Managed by the Academies, PEER began in 2011 as a partnership between the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) and the National Science Foundation (NSF) designed to address development challenges through international research collaboration. Under its PEER Science component, the program has provided 137 grants to support developing country researchers in their collaborations with U.S. counterparts in a wide range of fields with near-term development impacts, and the PEER Health component (in partnership with the National Institutes of Health) has awarded 23 grants focused on maternal and child health, tuberculosis, and infectious diseases. The total amount of grants exceeds $28 million as of May 2015, with funded project participants in 46 countries. In October 2014, the two program components were consolidated into one PEER program and several new U.S. Government agency partners were added, including NASA, the Smithsonian Institution, the U.S. Department of Agriculture, and the U.S. Geological Survey. The program’s most recent call for applications had a deadline of January 9, 2015, and featured several new special focus areas such as transboundary water research in Central and South Central Asia, wildlife conservation and anti-trafficking in Kenya, biodiversity in the Brazilian Amazon, environmental management and climate change resilience, urban sanitation, and water resource management. Following completion of the proposal review process, a new batch of grants for this fourth annual cycle of PEER is expected to be announced in July 2015. A new call for proposals should be issued around October 1, 2015. Please visit the PEER Web site for additional information about the program's goals, application instructions, and a link to the online application site.
In 2003, the Ministry of Science and Technology of the Government of Pakistan and the United States Department of State signed a comprehensive Science and Technology Cooperation Agreement that established a framework to increase cooperation in science, technology, engineering, and education for mutual benefit and peaceful purposes between the science and education communities in both countries. Each country has contributed funds to support Cooperation Program projects under this Agreement that would enhance the ability of the science and technology community to positively contribute to human and economic development in Pakistan. This program, which is being implemented by the National Academy of Sciences on the U.S. side, is intended to increase the strength and breadth of cooperation and linkages between Pakistani scientists and institutions with counterparts in the United States. Learn more...
The Academies has introduced an Arab-American Frontiers of Science, Engineering, and Medicine program that will bring together outstanding young scientists, engineers, and medical professionals from the United States and the 22 countries of the Arab League for a series of symposia to discuss exciting advances and opportunities in their fields. The first symposium was held from October 17-19, 2011 at the Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research. Learn more...
Since 1990, the Academies has been engaged in a program of workshops, exchange visits, and scientific consultations with the Iranian Academy of Sciences, the Iranian Academy of Medical Sciences, and other institutions in Iran. A report describing these activities was published in 2010.
The East European program of the Academies dates back to 1967. Initially the program emphasized exchanges of individuals from U.S. institutions and institutions of seven countries of the region. During the 1980s and 1990s, the program expanded to include workshops. The program was terminated in the early 2000s. Currently, there are occasional bilateral and regional workshops organized on an ad hoc basis depending on the availability of funding. A report on the history of the program through early 2009 was published by the National Academies Press in the fall of 2009.
The institutions of the Academies have carried out a program of scientific cooperation with the Russian Academy of Sciences for 50 years. Dozens of reports of cooperative activities during the past two decade are currently available from the National Academies Press. In June 2009, a Jubilee in Moscow celebrated the successes of the past and considered opportunities for future cooperation. A report of the Jubilee is scheduled for completion by the end of 2009. Current plans for the program included cooperation in biomedicine, disposal of radioactive waste, regional adaptations of climate change, agrobiotechnology, and counterterrorism.
In April 2013, the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) and the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS) renewed their mutual cooperation and signed a five-year, inter-academy agreement to utilize their expertise in science, engineering, and medicine to jointly address their countries' most pressing challenges on April 4,. Advances in biomedical research and the transforming energy sector are among the many issues that NAS and RAS hope to address through 2018. Other areas of cooperation include biological sciences, counter terrorism, nuclear safety and security, and issues addressing aspects of global climate change.
An ad hoc committee has completed its report on Diplomacy for the 21st Century: Embedding a Culture of Science and Technology Throughout the Department of State , which evaluates the adequacy of the capabilities of the Department of State to use effectively the nation's science and technology (S&T) assets in achieving U.S. foreign policy objectives during the next decade. Using the National Academy of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine 1999 report The Pervasive Role of Science, Technology, and Health in Foreign Policy: Imperatives for the Department of State as a benchmark, this new report discusses how enhancements of the department's S&T capabilities made over the past decade should be augmented in view of the changing international political, economic, and scientific landscapes.
The Board on Science and Technology in International Development (BOSTID) was created in recognition of the importance of science and technology in contributing to solutions of social and economic development problems. Funded by USAID, BOSTID put particular emphasis on collaboration and relationship-building, comprehensiveness, and continuity in its activities. Its activities focused on local priorities and perceptions of needs, complemented by relevant experience from the United States and elsewhere. Learn more...