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New Report Series: Recent Trends in Mechanics
The USNC/TAM has initiated a new series of periodic reports, Recent Trends in Mechanics. Report proposals are due April 15th of each year. More information on the types of reports included in the series and report proposal guidelines can be found on the Reports: Recent Trends in Mechanics website.
Recent Trends in Mechanics reports that were completed in 2013 or 2014 include:
|Mechanics in Medicine: This report aims to identify the most pressing challenges in Biological Sciences and Medicine that can be tackled within the broad field of Mechanics. This echoes and complements a number of national and international initiatives aiming at fostering interdisciplinary biomedical research. This report also comments on cultural/educational challenges. The full 43-page report can be downloaded here.|
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Research Directions in Experimental Solid Mechanics at Small Scales: The goal of this report is to identify major research topics in this area that are likely to be the focus of enquiry for the next decade. Since these topics will invariably spur the development of new tools, some attention will also be directed towards current trends in this arena. This report gathers the input of a number of leaders in topics of interest and the development of new tools. The full 26-page report can be downloaded here.
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U.S. Energy and Environmental Challenges and Fundamental Contributions from Mechanics Research: As the backbone of engineering systems, the field of mechanics writ large (i.e., the fields of fluid mechanics, solid mechanics, mechanics of materials, computational mechanics, nano-mechanics, and so forth) continues to have a profound impact on the solution to global energy and environmental challenges. This report provides an overview of these challenges, and describes a number of promising technical directions in their solution for which the field of mechanics plays a key role. While this report is not intended to be a comprehensive evaluation of all possible energy and propulsion technologies of the future, it does identify the most promising technologies for which contributions from broad areas within mechanics will be crucial for success. The full 18-page report can be downloaded here.
Other USNC/TAM Reports
Since 1991, the USNC/TAM has had six other reports produced that survey the field of mechanics, with particular emphasis on identifying areas of mechanics for future research. The committee asks individuals, or groups of individuals to write the reports. The recent reports are short, overview documents, intended for a wide audience, including policymakers. The first three reports are intended for specialists and provide a contextual background on specific research areas and point to new opportunities, needs, and trends.
|Research Directions in Computational And Composite Mechanics (2007) discusses two aspects of the engineering science of mechanics that have a profound impact on American Competitiveness, and addresses issues raised in the National Academy of Sciences report Rising Above the Gathering Storm (2007). The United States has played a leading role in the development of computational mechanics and mechanics of composite materials. It is clear that the futures of these two disciplines of mechanics are very bright as they both will have a profound impact on many facets of our life, including advances in biology, medicine, energy conservation and development, and national security. It is also clear that the United States is not the only country working in these advanced fields of engineering science. There are very strong initiatives and commitments to these fields in Europe and Asia. A concentrated effort by the United States is necessary if we are to maintain our competitiveness. Download the report|
Research in Fluid Dynamics: Meeting National Needs (2006) was assembled and edited by Jerry Gollub (Haverford) from contributions by H. Fernando (Arizona State), Morteza Gharib (Caltech), John Kim (UCLA), Steve Pope (Cornell), Alexander Smits (Princeton), and Howard Stone (Harvard). Download the report
Research Directions in Computational Mechanics (2000) was prepared by J.T. Oden of the University of Texas, Texas Institute for Computational Engineering and Sciences, assisted by Ted Belytschko of Northwestern University, Ivo Babuska of the University of Texas, and T.J.R. Hughes of Stanford University. Download the report
|Research Trends in Solid Mechanics (1999), G.J. Dvorak (Ed.) was published by Pergamon Press, by Elsevier Science, Ltd., Oxford, UK. The report consists of an Executive Summary, reprinted here with permission, and a series of articles that appeared as Volume 37, pp. 1-422, of the International Journal of Solids and Structures (2000). Download the Executive Summary, |
|Research Trends in Fluid Dynamics (1996), J.L. Lumley, Andreas Acrivos, L. Gary Leal, and Sidney Leibovich (eds.), published by the American Institute of Physics, Woodbury, New York. Download the executive summary (reprinted with permission)|
|Research Directions in Computational Mechanics (1991), J.T. Oden (Ed.), published by National Academy Press, was the first of the research directions reports. Computational mechanics is a scientific discipline that marries physics, computers, and mathematics to emulate natural physical phenomena. It is a technology that allows scientists to study and predict the performance of various products--important for research and development in the industrialized world. This book describes current trends and future research directions in computational mechanics in areas where gaps exist in current knowledge and where major advances are crucial to continued technological developments in the United States. Read the book online for free or purchase a copy at the NAP website.|
This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant Number CMMI-1338717. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.
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