COMMITTEE ON SCIENCE, ENGINEERING, AND PUBLIC POLICY
MEMBERS' BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION
RICHARD N. ZARE (Chair) is the Marguerite Blake Wilbur Professor in Natural Science at Stanford University. He was born on November 19, 1939 in Cleveland, Ohio, and is a graduate of Harvard University, where he received his B.A. degree in chemistry and physics in 1961 and his Ph.D. in chemical physics in 1964. In 1965 he became an assistant professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, but moved to the University of Colorado in 1966, remaining there until 1969 while holding joint appointments in the departments of chemistry, and physics and astrophysics. In 1969 he was appointed to a full professorship in the chemistry department at Columbia University, becoming the Higgins Professor of Natural Science in 1975. In 1977 he moved to Stanford University. He was named Chair of the Department of Chemistry at Stanford University in 2005. In 2006 he was named a Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI) Professor.
Professor Zare is renowned for his research in the area of laser chemistry, resulting in a greater understanding of chemical reactions at the molecular level. By experimental and theoretical studies he has made seminal contributions to our knowledge of molecular collision processes and contributed very significantly to solving a variety of problems in chemical analysis. His development of laser induced fluorescence as a method for studying reaction dynamics has been widely adopted in other laboratories. He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences since 1976.
LINDA M. ABRIOLAis the Dean of Engineering and a Professor in the Departments of Civil and Environmental Engineering and Chemical and Biological Engineering at Tufts University. Her research in the Integrated Multiphase Environmental Systems Laboratory uses both mathematical modeling and laboratory experiments to study reactive contaminants in the subsurface. Prior to her arrival at Tufts University, she was a member of the faculty at University of Michigan from 1984 to 2003. In addition to her work with the National Research Council, she has served on advisory committees for the Environmental Protection Agency and Department of Energy. She received her bachelor’s degree from Drexel University in 1979, and a Master’s and Ph.D. in Civil and Environmental Engineering from Princeton University in 1979 and 1983. She is a member of the National Academy of Engineering.
MOSES HUNG-WAI CHANis the Evan Pugh Professor in the Department of Physics at Pennsylvania State University. His research focuses on low temperature physics. He joined the faculty at Penn State in 1979. He received his bachelor’s degree from Bridgewater College in 1967, and a Master’s and Ph.D. from Cornell University in 1969 and 1974. He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences.
RALPH J. CICERONE
(ex-officio) is the President of the National Academy of Sciences and the Chair of National Research Council. His research in atmospheric chemistry, climate change, and energy has contributed to the understanding of greenhouse gases and ozone depletion. Prior to his election as NAS president, he held positions at the University of Michigan, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, National Center for Atmospheric Research, and University of California, Irvine. He served as Dean of the Physical Sciences from 1994 to 1998, and then Chancellor of the University of California, Irvine from 1998 to 2005. He received his bachelor’s degree from Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and a Master’s and Ph.D. in Electrical Engineering and a minor in Physics from University of Illinois at Champaign-Urbana. He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences and has served as president of NAS since 2005.
PAUL CITRONis a senior fellow at the William J. von Liebig Center for Entrepreneurism and Technology and an Adjunct Professor in the Department of Bioengineering at University of California, San Diego. Prior to his arrival at UCSD, he served as Vice President of Science and Technology and Vice President of Technology Policy and Academic Relations at Medtronic, Inc., a medical technologies company, until he retired in 2003. During his 32 years at Medtronic, Inc., he was responsible for corporate-wide assessment and coordination of technology and for establishing and prioritization of corporate research. He also co-invented the tined pacing lead. He received his bachelor’s degree from Drexel University in 1969, and a Master’s in Electrical Engineering from University of Minnesota in 1972. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering.
DAVID DANIEL is the fourth president of The University of Texas at Dallas. He received his bachelor’s, master’s, and Ph.D. degrees in engineering from The University of Texas at Austin, and served on the faculty at UT Austin from 1980 to 1996. In 1996, he moved to the University of Illinois, finishing his service as Dean of Engineering before being appointed UT Dallas' president in 2005. Dr. Daniel’s professional work has been recognized by the American Society of Civil Engineers, which awarded him its highest honor for papers published in its journals (the Norman Medal), and on two separate occasions awarded him its second highest honor, the Croes Medal. He received the Presidents’ Award in 2007 and the OPAL (Outstanding Projects and Leaders) Award for Education for 2010. In 2000, he was elected to the National Academy of Engineering.
VICTOR J. DZAU (ex officio) is the 8th President of the Institute of Medicine. Dr. Dzau has made a significant impact on medicine through his seminal research in cardiovascular medicine and genetics, pioneering the discipline of vascular medicine, and leadership in health care innovation. In his role as a leader in health care, Dr. Dzau has led efforts in health care innovation. His vision is for academic health sciences centers to lead the transformation of medicine through innovation, translation, and globalization. In addition to his work with the IOM, Dr. Dzau is currently a member of the Board of Directors of the Singapore Health System, Governing Board of Duke-National University of Singapore Graduate Medical School, and Senior Health Policy Advisor to Her Highness Sheikha Moza (Chair of the Qatar Foundation). He is also on the Board of Health Governors of the World Economic Forum and chaired its Global Agenda Council on Personalized and Precision Medicine. He is Chancellor Emeritus for Health Affairs and James B. Duke Professor of Medicine at Duke University and the past President and CEO of the Duke University Health System. Previously, Dr. Dzau was the Hersey Professor of Theory and Practice of Medicine and Chairman of Medicine at Harvard Medical School’s Brigham and Women’s Hospital, as well as Chairman of the Department of Medicine at Stanford University.
GORDON R. ENGLAND is Chairmen of the Board of V1 Analytical Solutions. V1 is a professional and technical services company that provides intelligence, information technology, and tactical aviation solutions for government and commercial clients. He is also on the Board of PFP Cybersecurity, a firm that provides a physics-based integrity assessment of hardware, firmware, and operational software. Mr. England served as the Deputy Secretary of Defense from 2006 – 2009, having previously served as the Deputy Secretary of Homeland Security and as the 72nd and 73rd Secretary of the Navy. Prior to joining the administration of President George W. Bush, Mr. England worked as an executive vice president at General Dynamics, as president of General Dynamics Land Systems Company, and as president of the General Dynamics Fort Worth Aircraft Company (later Lockheed). Mr. England is a member of the National Academy of Engineering.
DIANE E. GRIFFIN is the Vice President of the National Academy of Sciences and University Distinguished Service Professor of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. Dr. Griffin’s research focuses on the relationship between viruses and disease, with particular emphasis on encephalitis and measles. Her work with Sindbis virus, which causes encephalitis, identified measures by which the immune system can safely clear the virus from neurons. Dr. Griffin is a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the Infectious Disease Society of America and the American Academy of Microbiology. She received her BA from Augustana College and her MD and PhD from Stanford University School of Medicine. She is a member and serves on the Governing Council of the Institute of Medicine.
JOHN G. HILDEBRAND is a Neurobiologist has devoted his career to studying the olfactory system of the giant sphinx moth, Manduca sexta. His four-decade-long investigation has made the moth, with its 12-cm wingspan and big brain, an important model organism for studying the sense of smell. His studies have revealed not only how the moth’s olfactory system develops, but also how it detects and processes various natural odors in the brain, as well as how those odors influence specific behaviors. Hildebrand’s interdisciplinary approach has enabled him to address diverse questions, including how plant odors influence pollination and predation, how certain disease-vector insects use odors to track down humans for a blood meal, and how to create machine/animal interfaces. In his Inaugural Article (1), Hildebrand and his coworkers reveal that just a handful of the odor compounds that make up a flower’s complex bouquet are sufficient to activate specific neurons in the antennal lobe of the moth and trigger natural flight and foraging behavior toward preferred nectar sources. Hildebrand has received many honors and awards, and was elected to the German National Academy of Sciences and Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters in 1998 and 1999, respectively, and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 2001. He was elected to the National Academy of Sciences in 2007 and currently leads the Department of Neuroscience at the University of Arizona in Tucson. After joining the university in 1985, Hildebrand and two colleagues founded the university’s Center for Insect Science, a unique and world-renowned academic enterprise. Colleagues cite Hildebrand for his passionate advocacy of general science education and for finding ways to make scientific careers accessible to minority students. DAVID KORN is presently Professor of Pathology at the Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School. From 2008 to 2011, he was the inaugural Vice-Provost for Research at Harvard University. Prior to that, Dr. Korn had served as the Chief Scientific Officer and Senior Vice President for Biomedical and Health Sciences Research of the Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC) in Washington, D.C. since 1967. Dr. Korn served as Carl and Elizabeth Naumann Professor and Dean of the Stanford University School of Medicine from October 1984 to April 1995, and as Vice President of Stanford University from January 1986 to April 1995. Previously, he had served as Professor and Founding Chairman of the Department of Pathology at Stanford, and Chief of the Pathology Service at the Stanford University Hospital, since June 1967. Dr. Korn has been a member of the Institute of Medicine since 1989. He has served on many NAS and IOM committees, was a founder of the IOM’s Clinical Research Roundtable, and was co-chair of the NAS Committee on Science, Technology and Law, where he served from its inception on the Executive Committee, His more than 250 publications range from bacteriophage biochemistry and genetics to the biochemistry and molecular biology of DNA replication in human cells, and more recently, concern issues of academic values and integrity, research integrity, health and science policy, and financial conflicts of interest in academic medicine.
C. DAN MOTE, JR. (ex-officio) is President of the National Academy of Engineering and Regents Professor, on leave, from the University of Maryland, College Park. Dr. Mote is a native Californian who earned his BS, MS, and PhD degrees at the University of California, Berkeley in mechanical engineering between 1959 and 1963. After a postdoctoral year in England and three years as an assistant professor at the Carnegie Institute of Technology in Pittsburgh, he returned to Berkeley to join the faculty in mechanical engineering for the next 31 years. He and his students investigated the dynamics, stability, and control of high-speed rotating and translating continua (e.g., disks, webs, tapes, and cables) as well as biomechanical problems emanating from snow skiing. He coined the area called “dynamics of axially moving materials” encompassing these systems. Fifty-eight PhD students earned their degrees under his mentorship.
PERCY A. PIERRE is a Professor in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering at Michigan State University. He also served as the Vice President of Research and Graduate Studies from 1990 to 1995. His research focuses on stochastic models in engineering systems. He has also been a principal architect of the national minority engineering effort, working to recruit, retain, and graduate domestic graduate students, with an emphasis on underrepresented groups. Prior to his arrival at Michigan State University in 1990, he held positions in the Executive Office of the President and the Department of the Army. He also served as Dean of the College of Engineering at Howard University from 1971 to 1977 and President of Prairie A&M University from 1983 to 1989. In addition to his work with the National Research Council, he has served on the Board of Trustees of the University of Notre Dame and the White House Fellows Foundation and Association. He received his Ph.D. in Electrical Engineering from John Hopkins University in 1967. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering. E. ALBERT REECE is the Dean of the School of Medicine, Vice President for Medical Affairs, and John Z. and Akiko K. Bowers Distinguished Professor in the Departments of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Medicine, and Biochemistry & Molecular Biology at University of Maryland School of Medicine. He served as Acting President of the University of Maryland, Baltimore in 2010. His research focuses on pregnancy, birth defects and prenatal diagnosis, in particular diabetes-induced birth defects. Prior to his arrival at the University of Maryland in 2006, he held positions at Yale University, Temple University, and the University of Arkansas. He also served as Vice Chancellor of the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences and Dean of the College of Medicine. In addition to his work with the National Research Council, he has served on advisory committees for the March of Dimes, Food and Drug Administration, and the Department of Health and Human Services. He received his bachelor’s degree from Long Island University, an M.D. from New York University, a Ph.D. in Biochemistry from University of the West Indies, Kingston, Jamaica, and a M.B.A from the Fox School of Business & Management of Temple University. He is a member of the Institute of Medicine.
MICHAEL S. TURNERis the Bruce V. and Diana M. Rauner Distinguished Service Professor in the Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics and the Enrico Fermi Institute at the University of Chicago. He has served as the Director of the Kavli Institute for Cosmological Physics since 2010 and served as Chair of the Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics from 1997 to 2003. His research has pioneered the interdisciplinary field of particle astrophysics and cosmology, and he coined the term “dark energy.” He has also held positions at Argonne National Laboratory, the National Science Foundation, the Aspen Center for Physics, and the Fermi Research Alliance. In addition to his work with the National Research Council, he has served on advisory committees for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.He received his bachelor’s degree from Caltech in 1971, and a Ph.D. in Physics from Stanford University in 1978. He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences.
NANCY S. WEXLER is the Higgins Professor of Neuropsychology in the Departments of Neurology and Psychiatry and the Center for Neurobiology and Behavior at Columbia University. She has served as President of the Hereditary Disease Foundation since 1983. Her research led to the identification of the Huntington’s disease gene and has since led to the identification of other disease genes including those responsible for familial Alzheimer's disease, kidney cancer, two kinds of neurofibromatosis, Lou Gehrig’s disease (Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis), and dwarfism. Dr. Wexler has taken part in developing guidelines for how the potentially toxic information associated with highly accurate genetic testing should be handled. In addition to her work with the National Research Council, she has served on advisory committees for the National Institutes of Health, Department of Energy, and Human Genome Organization, including serving as Chair of the Joint NIH/DOE Ethical, Legal and Social Issues Working Group of the National Center for Human Genome Research and the Department of Energy, Chair of the Human Genome Organization (HUGO), giving guidance during the Human Genome Project. She received her bachelor’s from Radcliffe College in 1967, and a Ph.D. in Clinical Psychology from the University of Michigan in 1974. Dr. Wexler has served as a member of the board of directors of the American Association for the Advancement of Science on the Advisory Committee on Research on Women's Health, National Institutes of Health and as a Councilor, Society for Neuroscience, and as a Council Member of the Institute of Medicine. She is an honorary Fellow of the New York Academy of Sciences, a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, Section on Neuroscience; and a Member of the European Academy of Sciences and Arts. She is also an elected Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences; and of the Royal College of Physicians, London, U.K. She is an Overseas Fellow at the Royal Society of Medicine. She has received numerous honors and awards, including several honorary doctorates. In 1993, she received the Albert Lasker Public Service Award. Dr. Wexler received the 2007 Benjamin Franklin Medal in Life Science.
PETER G. WOLYNES s the D.R. Bullard-Welch Foundation Professor of Science at Rice University. He is a professor in the Departments of Chemistry, Physics and Astronomy, and Biochemistry and Cellular Biology. He is also a Senior Researcher at the NSF-sponsored Center for Theoretical Biological Physics at Rice University.
Peter Wolynes was born in Chicago, Illinois in 1953. He graduated with an A.B. from Indiana University in 1971 and received a Ph.D. in Chemical Physics from Harvard University in 1976. He taught at Harvard University and in 1980 moved to the University of Illinois, eventually becoming the Center for Advanced Study Professor of Chemistry, Physics and Biophysics. In 2000 he moved to the Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry at the University of California, San Diego, and in 2011 he relocated to his present positions at Rice University in Houston, Texas.
Wolynes’ work across the spectrum of theoretical chemistry and biochemistry has been recognized by the 1986 ACS Award in Pure Chemistry, the 2000 Peter Debye Award for Physical Chemistry of the ACS, the 2012 ACS Award in Theoretical Chemistry, the Fresenius Award, and the Joseph Hirschfelder Prize. For his work on the energy landscape theory of protein folding he received the 2004 Biological Physics Prize from the American Physical Society (now called the Max Delbrück Prize) and the 2008 Founders Award of the Biophysical Society. He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the American Philosophical Society, the German Academy of Sciences "Leopoldina," and Foreign Member of the Royal Society of London. He has received honorary degrees from Indiana University and the University of Stockholm.