Skip to Main Content
Development, Security, and Cooperation (DSC) Development, Security, and Cooperation
The National Academies
The National Academies
Home About DSC
Quick Links

FREE Reports     

Download free PDFs of
ALL Academy Reports

All reports available on the National Academies Press (NAP) website are now offered free of charge to web visitors.

Contact us

The National Academies
500 5th St NW - KWS 502
Washington, DC 20001

Tel: (202) 334-2800
Fax: (202) 334-2139


Pakistan-US Science and Technology Cooperation Program                                                            
Phase 4 (2009 Deadline)

Carbazole and Fluorene-Based Polymeric and Molecular Materials for Optoelectronic
Applications: Synthesis, Spectroscopic Studies, Device Fabrication, and Characterization 

Kevin D. Belfield, University of Central Florida
Aamer Saeed, Quaid-i-Azam University
Pakistani Funding (HEC):  $100,343
US Funding (Department of State): $123,030
Project Dates: November 15, 2010 - November 14, 2013 (Extended through November 14, 2014)
Project Overview
This project involves a collaborative effort to synthesize and characterize a series of novel organic semiconducting materials for electronic device applications. Using the new materials, organic light-emitting diodes and organophotovoltaic devices will be fabricated and characterized using new equipment to be installed at the Pakistani partner university with funds from this grant. This equipment will form the basis for a new organic semiconducting materials research lab at the Department of Chemistry of Quaid-i-Azam University (QAU), the first lab of its kind in Pakistan. Pakistani graduate students participating in the project will receive fabrication and characterization training at the University of Central Florida, a valuable opportunity not only to gain new research skills but also to establish academic and professional ties with American students and professors.
Quarterly Update

 UCF-QAU Polymer Materials Project Madiha Irfan
Ms. Madiha Irfan started her four-month visit to Dr. Belfield's lab.

In their annual joint report, both laboratories report the project remains on track in three key project goals with future goal to commercialization. 1. Developing new compounds for alternative energy. In Dr. Belfield’s lab, three classes of organic electronic materials were synthesized and characterized with a major focus of their research on optoelectronic and photovoltaic studies. Additional key compounds (carbazole intermediates) were synthesized and characterized in Dr. Saeed’s laboratory. As a result, five major papers were published or accepted for publication in addition to four conference presentations. 2. Establish a well-equipped alternative energy lab at QAU. Two key instruments were purchased allowing upgrading of the Pakistani laboratory and training of students in use of the equipment. 3. Human capacity development. Training of graduate students and scientists continue with six PhD graduate students, one MS student, three undergraduate students, one high school student, one faculty Lecturer, one Senior Scientist, and one Postdoctoral Research Associate in Dr. Belfield’s laboratory participating in various aspects of the research.

Additional seven PhD, and undergraduates students, and postdoctoral research associates participated in training workshops and seminars involved with the program. Also, four advanced photophysical characterization training sessions were held in the US lab. In Pakistan, three PhD students were trained in research gaining valuable experience in synthesizing and characterizing new compounds. Ms. Madiha Irfan, a female graduate student who returned to QAU after spending four months in the UCF lab, continues good progress towards her PhD degree.

Progress Reports

Show all progress summaries | Hide progress summaries

2011 Show summary || Hide summary || Download full report

2012 Show summary || Hide summary || Download full report

2013 Show summary || Hide summary || Download full report