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John L. Hennessy, Co-chair, joined Stanford’s faculty in 1977 as an assistant professor of electrical engineering. He rose through the academic ranks to full professorship in 1986. He served as chair of computer science from 1994 to 1996 and, in 1996, was named dean of the School of Engineering. Dr. Hennessy was inaugurated as Stanford University’s 10th president in October, 2000. In 2005, he became the inaugural holder of the Bing Presidential Professorship. A pioneer in computer architecture, in 1981 Dr. Hennessy drew together researchers to focus on a computer architecture known as RISC (Reduced Instruction Set Computer), a technology that has revolutionized the computer industry by increasing performance while reducing costs. In addition to his role in the basic research, Dr. Hennessy helped transfer this technology to industry. In 1984, he cofounded MIPS Computer Systems, now MIPS Technologies, which designs microprocessors. In recent years, his research has focused on the architecture of high-performance computers. Dr. Hennessy is a recipient of numerous medals, including the 2000 IEEE John von Neumann Medal and the 2000 ASEE Benjamin Garver Lamme Award. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering and the National Academy of Sciences, and he is a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the Association for Computing Machinery, and the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers.

Lt. General Brent Scowcroft (U.S. Air Force – Retired), Co-Chair, is the President and founder of The Scowcroft Group. He has served as the National Security Advisor to both Presidents Gerald Ford and George H.W. Bush. From 1982 to 1989, he was Vice Chairman of Kissinger Associates, Inc., an international consulting firm. In this capacity, he advised and assisted a wide range of U.S. and foreign corporate leaders on global joint venture opportunities, strategic planning, and risk assessment. A graduate from West Point, his twenty-nine-year military career in the Air Force service included Deputy National Security Advisor; Professor of Russian History at West Point; Assistant Air Attaché in Belgrade, Yugoslavia; Head of the Political Science Department at the Air Force Academy; Air Force Long Range Plans; Office of the Secretary of Defense International Security Assistance; Special Assistant to the Director of the Joint Chiefs of Staff; and Military Assistant to President Nixon. Out of uniform, he continued in a public policy capacity by serving on the President's Advisory Committee on Arms Control, the Commission on Strategic Forces, and the President's Special Review Board, also known as the Tower Commission. He currently serves on numerous corporate and nonprofit boards. He earned his masters and doctorate in international relations from Columbia University.

William F. Ballhaus, Jr. is the President & CEO of the Aerospace Corporation. Dr. Ballhaus joined Aerospace as President in September 2000 after an 11-year career with the Lockheed Martin Corporation. At Lockheed Martin Dr. Ballhaus served as Corporate Officer and Vice President, Engineering and Technology. Before joining Martin Marietta, Dr. Ballhaus served as Director of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's Ames Research Center at Moffett Field and Edwards Air Force Base, California, from 1984 to 1989. Dr. Ballhaus published more than 40 papers on computational aerodynamics. Dr. Ballhaus is a member of the Defense Science Board. He is currently a counselor of the NAE and serves on NAE’s Executive and Audit Committees. Dr. Ballhaus is a member of the International Academy of Astronautics and is an Honorary Fellow of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA) and the Royal Aeronautical Society. He serves on the JPL Advisory Council and on the Board of Directors of the Space Foundation. He served on the Air Force Scientific Advisory Board from 1994 to 2001 and was board co-chair from 1996 to 1999. Dr. Ballhaus has won numerous awards and honors.

David Baltimore, Co-Chair, is President Emeritus and Robert A. Millikan Professor of Biology at the California Institute of Technology. Dr. Baltimore was awarded the 1975 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his work in virology. Before coming to Caltech, Dr. Baltimore was an Institute Professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He was founding Director of the Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research at MIT, and served there from 1982 to 1990, when he became President of Rockefeller University. His career has been devoted to both biological research and to national science policy. Dr. Baltimore helped pioneer the molecular study of animal viruses, and his research in this field had profound implications for understanding cancer and, later, AIDS. In the mid-1970’s, he played a pivotal role in creating a consensus on national science policy regarding recombinant DNA research and also established standards that are followed by the genetics community to this day. Dr. Baltimore was head of the National Institutes of Health AIDS Vaccine Research Committee from 1996 to 2002, and also in 1986 was co-chair of the National Academy of Sciences and Institute of Medicine’s committee on a National Strategy for AIDS.

Craig R. Barrett joined Intel Corporation in 1974 as a Technology Development manager. He was named a Vice President of the corporation in 1984, promoted to Senior Vice President in 1987, and Executive Vice President in 1990. Dr. Barrett was elected to Intel Corporation's Board of Directors in 1992 and was named the company's Chief Operating Officer in 1993. He became Intel's fourth President in May 1997, Chief Executive Officer in 1998 and Chairman of the Board on May 18, 2005. Dr. Barrett is the author of over 40 technical papers dealing with the influence of microstructure on the properties of materials, and a textbook on materials science, "Principles of Engineering Materials." Dr. Barrett is a recent appointee to the President’s Advisory Committee for Trade Policy and Negotiations and to the American Health Information Community. He is a member of The National Academies’ Committee on Prospering in the Global Economy of the 21st Century, Co-chair of the Business Coalition for Excellence in Education, a member of the Board of Trustees for the U.S. Council for International Business, Chairman of the Computer Systems Policy Project and Co-chair of the National Innovation Initiative Leadership Council. As Chair of the National Academy of Engineering, Dr. Barrett promotes the Academy and its policies to the engineering community and the public. Dr. Barrett is also a member of the Boards of Directors for Intel Corporation, the U.S. Semiconductor Industry Association, the National Forest Foundation, Achieve, and TechNet.

Paul Berg is the Robert W. and Vivian K. Cahill Professor in Cancer Research, Emeritus, Stanford University. Dr. Berg won the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1980 for his fundamental studies of the biochemistry of nucleic acids, with particular regard to recombinant-DNA. Since receiving the prize, he has continued to conduct research in the Department of Biochemistry, where his focus is the mechanism of repairing DNA damage. Dr. Berg was an assistant professor of microbiology at the Washington University School of Medicine from 1955 to 1959, when he joined the faculty of the Stanford University School of Medicine. He was chair of the Department of Biochemistry there from 1969 to 1974. Dr. Berg has been a non-resident Fellow of the Salk Institute since 1973 and he has served as member and chair of the NRC’s Board on Life Sciences. Dr. Berg is Director Emeritus of the Beckman Center for Molecular and Genetic Medicine. He continues to influence federal policy regarding stem cell research, biotechnology and human cloning. His research interests include the molecular biology of disease; genetic testing and ethical concerns; and public policy issues of biomedical discoveries.

Alfred R. Berkeley, III, is currently Chairman of Pipeline Trading Systems, LLC, an Alternative Trading System for equity block trades. Previously, he was President and then Vice Chairman of the NASDAQ Stock Market, Inc. from May, 1996 to July 2003. Prior to NASDAQ, he was Managing Director and Senior Banker in the Corporate Finance Department of Alex, Brown & Sons, Inc., financing computer software and electronic commerce companies. Berkeley joined Alex, Brown & Sons in 1972 as a research analyst and became a general partner in 1983. From 1985 to 1987, he served as Head of Information Services for the firm. In that capacity, he was responsible for all corporate information services, including both the firm’s back and front office technology. Berkeley then moved to Alex, Brown’s Merger and Acquisition department where, from 1987 to 1989, he developed the firm’s technology practice. He is a Trustee of Johns Hopkins University, Kintera, Inc., and Webex, Inc. He is a member of the National Infrastructure Assurance Council and serves on several other non-profit and for-profit boards.

Claude Canizares is the Vice President for Research and Associate Provost at MIT and the Bruno Rossi Professor of Physics. He has overall responsibility for research activity and policy at the Institute, overseeing more than a dozen interdisciplinary research laboratories and centers including the MIT Lincoln Laboratory, the Broad Institute, the Plasma Science and Fusion Center, the Research Laboratory of Electronics, the Institute for Soldier Nanotechnology, the Francis Bitter Magnet Laboratory, Haystack Observatory and the Division of Health Sciences and Technology. He oversees several offices dealing with research policy and administration, he chairs the Research Policy Committee and serves on the Academic Council and the Academic Appointments committee among others. His service outside MIT includes the Council of the National Academy of Sciences and the National Research Council (NRC) committees on Science Engineering and Public Policy and on Science Communication and National Security. He is also on the Board of Directors of the L-3 Communications, Inc. Professor Canizares is a member of the National Academy of Sciences and the International Academy of Astronautics and is a fellow of the American Academy of Arts & Sciences, the American Physical Society, and the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

Jared L. Cohon is President of Carnegie Mellon University. He came to Carnegie Mellon from Yale University where he was dean of the School of Forestry and Environmental Studies and professor of environmental systems analysis. He joined Yale in 1992 after 19 years at The Johns Hopkins University, where he rose through the faculty ranks to become Associate Dean of Engineering and Vice Provost for Research. Dr. Cohon served as Chairman of the Nuclear Waste Technical Review Board from 1997 to 2002. From 1977-78 he was a legislative assistant for energy and environment for U.S. Sen. Daniel P. Moynihan (D-N.Y.). Dr. Cohon's research and teaching have focused on the development of systems analysis techniques and their application to the management of environmental problems. He has been especially interested in multiple criteria decision making methods and their application to river basin planning, water quality management, the siting of energy facilities and nuclear waste management. Dr. Cohon currently serves as a member of the Forum on Information Technology and Research Universities. He was appointed by President Bush in 2002 to the President’s Homeland Security Advisory Council.

France A. Cordova is Chancellor, University of California, Riverside. Her career has spanned academia, national research labs, and government organizations: as Professor of Physics, and Vice Chancellor for Research at the University of California, Santa Barbara; as Head of the Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics at the Pennsylvania State University; as Chief Scientist at the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA); and as Deputy Group Leader and Staff Scientist at the Los Alamos National Laboratory. Dr. Córdova's scientific contributions have been in the areas of observational and experimental astrophysics, multispectral research on X-ray and gamma ray sources, and space-borne instrumentation. She has published 150 scientific papers. Dr. Córdova currently serves on the advisory committee for the National Academies’ Policy and Global Affairs Division, and has served on numerous committees of the National Academies and governmental agencies. She has been awarded NASA’s highest honor, the Public Service medal, and is a year 2000 Kilby Laureate. She is a National Associate of the National Academies. She has degrees from Stanford University and the California Institute of Technology and an honorary degree from Loyola-Marymount University.

Ruth A. David is President and Chief Executive Officer of Analytic Services, Inc., a nonprofit research institute focusing on national security, homeland security and public safety issues. She initiated a corporate focus on homeland security in 1999 and established the ANSER Institute for Homeland Security in 2001. Before assuming her current position in 1998, David was Deputy Director for Science and Technology at the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). As technical advisor to the Director of Central Intelligence, she was responsible for research, development, and deployment of technologies in support of all phases of the intelligence process. Dr. David is a member of the Homeland Security Advisory Council, first established to advise the President, and now advising the Secretary of the Department of Homeland Security. She also serves on the National Security Agency Advisory Board, National Academy of Engineering’s Committee on Engineering Education, the National Research Council’s Committee on Information for Terrorism Prevention, the Hertz Foundation Board, the Jet Propulsion Laboratory's Technical Division's Advisory Board, and she chairs the National Research Council’s Standing Committee on Technology Insight – Gauge, Evaluate and Review. Previously, David served in several leadership positions at the Sandia National Laboratories, where she began her professional career in 1975. David received a Bachelor of Science degree in Electrical Engineering from Wichita State University, a Master of Science degree and a doctorate in Electrical Engineering from Stanford University.

Viet D. Dinh is Professor of Law and Co-Director of Asian Law and Policy Studies at the Georgetown University Law Center. As a regular commentator on policy issues and a public affairs consultant, Dinh served as U.S. Assistant Attorney General for Legal Policy from 2001 to 2003. Dinh serves or has served on the boards of the News Corporation, Liberty’s Promise, the American Judicature Society, the Transition Committee for California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger, the Section on National Security Law of the Association of American Law Schools, and the ABA Section on Administrative Law. Dinh graduated magna cum laude from both Harvard College and Harvard Law School, where he was a Class Marshal and an Olin Research Fellow in Law and Economics. He was a law clerk to Judge Laurence H. Silberman of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit and to U.S. Supreme Court Justice Sandra Day O’Connor. He served as Associate Special Counsel to the U.S. Senate Whitewater Committee, as Special Counsel to Senator Pete V. Domenici for the Impeachment Trial of the President, and as counsel to the Special Master in In re Austrian and German Bank Holocaust Litigation. He is a member of the District of Columbia and U.S. Supreme Court bars.

Gerald R. Fink is a founding member of the Whitehead Institute and American Cancer Society Professor of Genetics at MIT. Dr. Fink was Director of the Whitehead Institute from 1990 to 2001. He received his BA from Amherst College in 1962 and his Ph.D. from Yale in 1965. In addition, he has received honorary doctorates from Amherst College and Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory. His research focuses on the molecular biology of fungal infectious disease. He was elected president of the Genetics Society of America. Among his many awards are the National Academy of Sciences Award in Molecular Biology, the Medal of the Genetics Society of America, Emil Christian Hansen Award (Denmark), the Yale Science and Engineering Award and the 2001 George Beadle Award. He has been elected to the National Academy of Sciences, the American Academy of Arts Sciences, the Institute of Medicine and the American Philosophical Society. Dr. Fink serves on many boards including the Biozentrum in Basel, Switzerland and the Medical Advisory Board of the Howard Hughes Medical Institute and the Salk Institute. He is currently a Senior Scholar in Infectious Disease of the Ellison Foundation.

John Gage is one of the founders of Sun Microsystems and currently serves as Chief Researcher and Director of the Science Office, Sun Microsystems. As Chief Scientist, Mr. Gage is responsible for Sun's relationships with world scientific and technical organizations, for international public policy and governmental relations in the areas of scientific and technical policy, and for alliances with the world's leading research institutions and laboratories. He was a Fall Fellow at the Joan Shorenstein Center on the Press, Politics and Public Policy at the Kennedy School of Government in 2000. Mr. Gage has served on the Mathematical Sciences Education Board of the National Academy of Sciences. He has also served and continues to serve on numerous boards and advisory panels, including those for the National Library of Medicine, FermiLabs, NetDay, Schools On-Line, The Markle Foundation Task Force on National Security, and the United States Institute for Peace. He is a frequent keynote speaker at industry and public policy conferences around the world.

General John A. Gordon (U.S. Air Force, Retired) served in the White House as the President’s Homeland Security Advisor from June 2003 until June 2004 and as the Deputy National Security Advisor for Counter Terrorism and the National Director for Counter Terrorism from June 2002 to June 2003. Prior to joining the White House team, General Gordon was the first administrator of the National Nuclear Security Administration and Undersecretary of Energy, responsible for the entirety of the nation’s nuclear weapons program, serving from June 2000 until June 2002. As an Air Force four-star general, General Gordon was the Deputy Director of Central Intelligence from October 1997 until June 2000. His thirty-two year Air Force career included significant concentration on research and development, strategic planning, missile and space operations, inter-governmental operations, and international negotiations. He has a M.S. degree in physics and an M.A. degree in business administration. General Gordon is now a private consultant and serves on the boards of several corporations and non-profit organizations.

M.R.C. Greenwood (Ex-officio Member) (IOM) is Provost and Senior Vice President for Academic Affairs for the 10-campus University of California (UC) system. She previously served with distinction as Chancellor of UC Santa Cruz, a position she held from July 1996 to March 2004. Dr. Greenwood also holds a UC Santa Cruz appointment as Professor of Biology. Prior to her UC Santa Cruz appointments, Dr. Greenwood served as Dean of Graduate Studies, Vice Provost for Academic Outreach, and Professor of Biology and Internal Medicine at the University of California, Davis. Previously, Dr. Greenwood taught at Vassar College where she was the John Guy Vassar Professor of Natural Sciences, Chair of the Department of Biology, and Director of the Undergraduate Research Summer Institute. Currently, Dr. Greenwood is Chair of the Policy and Global Affairs Division of The National Academies. She also held an appointment as Associate Director for Science at the Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) in the Executive Office of the President of the United States from 1993-1995. She is a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), and of the California Academy of Sciences. She has been honored by numerous organizations for her contributions to science and science policy. She was (1998) President of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and she is Immediate Past Chair of the AAAS Board of Directors. She is a member of the National Science Board. Her research interests are in developmental cell biology, genetics, physiology, nutrition and science, and higher education policy issues.

Margaret A. Hamburg (IOM) is former Vice President for Biological Programs at the Nuclear Threat Initiative. Currently, she remains as a Senior Scientist within their offices. Before coming to NTI, Dr. Hamburg was assistant secretary for planning and evaluation at the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. She is a physician and expert in public health and bioterrorism. Dr. Hamburg was the commissioner of health for the City of New York and former Assistant Director of the Institute of Allergy & Infectious Diseases at the National Institutes of Health. She is Director of the Biological Weapons’ Working Group, a subcommittee of the Committee on International Security and Arms Control, of the National Academy of Sciences.

John Hamre was elected CSIS President and Chief Executive Officer in January 2000. Before joining CSIS, he served as U.S. Deputy Secretary of Defense (1997-1999) and Under Secretary of Defense (comptroller) (1993-1997). As comptroller, Dr. Hamre was the Principal Assistant to the Secretary of Defense for the preparation, presentation, and execution of the defense budget and management improvement programs. Before serving in the Department of Defense, Dr. Hamre worked for 10 years as a professional staff member of the Senate Armed Services Committee. During that time he was primarily responsible for the oversight and evaluation of procurement, research, and development programs; defense budget issues; and relations with the Senate Appropriations Committee. From 1978 to 1984, Dr. Hamre served in the Congressional Budget Office, where he became its Deputy Assistant Director for National Security and International Affairs. In that position, he oversaw analysis and other support for committees in both the House of Representatives and the Senate. Dr. Hamre received his Ph.D., with distinction, in 1978 from the School of Advanced International Studies, Johns Hopkins University. His studies focused on international politics and economics and U.S. foreign policy. He received a B.A. emphasizing political science and economics, with high distinction, from Augustana College in Sioux Falls, South Dakota, in 1972. He also studied as a Rockefeller fellow at the Harvard Divinity School.

Admiral Bobby R. Inman, (U.S. Navy, Retired), is the Lyndon B. Johnson Centennial Chair at UT Austin in National Policy. Admiral Inman graduated from the University of Texas at Austin in 1950, and from the National War College in 1972. He became an adjunct professor at the University of Texas at Austin in 1987. He was selected as the Lyndon B. Johnson Centennial Chair in National Policy in August 2001 and on January 1, 2005, he was appointed as the Interim Dean at the LBJ School of Public Affairs. Admiral Inman served in the U.S. Navy from November 1951 to July 1982, when he retired with the permanent rank of Admiral. While on active duty he served as Director of the National Security Agency and Deputy Director of Central Intelligence. After retiring from the Navy, he was Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of the Microelectronics and Computer Technology Corporation (MCC) in Austin, Texas for four years and Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer of Westmark Systems, Inc., a privately owned electronics industry holding company for three years. Admiral Inman also served as Chairman of the Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas from 1987-90. Admiral Inman’s primary activity since 1990 has been investing in start-up technology companies such as Gefinor Ventures where he is now Chairman and a Managing Partner. He is a member of the Board of Directors of several privately held companies. He serves as a Trustee of the American Assembly and of the California Institute of Technology. He is a Director of the Public Agenda Foundation and is an elected Fellow of the National Academy of Public Administration.

Adel F. Mahmoud, M.D., PH.D., is the Chief Medical Advisor, Vaccines and Infectious Diseases for Merck & Co., Inc. For the past seven years, he has been President of Merck Vaccines. Dr. Mahmoud formerly served Case Western Reserve University and University Hospitals of Cleveland as Chairman of Medicine and Physician-in-Chief from 1987 to 1998. During his academic career, he pioneered studies on the role of eosinophils in host resistance to helminthic infections. During the past two decades, he turned his attention to microbial threats and to global immunization efforts as the most effective element in controlling infectious diseases. Dr. Mahmoud was elected to the membership of the American Society for Clinical Investigation in 1978, the Association of American Physicians in 1980 and the Institute of Medicine. Dr. Mahmoud is a fellow of the American College of Physicians and a member of the Expert Advisory Panel on Parasitic Diseases of the World Health Organization. He is a past-President of the International Society for Infectious Diseases and past-Chair of the Forum on Emerging Infections of the Institute of Medicine. Dr. Mahmoud also serves as a member of the National Science Advisory Board for Biosecurity (NSABB).

Richard Meserve is President of the Carnegie Institution of Washington. Dr. Meserve stepped down as chairman of the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) in March 2003 to assume the presidency of the Carnegie Institution. He joined the NRC in October 1999 and thus served as Chairman under Presidents Clinton and Bush. Holding degrees in law and physics, Dr. Meserve has focused on a wide range of issues during his career that arise at the intersection of law, science and technology. These include environmental law, nuclear licensing, counseling of scientific societies, and nuclear non-proliferation. Before joining the NRC, Meserve was a partner in the Washington, DC law firm of Covington & Burling, and now is Senior Of Counsel to the firm. He devoted his legal practice to technical issues arising in environmental and toxic tort litigation, counseling scientific societies and high-tech companies, and nuclear licensing. He has served as legal counsel to the President’s science advisor, and was a law clerk to Justice Harry A. Blackmun of the United States supreme Court and to Judge Benjamin Kaplan of the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial court. He was a member of the Corson Committee, which in 1982 published Scientific Communication and National Security, the report that helped to persuade the Reagan Administration to codify the Fundamental Research Exemption in National Security Decision Directive 189. He formerly served as Chairman of the Advisory Council of the Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory and as a member of the Secretary of Energy Advisory Board. He is a member of boards of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) and of Universities Research Association, Inc.

Judith A. Miller is a partner with Williams & Connolly LLP. Her practice includes a wide range of complex civil litigation and business-related criminal litigation, corporate and individual officer counseling, internal investigations, and issues affecting the defense industry. She returned to the firm in January 2000, after having been the longest-serving General Counsel of the Department of Defense (DoD) (1994-99). As General Counsel she had responsibility for advising the Secretary and his leadership team on the host of legal and policy issues that came before the Department, including mergers and acquisitions, international affairs and intelligence matters, operations law, acquisition and business reform, major procurements, significant litigation and investigations. Ms. Miller is the Vice-Chair of the American Bar Associations Section on Litigation.

C. D. (Dan) Mote, Jr., is President of the University of Maryland as well as the Glenn L. Martin Institute Professor of Engineering. Prior to assuming the Presidency of Maryland, Dr. Mote served on the University of California, Berkeley faculty for 31 years. From 1991 to 1998, he was Vice Chancellor at Berkeley, held an endowed chair in Mechanical Systems and was President of the UC Berkeley Foundation. Internationally recognized for his research on the dynamics of gyroscopic systems, he has produced more than 300 publications, holds patents in the U.S., Norway, Finland and Sweden, and has mentored 56 Ph.D. students. He received the B.S., M.S. and Ph.D. in mechanical engineering from the University of California, Berkeley. He was awarded the Humboldt Prize awarded by the Federal Republic of Germany, is a recipient of the Berkeley Citation, an award from the University of California-Berkeley similar to the honorary doctorate, and was named Distinguished Engineering Alumnus. He is a member of the U.S. National Academy of Engineering and serves on its Council. He was elected to Honorary Membership in the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) International, its most distinguished recognition, and is a Fellow of the International Academy of Wood Science, the Acoustical Society of America, and the American Association for the Advancement of Science. In 2005, he received ASME International’s J.P. Den Hartog award in honor of his lifelong contribution to the teaching and/or practice of vibration engineering, and the NAE’s Founder’s Prize, the highest honor bestowed on an individual by the NAE.

Norman P. Neureiter is the Director of the AAAS Center for Science, Technology and Security Polic.. He received a B.A. degree in chemistry from the University of Rochester in 1952 and a Ph.D. in organic chemistry from Northwestern University in 1957. He spent a year (’55-6) as a Fulbright Fellow in the Institute of Organic Chemistry at the University of Munich. In 1957 he joined the Humble Oil and Refining (now part of Exxon) in Baytown, Texas as a research chemist, also teaching German and Russian at the University of Houston. On leave from Humble in 1959 he served as a guide at the U.S. National Exhibition in Moscow, subsequently qualifying as an escort interpreter for the Department of State. In 1963 he joined the International Affairs Office of the National Science Foundation in Washington and managed the newly established U.S.-Japan Cooperative Science Program. Entering the U.S. Foreign Service in 1965, he was named Deputy Scientific Attaché at the U.S. Embassy in Bonn. In 1967 he was transferred to Warsaw as the first U.S. Scientific Attaché in Eastern Europe with responsibility for Poland, Hungry and Czechoslovakia. Dr. Neureiter returned to Washington in 1969 as Assistant for International Affairs to the President’s Science Advisor in the White House Office of Science and Technology. He left the government in 1973 and joined Texas Instruments (TI), where he held a number of staff and management positions including Manager, East-West Business Development; Manager, TI Europe Division; Vice President, Corporate Staff; and Vice President of TI Asia, residing in Tokyo from 1989-94. After retirement from TI in 1996, he worked as a consultant until being appointed in September 2000, as the first Science and Technology Adviser to the U.S. Secretary of State. Finishing the 3-year assignment in 2003, he was made a Distinguished Presidential Fellow for International Affairs at the U.S. National Academy of Sciences.

Major General John S. Parker (U.S. Army, Retired) is Senior Vice President and Technical Fellow, Science Applications International Corporation (SAIC). John S. Parker, M.D., joined SAIC to lead its efforts to support the national homeland defense initiatives in the areas of chemical and biological defense, public health, and bio-surveillance. An expert in biological defense and medical research, Parker recently retired as Commanding General of the United States Army Medical Research and Materiel Command (MRMC) in Fort Detrick, Md., where he was responsible for the Army's medical research, product development, technology assessment, rapid prototyping, medical logistics management, health facility planning, medical information management and advanced technology. Dr. Parker held a variety of senior-level positions in the Department of Defense health system during his 37-year career, including Assistant Surgeon General for Force Protection, Deputy Chief of Staff for Operations, Health Policy and Services; Lead Agent for the Military Health System's TRICARE Region 8, Surgical Consultant to the U.S. Military European Theater Commander-in-Chief, and Commander of Fitzsimons Army Medical Center, Aurora, Colo. His professional affiliations include Diplomat status in the General Surgery Board and the Thoracic Surgery Board. He is a Fellow of the American College of Surgeons, and the American College of Chest Physicians. Dr. Parker is an Associate Professor of Surgery at the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences. He serves on numerous boards and non-profit institutions with the exception of the National Functional Genomics Center where he serves as Chairman.

Suzanne D. Patrick is the former Deputy Under Secretary of Defense for Industrial Policy at the Department of Defense. As the ODUSD (IP), Patrick was responsible for all decisions regarding mergers and acquisitions, domestic and foreign, affecting the U.S. defense industry; the Department's relations with NATO defense and aerospace industries; and the overall health of the U.S. defense industrial base. She brought to this position more than 20 years of experience in aerospace industry finance and weapons systems acquisition for U.S. and NATO forces. Patrick began her career at the Naval Air Systems Command as program manager for the Royal Netherlands Navy P-3 antisubmarine warfare aircraft project. She also worked on the staff of the Deputy Chief of Naval Operations (Air Warfare), where she was responsible for all international aviation programs and associated technology transfer issues. In 1985 she joined the secretary of the Navy staff as Deputy Director for the Congressional Liaison and Weapons Systems Acquisition for the Navy's $10 billion research and development budget. From 1987 to 1990 she worked with Sanford C. Bernstein & Co. Inc. providing investment recommendations on the aerospace and defense industry to portfolio managers. Patrick is an honors graduate of Randolph-Macon Woman's College in Lynchburg, Va., where she was a George C. Marshall Scholar. She also has a master of arts degree in national security studies from Georgetown University, as well as certificates in international relations and aerodynamic design from the Institut d'Etudes Politiques in Paris and Virginia Polytechnic Institute, respectively.

Elizabeth Rindskopf Parker is Dean of the University of the Pacific, McGeorge School of Law. Dean Rindskopf Parker joins McGeorge from her position as General Counsel for the University of Wisconsin system. Dean Rindskopf Parker’s expertise in national security and terrorism comes from 11 years of federal service, first as general counsel of the National Security Agency, from 1984 to 1989, then as Principal Deputy Legal Adviser at the U.S. Department of State, from 1989 to 1990, and as general counsel for the Central Intelligence Agency, from 1990 to 1995. From 1979 to 1981 she served as Acting Assistant Director for mergers and acquisitions at the Federal Trade Commission. In addition to this experience managing government legal offices, Dean Rindskopf Parker also served as Director of the New Haven Legal Assistance Association, Inc. While at the international law firm of Bryan Cave, LLP, Dean Rindskopf Parker counseled clients on public policy and international trade issues, particularly in the areas of encryption and advanced technology, U.S.-Sino relations and nuclear nonproliferation. Dean Rindskopf Parker is a leading expert on anti-terrorism law. Her expertise includes law of national security and terrorism, international relations, public policy and technology development and transfer, and commerce and litigation in the area of civil rights and liberties.

Phillip A. Sharp (NAS, IOM) is Institute Professor at MIT. Dr. Sharp shared the 1993 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his work in molecular biology. He was the Founding Director of the McGovern Institute for Brain Research at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, where he was named Institute Professor in 1999. Much of Dr. Sharp’s scientific work has been conducted at MIT’s Center for Cancer Research, which he joined in 1974 and directed from 1985 to 1991. He subsequently led the Department of Biology from 1991 to 1999. His research interests have centered on the molecular biology of gene expression relevant to cancer and the mechanisms of RNA splicing. Dr. Sharp has authored more than 300 scientific papers and has served on many scientific committees, including the National Cancer Institute’s Advisory Board, which he chaired for two years (2000-2002) and has been honored with numerous awards. Prior to joining MIT, he was Senior Scientist at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory. Dr. Sharp is co-founder of Biogen, Inc. (now Biogen IDEC), and also co-founder of Alnylam Pharmaceuticals.

Deanne Siemer is Managing Director for Wilsie Co. LLC, Washington D.C. and works primarily in the field of legal strategy consulting. She was in private practice as a litigation partner at Wilmer, Cutler & Pickering and Pillsbury, Madison & Sutro for 15 years, and has been with Wilsie Co. for 10 years. She also serves as a neutral mediator, evaluator, and arbitrator in court-sponsored and private assignments. Her government experience includes service as General Counsel, Department of Defense; special counsel to the President of the United States; consultant to the Department of Justice; and economist, Office of Management and Budget. Ms. Siemer is an elected member of the American Law Institute and serves as a trustee of the National Institute for Trial Advocacy. She has published 12 books in the fields of strategy, trial practice, and post WWII political theory.

Mitchel B. Wallerstein is Dean of the Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs at Syracuse University and Professor of Political Science and Public Administration. Before joining the Maxwell School, Dr Wallerstein was Vice President of the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, where he directed the Program on Global Security and Sustainability. He served from 1993 to 1997 as Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Counterproliferation Policy and was awarded the Secretary of Defense medal for Distinguished Public Service in 1996, and The Bronze Palm to that award in 1997. Prior to joining the Department of Defense, Dr. Wallerstein was the Deputy Executive Officer of the National Research Council (NRC). While at the NRC, he directed a series of highly acclaimed studies for the U.S. Government on national security export controls. Earlier in his career, Dr. Wallerstein served on the faculty at MIT, and from 1991 to 1997, as an adjunct professor at the Paul H. Nitze School for Advanced International Studies of the Johns Hopkins University. Dr. Wallerstein is the author of numerous books, articles and other publications on technology and national security. He is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations and the International Institute for Strategic Studies.