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Symposium Program

TWENTY-FIRST CENTURY ECOSYSTEMS:
SYSTEMIC RISK AND THE PUBLIC GOOD

A National Academies Symposium
On the Science and Policy for Managing the Living World Two Centuries after Darwin

Hosted and Cosponsored by the American Association for the Advancement of Science
Cosponsored by DIVERSITAS

February 11-12, 2009

To access full screen versions of the lectures on Vimeo, click on the Lecture Title.
Overheads from the lectures are posted next to the embedded videos.


Introductory Remarks

Welcome and Introduction by the Session Chair
Peter Crane, John and Marion Sullivan University Professor, University of Chicago; 
Chair, U.S. National Committee for DIVERSITAS, NAS


Biodiversity, Ecosystems, and the Global Decision Making
Harold Mooney, Paul S. Achilles Professor of Environmental Biology, Stanford University;
Chair, DIVERSITAS Science Committee
  View PDF of presentation

Reflections on Biodiversity and Its Future
Peter Raven, Director, Missouri Botanical Garden


Biodiversity and Global Environmental Change
Achim Steiner, Director, United Nations Environment Program

 A Workshop Report Entitled Twenty-First Century Ecosystems


Ecosystems ReportManaging the Living World Two Centuries After Darwin is available for download at the NAP Website. Prepared by the Workshop Organizing Committee, the report summarizes the views expressed by symposium participants; however, it does not provide a session-by-session synopsis of the presentations at the symposium. Instead, the committee identified eight key themes that emerged from the lectures, which were addressed in different contexts by different speakers. The focus in the report is on general principles rather than specifics. These eight themes provide a sharp focus on a few concepts that enable scientists, environmental NGOs, and policy makers to engage more effectively around issues of central importance for biodiversity and ecosystem management. 
 


SESSION 1 – Biodiversity and the Public Good

Charles Darwin Meets the Biodiversity Crisis: Advice for the New Administration
Michael Donoghue, Vice President and G. Evelyn Hutchinson Professor of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Yale University


Don’t Touch Those Dials! Microbes Made This Planet Habitable for You
Paul Falkowski, Board of Governors’ Professor of Marine and Geological Sciences, Rutgers University
  View PDF of presentation

Biodiversity Implications of Rapid Evolution
Andrew Henry, Associate Professor of Biology, McGill University
  View PDF of presentation

Questions and Discussion

Bioinformatics: Inputs for the Sustainable Management of Natural Capital
José Sarukhán, Institute of Ecology, National Autonomous University of Mexico
  View PDF of presentation

Darwin’s Fishes: Why Should We Care About Marine Biodiversity? 
Mary Glackin, Deputy Under Secretary for Oceans and Atmosphere
  View PDF of presentation

Valuing Nature:  Ecosystem Services and Biodiversity

Steve Polasky, Fesler-Lampert Professor of Ecological/Environmental Economics, University of Minnesota
  View PDF of presentation

Questions and Discussion

Concluding Remarks on the Morning Session
Cristián Samper, Director, National Museum for Natural History, Smithsonian Institution

 

SESSION 2 – Trade, Pests, and Pathogens in the 21st Century

Introductory Remarks by the Session Chair
Justin Ward, Vice President for Business Practices, Conservation International Center for Environmental Leadership in Business


Trade and Invasive Species: A Global Perspective
Charles Perrings, Professor of Environmental Economics, Arizona State University
  View PDF of presentation
  

Trade and the Spread of Animal and Human Pathogens
Ann Marie Kimball, Professor of Epidemiology and Health Services, University of Washington, and Director, Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation Emerging Infections Network
  View PDF of presentation
 
Risks of Invasive Species from International Trade
Christopher Costello, Associate Professor, Resource Economics, University of California, Santa Barbara
  View PDF of presentation

Questions and Discussion


Control of Invasive Species in Forests 
Ann Bartuska, Deputy Chief, U.S. Forest Service Research and Development
  View PDF of presentation
 
Risk Assessment and Risk Management of Aquatic Invasive Species 
David Lodge, Professor of Biology, University of Notre Dame
  View PDF of presentation

Trading Blows: Can We Control Invasive Species Through Trade Agreements?  
Mark Lonsdale, Chief of Entomology, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization, Canberra, Australia
  View PDF of presentation

Questions and Discussion


The Color of Green: The Next Inconvenient Truth 
Jerome Ringo, President, the Apollo Alliance


SESSION 3 - Climate Change, Energy, and 21st Century Ecosystems

Welcome and Introductions by the Session Chair
Ann Kinzig, Associate Professor of Life Sciences, Arizona State University

 
Preserving Biodiversity: Any Messages for Climate Policy Making? 
Stephen Schneider, Professor of Biology and Codirector, Center for Environmental Science and Policy, Stanford University
  View PDF of presentation

Climate Change, Deforestation, and the Future of Tropical Forests 
Yadvinder Malhi, Professor of Ecosystem Science, Oxford University Center for the Environment
  View PDF of presentation

Mountain Biota and Global Change 
Christian Körner, University of Basel, Switzerland
  View PDF of presentation

Questions and Discussion


Functional Diversity, Ecosystem Services, and Global Change  
Sandra Díaz, Senior Permanent Research Fellow, Argentine National Council of Scientific and Technical Research
  View PDF of presentation

The Biofuel, Food, and Environment Trilemma 
David Tilman, Regents Professor and Distinguished McKnight University Professor, University of Minnesota [Professor Tilman was not able to attend the symposium; a summary of his talk was given by Ann Kinzig.]
  View PDF of presentation

Last Chance: Preserving Life on Earth 
Larry Schweiger, President and Chief Executive Officer, National Wildlife Federation


Questions and Discussion


Reinventing the Global Economy to Protect Biodiversity―Trade, Infrastructure, and Carbon 
Bruce Babbitt, Former Secretary of the Interior


SESSION 4 - Food, Agriculture, and 21st Century Ecosystems

Introductory Remarks by the Session Chair
Thomas Lovejoy, Heinz Center Biodiversity Chair, The H. John Heinz III Center for Science, Economics, and the Environment


Agricultural Systems and Ecosystem Services: Trade-offs or Synergies? 
Alison Power, Professor of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Cornell University
  View PDF of presentation

Biofuels and Agricultural Sustainability  
Philip Robertson, Professor of Ecosystem Science, Michigan State University
  View PDF of presentation

Marine Fisheries: Is the Glass Half Full or Half Empty? 
Boris Worm, Assistant Professor in Marine Conservation Biology, Dalhousie University
  View PDF of presentation

Aquaculture and Marine Resources: Can There Be a Salmon in Every Pot? 
Rebecca Goldburg, Director, Marine Science, Pew Environment Group, The Pew Charitable Trusts
  View PDF of presentation

Agriculture and Agricultural Landscapes in the Twenty-first Century 
Rodney J. Brown, Dean, College of Biology and Agriculture, Brigham Young University
  View PDF of presentation

Questions and Discussion


SESSION 5 - Biodiversity: International Institutions, Science, and Policy

Introductory Remarks by the Session Chair
Thomas Lovejoy, Heinz Center Biodiversity Chair, The H. John Heinz III Center for Science, Economics, and the Environment


International Environmental Cooperation in the Twenty-first Century 
Scott Barrett, Professor of Environmental Economics, Johns Hopkins University
    View PDF of presentation

The Daily Planet―An Exploration of How, on a Fast-Changing Earth, the Shrinking Media Can Continue to Cover Environmental Change and Help Build Informed Policy 
Andrew Revkin, Environment Reporter, The New York Times


Ten Million Places at the Table: Translating Biodiversity Issues from Science to Policy 
James P. Collins, Associate Director for Biological Sciences, National Science Foundation
  View PDF of presentation

Questions and Discussion


Concluding Comments on the Day: Advocacy and Policy 
Rodger Schlickeisen, President and Chief Executive Officer, Defenders of Wildlife


Concluding Remarks and Thanks