to working or participating in science policy at the federal, state, or local levels.  Graduate and professional school students and those who have completed graduate studies (degree awarded) within the last five years may apply.  Areas of study may include any social/behavioral science, medical/health discipline, physical or biological science, any field of engineering, law/business/public administration, or any relevant interdisciplinary fields.  (The Christine Mirzayan Science & Technology Policy Graduate Fellowship Program).

PNAS Sustainability Science, Special Features
PNAS has launched a new section of the journal dedicated to sustainability science, an emerging field of research dealing with the interactions between natural and social systems, and with how those interactions affect the challenge of sustainability: meeting the needs of present and future generations while substantially reducing poverty and conserving the planet's life support systems. PNAS seeks original research contributions for this new section on both the fundamental character of interactions among humans, their technologies, and the environment, and on the use of such knowledge to advance sustainability goals relevant to water, food, energy, health, habitation, mobility, and ecosystem services.