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Pathways to Urban Sustainability: Challenges and Opportunities, Meeting 3
July 28-29, 2015

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Sustainability-related meetings at the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine


Recent Events

Roundtable on Science and Technology for Sustainability
June 4-5, 2015
Washington, DC

Landscape Approaches and Multi-Resource Assessments for Natural Resource Management

June 2, 2015
Washington, DC


Roundtable on Science and Technology for Sustainability
Biographical Information

 
DAVID DZOMBAK (NAE) (Co-Chair) is the Hamerschlag University Professor and Head of the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering at Carnegie Mellon University.  The emphasis of his research and teaching is on water resources and water quality engineering, and energy-environment issues.  Dr. Dzombak is a member of the National Academy of Engineering, a registered Professional Engineer in Pennsylvania, and a Board Certified Environmental Engineer by the American Academy of Environmental Engineers and Scientists.  His professional service activity has included the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Science Advisory Board (2002-present); the U.S. Department of Defense (DOD) Strategic Environmental Research and Development Science Advisory Board (2013-present); the EPA National Advisory Council for Environmental Policy and Technology, Environmental Technology Subcommittee (2004-2008); the National Research Council (various committees, 2000-present); Editorial Advisory Board for Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering (2012-present); Associate Editor of Environmental Science & Technology (2005-2012); chair of committees for the American Academy of Environmental Engineers and Scientists, American Society of Civil Engineers, Association of Environmental Engineering and Science Professors, and Water Environment Federation; and advisory committees for Allegheny County and the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.  Dr. Dzombak received his Ph.D. in Civil Engineering (environmental engineering focus) from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1986.  He also holds an M.S. in Civil Engineering (1981, environmental engineering focus) and a B.S. in Civil Engineering (1980) from Carnegie Mellon, and a B.A. in Mathematics from Saint Vincent College (1980). 
 
LYNN SCARLETT (Co-Chair), former Deputy Secretary and Chief Operating Officer of the U.S. Department of the Interior, is worldwide Managing Director for Public Policy at The Nature Conservancy (TNC).  In this role, Honorable Scarlett directs all policy in the United States and the 35 countries in which TNC operates.  She also served at Interior as the Acting Secretary of the Interior in 2006.  While Interior’s Deputy Secretary, Honorable Scarlett initiated and chaired the Department’s Cooperative Conservation Working Group and its first-ever Climate Change Task Force.  She established the Interior’s Ocean and Coastal Activities office to coordinate cross-departmental ocean and coastal work.  She chaired the nation’s Wildland Fire Leadership Council.  She served on the Executive Committee of the President’s Management Council.  She is author or co-author of publications on climate change adaptation; ecosystem services; large landscape conservation; and science and decision making.  She chairs the Science Advisory Board of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and serves on the National Research Council Sustainability Linkages Committee, the U.S. Global Change Research Program Committee, and is a co-convening lead author of the National Climate Assessment.  She also chairs the Landscape Conservation Cooperatives Council established in 2014 by the U.S. Department of the Interior.  She is on the Dean’s Advisory Council of the Bren School of Environmental Science and Management at University of California (UC) Santa Barbara.  She also serves on the boards of trustees of the National Wildlife Refuge Association and is a member of the Coordinating Council of the Practitioners’ Network for Large Landscape Conservation.  She received her Bachelor’s and Master’s degrees in political science from the UC Santa Barbara, where she also completed her Ph.D. coursework and exams in political science and political economy. 

WAYNE S. BALTA is the Vice President of Corporate Environmental Affairs and Product Safety at IBM Corporation where he has global responsibility for environmental affairs, energy efficiency, chemical management and toxicology, as well as product safety and related hardware compliance functions.  He joined IBM in 1984 as project manager for design and construction in the real estate and construction division.  In 1989, he was appointed executive assistant to the corporate vice president in charge of real estate.  In 1990, he became responsible for IBM’s corporate environmental plans and strategy.  Two years later, in 1992, he became Director of Corporate Environmental Affairs.  Mr. Balta became Vice President of Corporate Environmental Affairs & Product Safety in 2001.  He also serves as IBM’s Senior Location Executive for Pittsburgh, PA.  Mr. Balta is presently the Vice Chairman of the Board of Directors and Treasurer of the Environmental Law Institute.  He served as Chairman of the Board of Directors of the World Environment Center from 2008-2010, and was re-elected to its Board in 2012.  He is a member and past Chairman of The Conference Board’s Chief Environment, Health & Safety Officers Council.  In addition, Mr. Balta is a member of the President’s Advisory Board for Civil and Environmental Engineering at Carnegie Mellon University and serves on the Dean’s Council for the College of Engineering at Carnegie-Mellon.  Mr. Balta is also a member of the Strategic Advisory Council for the University of Michigan’s Erb Institute for Global Sustainable Enterprise.  Mr. Balta received a Bachelor of Science Degree in civil engineering with University Honors from Carnegie Mellon University in 1982 and a Master of Science Degree in civil engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, where he was a Tau Beta Pi Fellow, in 1984.  He was inducted into the Tau Beta Pi national engineering honor society, the Chi Epsilon national civil engineering honor society, and the Sigma Xi scientific research society.

ANN BARTUSKA is Deputy Under Secretary for Research, Education, and Economics (REE) in the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA). Previously, she was Deputy Chief for Research & Development, the USDA Forest Service, a position she has held since January 2004. She recently served as Acting USDA Deputy Undersecretary for Natural Resources and Environment from January - October of 2009, and was the Executive Director of the Invasive Species Initiative in the Nature Conservancy. Prior to this, she was the Director of the Forest and Rangelands staff in the Forest Service in Washington, DC. She is an ecosystem ecologist with degrees from Wilkes College (B.S.), Ohio University (M.S.) and West Virginia University (Ph.D.). She co-chaired the National Academies Roundtable on Science and Technology for Sustainability from 2010 to 2013. She currently co-chairs the Ecological Systems subcommittee of the Committee on Environment and Natural Resources of the White House National Science and Technology Council. She is active in the Ecological Society of America, serving as Vice-President for Public Affairs from 1996-1999 and as president from 2002-2003. She has served on the Board of the Council of Science Society Presidents and is a member of AAAS and of the Society of American Foresters.

STEVE BERGMAN is a Principal Regional Geologist in the Global Geology Upstream Exploration Research team at Shell International Exploration & Production Co. (Houston, TX), and adjunct professor with Southern Methodist University (SMU, Dallas).  Prior to Shell, he was Principal Research Geologist with ARCO R&D for 20 years in Dallas, TX, and a Visiting Scholar at Bullard Laboratories, Cambridge University in 1996-1997.  Dr. Bergman is exploration research geologist and geoscience educator with over 30 years industry experience applying unconventional integrated field and laboratory approaches (completing over a hundred worldwide minerals and petroleum exploration and production projects) and 5 years University teaching at UT Dallas and SMU. Dr. Bergman is a world-class expert in tectonics, regional structure, field geology, basin analysis, hard rock petrology, volcanology, and geochronology with 30 months of field expeditions in 17 USA states and 22 countries. He is co-author of one textbook (Petrology of Lamproites, Plenum Press, New York), over 40 journal papers, 120 internal company reports, and 150 conference and seminar presentations. He has served on the National Research Council Roundtable on Science and Technology for Sustainability since 2012, the NRC STS Landscape Analysis Committee in 2015, and as an advisor to the US State Dept. on Arctic Geology Matters. Dr. Bergman earned his M.A. & Ph.D. in Geology from Princeton University (1979 & 1982) and his B.S. in Geology from University of Dayton (1977), and is a Fellow of the Geological Society of London.  

STEPHEN R. CARPENTER (NAS) serves as the Director of the Center for Limnology at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, where he is the Stephen Alfred Forbes Professor of Zoology. He is an ecosystem ecologist known for his leadership of large-scale experiments and adaptive ecosystem management. His work has addressed trophic cascades and their effects on production and nutrient cycling, contaminant cycles, freshwater fisheries, eutrophication, nonpoint pollution, ecological economics of freshwater, and resilience of social-ecological systems. He is co-Editor in Chief of Ecosystems, and a member of governing boards for the Beijer Institute of Ecological Economics, Resilience Alliance, and South American Institute for Resilience and Sustainability Studies. Carpenter is a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and a foreign member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. He has received many awards for distinguished research. Among these are a Pew Fellowship in Conservation and Environment, the G. Evelyn Hutchinson Medal of the American Society of Limnology and Oceanography, the Robert H. MacArthur Award from the Ecological Society of America, the Excellence in Ecology Prize for Limnetic Ecology, and the Naumann-Thienemann medal of the International Society for Limnology. The Institute for Scientific Information has recognized him as one of the world’s most highly cited researchers in Environmental Science. Carpenter is a former President of the Ecological Society of America. From 2000-2005 he served as co-chair of the Scenarios Working Group of the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment. He received a B.A. from Amherst College (1974), M.S. from University of Wisconsin-Madison (1976), and Ph.D. from U.W. Madison (1979).
 
PAULO FERRÃO is a professor at Instituto Superior Tecnico (IST) at University of Lisbon, where he is cofounder and current President of the Scientific Council of IN+, Center for Innovation, Technology and Policy Research.  He is currently the national director of the MIT-Portugal Program, the major international partnership on science and technology in Portugal, in the field of engineering systems.  He also coordinates the IST energy initiative.  Dr. Ferrão developed his academic career at IST in the Department of Mechanical Engineering.  He has been a professor since 1985, when he joined as a trainee assistant in the Systems Section of the Department; he became assistant professor in the Applied Thermodynamics Section in 1988, associate professor in 2001, and full professor in 2010.  His teaching activity spans disciplines such as thermodynamics; energy systems analysis; environment, energy and development policies.  He currently teaches the disciplines of industrial ecology and energy and environment and has the responsibility for coordinating the group of subjects on “Planning and Sustainable Development” in the scientific area of “Environment and Energy.”  Dr. Ferrão received his Ph.D. in mechanical engineering (1993) and his master in energy transfer and conversion (1998) from IST.
 
MARILU HASTINGS is Sustainability Program Director for the Cynthia and George Mitchell Foundation in Austin where she leads all of the foundation’s strategic grantmaking programs.  Current programs include clean energy, natural gas sustainability, water, and sustainability science.  She has a 25 year career specializing in the interaction of science, public policy, and philanthropic investment.  Ms. Hastings convenes high-profile, collaborative efforts to promote Texas’s transition to sustainability, including initiatives to modernize its oil and gas regulations, address ongoing drought, and adopt clean energy policies.  She is also a sought-after strategic and organizational-development advisor to non-profit organizations, foundations, and academic organizations.  Prior to moving to the foundation, Ms. Hastings held leadership positions from 1996 to 2008 at the Houston Advanced Research Center, a non-profit research organization founded by George P. Mitchell.  Ms. Hastings is a member of the Energy Institute Advisory Board of the University of Texas at Austin; a member of the Science Advisory Board of the Environmental Law and Policy Center in Chicago; a trustee of the Regional Endowment for Sustainability Science, and a stakeholder advisor to the Southern Climate Impacts Planning Program, a Regional Integrated Science Assessment Team of NOAA.  Ms. Hastings earned a Bachelor of Arts in economics and political science from Duke University, an MBA from the University of Texas at Austin, and a Master of Public Affairs from the University of Texas at Austin. 

LEK KADELI is the Acting Assistant Administrator in the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) Office of Research and Development (ORD). He has over 29 years of management experience in both government and the private sector, with broad experience in leading organizational change and improvement, policy development, resource management, information management and technology. Mr. Kadeli began his EPA career in 1990 as an analyst in the Office of the Comptroller, and also served as the Senior Budget Officer in EPA’s Office of International Activities. He moved to ORD in 1993 to serve as Chief of Resource Planning and Program Coordination, and in 1998 served as the Acting Deputy Director of ORD’s National Exposure Research Laboratory in Research Triangle Park, North Carolina. He was the director of ORD’s Office of Resources Management and Administration from 2001 to 2005 before becoming the Deputy Assistant Administrator for Management. He previously served as the Acting Assistant Administrator for the Office of Research and Development from January through December of 2009. Mr. Kadeli received two of the Agency’s highest awards for exemplary service: a Gold Medal for Distinguished Service, and the Lee Thomas Award for Excellence in Management. Mr. Kadeli graduated from George Mason University in 1983 with a B.A. in International Relations. In 1986, he earned an M.A. in National Security Studies from Georgetown University.

MICHAEL KAVANAUGH (NAE) is a Senior Principal of Geosyntec Consultants, Inc., an engineering and consulting firm with offices throughout the United States and abroad. His research interests have included hazardous waste management, soil and groundwater remediation, process engineering, industrial waste treatment, technology evaluations, strategic environmental management, compliance and due diligence auditing, water quality, water and wastewater treatment, and water reuse. He has served as chair to the National Research Council’s (NRC) Board on Radioactive Waste Management and the Water Science and Technology Board. Dr. Kavanaugh is a registered chemical engineer in California and Utah, a Diplomat (DEE) of the American Academy of Environmental Engineers, and a member of the National Academy of Engineering. He received his B.S. in chemical engineering from Stanford University and his M.S. and Ph.D. from the University of California, Berkeley.
 
JACK KAYE currently serves as Associate Director for Research of the Earth Science Division within NASA’s Science Mission Directorate. He has been a member of the Senior Executive Service since August, 1999, managing NASA’s Earth Science Research Program. Earlier positions in his 25 year career at NASA include being a Space Scientist at the Goddard Space Flight Center and Manager of the Atmospheric Chemistry Modeling and Analysis Program at NASA HQ. His academic training is in chemistry (B.S. Adelphi University, 1976; Ph.D., California Institute of Technology, 1982).  As Associate Director for Research, Dr. Kaye is responsible for the research and data analysis programs for Earth System Science, covering the broad spectrum of scientific disciplines that constitute it. He represents NASA in many interagency and international activities and has been an active participant in the US Global Change Research Program (USGCRP) in which he currently serves as NASA principal and Vice Chair of the Subcommittee on Global Change Research, as well as NASA’s representative to the Senior Users’ Advisory Group for the National Polar Orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System and to the Joint Subcommittee on Ocean Science and Technology. Since January, 2009, he has served as Acting Director of the USGCRP. He is a member of the Steering Committee for the Global Climate Observing System. He has received numerous NASA awards, most recently with the Outstanding Leadership Medal in 2009. He was recognized as a Meritorious Executive in the Senior Executive Service in 2004. He was elected to serve as co-secretary of the Atmospheric Sciences Section of the American Geophysical Union (AGU) for 1998-2000. The AGU has recognized him on two occasions with a Citation for Excellence in Refereeing. He has published more than 50 refereed papers, contributed to numerous reports, books, and encyclopedias, and edited the book Isotope Effects in Gas-Phase Chemistry for the American Chemical Society.

MEHMOOD KHAN is Executive Vice President and Chief Scientific Officer, Global Research and Development, PepsiCo Inc.  As chief scientific officer, Dr. Khan leads company-wide research and development (R&D); recruits highly regarded clinical scientists, global health leaders and medical experts; launches research projects with leading universities; and opens advanced R&D facilities.  As Executive Vice President, Dr. Khan leads a global team of experts in nutrition, medicine, research, science, marketing/branding, ingredient sourcing and product innovation.  He directs PepsiCo’s enterprise planning, portfolio development and execution of new technology to grow the company’s nutrition-focused brands in four areas: grains (Quaker), fruits (Tropicana), vegetables (Sabra) and dairy (Wimm-Bill-Dann).  With the creation of the Global Nutrition Group, PepsiCo is one of only two food and beverage companies worldwide with an operation dedicated to health and wellness. This crossover role is unique in the global food and beverage industry, permitting a single point of linkage between R&D and core businesses and brands within the context of health & wellness.  Prior to joining PepsiCo, Dr. Khan was president, Takeda Global Research & Development Center, overseeing Takeda Pharmaceuticals Company’s worldwide R&D efforts. Previously, Dr. Khan was as a faculty member at the Mayo Clinic and Mayo Medical School in Rochester, Minnesota, serving as director of the Diabetes, Endocrine and Nutritional Trials Unit in the endocrinology division. He also spent nine years leading programs in diabetes, endocrinology, metabolism and nutrition for the Hennepin County Medical Center in Minneapolis.
 
SUZETTE KIMBALL is Acting Director of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS). Prior to this appointment, Dr. Kimball was the Director of the Eastern Region in 2004 and the Acting Associate Director for Geology in 2008.  Dr. Kimball joined the USGS as Eastern Regional Executive for Biology.  In that position, she built many partnerships, helped shape programs, and led the establishment of the USGS Florida Integrated Science Center. She came to the USGS from the National Park Service in Atlanta, where she was Associate Regional Director.  She entered the National Park Service as a research coordinator in the Global Climate Change Program, became Southeast Regional Chief Scientist, then Associate Regional Director. She was assistant professor of environmental sciences at the University of Virginia, co-director of the Center for Coastal Management and Policy and marine scientist at the Virginia Institute of Marine Science, and managed coastal morphology and barrier island studies in the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers.  She serves on executive boards and many State and national committees, including the Consortium for Coastal Restoration through Science & Technology, the Council of Examiners of the National Association of State Boards of Geology, and the Department of Interior’s Senior Executive Service Advisory Council.  She was on the board of directors of the Coastal Society and has served as secretary of the American Geophysical Union’s Ocean Sciences Section.  She has authored numerous publications on barrier island dynamics, coastal ecosystem science, coastal zone management and policy, and natural resource exploration, evaluation and management.  She has received the Presidential Rank Award and the Secretary of the Interior’s Meritorious Service Award.  Dr. Kimball has a doctorate in environmental sciences with a specialty in coastal processes from the University of Virginia, a master’s in geology and geophysics from Ball State University, and a bachelor’s in English and geology from the College of William & Mary.
 
STEVEN E. KOONIN (NAS) serves as the Director of the new Center for Urban Science and Progress, an applied science and engineering institute created by New York University as a consortium of world-class universities, global technology corporations, and innovative urban designers. Prior to this appointment, Dr. Koonin served as the Under Secretary for Science for the U.S. Department of Energy. He was previously Chief Scientist for BP, plc, where he was responsible for guiding the company’s long-range technology strategy, particularly in alternative and renewable energy sources. Dr. Koonin joined BP in 2004 following a 29-year career at the California Institute of Technology as a Professor of Theoretical Physics, including a 9-year term as the Institute’s Provost. He has served on numerous advisory bodies for the National Science Foundation, the Department of Defense, and the Department of Energy and its various national laboratories. Dr. Koonin’s research interests have included theoretical and computational physics, as well as global environmental science. Dr. Koonin received his B.S. in physics at California Institute of Technology and his Ph.D. in theoretical physics from Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

FRANKILIN ORR (NAE) was sworn in as the Under Secretary for Science and Energy at the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) on December 17, 2014.  As the Under Secretary, Dr. Orr is the principal advisor to the Secretary and Deputy Secretary on clean energy technologies and science and energy research initiatives.  Dr. Orr is the inaugural Under Secretary for the office, which was created by Secretary of Energy Ernest Moniz to closely integrate DOE’s basic science, applied research, technology development, and deployment efforts.  Prior to joining the DOE, Dr. Orr was the Keleen and Carlton Beal Professor Emeritus in the Department of Energy Resources Engineering at Stanford University.  He joined Stanford in 1985.  He served as the founding director of the Precourt Institute for Energy at Stanford University from 2009 to 2013.  He was the founding director of the Stanford Global Climate and Energy Project from 2002 to 2008, and he served as Dean of the School of Earth Sciences at Stanford from 1994 to 2002.  He holds a Ph.D. from the University of Minnesota and a B.S. from Stanford University, both in Chemical Engineering.  Dr. Orr is also a member of the National Academy of Engineering.  He served as a member of the Board of Directors of the Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute from 1987 to 2014, and was a member of the Board of Trustees of the David and Lucile Packard Foundation from 1999 to 2008, for which he has also chaired the Science Advisory Panel for the Packard Fellowships in Science and Engineering from 1988 to 2014.  He served as a member of the 2008/09 National Research Council Committee on America’s Energy Future.

FRANCIS O’ SULLIVAN
is Director of the MIT Energy Initiative, and a lecturer at the Sloan School of Management at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). His research interests span a range of topics related to energy technologies, policy and economics. His current research is focused on unconventional oil and gas resources, the energy-water nexus, and solar energy. He has extensive expertise regarding the production dynamics and associated economics of North America’s shale plays. His work also includes the study of global gas market dynamics and the LNG trade, and he is actively studying the implications for international energy markets of emerging unconventional hydrocarbon resource plays, particularly those in China and Australia. He has written and spoken widely on these topics, and has made presentations to the President’s Office of Science and Technology Policy, the United States Environmental Protection Agency, the Brookings Institute, the Bipartisan Policy Center, the Center for Strategic and International Studies, the National Governors’ Association, the National Association of Regulated Utility Commissioners, at CERAWeek, the American Physical Society, and to a range of other academic, policy and industry forums. He is an author of the 2011 MIT Future of Natural Gas Study, and a member of the MIT Future of Solar Energy study group. Prior to joining MIT, Dr. O’Sullivan was a consultant with McKinsey & Company, where he worked extensively in the areas of economic, investment and risk analysis, strategic planning, and operations in the private equity, oil and gas, electric utility, and renewable energy sectors. Dr. O’Sullivan received his Ph.D., E.E., and S.M. degrees from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and his B.E. degree from the National University of Ireland, all in electrical engineering.

PRABHU PINGALI (NAS) has been appointed by the Cornell University as director of the Tata-Cornell Initiative in Agriculture and Nutrition (TACO-AN), a long-term project established through a $25 million endowment from the Tata Trusts, to help reduce poverty and malnutrition in India.  Prior to this appointment, Dr. Pingali was deputy director of the Agriculture Development Division of the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. He has three decades of experience analyzing global food, agriculture and development policy and was director of the Agricultural and Development Economics Division of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO).  He has served as director of the Economics Program at CIMMYT; agricultural economist at the International Rice Research Institute; and economist within the World Bank’s Agriculture and Rural Development Department.  Dr. Pingali has authored ten books and over 100 referred journal articles and book chapters on food policy, technological change, productivity growth and resource management in the developing world. Dr.  Pingali earned a Ph.D. in Economics from North Carolina State University in 1982.  He was elected to the U.S. National Academy of Sciences as a Foreign Associate in May 2007, and was elected Fellow of the American Agricultural Economics Association in 2006. 

RICHARD W. (RICK) SPINRAD was named by the Obama Administration as National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s (NOAA’s) Chief Scientist on May 9, 2014.  An internationally recognized scientist and executive with more than 30 years of experience, Dr. Spinrad is the senior scientist for the agency, driving policy and program direction for science and technology priorities.  Until this appointment, Dr. Spinrad served as vice president for research at Oregon State University (OSU) in Corvallis, Oregon, and from 2003 until 2010, was the head of NOAA’s Office of Oceanic and Atmospheric Research and the head of the National Ocean Service.  As Assistant Administrator for research for NOAA, Dr. Spinrad directed the agency’s programs in oceanography, atmospheric science, and climate.  Among his accomplishments, Dr. Spinrad led the White House Committee that developed the nation’s first set of ocean research priorities and oversaw the revamping of NOAA’s research enterprise.  Prior to joining NOAA, Dr. Spinrad served as a research director with the U.S. Navy (Office of Naval Research and Oceanographer of the Navy), taught at two universities, directed a major national non-profit organization, presided over a private company, and worked as a research scientist.  Dr. Spinrad served as the U.S. Permanent Representative to the United Nations’ Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission.  He is the recipient of Presidential Rank Awards from Presidents George W. Bush and Barack H. Obama.  Dr. Spinrad is the past-President of the Oceanography Society and was President-Elect of the Marine Technology Society.  Dr. Spinrad received his B.A. in earth and planetary sciences from The Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, Maryland. He received his M.S. and Ph.D. both in oceanography from Oregon State University.
 
B. L. TURNER II (NAS) is a Gilbert F. White Professor of Environment and Society in the School of Geographical Sciences and Urban Planning and School of Sustainability at Arizona State University. His research focuses on the study of human-environment relationships. Dr. Turner examines these relationships in the use of land and resources by the ancient Maya civilization in the Yucatan peninsula region, the intensification of land use among contemporary smallholders in the tropics, and the land-use and land-cover change as part of global environmental change. He has contributed journal articles to Science, Annual Review of Environment and Resources, Annals of the Association of American Geographers and many other publications. He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences, and American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Dr. Turner has served in several editorial positions, including the Editorial Board for the Environmental Science and Policy, Regional Environmental Science, Human-Environment Interactions: A Book Series, and is Associate Editor of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Dr. Turner received B.A. and M.A. degrees in geography from the University of Austin at Texas and a Ph.D. in geography from the University of Wisconsin at Madison.
 
MICHAEL WEBBER is the Associate Director of the Center for International Energy and Environmental Policy in the Jackson School of Geosciences, Co-Director of the Clean Energy Incubator at the Austin Technology Incubator, Fellow of the Strauss Center for International Security and Law at the LBJ School of Public Affairs, and Assistant Professor of Mechanical Engineering at the University of Texas at Austin, where he trains a new generation of energy leaders through research and education. Dr. Webber holds four patents and is one of the originators of the Pecan Street Project, which is a citywide, multi-institutional effort in Austin to create the electricity and water utilities of the future by the innovation and implementation of smart grids, smart meters, and smart appliances. Dr. Webber’s education includes a B.A. with High Honors (Plan II Liberal Arts) and B.S. with High Honors (Aerospace Engineering) from the University of Texas at Austin, and an M.S. (Mechanical Engineering) and Ph.D. (Mechanical Engineering, Minor in Electrical Engineering) from Stanford University, where he was a National Science Foundation Fellow from 1995-1998.