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PI: Kassahun Tesfaye Geletu, Institute of Biotechnology, Addis Ababa University
U.S. Partner: Douglas Cook, University of California, Davis

Ghana - Project 4-40: Development of High Yielding Aflatoxin Resistant Maize Hybrids for Improved Nutrition and Health in Ghana
PI: Allen Oppong, CSIR, Crops Research Institute
U.S. Partner: Marilyn Warburton, USDA ARS Corn Host Plant Resistance Research Unit

Kenya - Project 4-192: End of the Road for Illegal Bushmeat Trade in East Africa: Establishing Transboundary Surveillance by High Resolution Melting Analysis of Vertebrate Molecular Barcodes
PI: Lilian Wambua, International Center for Insect Physiology and Ecology
U.S. Partner: Scott Miller, Smithsonian Institution

Kenya - Project 4-342: Use of DNA Technology in Combating Illegal Trade and Promoting Conservation and Sustainable Use of Plants in Kenya and Tanzania
PI: Beatrice Khayota, National Museums of Kenya
U.S. Partner: David Schindel, Smithsonian Institution

Kenya - Project 4-365: DNA Barcoding to Combat Wildlife Crime
PI: Henry Ndithia, National Museums of Kenya
U.S. Partner: David Schindel, Smithsonian Institution

Kenya - Project 4-428: Enhancing Elephant Conservation and Protection in East Africa with Molecular Genetic Tools
PI: Moses Otiende, Kenya Wildlife Service
U.S. Partner: Samuel Wasser and David Schindel, Smithsonian Institution

Kenya - Project 4-457: Using an Integrated Modeling Framework to Evaluate the Impact of Human-Induced Land Use/Land Cover Change on Carbon Dynamics in the Upper Ewaso Ngiro River Basin, Kenya
PI: Stephen Kiama, Kenya Forestry Research Institute
U.S. Partner: Scott Goetz, Woods Hole Research Center

Kenya - Project 4-494: Enhancing Conservation of African Buffalo and Rangeland Habitat through Molecular Investigations of Foot-and-Mouth Disease at the Wildlife-Livestock Interface
PI: Francis Gakuya, Kenya Wildlife Service
U.S. Partner: Andres Perez, University of Minnesota

South Africa - Project 4-149: Promoting Community and Regional Food Systems in the Eastern Cape, South Africa
PI: Michael Aliber, University of Fort Hare
U.S. Partner: Stephen Ventura, University of Wisconsin-Madison

South Africa - Project 4-153: GRECHLIM
PI: Tamiru Abiye, University of the Witwatersrand
U.S. Partner: Richard Healy, USGS

Afghanistan - Project 4-47: Impact of Climate Change, Variability, and Land Use Change on Afghanistan's Water Resources: A Case Study of the Kabul River Basin and Amu Darya River Basin
PI: Sediqa Hassani, Ibn-e-Sina University (Avicenna University)
U.S. Partner: Jeff Dozier, University of California, Santa Barbara

Afghanistan - Project 4-257: Impacts of Climate Change on Transboundary Water Treaties/Sharing: A Case Study of the Kabul River Basin, Afghanistan
PI: Fahima Sadeqi Nezhad, AZMA Technical and Vocational Institute
U.S. Partner: Devendra M. Amatya, USDA Forest Service Center for Forested Wetlands Research

Bangladesh - Project 4-85: Scaling up of Satellite-Assisted Flood Forecasting Systems in South and Southeast Asian Nations

PI: Md. Sohel Masud, Institute of Water Modelling, with co-PI Md. Sazzad Hossain, Flood Forecasting and Warning Center
U.S. Partner: Faisal Hossain, University of Washington

Bhutan - Project 4-187: Monitoring Forest Cover Changes in Bhutan using Landsat Data in a Cloud-Computing Environment
PI: Kinley Tshering, Ugyen Wangchuck Institute of Conservation and Environment
U.S. Partner: Kevin Megown, Remote Sensing Applications Center

India - Project 4-216: The Banni Grasslands in a Time of Change: Ecological and Socioeconomic Resilience in a Coupled Human-Natural System
PI: Ankila Hiremath, Ashoka Trust for Research in Ecology and the Environment (ATREE)
USDA Forest Service Collaborator: Susan Cordell, Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry

Indonesia - Project 4-12: Coral Vulnerability Assessment to Temperature Stress (Bleaching) and Ocean Acidification in the Spermonde Archipelago: Conservation Strategies for Climate Resilience
PI: Nita Rukminasari, Marine Science and Fisheries Faculty, Hasanuddin University
U.S. Partner: Brian Hopkinson, University of Georgia

Indonesia - Project 4-29: Implementation of a Randomization-based Curriculum for Introductory Statistics at UPH and across Indonesia
PI: Kie Van Ivanky Saputra, Universitas Pelita Harapan
U.S. Partner: Nathan Tintle, Dordt College

Indonesia - Project 4-125: Developing Science and Learning Research Capacity of Bengkulu University in Ex Situ Conservation of Sumatran Freshwater and Terrestrial Turtles
PI: Aceng Ruyani, Bengkulu University
U.S. Partner: Catherine Matthews, University of North Carolina, Greensboro

Indonesia - Project 4-146: Developing a Bioeconomy in Indonesia: Identification of Novel Microorganisms and Microbial Enzymes from Indonesian Peatland and Buffaloes to Improve Bioconversion of Oil Palm Residues
PI: Amadeus Pribowo and co-PI Irnayuli Sitepu, Indonesia International Institute for Life Sciences
U.S. Partner: Kyria Boundy-Mills, University of California, Davis

Indonesia - Project 4-260: One Fits All: Developing Decapods Biodiversity Research for Education, Conservation, and Research Benefits
PI: Ambariyanto Ambariyanto, Indonesian Biodiversity Research, Diponegoro University
U.S. Partner: Christopher Meyer, Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History

Indonesia - Project 4-309: A Better Understanding of Future Seismic and Tsunami Hazards due to the Mentawai Seismic Gap, West Sumatra, Indonesia through Dense Geodetic Networks and Capacity Building Efforts
PI: Ashar Muda Lubis, University of Bengkulu, Indonesia
U.S. Partner: Louise Comfort, University of Pittsburgh

Indonesia - Project 4-393: Integrated Watershed Management for Enhancing Local Livelihoods and Biodiversity Conservation in Indonesia
PI: Terence Sunderland with co-PI Ani Adiwinata Nawir, CIFOR (Center for International Forestry Research)
U.S. Partner: Jefferson Fox, East-West Center

Kyrgyzstan - Project 4-454: Water Resources Response on Glacier Dynamics in Central Asia Transboundary River Basins
PI: Tamara Tuzova, Institute of Water Problems and Hydro Power of the National Academy of Sciences of Kyrgyzstan

Maldives - Project 4-463: Can Drought and Flood Hazard be Skillfully Assessed at Fine Spatial Resolutions from Combining Constrained Streams of Observed, Remotely Sensed, and Model Predicted Data in Sri Lanka and the Maldives?
PI: Piyasena Wickramagamage, Foundation for Environment, Climate, and Technology
U.S. Partner: Randall Koster, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center

Pakistan - Project 4-255: Enhanced Engagement in Research on the Kabul River Basin (EKaRB)
PI: Muhammad Azeem Ali Shah, International Water Management Institute
U.S. Partner: Lauren Hay, USGS

Pakistan - Project 4-323: Understanding our Joint Water-Climate Change Challenge and Exploring Policy Options for Cooperation on the Afghan-Pak Transboundary Kabul River Basin
PI: Hina Lotia, LEAD Pakistan
U.S. Partners: Amir AghaKouchak, University of California, Irvine, and Konstantinos M. Andreadis, Jet Propulsion Laboratory

Tajikistan - Project 4-356: Risk Management and Assessment of Water Resources of the Amu Darya River Basin under Conditions of Climate Change and Construction of Large Reservoirs
PI: Inom Normatov,  Institute of Water Problems, Hydropower, and Ecology, Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Tajikistan
U.S. Partner: Mary Brodzik, University of Colorado Boulder

Uzbekistan - Project 4-97: Mitigating the Competition for Water in the Amudarya River Basin, Central Asia by Improving Water Use Efficiency
PI: Kakhramon Djumaboev, International Water Management Institute
U.S. Partner: James Ayars, USDA-ARS Water Management Unit

Uzbekistan - Project 4-112: Transboundary Water Management Adaptation in the Amudarya Basin to Climate Change Uncertainties
PI: Viktor Dukhovniy, Scientific-Information Center of Interstate Commission for Water Coordination of Central Asia
U.S. Partner: Benjamin F. Zaitchik, Johns Hopkins University

Uzbekistan - Project 4-407: Use of Non-Conventional Agricultural Water Resources to Strengthen Water and Food Security in the Transboundary Watersheds of the Amu Darya River Basin (UNCAWR)
PI: Kristina Toderich, International Center for Biosaline Agriculture
U.S. Partner: Robert Nowak, University of Nevada, Reno

Vietnam - Project 4-189: Application of Geodetic, Satellite Remote Sensing, and Physical Modeling Tools for the Management of Operational Groundwater Resources in the Red River Delta, Vietnam
PI: Nguyen Duc Luong, Institute of Environmental Science and Engineering, National University of Civil Engineering
U.S. Partner: Faisal Hossain, University of Washington

Europe and Eurasia

Armenia- Project 4-230: Sustainable Fisheries for Enhanced Water Resources in Armenia (SFEWRA)
PI: Vardan Urutyan, International Center for Agribusiness Research and Education
U.S. Partner: Stephen Schoenholtz, Virginia Water Resources Research Center
Latin America

Brazil - Project 4-82: Linking Sustainability of Small-Scale Fisheries, Fishers’ Knowledge, Conservation, and Co-Management of Biodiversity in Large Rivers of the Brazilian Amazon
PI: Renato Silvano, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul
U.S. Partner: Kirk Winemiller, Texas A&M University

Brazil - Project 4-123: Where is my Turtle? Quantifying Biodiversity Impacts of Hydroelectric Expansion and River Use Changes in the Brazilian Amazon
PI: Darren Norris, Federal University of Amapá
U.S. Partner: James Gibbs, SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry

Brazil - Project 4-209: Lidar Remote Sensing of Brazilian Amazon Forests: Analysis of Forest Biomass, Forest Degradation, and Secondary Regrowth
PI: Jean Ometto, Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais
U.S. Partner: Michael Keller, USDA-Forest Service

Brazil - Project 4-299: Monitoring the Disturbance of Microbiota in Amazonian Soils during the Conversion of Forest to Pasture and its Consequences on Cattle Health
PI: Ederson Jesus, Embrapa (Brazilian Corporation of Agricultural Research)
U.S. Partner: James Cole, Michigan State University

Brazil - Project 4-445: Functional Diversity of Interrelated Photosynthesis and Water Use of Central Amazonian Trees
PI: Tomas Domingues, University of Sao Paulo
U.S. Partner: Pierre Gentine, Columbia University

Brazil - Project 4-461: Capacity Building for Participatory Monitoring of Changing Forests in Sustainable Use Areas of the Southwestern Brazilian Amazon
PI: Sabina Ribeiro, Universidade Federal do Acre
U.S. Partner: Stephen Perz, University of Florida

Brazil - Project 4-478: Mapping and Conserving Butterfly Biodiversity in the Brazilian Amazon
PI: Andre Freitas, Universidade Estadual de Campinas
U.S. Partner: Keith Willmott, University of Florida

Colombia - Project 4-70: Satellite-based Estimations of River Discharge into the Cartagena Bay, Caribbean Colombia: Capacity Building to Mitigate Sources of Upstream Runoff and Associated Risks of Pollution
PI: Juan D. Restrepo, Universidad EAFIT
U.S. Partner: Robert Brakenridge, Dartmouth Flood Observatory (DFO), CSDMS, INSTAAR, University of Colorado

Haiti - Project 4-245: Exploring Sustainable Solutions Aimed at Redressing Environmental Disasters in Haiti
PI: Rene Jean-Jumeau, Universite Quisqueya
U.S. Partner: Jerry Bauer, International Institute of Tropical Forestry

Peru - Project 4-116: Tropical Montane Forests and Climate Change in the Peruvian Andes: Micro-Environmental, Biotic, and Human Impacts at the Tree Line
PI: Norma Salinas, Pontificia Universidad Catolica del Peru
U.S. Partner: Miles Silman, Wake Forest University

Middle East

Jordan - Project 4-369: Assessment of Preferential Subsurface Flow and Transport in Soils near the Zarqa River Basin
PI: Michel Rahbeh, University of Jordan
U.S. Partner: Raghavan Srinivasan, Texas A&M University

Lebanon - Project 4-270: Landslide Risk Index Mapping for Lebanon
PI: Grace Abou-Jaoude, Lebanese American University
U.S. Partner: Joseph Wartman, University of Washington