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Reykjavik to New START:
Science Diplomacy for Nuclear Security in the 21st Century
The National Academy of Sciences and the U.S. Institute of Peace
Invite You To Attend a Symposium
 500 Fifth Street, NW, the Keck Center of the National Academies
Washington, DC
January 19, 2011
On January 19th, the National Academy of Sciences Committee on International Security and Arms Control (CISAC) and the United States Institute of Peace (USIP) will hold a symposium on science diplomacy in support of international security.  As we approach the 25th anniversary of the Reykjavik Summit, CISAC and USIP are inviting prominent scientists from Russia and the United States to examine the roles of transparency and confidence building in 21st Century nuclear security.
The meeting will address:
(1)   Examples from past U.S.-Soviet/Russia interactions and how the lessons learned can be applied to current and future challenges.
(2)   Monitoring and verification needs in the future.
(3)   Scientists’ role in enhancing security communication and confidence between and among countries.
The Honorable William Perry, the Honorable Rose Gottemoeller, Academician Evgeny N. Avrorin, Dr. Richard Garwin, and several other distinguished speakers will address these important topics. We hope that you will join us.
Registration begins at 8:00 a.m. and the meeting will adjourn at 5:30 p.m. A light lunch will be provided.
Questions? Please contact Ms. Heather Chiarello (, 202-334-2398)

Tentative Agenda:

Wednesday, January 19, 2011
Keck 100
8:00-8:30            Registration
8:30-8:40            Welcome and introduction by The National Academy of Sciences (NAS) and U.S. Institute of Peace (USIP)
Introduction of Speakers: Raymond Jeanloz, UC Berkeley and Chair, NAS CISAC
·   E. William Colglazier, Executive Officer, NAS
·   The Honorable Richard Solomon, President, USIP
8:45-9:15             Reflections on Reykjavik and its Implications for the Future
·   Introduction of Speaker, The Honorable Richard Solomon, USIP
·   The Honorable William Perry, The Hoover Institution and Stanford University
9:15-9:30             Moderated Question and Answer
9:30-11:00          Panel I:  Technical Confidence Building to Support International Security: Lessons Learned from Past U.S.-Russian Scientific Cooperation Relevant to Future Nuclear Security Challenges
Moderator: Christopher Chyba, Princeton University1
      • The Black Sea Experiment
        • Thomas Cochran, Natural Resources Defense Council
        • Viktor A. Firsov, All-Russian Research Institute of Automatics
        • Roald Sagdeev, University of Maryland
·         Joint Verification Experiments (JVE)
        • C. Paul Robinson, Sandia National Laboratory (ret.)
        • Evgeny N. Avrorin, All-Russian Institute of Technical Physics (ret.)
Discussion: looking to the future in confidence building measures for treaties
11:00-11:15        Break
11:15-11:45         The Role of Scientists in Building Confidence in Past, Current, and Future Arms Reduction Treaties
Introduction of Speaker, Raymond Jeanloz
·   The Honorable Rose Gottemoeller, United States Department of State
11:45-12:00        Moderated Question and Answer Session
12:00                    Lunch (box lunch provided)
12:20-12:40        Science Diplomacy for Nuclear Security: Possible Impacts of Transparency and Access within the NNSA Nuclear Complex
                               Introduction of Speaker, Christopher Chyba 
                           The Honorable Thomas D’Agostino, National Nuclear Security Administration
12:40-12:55        Moderated Question and Answer
1:00-1:30             Verification of Nuclear Forces
                                Introduction of Speaker, Raymond Jeanloz
·      Colonel-General Viktor I. Yesin, Russian Federation Academy of Security, Defence, and Law Enforcement (ret.)
1:30-1:45             Moderated Question and Answer Session
1:45-3:00             Panel II: The Role of Scientists in Enhancing Communication and Confidence Between and Among Countries
Moderator: Cathleen Campbell, CRDF Global
·         The role of U.S.-Soviet/Russian NGO dialogues and possible directions for the future
        • Richard Garwin,IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Center1
        • Evgeniy N. Avrorin, All-Russian Institute of Technical Physics (ret.)
·         Disposition of excess weapons fissile material
        • Nikolai N. Ponomarev-Stepnoi, Kurchatov Institute
        • John F. Ahearne, Sigma Xi1
Discussion and Next Steps
3:00-3:15             Break
3:15-4:30             Panel III: Assessing Opportunities Beyond the Bilateral U.S.-Russia Relationship
Moderator: Sheldon Himelfarb, USIP
·         Use of open-source imaging
·         David Albright, Institute for Science and International Security
·         On science diplomacy and India
·         Norman Neureiter, AAAS1
·         On science diplomacy for security in South Asia
·         Stephen P. Cohen, The Brookings Institution1
Discussion and Next Steps
4:30-4:45            Concluding Remarks: Christopher Chyba and Evgeniy N. Avrorin
Adjourn Public Meeting

1 Member, NAS CISAC