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The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine
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Top 10 Actions 
1.      Federal Action
Within the broader framework of U.S. innovation and R&D strategies, the federal government should adopt stable and effective policies, practices, and funding for university-performed R&D and graduate education so that the nation will have a stream of new knowledge and educated people to power our future, helping us meet national goals and ensure prosperity and security.

2.      State Action

Provide greater autonomy for public research universities so that these institutions may leverage local and regional strengths to compete strategically and respond with agility to new opportunities. At the same time, restore state appropriations for higher education, including graduate education and research, to levels that allow public research universities to operate at world-class levels.

3.      Strengthening Partnerships with Business
Strengthen the business role in the research partnership, facilitating the transfer of knowledge, ideas, and technology to society, and accelerate “time-to-innovation” in order to achieve our national goals.

4.      Improving University Productivity

Increase university cost-effectiveness and productivity in order to provide a greater return on investment for taxpayers, philanthropists, corporations, foundations, and other research sponsors.

5.      A Strategic Investment Program
Create a Strategic Investment Program that funds initiatives at research universities
critical to advancing education and research in areas of key national priority.

6.      Full Federal Funding of Research
The federal government and other research sponsors should strive to cover the full costs of research projects and other activities they procure from research universities in a consistent and transparent manner.

7.      Reducing Regulatory Burdens
Reduce or eliminate regulations that increase administrative costs, impede research productivity, and deflect creative energy without substantially improving the research environment.

8.      Reforming Graduate Education
Improve the capacity of graduate programs to attract talented students by addressing issues such as attrition rates, time-to-degree, funding, and alignment with both student career opportunities and national interests.

9.      STEM Pathways and Diversity
Secure for the United States the full benefits of education for all Americans, including women and underrepresented minorities, in science, mathematics, engineering, and technology.

10. International Students and Scholars
Ensure that the United States will continue to benefit strongly from the participation of international students and scholars in our research enterprise.

Download the Summary Booklet for a more in-depth summary of these recommended actions.