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Pakistan-US Science and Technology Cooperation Program                                                            
Phase 1 (2005 Deadline)

Antimicrobial Resistance in Pakistan: a Program to Develop and Strengthen Capacity for Surveillance, Containment, and Diagnosis through Public-Private Sector Partnership

CDC-AKU Antimicrobial Workshop

Participants listen to a lecture at an infection control workshop in Karachi in March 2006.

Mary Brandt, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Rumina Hasan, The Aga Khan Medical University
Pakistani Funding (HEC): $500,000
US Funding:   $  75,000
Dates on US Side: January 1, 2006 - March 31, 2010 (Completed)

Project Overview

The rising infectious disease burden in Pakistan is a major source of concern, and efforts to control such diseases are hampered by the incessant increase in antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in the country. This project initiated a data collection and compilation system to assess the prevalence of AMR and conduct molecular typing on selected bacterial strains. Information on AMR was disseminated to healthcare providers and professional organizations to help promote data-driven programs for the containment of AMR. Infection control measures were also promoted as important intervention strategies. To carry out the project, the principal investigators assembled a diverse multidisciplinary team with strengths in clinical microbiology, infectious diseases, epidemiology, and infection control, as well as linkages to key national and international institutions, including major Pakistani hospitals, research centers, and government agencies. 

Major Results

  • Established the Pakistan Antimicrobial Resistance Network to educate health professionals throughout Pakistan on appropriate use of antimicrobial drugs
  • Developed a website for sharing information on antimicrobial resistance and infection control www.parn.org.pk
  • Provided training at CDC for two long-term AKU visitors (three months each) and three short-term visitors (one or two weeks each) and delivered critical supplies and reagents to AKU
  • Provided training sessions in Karachi for nearly 500 participants on infection control practices, smear microscopy for tuberculosis diagnosis and fungal identification
  • Produced 26 articles accepted for publication in professional journals, as well as 29 posters and 17 presentations at national and international scientific meetings
  • Facilitated PhD studies of three students and impacted at least 20 other Pakistani researchers and technical personnel

Progress Report Summaries

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