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Partnerships for Enhanced Engagement in Research (PEER) 

Managed by the Academies, PEER began in 2011 as a partnership between the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) and the National Science Foundation (NSF) designed to address development challenges through international research collaboration. Over time, several new U.S. Government-supported agency partners were added, including the National Institutes of Health, NASA, the U.S. Department of Agriculture, the U.S. Geological Survey, and the Smithsonian Institution. The program’s most recent call for applications had a pre-proposal deadline in January 2015, and following completion of the peer review and selection process, 45 new grants were announced on August 28, 2015. The newly funded projects involve researchers in 23 countries worldwide and feature work on topics such as such as wildlife protection, biodiversity conservation, water resource sustainability, satellite monitoring of natural resources, fisheries management, food security, disaster mitigation, and others. With these new grants under Cycle 4 of the program, PEER has now provided more than $45 million in grants to 204 projects in more than 40 countries. A new call for pre-proposals was issued October 8, 2015, with a submission deadline of January 15, 2016. Notifications were sent on March 1 to 171 applicants invited to submit full proposals by April 15. The program is not currently accepting any other applications for funding, but the call for pre-proposals for the next annual cycle is expected to be announced in early October 2016. Please visit the PEER Web site for additional information about the program and to sign up to receive e-mails when new calls are announced. 

Pakistan-US Science and Technology Cooperation Program

In 2003, the Ministry of Science and Technology of the Government of Pakistan and the United States Department of State signed a comprehensive Science and Technology Cooperation Agreement that established a framework to increase cooperation in science, technology, engineering, and education for mutual benefit and peaceful purposes between the science and education communities in both countries. Each country has contributed funds to support Cooperation Program projects under this Agreement that would enhance the ability of the science and technology community to positively contribute to human and economic development in Pakistan. This program, which is being implemented by the National Academy of Sciences on the U.S. side, is intended to increase the strength and breadth of cooperation and linkages between Pakistani scientists and institutions with counterparts in the United States. Learn more...

Arab-American Frontiers Program

The Academies has introduced an Arab-American Frontiers of Science, Engineering, and Medicine program that will bring together outstanding young scientists, engineers, and medical professionals from the United States and the 22 countries of the Arab League for a series of symposia to discuss exciting advances and opportunities in their fields. The first symposium was held from October 17-19, 2011 at the Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research. Learn more...

Cooperation with Iran

Since 1990, the Academies has been engaged in a program of workshops, exchange visits, and scientific consultations with the Iranian Academy of Sciences, the Iranian Academy of Medical Sciences, and other institutions in Iran. A report describing these activities was published in 2010.


The East European program of the Academies dates back to 1967. Initially the program emphasized exchanges of individuals from U.S. institutions and institutions of seven countries of the region. During the 1980s and 1990s, the program expanded to include workshops. The program was terminated in the early 2000s. Currently, there are occasional bilateral and regional workshops organized on an ad hoc basis depending on the availability of funding. A report on the history of the program through early 2009 was published by the National Academies Press in the fall of 2009.

Cooperation with Russia 

The institutions of the Academies have carried out a program of scientific cooperation with the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS) for 50 years. Dozens of reports of cooperative activities are available from the National Academies Press. In April 2013, the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) and the RAS renewed their mutual cooperation and signed a five-year, inter-academy agreement to utilize their expertise in science, engineering, and medicine to jointly address their countries' most pressing challenges. Advances in biomedical research and the transforming energy sector are among the many issues that the NAS and RAS hope to address through 2018. Other areas of cooperation include biological sciences, counter terrorism, nuclear safety and security, and issues addressing aspects of global climate change.


The U.S. - Egypt Science and Technology (S&T) Joint Fund was established under an agreement between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Arab Republic of Egypt to strengthen scientific and technological capabilities between both countries. To support activities of the Joint Fund, each country jointly matches funds provided by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) and the Ministry of Scientific Research (MOSR). The program is implemented in the U.S. by the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) and in Egypt by the Science and Technology Development Fund (STDF). Activities funded through recent cycles included collaborative research grants, between U.S. and Egyptian PIs, and junior scientist development visit grants. Learn more...

Board on Science and Technology in International Development (BOSTID): 1969-1996

The Board on Science and Technology in International Development (BOSTID) was created in recognition of the importance of science and technology in contributing to solutions of social and economic development problems. Funded by USAID, BOSTID put particular emphasis on collaboration and relationship-building, comprehensiveness, and continuity in its activities. Its activities focused on local priorities and perceptions of needs, complemented by relevant experience from the United States and elsewhere. Learn more...